Planning, Environmental Assessment and Management

Planning, Environmental Assessment and Management

Hafi Munirwan

'The Enforcement Policy of Street Vendors in Urban Space and the Relocation Practice in Indonesia' 
Supervisors: Dr Sebastian Dembski, Dr Richard Dunning
Description: Informality, Informality,  referring to the unplanned and unregulated activity, has long become an integral part of cities in the Global South. In the modern city, street vendors as a form of urban informality, is considered illegal and problematic by the authority, with the authority responding to such practice with the policy of eviction. However, the recognition of democracy, citizens' right to the city, and informal economies contribution toward urban economies, has led to the changing of policy towards street vendors in Indonesia, from the policy of eviction to the policy of enforcement, with the local authority starting to implement relocation strategy. With the authority shifting the policy, the policy implementation is facing many challenges in the field, such as refusal and the returning of the trader to the street after relocation. Based on that, this paper aims to examine the policy making process of street vendors relocation practice in Indonesia by looking at the interaction of the formal and informal institutions, to examine livelihoods and adaptability aspects in the policy framework, and finally, to propose some recommendations to improve the street vendors relocation policy framework. - Email Hafi

Mohammad Meidiansyah

Supervisors: Dr Sebastian Dembski, Prof David Shaw and Ms Catherine Queen
Description: - Email Mohammad

Ziru Liu

'The Changing Relationship between Local Government and Residents in Urban Village Redevelopment in China' 
Supervisors: Dr. Sebastian Dembski, Dr. Olivier Sykes, Dr. Shih-yang Kao (XJTLU)
Description: This study aims to investigate the different roles of the local state in the redevelopment of urban villages in the urban fringe of Chinese cities to understand the interaction between the government, developer, and villagers. This study will focus on how the forced demolition projects were implemented, which actors were involved, and who the beneficiaries via comparing cases for which some local state acted as administrator and some acted as facilitator. In addition, this study aims to explain why the government choose one way to solve the resistance over others as well as the consequences and long-term impacts of the strategies used by the government. - Email Ziru

Charlie Cullen

'De-Naturalising Failure: a Foucauldian Archaeology of the Southgate Estate' 
ESRC Studentship
Supervisors: Dr Gareth Abrahams and Dr Olivier Sykes
Description: Completed in 1978 at the heart of Runcorn New Town, the Southgate estate was built to provide improved living conditions for people from across Merseyside. The estate’s demolition began just 12 years later in 1990, prompting questions over what ‘went wrong’ with this architecturally and socially ambitious project. In order to problematise the dominant narrative of this estate’s demolition as inevitable and its failure absolute, this research utilises a methodology inspired by Michel Foucault’s archaeological works, which were based on the ontological principle that the ways in which we think and behave are largely defined by contingent factors that are specific to a given time and place. In action, this means unearthing the extensive body of archival material that survives Southgate, to reveal how shifts in knowledge and practice allowed this housing scheme to be thought up, realised and razed in such an acute time period. - Email Charlie

Zihao Wang

Description: . - Email Zihao

Haojia Wang

'Research on the effectiveness of Plan Environmental Impact Assessment (PEIA) in China' 
Supervisors: Prof Thomas Fischer and Dr Urmila Jha Thakur 
Description: Description of my research project: SEA is well accepted as an important decision-making tool in many countries and regions. China, as one of the first countries to develop SEA, has introduced corresponding laws and regulations to guarantee SEA, but SEA at the Plan level (PEIA) is considered the core part of SEA in China, and these laws and regulations are mainly focused on PEIA. With the launching of the Environmental Impact Assessment Law in 2003, more and more cities are integrating PEIA into their urban planning process. My research attempts to explore whether these urban planning PEIAs are fulfilling their roles, responsibilities, and objectives. That is, research focusing on the effectiveness of PEIAs.. - Email Haojia

Belinda Aulia

'Metropolitan Growth Management: Understanding the Challenge of Controlling and Directing Urban Growth within Metropolitan Areas' 
Supervisors: Dr. Sebastian Dembski, Professor David Shaw, Professor John Sturzaker
Description: The context of my study is managing urban growth within metropolitan areas through multi-level governance in a recently decentralised planning system. Metropolitan areas with various local institutional frameworks (in managing development) require a prescription for fulfilling regional planning aims to preserve agricultural land in suburban areas without jeopardising the spirit of decentralisation. Therefore, the aim of this study is to figure out why local institutional frameworks are failing to prevent urban sprawl and to propose an intergovernmental framework for managing metropolitan growth by understanding the difficulties in driving collective action. - Email Belinda

Dipita Hossain

'Exploring the role of existing Environmental impact Assessment (EIA) system in delivering environmental sustainability within the textile industry of Bangladesh.' 
Supervisors: Dr. Urmila Jha-Thakur, Prof. Thomas Fischer
Description: Textile and apparel industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world where Bangladesh is one of the top suppliers of apparel in global market. Textile units can cause serious environmental impacts through emissions to environment, disposal of toxic waste and consumption of resources like water, energy, and harmful chemicals. Such pollution affects human health, aquatic life and bio-diversity degrading standard environmental parameters.  Especially in developing countries with lack of stringent environmental rules and less access to resource, capacity or technology this industry is contributing towards major environmental problems, This research intends to explore if existing EIA system in Bangladesh is adequate to deliver sustainability for this industry. - Email Dipita

Andrew K Palmer

'Motivations to visit green and natural spaces– how perceptions of ‘quality’ vary across different communities.' 
Supervisors: Dr Mark Riley (Primary), Dr Sarah Clement (University of Western Australia), Dr Karl Evans (University of Sheffield), Prof Laurence Jones (UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology), Dr Beth Brockett (Natural England)
Description: The numerous benefits derived from contact with the natural environment are well documented. However, certain communities (e.g., who face multiple deprivations or who belong to ethnic minorities) have been shown to visit natural spaces less often and have poorer health outcomes. Little is known about how individual perceptions of quality vary across different communities and what enables or constrains visitation to green and natural spaces. This research project partners with Natural England to address these cleavages by adopting a qualitative, user-centred approach to provide an in-depth understanding of how perceptions of quality vary across disadvantaged groups. These findings will inform the advancement of targeted strategies to close inequity gaps between different population segments. - Email Andrew

Christopher Russell

'The effects of high-speed rail on innovation and developing inter-connected high-tech science landscape in Taiwan' 
Supervisors: Dr Chia-Lin Chen, Dr Chuan-Yuan Wong (NTHU), Dr Olivier Sykes, Dr Chuan-Kai Li (NTHU)
Description: This PhD research project aims to examine the impacts of high-speed rail on facilitating innovation, and delve into the phenomenal clustering of knowledge spill-overs across high-tech and knowledge-intensive activities and actors in Taiwan. Partly based in Hsinchu, Taiwan, on a dual-PhD programme with NTHU, this project looks to provide a new perspective to the high-speed rail debate, and identify whether investment in high-speed infrastructure offers innovative gains within firms. - Email Christopher