Photo of Dr Munira Raja

Dr Munira Raja BEng., Ph.D., (Liverpool), CENG, SIEEE

Lecturer Electrical Engineering and Electronics


    Development of organic circuits for use in low-cost applications such as smart sensors

    Development of analytical organic device models for use in accurate simulation of the circuit designs

    Development of a technical roadmap or scaling rules for organic thin-film transistors

    Research Group Membership

    Research Grants

    Development of a smart integrated miniaturised sensor system for analytical challenges in diagnostics, industry and the environment (SIMS)


    September 2010 - February 2014

    Delivering a Sustainable Future for UK Printable Electronics


    April 2009 - March 2011

    PolyNET - Network of Excellence for the exploitation of organic and large area electronics


    January 2008 - December 2010

    Impact Acceleration Account - University of Liverpool 2012


    October 2012 - March 2017

    Research Collaborations

    SIMS consortium

    Project: SIMS (EU Fp7 project)
    External: University of West England, VTT, Alere International Ltd, Franhoufer, Dublin City University, and University of Liverpool

    An interdisciplinary collaboration under 'SIMS' EU Fp7 project, which had interests in the development of a smart integrated miniaturised sensor system, for detection of cholestrol levels in human blood. The consortium was awarded the best publicly demonstrator at the OE-A competition in Munich 2013.

    Merck Chemicals

    Project: Case Award
    External: Merck Chemicals Ltd and University of Liverpool

    This collaboration is focused in the development of organic circuits (at Liverpool) for use as the active matrix backplane in flexible displays, with novel formulations of the organic materials developed at Merck.


    Project: Delivering a sustainable future for UK Printable Electronics - NWDA project
    External: CPI-PETEC, OMIC and University of Liverpool

    Funded by the NorthWest Development Agency (NWDA), the collaborative project had interests in the development of novel designs and processes for organic circuits for integration with other components such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) for added functionalities. The size of the world market depends, on the one hand, on the range of functions the technology can produce, but also on the ability to scale-down device sizes and thereby enhance the yield of working devices: reducing cost whilst increasing circuit speed and system performance.

    PolyNet consortium

    Project: PolyNet (Fp6 EU project)
    External: IMEC, CEA-Letin, Franhoufer IZM, Joanneum, Linkoping University, Acreo AB, TU Lodz, Aristotle University, TU Chemintz, Ecole Polytechnqiue, University of Paris Diderot, Uinversity of Oulu, TNO, VTT, Cardiff University, and University of Liverpool

    The NoE PolyNet (Network of Excellence for the Exploitation of Organic and Large Area Electronics) - aimed to establish Europe in the area of organic and large area electronics as the world leader in science, technology development and subsequent commercial exploitation of printing and large area technologies for heterointegration of flexible electronics. The project consisted of 17 partners, from industry and academia, across Europe.

    SleeperTag consortium

    Project: SleeperTag (TSB/EPSRC) project
    External: Needham, Uvasol, Optek, API and University of Liverpool

    The SleeperTag project aimed to combine leading edge research from the science base with industrial expertise from the industrial partners to develop an RFID tag that can be turned ‘off’ and ‘on’ repeatedly without replacing the tag. This breakthrough in tag design using organic non-volatile memory will be applied to the packaging of anti-viral drugs. This will enable suppliers of the drugs (and governments) to identify black market antiretroviral drugs re-entering the UK and Western Europe.

    TrackTronic consortium

    Project: TrackTronic (TSB) project
    External: Needham, Uvasol, Optek, API and University of Liverpool

    Security tags, such as those attached to expensive wines & spirits, cost the retailer 20p per bottle, plus the labour cost of fitting & removing the tags, there is a need for a low-cost tag.TrackTronic project aimed at creating a low cost security tag consisting of an On-Off-On RFID tag, that has an antenna, inkjet printed directly onto the label with conductive ink. The project also aimed at reducing the printed track width, enabling closer packing of tracks & more powerful antenna. This flexible, printed low cost antenna aims to form a platform technology, enabling the huge potential of RFID devices to be exploited in key markets such as packaging & security.

    PolyApply consortium

    Project: PolyApply (Fp6 EU project)
    External: IMEC, Motorola, CEA-Letin, Franhoufer, Joanneum, STMicroelectronics, Merck Chemicals Ltd, Phillips, PolyIC, VTT, and University of Liverpool

    The project aimed at enabling new generation of smart, ambient intelligent devices that integrate a range of electronic capabilities, including computation, sensing, and information storage, into a wide range of materials, including flexible or paper products, including consumer-goods packaging. The focus of the project was to develop low-cost applications for ambient intelligence that provide multiple ways of communication with the environment and can be integrated into an overall network in everyday life.

    CBE consortium

    Project: Carbon Based Electronics project (EPSRC)
    External: Bangor, Bristol, Cambridge, Heriot-Watt, Imperial College, King's College, Oxford, Surrey, Sussex, UCL, and University of Liverpool

    Detailed studies of a range of carbon-based materials such as conjugated polymer, nanotubes and C60, using different techniques available at the different academic institutes.