Clinical Presentation

Erosion/ulceration of the skin at the coronary band with partial (<50%) under-running of the hoof horn dorsally, abaxially and tending towards circumferential under-running.It is not unusual to confuse the different foot diseases found in sheep, in particular CODD, footrot and scald. CODD is often recognised by farmers as the disease that causes the hoof capsule of the foot to fall off.

Images: CODD with hoof capsule coming away, SCALD showing red and inflamed inter-digital skin, FOOTROT showing damage to horn tissue of sole on both digits

Stages of CODD

Our studies of sheep affected by CODD on farms have shown a distinct pattern of disease, which we have divided into 5 grades.

Grade 1 CODD

Is the earliest stage of lesion whereby we observe erosion/ulceration with or without hair loss specifically at the level of the dorsal coronary band.

Grade 1 CODDGrade 1 CODD image 2

Grade 2 CODD

Erosion/ulceration of the skin at the coronary band with partial (<50%) under-running of the hoof horn dorsally, abaxially and tending towards circumferential under-running.

Grade 2 CODDGrade 2 CODD image 2

Grade 3 CODD

Erosion/ulceration of the skin at the coronary band with 50% -100% under-running of the hoof horn with possible hoof horn avulsion.

Grade 3 CODDGrade 3 CODD Image 2

Grade 4 CODD

Healing foot with the horn beginning to regrow but an active lesion still present.

Grade 4 CODDGrade 4 CODD Image 2

Grade 5 CODD

Healed foot, often with deformation of the regrown horn.

Grade 5 CODDGrade 5 CODD Image 2

 

A published paper describing this clinical picture and lesion grading system in more detail can be found at:

Angell, JW, Blundell, R, Grove-White, DH, & Duncan, JS. Clinical and radiographic features of contagious ovine digital dermatitis and a novel lesion grading system. Veterinary Record. 2015;176(20):521-523.