Archaeology of Ancient Civilisations BA (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • Offers study abroad opportunities Offers study abroad opportunities
  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: V401
  • Year of entry: 2019
  • Typical offer: A-level : BBB / IB : 33, with no score less than 4 / BTEC : Applications considered
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Module details

Programme Year One

Students are introduced to the basic methods of archaeology and the main periods and areas taught at Liverpool. Students take six compulsory modules (plus two optional modules).

Please note: You will also need to take two Minor options on this programme in Year One. See our Honours Select page for more information.

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Principles of Archaeology (ALGY101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims

    To introduce students to the various theoretical tools, field methods and laboratory techniques that archaeologists use to study and interpret the past;

    To acquaint students with the types of data archaeologists collect, and how they analyse and interpret these data in order to reconstruct and understand past societies;

    To develop the student''s intellectual skills in terms of knowledge acquisition, research, written and visual communication as well as group work and reflexive evaluation (both self and peer evaluation). ​

    Learning OutcomesAcquire essential subject-based knowledge.

    ​Become familiar with scientific equipment, techniques and materials that are used and analysed by applied archaeological science.

    ​Become aware of the relevance of the materials, methods and arguments presented in the module for the study of the past in diverse archaeological contexts.

    ​Become familiar with the main schools of thought and intellectual debates involved in the study, and the critical analysis of specific archaeological subjects, research questions and case-studies.

  • Bronze Age Civilizations: Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean (ALGY106)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    ​This module aims to introduce students to the archaeology and history of the ancient Near East and Aegean from ca. 4,000 to 800 BC;

    To familiarize students with teh causes and consequences of the world''s earliest examples of urbanization, state-formation, literacy and imperialism and the role that geography, culture and history played in this diversity;

    To introduce students to the possibilities and problems of combining the evidence from ancient texts and archaeological materials to produce interpretations of developments in the past.

    Learning Outcomes

    ​Students successfully completing the module will achieve a basic understanding of the archaeological record of Mesopotamia and the Aegean from ca. 4,000-800 BC, and a particular appreciation of the important evidence this region supplies for issues of global significance, such as the origins of writing, urbanism, state-formation, and imperialism.

    Students successfully completing the module will gain significant experience in absorbing, synthesising, and using unfamiliar archaeological and historical evidence for the purposes of investigating questions of general historical and cultural significance.​

    Students successfully completing the module will further develop their ability to construct and express effective verbal and written argument.​

  • Introduction to Ancient Egypt I (ALGY109)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    To provide students with an overview of Ancient Egyptian culture from prehistory to AD 395;

    To develop students'' understanding of the environment and geography of Ancient Egypt, the fundamentals of the chronology of Ancient Egypt (including the limitations of available evidence); and to provide students with an awareness of how major archaeological sites and other forms of primary evidence fit within this framework. The emphasis will be on the use of primary data (archaeological, visual and textual) to gain a better understanding of basic features of the chronological development of Ancient Egypt. 

    Learning Outcomes

    Students will gain a broad understanding of Ancient Egyptian history

    Students will develop their critical skills in working with primary and secondary sources (including standard textbooks) for the understanding of Ancient Egypt​.

    Students will develop through study and their written work the critical techniques of evidence-based argument into creation of in creating synthetic contextualised discussions of Ancient Egypt that focus on communicating an independent understanding of the limits of our knowledge.​

  • The Practice of Archaeology (ALGY102)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module aims to introduce students to the issues involved in the design and implementation of archaeological research;

    To introduce students to the challenges facing modern archaeologists;​

    To introduce students to desk-based archaeological assessments​;

    To introduce students to aspects of archaeological mapping and GIS;​

    To introduce students to aspects of field recording;​

    To introduce students to aspects of archaeological data analysis;​

    To introduce students to issues involved in archaeological project and excavation design​;

    To introduce students to issues involved in the interpretation of archaeological sites and cemeteries;​

    To introduce students to principles of heritage and management of archaeological sites​.

    Learning OutcomesTo show some understanding of the objectives of archaeological research.

    ​Students should be able to demonstrate an awareness of how archaeology works in both academic and commercial spheres

    ​Students should be able to show critical awareness of the practice of archaeolgical research and research design

    ​Students should be able to show an understanding of how different approaches can lead to different interpretations

    ​Students should be able to show an understanding of desk-based assessment

    Students should be able to show an understand some basics of archaeological mapping​

    Students should be able to show an understanding of basic archaeological data analysis​

    Students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of aspects of archaeological field recording and data collection.

    Students should be able to show an understanding of basic issues around management of archaeological sites.​

    By the end of the module students should be able to show an understanding of excavation strategy. ​

  • Introduction to Ancient Egypt II (ALGY116)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    ALGY116 is designed as a year one module which aims to provide students with an overview of Ancient Egyptian culture. In particular it has as its core aim the development of students'' understanding of the broader thematic aspects of Egyptian society, such as writing, religion, art and social structure.  The emphasis will be on the use of primary data (written and material culture), and on awareness of how major archaeological sites fit within this framework

     

    Learning OutcomesStudents will gain a broad understanding of Ancient Egyptian culture.

    ​Students will develop their critical skills in primary and secondary sources (including standard textbooks) for the understanding of Ancient Egypt)

    ​Students will develop through study and their written work the critical techniques of evidence-based argument into creation of in creating synthetic contextualised discussions of Ancient Egypt that focus on communicating an independent understanding of the limits of our knowledge

  • Empires and Citizens: the Classical Mediterranean and the Near East (ALGY131)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims
    1. To introduce students to the geographical setting, chronological frameworks and general social, cultural, political and economic developments of the Mediterranean world from the sixth century A.D;

    2. ​To familiarize students with key themes and forms of evidence relevant to advanced study of Mediterranean Archaeology in the Classical period;

    3. ​To introduce students to the direct analysis of material culture from the Classical Mediterranean world as well as the role of museum collections in the study of Mediterranean archaeology.

    Learning Outcomes

    ​Students will acquire an introductory knowledge of the geographical setting, chronological frameworks and general social, cultural, political and economic developments of the Mediterranean world from the sixth century B.C. to the sixth century A.D.

    ​Students will be gain a comparative appreciation of key similarities and differences between Classical Greece and Imperial Rome from an archaeological perspective;

    ​Students will be able to analyse a range of material remains and apply core methodological and theoretical perspectives to answer questions about the social and political dynamics of life in the ancient Mediterranean

    ​Students will compare and assess different responses to challenges posed by living in communities and interacting with other communities in the ancient Mediterranean.

Programme Year Two

Students take two compulsory modules and then choose a further two modules, focusing on two out of the three cultural areas offered (Near East, Greece and Rome, Egypt). 

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Archaeological Excavation Skills (ALGY211)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
  • This module will aim to help students to learn the basic skills of archaeological excavation.

  • ​To help students understand the nature and limitations of archaeological evidence produced through the excavation of archaeological sites.

  • Learning OutcomesStudents learn the basic techniques of the British archaeological profession. This includes single-context excavation and recording; light/heavy tool use; allocation, description, and interpretation of archaeological contexts; formation processes; stratigraphy & matrices; environmental sampling and processing; accurate technical drawing of site plans and sections; site photography; basic topographical and geophysical survey techniques; finds identification, handling, conservation; finds illustration; heritage communication; and health & safety on archaeological sites. The module introduces the concept of reflexive practice, largely regarding the student''s own skills, as well as re. archaeological recording systems/standards, the future of on-site drawing methods, and issues of heritage management. Students are also introduced to the post-excavation process, including the commissioning of specialist analyses, finds photography, and the writing of archaeological reports.

    ​At the end of the module students will have a portfolio of work that they can use to prove their basic competence in excavation skills and which students can show to future archaeological employers.

  • Artefacts and Technology (ALGY250)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module provides an introduction to some of the types of information that can be gained from the study of archaeological artefacts;

    ​This module focuses on the artefacts - the materials used, their properties, how far it is possible to determine the origins of raw materials, how materials were processed and how the final artefacts were made and used. A complimentary module, Analytical Methods (ALGY397), is available in year three which is concerned specifically with the techniques used and how they work.

    Learning Outcomes

    Students who take this module should gain an appreciation of artefacts as material entities and an understanding the types of information that can be obtained via scientific examination.

    Students will gain knowledge about the raw materials used to make artefacts in past, where they came from and how they were then processed into the finished objects. ​

    Students will gain a basic knowledge of the scientific methods used by professional archaeologists to investigate archaeological artefacts.​

    Students will acquire skills in the correct handling and investigation of archaeological artefacts.​

Year Two Optional Modules

  • Ancient Warfare (ALGY210)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
    Aims

    ​Students will acquire an understanding of the six identified cross-cultural themes that form the core of the module and which relate to key aspects of ancient civilisation. They will apply these themes to three case-study cultures (Archaic and Classical Greece, Iron Age Europe and the ancient Near East);

    ​This module’s wide-ranging examination of key themes in the archaeology and history of the ancient world provides students with a foundation for other year two and three modules, including the dissertation. Through the study of this module students will also develop a critical appreciation of the three case-study societies and the effects and consequences of warfare upon them;

    ​This module develops skills of critical thought, debate, and academic writing skills by the application of these to the body of primary and secondary literature;

    ​This module also develops the essential employability skills of research, presentation (written and verbal) and use of argument.  

      Learning OutcomesAcquire an understanding of ancient warfare and the specific case study cultures covered by the module.

      ​Acquire a critical understanding of the nature of ancient archaeological and historical source materials.

      ​Develop research skills.

      ​Develop skills in the use of argument and oral and written presentation.

    • Democractic Spaces (ALGY219)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
      Aims

      To explore the archaeology of democracy in Ancient Greece

      To use the archaeology of Ancient Greek democracy to explore questions of social, political and cultural significance for global history 

      To consider the importance of the materiality of Ancient Greek democracy in the development of later political systems​

       

      Learning Outcomes

      Identify the material evidence of political organisation in Ancient Athens and the contemporary world

      Compare and evaluate different interpretations of Ancient Athenian democracy and socio-political organisation

      Gather, organise and deploy evidence from a variety of appropriate sources, in order to enhance your understanding of the materiality and spatiality of Ancient Athenian democracy​

      Construct a reasoned argument and make critical judgements about the materiality and spatiality of democracy from both Ancient Athens and modern contexts in both written and oral form ​

    • Writing Ancient Egyptian History (ALGY247)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      To encourage collation and analysis of primary data (textual and archaeological) in order to build an evidence based picture of a particular historical issue;

      ​To consolidate knowledge of, and deepen understanding of, key Ancient Egyptian historical episodes;

      ​To increase self-confidence and analytical methodology through group activity and discussion during seminars.

      Learning Outcomes

      Students will understand how to collect key data for reconstruction of historical episodes

      Students will be able to use appropriate methodologies to combine and analyse different types of data, and acknowledge the limitations of that data. Through this, students will sharpen interpretative skills 

      ​Students will have developed their ability to read critically (particularly in reading modern histories of Ancient Egypt) and to treat the available evidence sensibly

      The module also advances information literacy through use of library facilities, bibliographic sources, online bibliographies and other relevant internet resources

      ​For students who took the departmental Field School, or are gaining practical experience by museum placement, they will reflect on their experience and consider how it affects our understanding of Egyptian history. 

      ​ Students will gain an understanding of the nature and limitations of archaeological evidence.

    • Egyptian Religion (ALGY257)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims

      To develop critical and communicative skills through focus on the analysis of original primary sources (archaeological, iconographic and textual) relevant to a reconstruction of the religion of pharaonic Egypt.

      Learning OutcomesThe student will acquire a substantive knowledge of the gods and religious practices of ancient Egypt.

      T​he student will gain an understanding of the processes of building a coherent and critical use of sources towards building an independent, evidence-based understanding of ancient religion.

      ​The student will be able to communicate that independence of understanding in a coherent form.

    • Plants and People in the Past: An Introduction to Archaeobotany (ALGY220)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      To introduce students to the aims, methods and applications of archaeobotany;

      To introduce students to the wider archaeological and palaeoecological questions and issues addressed by archaeobotanical research;

      To familiarise students with the methodologies involved in archaeobotanical sampling, ​identification and data analysis;

      To develop student understanding and appreciation of archaeobotanical science applications in contemporary archaeological practice.

      Learning Outcomes​Students successfully completing this module will be able to recognise and identify the different types of archaeobotanical remains found in archaeological contexts.
      ​Students will achieve a rounded understanding of the different pathways through which archaeobotanical remains enter the archaeological record, and their different preservation conditions.
      ​Students will become familiar with the key research themes and debates in archaeobotany, regarding diet, subsistence, ancient economies, vegetation change and people-environment interactions.
      ​​​Students will develop a range of data management, quantitative and numerical skills, professional skills (including time management, health and safety procedures), research skills and other transferable skills applicable to academic and non-academic work environments including critical thinking, independent study and research, effective reporting (verbal and written expression) and awareness of controversy in research literature and debate.

    • Animals in Archaeology (ALGY260)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      This module aims to develop students'' awareness that faunal studies are a fundamental and integral part of archaeological studies for all periods and cultures, and that they can be utilised to investigate a variety of archaeological topics such as: Site formation processes, taphonomy, environmental conditions, economics and social and religious practices;

      ​Develop students'' appreciation of the potentials and limitations of methods of recovery, analysis, interpretation and presentation of primary and secondary data, and the relevance of these factors to theoretical perspectives;

      Provide a supportive but stimulating environment for students to improve their abilities to communicate ideas and data to an interested ''lay'' audience;

      Develop students'' powers of observation and accurate descriptions of archaeological primary materials.

      Learning Outcomes

      Select, synthesise and evaluate data relating to a chosen topic and communicate its significance or controversial nature to an intersted but lay audience, in a brief (10 minute) powerpoint presentation

       

      Manipulate and interpret numerical primary data relating to archaeological animal bones, using case studies that include early prehistoric hunted remains and later period remains of domesticated animals.

      Critically review the theoretical models used to manipulate and interpret those data and consider alternative methods and complementary types of evidence​

      ​Reach a basic level of identification skills for common types of archaeological animal bone remains and demonstrate the ability to accurately describe previously unseen material through original observations and descriptions

    • Akkadian Language and Literature (ALGY213)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims

      To teach students the basic grammar and cuneiform writing system of Akkadian;

      To instill awareness of the basic principles of reading a variety of Akkadian cuneiform inscriptions within their cultural contexts.

      Learning Outcomes

      By the end of the module, successful students will be able to transliterate and translate into English different types of cuneiform inscriptions written in the Akkadian language (Old Babylonian).

      ​Students successfully completing the module will be familiar with the main points of the cuneiform writing system as well as the Akkadian grammar, will already have read a few Akkadian texts, and will be ready to move on to additional Old Babylonian texts and to begin the study of Standard Babylonian texts.

      ​Students succesfully completing the module will be able to analyze the material grammatically and contextualize all of the assigned texts in their cultural and historical contexts.

    • Death and Burial in the Prehistoric Near East (ALGY224)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
      Aims1. To develop student understandings of concepts in and approaches to the study of death and mortuary practices2. To develop student understanding of interpretation of past mortuary practices3. To develop student knowledge of mortuary practices in the Neolithic of the Near East4. To develop students'' critical and analytical approaches to evidence and the combined use of different sources of evidence 5. To develop students’ abilities to construct and express effective verbal and written argument 6. To provide opportunities for students to reflect on verbal and written feedback 7. To promote identification, recall and deployment of material relevant to a particular question 8. To promote awareness of controversy in technical literature 9. To promote succinct written exposition
      Learning Outcomes

      ​Students will develop an understanding of developments in anthropological and archaeological theory, through an understanding of how those developments have affected interpretations of mortuary practices.

      Students will develop an understanding of interpretative possibilities in relation to past mortuary practices

      ​Students will develop an understanding of mortuary practices and their interpretation in the Neolithic of the Near East

      ​Students will develop their critical and analytical skills in handling evidence, evaluating the arguments of others and integrating diverse evidence sets.

      ​Students will develop their ability to construct and express effective and succinct verbal and written argument

      ​Students will develop their ability to reflect on verbal feedback on their work and deploy it to improve their work

      ​Students will develop their ability to identify, recall and deploy material relevant to a particular question

      ​Students will develop their ability to identify and evaluate controversy in archaeological and other literature

      ​Students will develop their ability to achieve succinct written exposition and argumentation

    • The Sumerians (ALGY288)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims

      To enable students to achieve a rounded understanding of the culture and society of the earliest urban literate communities, found in Mesopotamia in the third millennium BC;

      To enable students to appreciate some of the methodological issues of using archaeological and early forms of textual evidence as sources for understanding such societies;

      To promote and enable the development of students'' critical and analytical approach to evidence and the combined use of different sources of evidence;

      To promote and enable the development of students'' ability to construct and express effective verbal and written argument.

       

      Learning Outcomes

      Students successfully completing the module will achieve a rounded understanding of the culture and society of  earliest urban literate communities, found in Mesopotamia in the third millennium BC.

      Students successfully completing the module will appreciate some of the methodological issues of using archaeological and early forms of textual evidence as sources for understanding such societies.​

      Students successfully completing the module will further develop critical and analytical approaches to evidence and the combined use of different sources of evidence.​

      Students successfully completing the module will further develop their ability to construct and express effective verbal and written argument.​

      Students successfully completing the module will develop transferable skills (not all directly tested in the assessment), e.g. listening and note-taking skills; analytical reading; identification, recall and deployment of material relevant to a particular question; awareness of controversy in technical literature; succinct written exposition; succinct oral presentation and discussion of prepared material; time-management.​

    • The Archaeology of Roman Britain (ALGY234)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims

      One of the two primary aims of this module is to introduce and to familiarise students with the range and quality of the primary evidence for the study of Roman Britain, including archaeological, literary, epigraphic, or numismatic.

      The second objective is to explore some of the areas in which the ''new'' Roman archaeology is making a distinctive contribution to our understanding of the archaeology of Roman north-west Europe . Towards this end, a number of themes which will be explored include the transition from Iron Age Britain to a Roman province, urbanisation, aspects of the relationship between military and civilian structures, religion (including mortuary practices and the rise of Christianity), and the economy as well as the implications of these themes on the debate concerning the degree of the ''Romanisation'' of Britain.

      Learning Outcomes

      Students will continue to develop and deepen the areas of knowledge for which ALGY131 provided a basic foundation.

      Students will gain a critical understanding of the nature of the discipline which will be based on the work of recent decades and will focus more on research strategies and theory than narrative descriptions.

      ​Their appreciation of the range of influences on the subject will lead to a better understanding of archaeology as a whole and of the cross-disciplinary nature of scholarly research in general.

      ​In particular students will learn to use Roman archaeology as a vehicle for studying processes which have a great deal of modern relevance, including the relationship of literary and sub-literary texts to archaeological evdience as well as what is ''acculturation'', the relationship between town and country along with the ways that archaeology can illustrate and explain both common and disparate cultural traditions in north-west Europe.

    • Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt (ALGY244)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting65:35
      Aims

      ALGY244 is designed to explore themes of how the ancient Egyptians viewed the world around them;

      To look at the ways in which the Egyptians saw the presence and operation of the divine within the natural environment, and how they built structures (especially temples and tombs) which allowed contact between the living and other spiritual entities (the gods, the dead);

      To emphasise especially the ways in which the Egyptians intergrated notions of ''sacred landscape'' into their everyday lives.

         

        Learning Outcomes

        Students will gain a deep understanding of the complexities of sacred landscapes in ancient Egypt through a comprehensive approach to the material as presented by the Module Tutor and through their directed reading.

        ​By examining significant case studies of individual sacred landscapes students will derive a broader understanding of the issues involved than by concentrating on broader bodies of data alone.

        ​Students will develop an understanding of the interelationships between the natural environment, royal monuments, private monuments and, most importantly, the way the natural and built environment actually used, and the way that use changed, over a significant period of time.

      1. Death in Ancient Egypt: Image, Text and Archaeology (ALGY270)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
        Aims

        In addition to the specific subject matter, the aim is to develop key skills in the understanding and application of theoretical analysis and interpretation of the Egyptian culture, such as currently applied in the field of Egyptology.

        Learning Outcomes

        Students will develop an awareness and broad understanding of some key theoretical issues and concepts central to the interpretation of Egyptian culture (principles of Egyptian art, cultural conventions, anthropological theories).

        ​Students  will build up their critical skills of both primary sources and secondary literature, and experiment with basic research methodological issues

        ​Small group discussion of case studies will contribute to the development of the students'' skills in comparative analysis of significantly different sets of sources.

      2. Human Osteoarchaeology (ALGY266)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
        Aims

        To understand the use of human skeletal assemblages as archaeology and material culture. Specifically, students will develop rudimentary skills in handling, identification and develop a deep understanding of the key topics in human osteoarchaeology such as task-related indicators on the skeleton and ancient genetics.

        Learning Outcomes

        At the end of this module students should be able to describe the principles of handling and identification of human material remains.

        Students will be familiar with a number of the main debates such as different approaches to reconstructing diet and DNA analysis.

        ​At the end of this module students should be able to appraise the archaeological implications concerning the regulations for the retention of human materials.

      3. School of Histories, Languages and Cultures Volunteering and Experience Module 2 (HLAC212)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims​1. To develop materials and/or undertake tasks within a practical or vocational context2. To apply within that context pedagogical and other theoretical or practical knowledge relevant to thedevelopment and delivery of those materials and/or tasks.3. To apply academic and/or theoretical knowledge within a practical context and to reflect and report on the relationship between the two.4. To develop and identify a range of personal/employability skills and to reflect and report on this.
        Learning Outcomes

        Students should be able to demonstrate an ability to develop materials and/or undertake tasks, according to a given specification and requirement, within a practical or vocational context

        ​Students should be able to reflect on and evaluate the efficacy of the materials developed and/or the tasks undertaken

        ​Students should be able to identify the connection between academic and/or theoretical knowledge and its practical or vocational application

        ​Students should be able to identify, reflect and report on a range of personal/employability skills

      Programme Year Three

      Students take three compulsory modules:

      • The dissertation (equivalent to two modules), which is a subject of the student’s choice researched in depth, at least two of the chosen modules should be related to the dissertation topic.
      • Archaeology and Contemporary Society: politics and ethics

      Students then choose their five remaining modules from a list of over 20. At least two of the chosen modules should be related to the dissertation topic.

      Year Three Compulsory Modules

      • Archaeology and Heritage in Contemporary Society: Ethical and Political Issues (ALGY399)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
        Aims

        To develop an awareness of the political and ethical issues related to aspects of heritage management;


        To learn to identify competing conflicts of interest related to human rights, national and group identity, professional and commercial development and claims to authority;

        To explore the ramifications of following particular courses of action in relation to specific real-world case studies.

        Learning OutcomesAn understanding of the ethical problems of heritage management

        An understanding of the political problems of heritage management

         

        ​An appreciation of conflicts of interest in heritage management

        ​An understanding of the nature of the legal framework for the protection of heritage assets in the UK and abroad

      • Dissertation (ALGY450)
        Level3
        Credit level30
        SemesterWhole Session
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims

        The purpose of the dissertation is to demonstrate that the student can identify a research-related issue or problem;

        Students will work independently to design and conduct a scheme of work to explore their chosen research question;

        Students will assemble and analyse both academic literature (references) and primary evidence (sources) to explore their chosen research question;

        Students will present a coherent set of data and arguments in order to analyse and interpret the data. ​

        Learning Outcomes

        By the end of the module students will be able to use appropriate research tools and techniques.

        By the end of the module, students will be able to present information and interpretations clearly and systematically, and produce a text written and presented to a professional standard.​

        By the end of the module, students will be able to cite sources and use appropriate academic conventions for referencing them.​

      Year Three Optional Modules

      • Biblical Archaeology (ALGY342)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims

        This module will introduce students to the archaeology of the southern Levant in the Iron Age .(1200 - 550BC);

        This archaeological knowledge will provide students with a good understanding of the material context in which the Hebrew Bible took shape, especially with regards to social, political and economic organisation;

        Critical reviews of current debates will provide students with an up-to-date appreciation of emerging controversies, data and methodologies essential for to an informed understanding of the relationship between archaeological evidence and the historical context of the Hebrew Bible;

          Learning Outcomes

          Students successfully completing the module will achieve a good understanding of the archaeological record of the Levant from ca. 1200-550 B.C., with a particular appreciation of the relationship between archaeological research and the Hebrew Bible.

          ​Students successfully completing the module will gain significant experience in absorbing, synthesising, and using unfamiliar archaeological and historical evidence for the purposes of investigating questions of general historical and cultural significance.

          Students successfully completing the module will gain the knowledge, experience and confidence necessary to identify, analyse and critically assess radically opposed arguments regarding archaeological evidence and its interpretation.
        1. The Origins of Agriculture and Sedentism in the Near East (ALGY356)
          Level3
          Credit level15
          SemesterFirst Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
          Aims

          To examine the development of agriculture, pastoralism and sedentism, all features fundamental to the development of complex and modern society;

          ​To understand the nature of Neolithic societies in the Near East and thus the social context for and response to the development of agriculture;

          ​To question when these phenomena appeared, why they might have appeared and how human societies responded to their new opportunities and pressures;

          To develop an understanding of the problems and potential of archaeological methodologies in gaining an understanding of these changes and knowledge of ancillary disciplines relating to palaeoenvironmental studies, archaeobotany and palaeozoology;

          ​To develop students'' critical and analytical approaches to evidence and the combined use of different sources of evidence;

          To develop student''s ability to construct and express effective verbal and written argument; ​

          To provide opportunities for students to reflect on verbal and written feedback​;

          To  promote identification, recall and deployment of material relevant to a particular question​;

          To promote awareness of controversy in technical literature​;

          To promote succinct written exposition​.

          Learning Outcomes

          Students will gain knowledge of the development of the first sedentary and agricultural societies, the transition from Palaeolithic foragers to Neolithic farmers,and critical skills relating to the handling of evidence relevant to these issues and to much of the interpretation of prehistoric archaeology.

          Students will develop knowledge of archaeological methodologies applied in the study of agricultural origins, including​ palaeoenvironmental studies, archaeozoology, archaeobotany, human osteoarchaeology.

          Students will develop an understanding of developments in archaeological theory, through an understanding of how those dveelopment has affected interpretations of origins of agriculture.​

          Students will develop their critical and analytical skills​ in handling evidence, evaluating the arguments of others and integrating diverse evidence sets.

          Students will develop their abilityto construct and express effective and succinct verbal and written argument ​​

          Students will develop their ability to reflect on verbal feedback on their work​ and deploy it to improve their work

          Students will develop their ability to identify, recall and deploy material relevant to a particular question​

          Students will develop their ability to identify and evaluate controversy in archaeological and other literature​

        2. Ancient Greek Colonisation and British Imperial Thought (ALGY336)
          Level3
          Credit level15
          SemesterFirst Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
          Aims

          This module provides an overview of the expansion of Greek culture into all areas of the Mediterranean and Black Sea areas as a result of colonial expansion in the archaic period (8th to 6th centuries BC) and the thematic study of the general methods, processes and outcomes of the colonisation movement;

          Students will also acquire a considerable subject-specific knowledge of the history and archaeology of the subject and will develop a critical awareness of the broader issues in the study of classical archaeology and thematic issues connected with migration in all periods;

          This module develops skills of critical thought, debate, and academic writing skills by the application of these to the body of primary and secondary literature surrounding Archaic Greek colonisation and British scholarship of that process in the Twentieth Century;

          This module also develops the essential employability skills of presentation (written, verbal, visual), team-working and use of ITC.

             

            Learning Outcomes

            Acquire an understanding of the Greek colonial movement in the archaic period (8th to 6th centuries BC) and become familiar with its chronological, geographical and cultural framework, including key archaeological sites and historical sources.

            Acquire a critical understanding of British imperial thought in the Twentieth Century, how this has affected scholarship of Greek colonisation in the West, and what this tells us about the construction of archaeological and historical knowledge about the ancient past.

            Develop skills in the critical application of both archaeological and historical source materials in answering questions about the ancient world and to practice critical thought and discussion.

          1. Roman Frontier Systems: From the Late Republic to the End of the Fourth Century Ad. (ALGY398)
            LevelQ6
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
            Aims
            Learning Outcomes

            gained an appreciation of the range of scope and high quality of the archaeological evidence for the frontiers of the Roman empire.This will bring out the different devices and systems that evolved in response to particular problems in particular sectors of the frontiers;

             

            ​enhanced their understanding of the history of the Roman provinces as well as imperial policy decision making through exploring how frontiers systems were built and evolved over time;

             

            ​acquired an appreciation of some of the ways that frontiers and zones of cultural interaction might be variously interpreted.

            ​acquired a critical appreciation of  how archaeological and historical sources can be used to reconstruct the history of the Roman provinces

            ​​acquired the ability to detail key features of the history of scholarship of the Roman provinces​​​ and how scholarship has evolved over time

          2. Issues in Ramessid History & Archaeology (ALGY367)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
            Aims

            To enhance studentunderstanding of the extent to which the context for ancient lived experiencecan be explored within the Ramessid period in ancient Egypt (c.1300–1070 BC),based on critical appraisal of the unusually rich body of original ancientsource material for this period and of the modern research literature, both interms of the depth and detail which can be obtained but also of the limits tosuch inquiry.

            Learning Outcomes

            Gain deeper knowledge and understanding of the bodies of evidence, not only as the primary sources for the module, but also as outstanding examples of the ways in which archaeological and textual data relate to issues of materiality and subjective experience.

            Develop an appreciation of the ways in which the textual record, comprising documents of subjective experiences in the Ramessid period, interlinks with the nature of the surviving physical remains of their activities and environment. ​

            Debate issues of academic research method and technique as applied to the evidence, and develop skills of discrimination in the analysis and interpretation of different types of data, allowing students to understand the types of research questions that can or cannot be usefully addressed through the available archaeological and textual material.​

          3. Social Life in Egypt (ALGY377)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims

            To deepen knowledge of the primary record from pharaonic Egypt;

            To develop analytical skills;

            To develop communicative writing based on personal understanding;

            To broaden understanding of the differences of cultural and behavioural norms of different societies, ancient and modern.

            Learning Outcomes

            The student will be able to show a broad knowledge of a broad range of data from pharaonic Egypt

            ​The student will demonstate the integration of detail derived from a wide range of primary data into a narrative or argument, both oral and written, and display a clear understanding of the limitations of specific data and the conclusions drawn from it.

            ​The student will demonstrate a problem-solving approach in communicating knowledge of data and understanding of methodology in writing.

            ​The student will develop an evidence-based picture of the realities of life - physical and social - in pharaonic Egypt, within a wider anthropological and sociological picture of the cultural norms of non-western and ancient socities

            ​The student will develop an explicit awareness of the nature of evidence-based research for description and generalisation about pharaonic Egypt

          4. Analytical Methods in Archaeology (ALGY397)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
            Aims

            This module is designed to provide an introduction to the scientific techniques, other than dating methods, currently used in archaeological research. The main emphasis is on the application of these techniques, their potential and limitations and the forms of data produced.

            Learning Outcomes

            Students will gain an understanding of how and when it is appropriate to use the different analytical methods available. 

            Students will learn how different analytical techniques are employed within archaeology ​

            Students will acquire knowledge of the basic scientific principles involved in analysis, sufficient to be able to appreciate the potential of future developments in techniques. ​

          5. Sumerian Language and Literature (ALGY386)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims

            This module aims to teach students the basic grammar and cuneiform writing system of Sumerian;

            ​To foster awareness of the basic principles of reading a variety of Sumerian cuneiform inscriptions within their cultural contexts.

            Learning Outcomes

            By the end of the course, successful students will be able to transliterate and translate different types of cuneiform inscriptions written in Sumerian.

            Students successfully completing the module will be able to analyze the material grammatically.

            ​Students will be able to contextualize all of the assigned texts in their cultural and historical contexts.​

          6. Houses and Households of the Classical World (ALGY310)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
            Aims• To examine the archaeology of houses and households from the classical world• To explore a variety of data, methods and theories that are of great significance to classical archaeologists and ancient historians• To use household archaeology to investigate questions of economic, social, political and cultural importance• To evaluate how digital technologies (Geographical information systems and Sketch-up) can help us to investigate archaeological material
            Learning OutcomesTo develop a critical appreciation of the principal techniques and models used to understand domestic space in the Greek and Roman worldsTo develop research skills to gather, organise and deploy evidence from a variety of appropriate sources, in order to enhance your understanding of the materiality and spatiality of the household

            ​To develop a critical understanding of problems in reconstructing and examining daily life in the Greek and Roman worlds

            ​To develop a discrete research project on a house and household as well as evaluate key themes and approaches to archaeology of households

            ​To develop a clear knowledge of the range of houses (form, decoration and household activities) from Greek and Roman worlds

          7. Settlement Archaeology in Egypt (ALGY376)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims

            To develop critical and communicative skills through focusing on the analysis of original primary sources (archaeological and textual) relevant to a reconstruction of the nature and organisation of settlement in ancient Egypt;

            To develop an understanding of the critical use of sources towards building an independent, evidence-based understanding of ancient society, and communicating that independence of understanding in a coherent form. These skills are the primary basis for structuring research thinking and the construction of research projects. ​

            Learning Outcomes

            By the end of the module students will have improved their skills in critical reading and in the assessment/analysis of specific detail to be found in the primary sources of all types, in the light of the more general discussions about theoretical approaches to the study of urbanisation and the nature of ancient settlements and society.

            By the end of the module students will have improved their skills in critical reading and in the assessment/analysis of specific detail to be found in the primary sources of all types, in the light of the more general discussions about theoretical approaches to the study of urbanisation and the nature of ancient settlements and society.

            By the end of the module students will have improved their skills in critical reading and in the assessment/analysis of specific detail to be found in the primary sources of all types, in the light of the more general discussions about theoretical approaches to the study of urbanisation and the nature of ancient settlements and society.

          8. Egyptian Foreign Relations (ALGY378)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims
            1. ALGY 378 is designed to help students understand the nature of Egypt''s contacts with its nearest neighbours, to the end of the New Kingdom. There will be a particular emphasis on Egypt''s external contacts during the New Kingdom.

            2. To develop an understanding of the critical use of sources towards building an independent, evidence-based understanding of ancient society, and communicating that independence of understanding in a coherent form. These skills are the primary basis for structuring research thinking and the construction of research projects

            Learning Outcomes

            By the end of the module students will have improved their skills in critical reading and in the assessment/analysis of specific detail to be found in primary sources of all types, in the light of general discussions about the nature and motives behind dynastic Egypt''s engagement with its neighbours in north-east Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, and western Asia.

            ​By the end of the module students will have improved their skills in critical reading and in the assessment/analysis of specific detail to be found in primary sources of all types, in the light of general discussions about the nature and motives behind dynastic Egypt''s engagement with its neighbours in north-east Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, and western Asia.

            ​By the end of the module students will have improved their skills in critical reading and in the assessment/analysis of specific detail to be found in primary sources of all types, in the light of general discussions about the nature and motives behind dynastic Egypt''s engagement with its neighbours in north-east Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, and western Asia.

          9. Economic Archaeology and Anthropology (ALGY362)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
            Aims

            To introduce students to the history of economic thought from ancient times to the present day;

            To introduce students to key issues and concepts in the field of economic anthropology;

            To introduce students to the theory and applications of economic archaeology through case studies drawn from various periods of the human past, focusing on the comparative analysis of past economies;

            To enable students to achieve a theoretically and empirically grounded understanding of key anthropological and archaeological concepts in the study of human economics;

            To enhance student appreciation of key intellectual and methodological issues arising from evaluating different theoretical approaches and sources of evidence as pathways for understanding human economic behaviours past and present;

            To foster the development of student critical thinking and analytical approach to evidence and the combined use of different sources of evidence;

            To promote the development of student ability to construct and express effective verbal and written argument.

            Learning Outcomes

            Achieve an understanding of how an anthropologically-informed understanding of human economic systems can increase our understanding of the diversity, function and historical context of past economies, and the evolution of human economic behaviours through time, from prehistory to the present. This will be achieved through the exploration of relevant bodies of anthropological and economic theory complemented by the study of relevant archaeological case studies from different time periods and world regions.

            Appreciate some of the analytical and methodological issues arising from the use of theoretical approaches in conjunction with appropriate anthropological, historical and archaeological evidence, as sources for understanding human socioeconomics.

             

            Understand the nature of, and intellectual challenges presented by, integrated anthropological and archaeological approaches to the comparative analysis of past economic systems.

            Develop transferable skills, applicable to academic and non-academic environments, such as independent reading and research, critical evaluation of contrasting arguments and sources of evidence; effective and concise verbal and written expression; critical thinking; awareness of controversy in literature and debate; time-management.

             

          10. Geoarchaeology (ENVS392)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
            Aims
          11. ​To provide an understanding the principles and methods of the application of the earth sciences in archaeological investigations.

          12. ​To develop an appreciation of the value of a multidisciplinary scientific approach to understanding landscape evolution during archaeological investigations

          13. ​To provide an understanding of the principles and methods of archaeological sciences in archaeological investigations.

          14. ​To develop an understanding of the techniques used in archaeological sciences during investigation of artefacts and their geological significance

          15. To gain experience in the use of multiple data sets from different scientific disciplines used in archaeological analyses.

          16. ​To develop experience in communicating between multiple disciplines and both scientifically literate specialist and non-specialist audiences

          17. Learning Outcomes

            ​Understand the different aspects of geoarchaeology and scientific archaeology

            ​Know the range of different practical analyses that can be used in geoarchaeological and archaeometric investigations

            Understand how and where to apply multiple datasets in geoarchaeological and archaeometric investigations​

            Critically evaluate competing theories of landscape and palaeoenvironmental development​

            ​Critically evaluate the benefits of different techniques and be able to assess the appropriate scientific techniques to answer archaeological questions

            ​​Assess and communicate the level of certainty in predictions from imperfect datasets

            ​Use different microscopy techniques to recognise important minerals and alteration products

            ​​Use data from a range of scientific methods to interpret landscape and palaeoenvironmental influences, source materials and chronology

            ​Use and correlate stratigraphic data from archaeological sites

            ​Presentation skills for written and oral work and communication of scientific data to different audiences

            ​Working collaboratively to summarise and share information effectively during development of an online resource

          The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


          Teaching and Learning

          Your learning will flourish through lectures, seminar discussions, practical classes, oral presentations and tutorial sessions, encompassing both individual study and group work. You’ll be working with a wide range of evidence including ancient texts in translation and physical remains. Students on archaeological programmes may have the opportunity to take placements in the Garstang Museum of Archaeology or National Museums Liverpool. Single Honours, Major and Joint Honours students can develop an individual piece of research on a topic of your own by undertaking a dissertation in the final year. An academic adviser will help you focus on and hone the topic, and meet with you regularly to discuss progress and direction. Students will have the opportunity to develop practical skills in archaeology and/or museology. With staff engaged at excavations in Turkey, Southern Africa, Egypt, Greece and Sicily (to name a few), many of our students have been able to gain their experience further afield.