Parasitology encompasses the biology, transmission, immunology, epidemiology and control of parasites of veterinary and medical importance. We study a range of parasitic diseases including zoonoses, as well as ticks and the diseases they transmit.
Why study with us?
My time in veterinary parasitology has given me great training and development opportunities. Laboratories are well equipped and support is always available. I've developed my research skills and the atmosphere here is very friendly and supportive.John Graham-Brown - Veterinary Parasitology PhD student
years of leading research in Liverpool.
annual research income.
research students in the institute.
Liverpool's leading international reputation in infection research, tropical medicine and global health stretches back over 150 years.
The University of Liverpool’s Institute of Infection and Global Health was established to bring together leading medical, veterinary and basic science researchers from across the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences. It also complements other strengths in Liverpool, including the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, the Wolfson Centre for Personalised Medicine, the Medicines for Children Research Network, and the Wellcome Trust Tropical Centre with its associated PhD programme.
We also enjoy close and active collaboration with NHS colleagues through the Liverpool Health Partners Academic Health Science System.
Our research interests
We particularly welcome research proposals that match those of our researchers, including:
- The diagnosis, epidemiology and control of Fasciola hepatica (liver fluke), a trematode parasite and a major cause of production losses in sheep and cattle, and an emerging and serious zoonosis in some developing countries
- Anthelmintic resistance in liver fluke and gastrointestinal parasites of livestock, including mapping of drug resistance genes using genomic technology and population genetic studies
- Tick-pathogen interactions at the cellular and molecular level, including co-infections with pathogenic and symbiotic bacteria and viruses
- Fundamental studies of the immune response to ruminant parasite infection
- Use of deep sequencing (genomics/transcriptomics) to examine disease mechanisms in unicellular, vector-borne parasites (Trypanosoma, Leishmania, Apicomplexa)
- Applying state-of-the-art imaging techniques to understand interactions between apicomplexan parasites, the intestinal epithelium, and the host immune system in 3D tissue culture models of livestock.
Veterinary Parasitology research is based on two sites, the IC2 building on the main city campus and the Leahurst campus on the Wirral, 20 minutes away. Parasitic diseases are of major importance to the health and welfare of animals throughout the world. As relatively large and sophisticated pathogens, parasites present particularly intriguing and difficult challenges; many are also zoonotic, transmitted between animals and humans, affecting the health of both. We have a large, well-funded research team working on the temperate liver fluke parasite, Fasciola hepatica, the abortifacient protozoans Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii, and the cyathostomins (the most significant group of gastro-intestinal nematodes affecting horses).
Another group conducts research into vector-borne parasites such as African trypanosomes and those causing malaria, focusing on the identification of virulence factors in both laboratory and natural populations. The IC2 building houses the Tick Cell Biobank, the world’s largest collection of cell lines derived from ticks and other ectoparasitic arthropods, which underpins research on many aspects of ticks and the pathogens that they transmit to livestock and humans. We have also developed advanced bovine and porcine 3D tissue culture models to study host-pathogen interactions at the intestinal epithelium, with particular emphasis on apicomplexan parasites.
Finally, we are using detailed epitope mapping to reveal potential vaccine candidates and changes in T-cell populations during chronic helminth infection.
Our underlying philosophy is to apply modern genomic, proteomic, imaging and modelling techniques to address important problems of practical relevance. We are particularly interested in anthelmintic resistance, vaccine development and improved control through better management of disease.
We have many years of experience in classical parasitological techniques including diagnostics: e.g., detection of parasite DNA and proteins in blood, serum and faeces. We maintain the liver fluke lifecycle in the snail and definitive sheep host and have capacity for development of advanced models for parasite transmission. In addition, The Tick Cell Biobank based in the IC2 laboratories provides access to over 50 continuous cell lines derived from ixodid and argasid ticks and other arthropods of veterinary and medical importance, several species of obligate intracellular tick-borne bacterial pathogens, and many years’ experience in techniques for tick and tick-borne disease research.
There are also direct links with University core facilities including: The Centre for Genomic Research, houses 2x HiSeq, 3x MiSeq and 1x PacBio RSII sequencers with robotic liquid handling and is supported by a pool of core-funded research scientists; The NMR Metabolomics Suite has three state-of-the-art instruments; The Centre for Cell Imaging is furnished with the latest developments in microscopy; The Centre for Proteome Research is equipped with several state-of-the-art mass spectrometers for both shotgun and targeted proteomics.
- Veterinary Parasitology (Professor Diana Williams, Professor Jane Hodgkinson, Dr Robin Flynn)
- Parasite evolution group
- Immune dynamics group (Dr Janine Coombes)
- Vectors and vector-borne disease group (Dr Ben Makepeace, Dr Lesley Bell-Sakyi)
Study options and fees
|MPhil / PhD||Duration||UK students||International Students|
|Full time||2-4 years||£4,596* (2022)||£25,950* ^ (lab based programmes)
£20,400* (non Lab based programmes) (2022)
|Part time||4-6 years||£2,298* (2022)||£12,975* (lab based programmes)
£10,200* (non Lab based programmes) (2022)
* This excludes potential research support fees also known as ‘bench fees. You will be notified of any fee which may apply in your offer letter.
^ Self funded full time international students studying a lab based programme will receive a £2,000 reduction in their fees for the first year only.
If an EU student starts their studies in 2020-21, before 1 August 2021, they will have a fee classification of EU and pay UK fee rates for the duration of this registration. The exception being ROI students, who will continue to be charged fees at the UK fee rate, post 1 August 2021.
Students will normally have a minimum of a 2:1 class honours degree in a relevant biological science subject, or an equivalent medical, veterinary or dental qualification. Applicants are selected on the basis of their curriculum vitae, qualifications and referees’ reports, together with their perceived ability to complete the programme successfully.
English language requirements
|IELTS Academic requirement - SELT and non-SELT||Overall 6.5 no band below 5.5|
|TOEFL iBT requirement||Minimum 88 overall with L 17 W 17 R 17 and S 19|
|C1 Advanced CAE requirement||Overall 176 with no less than 162 in any paper|
|Trinity College London, Integrated Skills in English (ISE II)||ISE II with an overall pass with merit in components|
|Cambridge IGCSE as a First Language||Grade C|
|Cambridge IGCSE as a Second Language||Grade B|
|Cambridge English Level 3 Certificate in ESOL International (Proficiency)||Overall 176 with 162 in components|
|Cambridge English Level 3 Certificate in ESOL International (Advanced)||Overall 176 with 162 in components|
|Cambridge English Level 2 Certificate in ESOL International (Advanced)||Overall 176 with 162 in components|
How to apply
Research degree applications can be made online. You'll also need to ensure that you have funding to cover all fees.
Applications are open all year round.
Before you apply, we recommend that you identify a supervisor and develop a research proposal
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