Hardwick Group



Gathering of the Hardwick Group as of February 2020.

Photo of the Group taken in February 2020


An article has been published with several members of the Hardwick Group as authors on Kerr gated spectroscopy.  The image provided for the journal cover is below and the full article is available here. The Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics homepage link is here

an immage and article re Kerr Gate


A very fond farewell to Dr Tom Galloway and we would like to thank him for a great six years of hard work in the Hardwick group! We wish him all the best in his future endeavours. We took this opportunity to get a much awaited group photo! 


Congratulations to now Dr Jose Coca Clemente for passing his viva, defending his thesis titled ''Electrochemical and surface study of lithium-rich transition metal oxides used as cathodes in lithium-ion batteries". We wish him all the best in his new job at CIC Energigune in Spain! 


Congratulations to now Dr Monazza Serwar for defending her PhD thesis "Nitrogen Doped Carbon Materials (NDCMs) from Organic Ionic Salts and Biopolymer Resources for Supercapacitor Application". Monazza was a visiting researcher to the group in 2016 from the Department of Chemistry, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan and her work led to the joint publication:

Template-free Synthesis of Nitrogen doped Carbon Materials from an Organic Ionic Dye (Murexide) For Supercapacitor Application
M. Serwar, U. Ali Rana, H. M. Siddiqi, S. Ud-Din Khan, F. A. Ahmed Ali, A. Al-Fatesh, A. Adomkevicius, J. A. Coca-Clemente, L. Cabo-Fernandez, F. Braga and L. J. Hardwick
RSC Adv., 7 (2017), 54626- 54637 DOI

The group wish Monazza all the best for her future career!


The group enojyed their Christmas celebrations at Blackbeard's Treasurer Escape Hunt in Liverpool. We wish you all Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!



The Hardwick group wishes Dr Laura Cabo-Fernandez farewell from the group, who finishes her post-doctoral position after many years of hard work. We wish her all the best for the future!


A very fond farewell to Dr Iain Aldous and we would like to thank him for his many years of hard work in the Hardwick group. We wish him all the best in his new post-doctoral position at the University of Leicester.


Congratulations to Filipe, Tom, Petar, Chris and Jyoti for their PhD graduation today!


The group enjoyed their social to 'The Crystal Maze Experience' in Manchester. Everyone had lots of fun collecting crystals from various challenges and enjoyed their time in the legendary crystal dome at the end!


The groups latest work on Na-O2 cells featured on the cover of Chemical Communications (Issue 28, 2018). Read the full publication here.


A big congratulations to Petar Radjenovic for passing his PhD viva, thesis titled ‘Novel ionic liquid based electrolytes for non-aqueous lithium-oxygen batteries’


A big congratulations to Filipe Braga for passing his PhD viva, thesis titled ‘Electrochemical testing of alkali metal-oxygen batteries’


Renishaw highlight our use of Raman spectroscopy in battery research. Read the full article here.

This has also been picked up by a host of news outlets- Spectrscopy Europe AsiaMachining NewsAZO MaterialsSelect Science and Technology Networks.


Jin-Chao Dong returns back to Xiamen University after completing a 2 month placement in the Hardwick group



A big congratulations to Christopher Sole for passing his PhD viva this week.


A big congratulations to Tom Galloway for passing his viva and submitting his thesis titled ‘Shining Light on Electrode Surface’


Professor Jian-Feng Li from Xiamen University visits the Hardwick group


A big congratulations to Arthur Adomkevicius who passed his PhD this week.


Congratulations to Laura Cabo-Fernandez on winning the poster prize at the STFC Batteries Early Career Researchers Conference, Abingdon, March 28-29, 2017. For the poster titled 'Raman investigation of SEI growth on ZnFe2O4: SERS effect from metal particles formed during the conversion reaction'. 


Congratulations to Tom Galloway who received a special commendation at the Johnson Matthey academic conference, Loughborough, April 11-12, 2017. For his talk titled 'SHINing Light on Electrode Interfaces'. 


Laurence has been promoted to Professor in Electrochemistry. Thank you to all members of the research group and our collaborators for their hard work. The group has had a busy year with many exciting results and we look forward to further exciting times ahead.


The group wishes Vivek all the best with his new PostDoc position at the University of Southampton.


All good things come to an end and it is so with the end of the SIRBATT project. The group says goodbye to Glenda as she does a ‘GLEXIT’ from SIRE. But she has not gone far and will take up the new Research and Impact Officer position at the University of Liverpool,  just over the way! 


A big congratulations to Iain Aldous (the mermaid) who passed his PhD viva this week.


A big congratulations to Tzu-Ho (Henry) who passed his PhD viva, completing his dual PhD programme with National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan.



Congratulations to Tzu-Ho (Henry) Wu for winning the student poster award at the 5th International Conference on Advanced Capacitors, Otsu, Japan, May 23–27, 2016. For his poster titled 'The Optimised Design of Ni(OH)2 in Asymmetric Supercapacitors'.


The Hardwick groups says a very fond farewell to Nick Drewett who finishes his post-doctoral position here after three years. We wish him all the best in his new position in Oviedo, Spain.


Congratulations to Christopher Sole for winning the best poster prize at the inaugural ECS North West UK symposion at the University of Manchester for his poster 'In situ Raman study of lithium-ion intercalation into graphite and electrochemically exfoliated few layer graphene'.‌


Invited talk at RSC UK-Korea Symposium on Lithium and Sodium Batteries, London, UK: 'In Situ surface enhanced infrared spectroscopy studies of interfacial processes relevant to non-aqueous lithium-oxygen batteries’.


Our paper has been named as the most read Faraday Discussion paper of 2015

In situ Raman study of lithium-ion intercalation into microcrystalline graphite. Christopher Sole, Nicholas E. Drewett and Laurence J. Hardwick DOI:10.1039/C4FD00079J.



Congratulations to Arthur Adomkevicius for winning the International Society of Electrochemistry Symposium 5 “Novel insights to Electrochemical Capacitors” and the Taiwanese Electrochemistry Society poster awards with his poster entitled: Synthesis and Characterisation of Sodium ion Pre-intercalated Manganese Oxide for High Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors

Congratulations to Tzu-Ho Wu for winning the International Society of Electrochemistry Symposium 17 “Novel in Situ in Operando Methods” poster award with his poster entitled: Cation Effect on Ni (OH)2 Phase Transformation


Invited talk at ISE Annual Meeting, Taipei: 'In Situ Infrared Spectroscopy on Gold Substrates to Track Film Formation and Intermediates in Li-Ion and Li-Air Electrolytes'. Abstract.


Congratulations to Tzu-Ho (Henry) Wu for winning the prize for the best poster ('In Situ Raman Microscopy Studies on Electrochemically Activated Manganese Oxide Pseudocapacitors') at ElectrochemNW 2015.


Congratulations to Tom Galloway for winning the prize for the best poster ('Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy for the Study of Oxygen Electrochemistry in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Electrolytes') at STFC Early Career Researchers Conference, Cosners House, Abingdon, UK.


Congratulations to Arturas in being awarded the best talk prize at the Annual Meeting of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, Taipei, Taiwan.


Tom Galloway leaves to Xiamen, China for a two month placement to learn advanced Raman spectroscopic techniques within the group of Prof. Jian-Feng Li at the Xiamen University.


Invited talk at Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) Hsinchu, Taiwan: 'Dioxygen Electrochemistry in Non-Aqueous Electrolytes for Lithium-Air Cells'.


Invited talk at International Li-Air Battery Symposium, Seoul, Korea: 'The Electrochemistry of Dioxygen in Non-Aqueous Electrolytes for Lithium-Oxygen Cells'. ILABS 2014. Dr Hardwick acknowledges the support from the Royal Society of Chemistry for attending this conference.


Invited talk at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), Korea: 'Why does carbon degrade within the Li-ion cell?'.


Stephenson Institute hosts ElectrochemNW 2014.

Congratulations to Iain Aldous and Tom Galloway for winning the prize for the best poster ('In Situ Spectroscopic Studies of the Electrochemistry of Dioxygen in Non-Aqueous Li-Oxygen Battery Electrolytes') at ElectrochemNW.


Invited talk at MRS Spring Conference in San Francisco: 'The Electrochemistry of Dioxygen in Non-Aqueous Electrolytes for Lithium-Oxygen Cells'. Read more.


Congratulations to Henry, Tom, Filipe and Chris for coming second in the five-a-side spring tournament along with fellow Stephenson Institute team members: Jon Lee, Ebenezer Tetsi, Mike Graham and Giorgos Papageorgiou. Team photo.


Invited talk at APS March Meeting: 'Electrochemistry of Dioxygen in Lithium-Air Batteries'. Read more.


Hardwick group say a fond farewell to Arturas - who leaves Liverpool to continue his PhD studies with the group of Prof. Hu at NTHU, Taiwan.


EU FP7 Project SIRBATT (Stable Interfaces for Rechargeable Batteries) website launched: www.liv.ac.uk/sirbatt


Hardwick group moves into new Stephenson Institute Building and Laboratories, please see facilities page.


£4M to improve lifespan of batteries. Read more.


Electrochemical energy storage receives £3.3M funding boost. Read more.


Dr Hardwick visits Prof. Hu's Lab at NTHU, Taiwan. Photos.


Consortium wins graphene research funding. Read more.