Dr Catriona Waitt BSc (Hons), MBChB (Hons), MRCP, DTM&H, PhD

Senior Lecturer in Clinical Pharmacology Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Publications

2021

Developing and Validating a Clinical Warfarin Dose-Initiation Model for Black-African Patients in South Africa and Uganda (Journal article)

Asiimwe, I. G., Waitt, C., Sekaggya-Wiltshire, C., Hutchinson, C., Okello, E., Zhang, E. J., . . . Pirmohamed, M. (2021). Developing and Validating a Clinical Warfarin Dose-Initiation Model for Black-African Patients in South Africa and Uganda. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, 109(6), 1564-1574. doi:10.1002/cpt.2128

DOI: 10.1002/cpt.2128

“Ethical issues in therapeutic use and research in pregnant and breastfeeding women” (Journal article)

Weld, E. D., Bailey, T. C., & Waitt, C. (2021). Ethical issues in therapeutic use and research in pregnant and breastfeeding women. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. doi:10.1111/bcp.14914

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.14914

Anti-infective Dosing in Special Populations: Pregnancy (Journal article)

Hazenberg, P., Navaratnam, K., Busuulwa, P., & Waitt, C. (2021). Anti-Infective Dosing in Special Populations: Pregnancy. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, 109(4), 977-986. doi:10.1002/cpt.2192

DOI: 10.1002/cpt.2192

Anticoagulation in sub-Saharan Africa: Are Direct Oral Anticoagulants the answer? A review of lessons learnt from warfarin (Journal article)

Semakula, J., Kisa, G., Mouton, J., Cohen, K., Blockman, M., Pirmohamed, M., . . . Waitt, C. (2021). Anticoagulation in sub-Saharan Africa: Are Direct Oral Anticoagulants the answer? A review of lessons learnt from warfarin. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. doi:10.1111/bcp.14796

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.14796

Improving anticoagulation in sub-Saharan Africa: What are the challenges and how can we overcome them? (Journal article)

Mouton, J. P., Blockman, M., Sekaggya-Wiltshire, C., Semakula, J., Waitt, C., Pirmohamed, M., & Cohen, K. (2021). Improving anticoagulation in sub-Saharan Africa: What are the challenges and how can we overcome them?. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. doi:10.1111/bcp.14768

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.14768

Advancing knowledge in perinatal HIV treatment. (Journal article)

Waitt, C., Myer, L., & Khoo, S. (2021). Advancing knowledge in perinatal HIV treatment.. The lancet. HIV, 8(3), e124-e125. doi:10.1016/s2352-3018(20)30306-4

DOI: 10.1016/s2352-3018(20)30306-4

Anticoagulation in sub-Saharan Africa: Are direct oral anticoagulants the answer? A review of lessons learnt from warfarin. (Journal article)

Semakula, J. R., Kisa, G., Mouton, J. P., Cohen, K., Blockman, M., Pirmohamed, M., . . . Waitt, C. (2021). Anticoagulation in sub-Saharan Africa: Are direct oral anticoagulants the answer? A review of lessons learnt from warfarin.. British journal of clinical pharmacology. doi:10.1111/bcp.14796

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.14796

2020

Validation of a UHPLC-MS/MS Method to Quantify Twelve Antiretroviral Drugs within Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from People Living with HIV (Journal article)

De Nicolò, A., Ianniello, A., Ferrara, M., Avataneo, V., Cusato, J., Antonucci, M., . . . D'Avolio, A. (n.d.). Validation of a UHPLC-MS/MS Method to Quantify Twelve Antiretroviral Drugs within Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from People Living with HIV. Pharmaceuticals, 14(1), 12. doi:10.3390/ph14010012

DOI: 10.3390/ph14010012

Infant exposure to dolutegravir through placental and breastmilk transfer: a population pharmacokinetic analysis of DolPHIN-1. (Journal article)

Dickinson, L., Walimbwa, S., Singh, Y., Kaboggoza, J., Kintu, K., Sihlangu, M., . . . Orrell, C. (2020). Infant exposure to dolutegravir through placental and breastmilk transfer: a population pharmacokinetic analysis of DolPHIN-1.. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa1861

DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1861

Community acceptability of dolutegravir-based HIV treatment in women: a qualitative study in South Africa and Uganda (Journal article)

Alhassan, Y., Twimukye, A., Malaba, T., Orrell, C., Myer, L., Waitt, C., . . . Taegtmeyer, M. (2020). Community acceptability of dolutegravir-based HIV treatment in women: a qualitative study in South Africa and Uganda. BMC Public Health, 20(1). doi:10.1186/s12889-020-09991-w

DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09991-w

Optimizing pharmacology studies in pregnant and lactating women using lessons from HIV: a consensus statement (Journal article)

Eke, A. C., Olagunju, A., Momper, J., Penazzato, M., Abrams, E. J., Best, B. M., . . . participants of the WHO-IMPAACT workshop on “Approaches to Optimize and Accelerate Pharmacokinetic Studies in Pregnant and Lactating Women”. (2020). Optimizing Pharmacology Studies in Pregnant and Lactating Women Using Lessons from HIV: A Consensus Statement.. Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics. doi:10.1002/cpt.2048

DOI: 10.1002/cpt.2048

Engendering health systems in response to national rollout of dolutegravir-based regimens among women of childbearing potential: a qualitative study with stakeholders in South Africa and Uganda (Journal article)

Alhassan, Y., Twimukye, A., Malaba, T., Orrell, C., Myer, L., Waitt, C., . . . Taegtmeyer, M. (2020). Engendering health systems in response to national rollout of dolutegravir-based regimens among women of childbearing potential: a qualitative study with stakeholders in South Africa and Uganda. BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 20(1). doi:10.1186/s12913-020-05580-0

DOI: 10.1186/s12913-020-05580-0

Development and validation of a UHPLC-MS/MS method for quantification of the prodrug remdesivir and its metabolite GS-441524: a tool for clinical pharmacokinetics of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 and Ebola virus disease (Journal article)

Avataneo, V., de Nicolò, A., Cusato, J., Antonucci, M., Manca, A., Palermiti, A., . . . D’Avolio, A. (2020). Development and validation of a UHPLC-MS/MS method for quantification of the prodrug remdesivir and its metabolite GS-441524: a tool for clinical pharmacokinetics of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 and Ebola virus disease. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. doi:10.1093/jac/dkaa152

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkaa152

Dolutegravir versus efavirenz when starting HIV therapy in late pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial (Journal article)

Kintu, K., Malaba, T., Nakibuka, J., Papamichael, C., Colbers, A., Byrne, K., . . . Khoo, S. (2020). Dolutegravir versus efavirenz when starting HIV therapy in late pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet HIV, 7(5), e332-e339. doi:10.1016/s2352-3018(20)30050-3

DOI: 10.1016/s2352-3018(20)30050-3

A cross-sectional evaluation of five warfarin anticoagulation services in Uganda and South Africa (Journal article)

Semakula, J. R., Mouton, J. P., Jorgensen, A., Hutchinson, C., Allie, S., Semakula, L., . . . Cohen, K. (2020). A cross-sectional evaluation of five warfarin anticoagulation services in Uganda and South Africa. PLOS ONE, 15(1). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0227458

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227458

2019

Pharmacokinetics of maraviroc in plasma and breastmilk in a treatment-experienced perinatally HIV-1-infected woman (Journal article)

Feiterna-Sperling, C., Krueger, R., Amara, A., Khoo, S., & Waitt, C. (2019). Pharmacokinetics of maraviroc in plasma and breastmilk in a treatment-experienced perinatally HIV-1-infected woman. AIDS, 33(15), 2443-2444. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000002360

DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002360

Safety and pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir in pregnant mothers with HIV infection and their neonates: A randomised trial (DolPHIN-1 study) (Journal article)

Waitt, C., Orrell, C., Walimbwa, S., Singh, Y., Kintu, K., Simmons, B., . . . Khoo, S. (2019). Safety and pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir in pregnant mothers with HIV infection and their neonates: A randomised trial (DolPHIN-1 study). PLOS MEDICINE, 16(9). doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002895

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002895

Inclusion of pregnant women in antiretroviral drug research: what is needed to move forwards? (Journal article)

Fairlie, L., Waitt, C., Lockman, S., Moorehouse, M., Abrams, E., Clayden, P., . . . Cherisch, M. (2019). Inclusion of pregnant women in antiretroviral drug research: what is needed to move forwards?. Journal of the International AIDS Society. doi:10.1002/jia2.25372

DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25372

Reply to Banda et al., "Interpretation of Drug Interactions between Dolutegravir and Artemether-Lumefantrine or Artesunate-Amodiaquine" (Journal article)

Walimbwa, S., Lamorde, M., Waitt, C., Amara, A., & Khoo, S. (2019). Reply to Banda et al., "Interpretation of Drug Interactions between Dolutegravir and Artemether-Lumefantrine or Artesunate-Amodiaquine". ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 63(6). doi:10.1128/AAC.00593-19

DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00593-19

Transmission of CMV, HTLV-1, and HIV through breastmilk (Journal article)

Prendergast, A. J., Goga, A. E., Waitt, C., Gessain, A., Taylor, G. P., Rollins, N., . . . Van de Perre, P. (2019). Transmission of CMV, HTLV-1, and HIV through breastmilk. LANCET CHILD & ADOLESCENT HEALTH, 3(4), 264-273. doi:10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30024-0

DOI: 10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30024-0

Pharmacokinetics, Placental and Breastmilk Transfer of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant and Lactating Women Living with HIV. (Journal article)

Hodel, E. M., Marzolini, C., Waitt, C., & Rakhmanina, N. (2019). Pharmacokinetics, Placental and Breastmilk Transfer of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant and Lactating Women Living with HIV.. Current Pharmaceutical Design. doi:10.2174/1381612825666190320162507

DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190320162507

Impact of pharmacogenetics and pregnancy on tenofovir and emtricitabine pharmacokinetics (Journal article)

Gini, J., Olagunju, A., Dickinson, L., Waitt, C., Neary, M., Else, L. J., . . . Khoo, S. (2019). Impact of pharmacogenetics and pregnancy on tenofovir and emtricitabine pharmacokinetics. PHARMACOGENOMICS, 20(4), 217-224. doi:10.2217/pgs-2018-0111

DOI: 10.2217/pgs-2018-0111

DRUG INTERACTIONS BETWEEN DOLUTEGRAVIR AND ARTEMETHER-LUMEFANTRINE OR ARTESUNATE-AMODIAQUINE. (Journal article)

Walimbwa, S. I., Lamorde, M., Waitt, C., Kaboggoza, J., Else, L., Byakika-Kibwika, P., . . . Khoo, S. H. (2019). Drug Interactions between Dolutegravir and Artemether-Lumefantrine or Artesunate-Amodiaquine. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 63(2). doi:10.1128/AAC.01310-18

DOI: 10.1128/aac.01310-18

2018

Validation and clinical application of a novel LC-MS method for quantification of dolutegravir in breast milk (Journal article)

Gini, J., Penchala, S. D., Amara, A., Challenger, E., Egan, D., Waitt, C., . . . Else, L. J. (2018). Validation and clinical application of a novel LC-MS method for quantification of dolutegravir in breast milk. BIOANALYSIS, 10(23), 1933-1945. doi:10.4155/bio-2018-0085

DOI: 10.4155/bio-2018-0085

High prevalence and long duration of nervous system and psychiatric adverse drug reactions in Ugandan patients taking efavirenz 600 mg daily (Journal article)

Seden, K., Kiiza, D., Laker, E., Arinaitwe, W. J., Waitt, C., Lamorde, M., & Khoo, S. (2018). High prevalence and long duration of nervous system and psychiatric adverse drug reactions in Ugandan patients taking efavirenz 600 mg daily. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 73(11), 3158-3161. doi:10.1093/jac/dky298

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dky298

Does U=U for breastfeeding mothers and infants? Breastfeeding by mothers on effective treatment for HIV infection in high-income settings (Journal article)

Waitt, C. J., Lowe, N., van de Perre, P., Lyon, F., Loutfy, M., & Aebi-Popp, K. (2018). Does U=U for breastfeeding mothers and infants? Breastfeeding by mothers on effective treatment for HIV infection in high-income settings. The Lancet HIV, 5(9), E531-E536. doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30098-5

DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30098-5

Drug Interactions Between Dolutegravir and Artemether-Lumefantrine or Artesunate-Amodiaquine (Journal article)

Walimbwa, S., Lamorde, M., Waitt, C., Kaboggoza, J., Else, L., Byakika-Kibwika, P., . . . Khoo, S. (2018). Drug Interactions Between Dolutegravir and Artemether-Lumefantrine or Artesunate-Amodiaquine. doi:10.1101/351684

DOI: 10.1101/351684

Plasma and breast milk pharmacokinetics of emtricitabine, tenofovir and lamivudine using dried blood and breast milk spots in nursing African mother-infant pairs. (Journal article)

Waitt, C., Olagunju, A., Nakalema, S., Kyohaire, I., Owen, A., Lamorde, M., & Khoo, S. (2018). Plasma and Breast Milk Pharmacokinetics of Emtricitabine, Tenofovir and Lamivudine Using Dried Blood and Breast Milk Spots in Nursing African Mother-Infant Pairs. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 73(4), 1013-1019. doi:10.1093/jac/dkx507

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkx507

2017

Development, validation and clinical application of a method for the simultaneous quantification of lamivudine, emtricitabine and tenofovir in dried blood and dried breast milk spots using LC-MS/MS (Journal article)

Waitt, C., Penchala, S. D., Olagunju, A., Amara, A., Else, L., Lamorde, M., & Khoo, S. (2017). Development, validation and clinical application of a method for the simultaneous quantification of lamivudine, emtricitabine and tenofovir in dried blood and dried breast milk spots using LC-MS/MS. Journal of Chromatography B, 1060, 300-307. doi:10.1016/j.jchromb.2017.06.012

DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2017.06.012

2016

Dosing antiretroviral medication when crossing time zones: a review (Journal article)

Lewis, J. M., Volny-Anne, A., Waitt, C., Boffito, M., & Khoo, S. (2016). Dosing antiretroviral medication when crossing time zones: a review. AIDS, 30(2), 267-271. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000920

DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000920

Spontaneous adverse drug reaction reports for neonates and infants in the UK 2001-2010: content and utility analysis (Journal article)

Hawcutt, D. B., Russell, N. J., Maqsood, H., Kouranloo, K., Gomberg, S., Waitt, C., . . . Turner, M. A. (2016). Spontaneous adverse drug reaction reports for neonates and infants in the UK 2001-2010: content and utility analysis. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 82(06), 1601-1612. doi:10.1111/bcp.13067

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13067

2015

Is infant exposure to antiretroviral drugs during breastfeeding quantitatively important? A systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacokinetic studies (Journal article)

Waitt, C. J., Garner, P., Bonnett, L. J., Khoo, S. H., & Else, L. J. (2015). Is infant exposure to antiretroviral drugs during breastfeeding quantitatively important? A systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacokinetic studies. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 70(7), 1928-1941. doi:10.1093/jac/dkv080

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkv080

Monocyte unresponsiveness and impaired IL1ß, TNFa and IL7 production are associated with a poor outcome in Malawian adults with pulmonary tuberculosis (Journal article)

Waitt, C. J., Banda, P., Glennie, S., Kampmann, B., Squire, S. B., Pirmohamed, M., & Heyderman, R. S. (2015). Monocyte unresponsiveness and impaired IL1ß, TNFa and IL7 production are associated with a poor outcome in Malawian adults with pulmonary tuberculosis. BMC Infectious Diseases, 15. doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1274-4

DOI: 10.1186/s12879-015-1274-4

Breast Milk Pharmacokinetics of Efavirenz and Breastfed Infants' Exposure in Genetically Defined Subgroups of Mother-Infant Pairs: An Observational Study (Journal article)

Olagunju, A., Bolaji, O., Amara, A., Waitt, C., Else, L., Adejuyigbe, E., . . . Owen, A. (2015). Breast Milk Pharmacokinetics of Efavirenz and Breastfed Infants' Exposure in Genetically Defined Subgroups of Mother-Infant Pairs: An Observational Study. Clin Infect Dis, 61(3), 453-463. doi:10.1093/cid/civ317

DOI: 10.1093/cid/civ317

Development, validation and clinical application of a novel method for the quantification of efavirenz in dried breast milk spots using LC-MS/MS (Journal article)

Olagunju, A., Bolaji, O. O., Amara, A., Waitt, C., Else, L., Soyinka, J., . . . Khoo, S. (2015). Development, validation and clinical application of a novel method for the quantification of efavirenz in dried breast milk spots using LC-MS/MS. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 70(2), 555-561. doi:10.1093/jac/dku420

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dku420

Validation and clinical application of a method to quantify nevirapine in dried blood spots and dried breast-milk spots (Journal article)

Olagunju, A., Amara, A., Waitt, C., Else, L., Penchala, S. D., Bolaji, O., . . . Khoo, S. (2015). Validation and clinical application of a method to quantify nevirapine in dried blood spots and dried breast-milk spots. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 70(10), 2816-2822. doi:10.1093/jac/dkv174

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkv174

2014

Sepsis carries a high mortality among hospitalised adults in Malawi in the era of antiretroviral therapy scale-up: A longitudinal cohort study (Journal article)

Waitt, P. I., Mukaka, M., Goodson, P., SimuKonda, F. D., Waitt, C. J., Feasey, N., . . . Heyderman, R. S. (2014). Sepsis carries a high mortality among hospitalised adults in Malawi in the era of antiretroviral therapy scale-up: A longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Infection, 70(1), 11-19. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2014.07.004

DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2014.07.004

2013

Severity Assessment of Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Malawi: Derivation of a Novel Index (SWAT-Bp) Which Outperforms CRB-65 (Journal article)

Birkhamshaw, E., Waitt, C. J., Innes, M., & Waitt, P. I. (2013). Severity Assessment of Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Malawi: Derivation of a Novel Index (SWAT-Bp) Which Outperforms CRB-65. PLOS ONE, 8(12). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082178

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082178

The effect of a tuberculosis chest X-ray image reference set on non-expert reader performance (Journal article)

Waitt, C. J., Joekes, E. C., Jesudason, N., Waitt, P. I., Goodson, P., Likumbo, G., . . . Squire, S. B. (2013). The effect of a tuberculosis chest X-ray image reference set on non-expert reader performance. EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, 23(9), 2459-2468. doi:10.1007/s00330-013-2840-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00330-013-2840-z

2011

Early Deaths During Tuberculosis Treatment Are Associated With Depressed Innate Responses, Bacterial Infection, and Tuberculosis Progression (Journal article)

Waitt, C. J., Banda, N. P. K., White, S. A., Kampmann, B., Kumwenda, J., Heyderman, R. S., . . . Squire, S. B. (2011). Early Deaths During Tuberculosis Treatment Are Associated With Depressed Innate Responses, Bacterial Infection, and Tuberculosis Progression. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 204(3), 358-362. doi:10.1093/infdis/jir265

DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jir265

A systematic review of risk factors for death in adults during and after tuberculosis treatment (Journal article)

Waitt, C. J., & Squire, S. B. (2011). A systematic review of risk factors for death in adults during and after tuberculosis treatment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE, 15(7), 871-885. doi:10.5588/ijtld.10.0352

DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.10.0352

Investigation into Early Mortality in Malawian Adults treated for Pulmonary Tuberculosis (Thesis / Dissertation)

Waitt, C. (2011). Investigation into Early Mortality in Malawian Adults treated for Pulmonary Tuberculosis. (PhD Thesis, The University of Liverpool).

2008

Effect of atazanavir and ritonavir on the differentiation and adipokine secretion of human subcutaneous and omental preadipocytes (Journal article)

Jones, S. P., Waitt, C., Sutton, R., Back, D. J., & Pirmohamed, M. (2008). Effect of atazanavir and ritonavir on the differentiation and adipokine secretion of human subcutaneous and omental preadipocytes. AIDS, 22(11), 1293-1298. doi:10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283021a4f

DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283021a4f

Effect of atazanavir and ritonavir on the differentiation and adipokine secretion of human subcutaneous and omental preadipocytes (Journal article)

Jones, S. P., Waitt, C., Sutton, R., Back, D. J., & Pirmohamed, M. (2008). Effect of atazanavir and ritonavir on the differentiation and adipokine secretion of human subcutaneous and omental preadipocytes. AIDS, 22(11), 1293-1298. doi:10.1097/qad.0b013e3283021a4f

DOI: 10.1097/qad.0b013e3283021a4f

2007

A rapid and sensitive HPLC-MS method for the detection of plasma and cellular rifampicin (Journal article)

Hartkoorn, R. C., Khoo, S., Back, D. J., Tjia, J. F., Waitt, C. J., Chaponda, M., . . . Ward, S. A. (2007). A rapid and sensitive HPLC-MS method for the detection of plasma and cellular rifampicin. JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY B-ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE BIOMEDICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES, 857(1), 76-82. doi:10.1016/j.jchromb.2007.07.005

DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2007.07.005

2005

A retained intravascular medical device and Streptococcus bovis infection, providing early diagnosis of an occult malignancy (Journal article)

Beadsworth, M., Waitt, C., Jenkins, N., Amadi, A., Nye, F., & Beeching, N. (2005). A retained intravascular medical device and Streptococcus bovis infection, providing early diagnosis of an occult malignancy. JOURNAL OF INFECTION, 50(2), 165-167. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2004.08.024

DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2004.08.024

2004

Intravenous therapy (Journal article)

Waitt, C., Waitt, P., & Pirmohamed, M. (2004). Intravenous therapy. POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL JOURNAL, 80(939), 1-6. doi:10.1136/pmj.2003.010421

DOI: 10.1136/pmj.2003.010421

Intravenous therapy. (Journal article)

Waitt, C., Waitt, P., & Pirmohamed, M. (2004). Intravenous therapy.. Postgraduate medical journal, 80(939), 1-6. doi:10.1136/pmj.2003.010421

DOI: 10.1136/pmj.2003.010421