Liverpool Online Series: Critical Editions of French Texts (LOS)

The Liverpool Online Series was founded in 1999 in what was then the Department of French (now part of the Department of Languages, Cultures and Film) at the University of Liverpool.


The Liverpool Online Series was a pioneer of Open Access publishing, its remit being to make freely available unedited or otherwise unobtainable material, or material which for scholarly reasons required an up-to-date edition. With the welcome wider development of OA publishing since 2015, the series is now closed to new proposals.

Between 1999 and 2014, LOS published nineteen volumes. These cover a range of areas throughout the field of French and Francophone studies. They are single texts or anthologies, are of short to medium length, and contain critical introduction, notes and bibliography as appropriate. The series accommodates editions in the original or in translation, or with parallel translation into English. It aims primarily at the scholar and specialist, but the format makes it accessible to the interested general reader or student.

All volumes remain available freely from this site. They are published as PDF documents, requiring the use of Adobe Acrobat Reader. Texts may be viewed on screen, downloaded for personal study, or printed by the end-user. A small number of paper copies are also available of volumes 1 to 11, 13, 14, 16, 18 and 19. Please contact Pollie Bromilow ( to obtain copies.


Viewing the texts

The texts are available as pdf (portable document format) files, requiring the use of Adobe Acrobat Reader. The format combines maximum security with maximum flexibility of usage.

Texts may either be viewed on screen, downloaded for personal study, or printed as camera-ready copy by the end-user. At the same time they cannot be interfered with or otherwise recycled by unauthorised users.

If your machine already has Adobe Acrobat Reader installed, it will activate when you click on the link to view a text (see list of titles above). If you do not have Adobe Acrobat Reader, use this link to download it. Select the version of Acrobat Reader which is appropriate for your operating system. Downloading will only take a few minutes. This software is free.

Contact us

If you wish to contact the series editor with an enquiry or a comment, please email

Series Editor

Kay Chadwick

Editorial Board

Pollie Bromilow
Godfried Croenen
Charles Forsdick
Kate Marsh†

Advisory Board

Adrian Armstrong (Queen Mary University of London)
Katherine Astbury (University of Warwick)
Glyn S Burgess (University of Liverpool)
Russell Goulbourne (University of Melbourne)
Susan Harrow (University of Bristol)
Hugh Roberts (University of Exeter)
Sonya Stephens (American University of Paris)
Timothy Unwin (University of Bristol)

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