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Energy, Air Pollution and Health Research


Evaluating Interventions

Estimating intervention impacts on household air pollution concentrations

A hood and chimney tested in KenyaWorking with Practical Action in the UK and country offices, the research group led a number of before-and-after studies conducted in poor rural communities in Kenya, Sudan and Nepal to test the impact of a range of interventions (improved cookstoves, ventilation, smoke hoods and liquefied petroleum gas) on levels of HAP.

As well as assessing impacts the studies included investigating the potential for scaling up of the interventions within the study settings, and economic analysis.

Measuring personal exposure to particulate matter


Professor Nigel Bruce (co-investigator), Dr Daniel Pope (co-investigator and analyst).


UK Department for International Development

Publications/ dissemination

Malla M, Bruce NG, Bates E, Rehfuess E. Applying global cost-benefit analysis methods to indoor air pollution mitigation interventions in Nepal, Kenya and Sudan: Insights and challenges.  Energy Policy 2011; 39: 7518-29.

Bates E, Bruce NG, Theuri D, Owalla H, Amatya P, Malla MB, Hood A.  What should we be doing about kitchen smoke?  Energy for Sustainable Development 2005;IX:7-15.

Bates E, Bruce NG, Pope D. Smoke, health and household energy (Volume 1): Participatory methods for design, installation, monitoring and assessment of smoke alleviation technologies. Practical Action 2005. Available from

Bates E, Bruce NG, Rehfuess E, Pope D.  Smoke, health and household energy (Volume 2): Researching pathways to scaling up sustainable and effective kitchen smoke alleviation.  Practical Action 2007.  Available from