Orthopaedic Biology PhD / MPhil / MD

The research interests is mainly clinical, upper limb surgery, peripheral nerve surgery, and surgery for musculoskeletal tumour.

Why study with us?

I believe my new findings on monocytes and their role in arthroplasty joint will provide a new diagnostic tool to overcome the complicated revision surgery for patients whom implant failed due to aseptic loosening.

Krishnamurithy Genasan - Orthopaedic Biology PhD student
  • 309

    academic members of staff.

  • 359

    postgraduate research students.


There is considerable overlap between the basic science and clinical areas of research. Regarding basic science the areas include mesothelial cell function in a number of scenarios (tumours, tendon degeneration etc) and EMG studies in common upper limb pathologies such as tennis elbow and rotator cuff pathologies. The clinical research is orientated to understand the physiological basis of conditions that are frequently encountered in the clinic and to develop new treatment strategies.

Professor Simon Frostick has developed a number of new operations for reconstruction of major upper limb pathologies and has promoted other new techniques into the UK, for example, shoulder arthroscopy.

Our research interests

Clinical studies conducted with the intent to advance therapies to the clinic or develop in upper limb surgery, peripheral nerve surgery and surgery for musculoskeletal He has developed a number of new operations including reconstruction of major upper limb pathologies and promotion of other new techniques into the UK.

Research themes

Our research themes include:

· Mesothelial cell function in tumours and tendon degeneration
· Studies of common upper limb pathologies
· Studies of physiological basis of upper and lower limb pathologies.


· Biomedical Imaging
· Centre for Antimicrobial Pharmacodynamics
· Centre for Drug Safety Science
· Health Data Science Network
· Centre for Preclinical Imaging
· Clinical Trials Research Centre
· Harris-Wellbeing Preterm Birth Research Centre
· Liverpool Bio-Innovation Hub (LBIH) Biobank
· Liverpool Cancer Trials Unit
· MRC North West Hub for Trials Methodology Research
· North West Cancer Research Centre – University of Liverpool
· Pancreas Biomedical Research Unit
· UK Experimental Arthritis Treatment Centre for Children
· Wolfson Centre for Personalised Medicine

Postgraduate researchers also benefit from flexible access to world-class equipment and expertise through the Shared Research Facilities provided.

Study options and fees

MPhil / PhD / MD Duration UK students International Students
Full time 2-4 years £4,596* (2022) £25,950* ^ (lab based programmes)
£20,400* (non Lab based programmes) (2022)
Part time 4-6 years £2,298* (2022) £12,975* (lab based programmes)
£10,200* (non Lab based programmes) (2022)

* This excludes potential research support fees also known as ‘bench fees. You will be notified of any fee which may apply in your offer letter.

^ Self funded full time international students studying a lab based programme will receive a £2,000 reduction in their fees for the first year only.

If an EU student starts their studies in 2020-21, before 1 August 2021, they will have a fee classification of EU and pay UK fee rates for the duration of this registration. The exception being ROI students, who will continue to be charged fees at the UK fee rate, post 1 August 2021.

Entry requirements

Applicants for postgraduate research study at Liverpool are normally expected to hold a UK first degree with a First Class or Upper Second Class degree classification, or a Second Class degree plus a Master’s degree. Equivalent international qualifications are also accepted, and their equivalence will be evaluated on the basis of the information provided by the National Academic Recognition and Information Centre (NARIC) as well as internal guidance based on our experience of a qualification’s suitability as a preparation for our programmes.

English language requirements

IELTS Academic requirement - SELT and non-SELT Overall 6.5 no band below 5.5
TOEFL iBT requirement Minimum 88 overall with L 17 W 17 R 17 and S 19
C1 Advanced CAE requirement Overall 176 with no less than 162 in any paper
Trinity College London, Integrated Skills in English (ISE II)ISE II with an overall pass with merit in components
Cambridge IGCSE as a First LanguageGrade C
Cambridge IGCSE as a Second LanguageGrade B
Cambridge English Level 3 Certificate in ESOL International (Proficiency)Overall 176 with 162 in components
Cambridge English Level 3 Certificate in ESOL International (Advanced)Overall 176 with 162 in components
Cambridge English Level 2 Certificate in ESOL International (Advanced)Overall 176 with 162 in components

How to apply

Research degree applications can be made online.  You'll also need to ensure that you have funding to cover all fees.

Applications are open all year round.

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