Kate Sandford is currently completing the Economic and Social Research Council 1+3 studentship, having completed an LLM in Law and Society at Keele University which specialised in qualitative and quantitative research methods. She will be completing her PhD at Liverpool in the School of Law and Social Justice, with specific focus in Healthcare Law. 

Kate has also previously completed an LLB in Law with Criminology at the University of Salford and an LLM in Healthcare Law and Ethics at the University of Manchester.

She is also a Research Assistant at Liverpool, having previously worked on projects pertaining to animal law and personhood, and dog law in the UK. This research has been utilised for grant applications, and she is currently working on a funding bid in collaboration with Research England, pertaining to dog rescues and the challenges faced after Covid-19.

Kate previously taught at level 3,4 and 5 on modules including: English Legal Systems, Introduction to English Law, Legal Aspects of Business Further Legal Knowledge, Legal Writing and Public Law.


Kate's research interests are in healthcare law, specifically gender and age discrimination. Kate also has a strong interest in feminist literature and its interaction with healthcare law and regulation. This has been incorporated into her PhD research on surgical sterilisation of young, childless women. She is also interested in animal law and regulation, having conducted research on international cases of legal personhood of animals and on responsible dog ownership. 

Kate is a member and the PGR Network Lead for the Health Law and Regulation Unit

Working thesis title

Young Childfree Women and Surgical Sterilisation: The Forgotten Women in UK Healthcare

Dates of study

Start date: September 2023

Expected completion date: September 2026


Professor Marie Fox (Liverpool Law School) and Dr Danielle Griffiths (Liverpool Law School)