Energy, Air Pollution and Health Research

Senior Staff

Dr Daniel Pope, Professor of Global Public Health


Dan Pope is a Professor of Global Public Health and currently leads the Energy, Air Pollution and Health Research Theme within the Department of Public Health and Policy Systems.  He has been working as an epidemiologist in the field of household air pollution (HAP), health and prevention for more than 15 years and currently directs the NIHR CLEAN-Air(Africa) Global Health Research Group. He has led implementation research in HAP prevention strategies in Guatemala, Nepal, Sudan, Kenya, Madagascar, Cameroon and Ghana and his work helped inform the WHO Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Guidelines for Household Fuel Combustion. The current focus of his research is to conduct policy relevant research to support implementation of WHO IAQ recommendations to rapidly scale adoption of clean household energy in low-and-middle income countries (LMIC) to address the global burden of disease from household air pollution. A key relevant area of interest is in LMIC health systems strengthening in HAP prevention and health promotion through health sector training of physicians and community health workforces.

More information


Dr Elisa Puzzolo, Senior Research Fellow in Global Public Health

Dr. Elisa Puzzolo is a public health expert specialising in household energy access for low and middle-income countries. She is a Senior Research Fellow at the University and Director of Research, Monitoring and Evaluation at the Global LPG Partnership (an UN-backed public-private partnership with non-profit status). Since 2018 she co-directs the NIHR CLEAN-Air(Africa) Global Health Research Group and the Energy, Air Pollution and Health Theme together with Prof. Pope. She previously worked with the World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, to support the programme on household energy, household air pollution, health and links with climate change. In 2014, Elisa and colleagues were winners of the David Sackett award for Evidence Based Medicine for their systematic review work on adoption of cleaner cooking fuels and technologies (2014). Elisa has been working at the interface between academia, government institutions, civil society organizations and private sector for several years, leading and advising on studies to generate evidence-based policy recommendations for the clean cooking sector on a global scale. 

More information

Academic Research Staff

Dr Rachel Anderson de Cuevas

Rachel joined the Department of Public Health and Policy, University of Liverpool in 2013, as a Research Associate. Becoming part of the Energy, Air Pollution and Health research group in 2017, Rachel contributed to an evaluation of the Cameroon Government’s national plan to scale up clean fuel for clean household energy (NIH Implementation Science Network).  Currently Rachel leads mixed methods and qualitative research for the NIHR funded Global Health Research Group on Clean Energy Access for the prevention of Non-communicable disease in Africa through clean Air: CLEAN-AIR(Africa), led by Professor Dan Pope.

Rachel’s research has explored socioeconomic, educational and health inequalities in the UK, Europe and LMICs.  Research interests include: equitable access to clean household energy for improved health; patient access to diagnosis and healthcare; assessing direct patient diagnostic costs (in Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nepal, Nigeria, and Yemen); educational provision for young people with emotional and behavioural needs (UK); public involvement in public health research; and the health of ethnic minorities (South Asian women and Roma populations) (UK, Europe). 

More information

Matthew Shupler

Matthew Shupler is a postdoctoral research associate and quantitative lead for NIHR-funded CLEAN-Air(Africa) Global Health Research Group. His role entails analysis of complex, multinational household surveys and overseeing collection of stove monitoring and household air pollution concentration and personal exposure data. Matt has delivered quantitative trainings to research partners in Kenya and Cameroon on air pollution exposure assessment methods. Before joining the CLEAN-Air(Africa) team, Matt worked as a research assistant at the George Washington University in Washington, DC for a randomized controlled trial in Nigeria of a bioethanol cookstove intervention on reducing exposures to household air pollution and improving maternal health outcomes. Matthew is completing his doctoral research at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada where he is characterizing personal exposures to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from household air pollution among participants living in eight low- and middle-income countries in Asia, Africa and South America (PURE-AIR study). Matt was a fellow at the Clean Cooking Alliance (United Nations Foundation) in Washington, DC in 2016, and has collaborated with researchers at the World Health Organization to update a Global Household Air Pollution database of published exposure data to inform future measurement studies in the household energy field. 

More information

Dr. Iva Čukić

Dr. Iva Čukić is Research Fellow and Quantitative Research Lead for the “Household Air Pollution and Esophageal Cancer in Western Kenya: a case-control study” MRC funded project. Her current role involves leading the quantitative component of the case-control study of household air pollution (HAP) links to esophageal cancer in Western Kenya. This included developing a retrospective questionnaire to assess lifetime HAP exposures from cooking, heating and lighting sources, devising a strategy for matching healthy controls and selecting a subsample of households where objective HAP measurements are conducted. Furthermore, she was involved in training of the fieldworkers to administer in-house surveys and objective HAP measurements, data collection protocols, and quality assurance. She will lead on data analysis and dissemination when the data collection phase of the study is over. Iva has a strong quantitative background in epidemiological research of non-communicable diseases including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, dementia, all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and a range of risk factors from psychosocial to behavioural. She has taught statistics, quantitative methods, and R programming language on both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, and supervised multiple MSc projects and junior research assistants.

More information

Dr Emily Nix

Dr Emily Nix is a mixed-methods researcher focused on the interactions between housing, health and sustainability in low and middle-income countries. Emily completed her PhD at University College London, where she assessed housing quality in Delhi, India and evaluated interventions to reduce household energy use and exposure to indoor pollution, heat and cold. Emily led a follow-on participatory project in an informal settlement in Delhi to co-create housing solutions for health and sustainability, securing additional funding to demonstrate and evaluate solutions. Emily recently led a review of healthy housing policies for WHO. Emily joined the University of Liverpool and CLEAN-Air (Africa) Group in May 2020, and she is leading analysis of complex multi-country datasets on household air pollution exposures and fuel use patterns and behaviours.

More information

Dr Sara Ronzi

Dr Ronzi’s main research interests include qualitative and visual participatory methods (e.g. photovoice) used to engage with communities, inform policy and practice, and address the social and environmental determinants of health. Sara has worked in the field of HAP for several years, where she has been involved in key international projects within Prof Pope’s Group. Sara worked for the NIHR-funded CLEAN-Air (Africa) Global Health research Group, where she was the Participatory Research and Public Engagement lead and continues to actively collaborate as part of her Honorary appointment. Prior to this, Sara worked as on the ‘LPG Adoption in Cameroon Evaluation (LACE) Studies’ where she led the Participatory Research components. In the LACE studies, Sara applied photovoice for the first time to address the burden of HAP and used users’ voices to inform policy development for clean cooking in Cameroon. This work has led to high impact publications including a Social Science & Medicine paper. The community and stakeholder approach that Sara advanced during her PhD research and LACE studies has been adopted as a core method for CLEAN-Air (Africa). 

More information


Serena Saligari


Serena Saligari is a PhD Candidate in Social and Medical Anthropology at the Department of Public Health, Policy, and Systems, University of Liverpool. Her study focuses on energy poverty and lack of access to clean fuels in informal settlements of Kenya. Through an ethnographic enquiry, she aims to analyse the so-called Household Air Pollution (HAP) phenomenon in light of protracted conditions of poverty, socio-cultural dynamics, gender divisions of duties, and traditional belief systems which orient household energy behaviours. Particular attention is given to the medical implications of HAP on health and pollution and how these are perceived by local urban/peri-urban poor. 

Serena owns a MA in Anthropology and a BA in Intercultural Communication from the University of Milano – Bicocca. Her previous ethnographic research focused on Black refugees’ discrimination in Middle East, in particular in Jordan.


Theme Leads contributing to CLEAN-Air(Africa)

Professor Ciara Kierans, Social Anthropology

Ciara Kierans is Professor in Social Anthropology in the Department of Public Health, Policy and Systems at the University of Liverpool. Her research focuses on ethnographic studies of medical practice, the biopolitical consequences of medical technologies and the political economic conditions which ground them. She has conducted ethnographic research in Ireland focusing on Embodiment, Organ Recipiency and the Moral Discourses of Gift-Giving; in the UK on Organ Donation, Institutional Practice and the Production of Race and Genetic Identities and in Mexico on Chronic Kidney Disease and Transplant Medicine with a focus on the role of the welfare state and market in producing catastrophic poverty and social suffering. She is currently working on the entangled conditions of emergence for Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Origin in Latin America.  She has written widely for both anthropological and transdisciplinary audiences. She is supporting CLEAN(Air)Africa by supervising an ethnographic PhD research which investigate energy practices and fuel behaviour in a high density populated area of Kenya. 

More information

Professor Martin O'Flaherty, Epidemiology

Prof. O’Flaherty leads the Modelling Group in the Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) Prevention and Food Policy Research Team at the Department of Public Health, Policy and Systems. He particularly enjoys the role of translating complex methodological and computational concepts for colleagues focusing on other aspects of our multi-disciplinary research programmes. This has proved to be fertile ground from which solid and productive UK and international research collaborations have developed, including as part of CLEAN-Air(Africa). His interest in trend analyses of mortality rates has allowed developing the concept of rapid changes in cardiovascular mortality rates, an exciting new paradigm with potentially profound implications for prevention and public health (Lancet 2011). Much of this novel work on the dynamics of coronary heart disease “epidemics” formed the basis of Martin’s PhD awarded in 2012.  

Personal research outputs thus far include over 130 peer-reviewed papers, with more than 4000 citations and an h-index of 34, principal investigator for Liverpool in 3 grants and joint funding exceeding £4 million.  

More information