Professor Daniel Pope BSc(hons) MSc PhD MFPH

Professor of Global Public Health Public Health, Policy & Systems

Research

Burden of Disease from Household Air Pollution

Understanding the causal relationship and associated disease burden from household air pollution and adult and child health. Our work has previously contributed systematic review and meta-analyses (SRMA) evidence from HAP on child acute lower respiratory illness, child mortality, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and lung cancer used in comparative risk assessment for burden of disease estimation. We continue to explore how HAP exposure from combustion of solid fuels and kerosene is related to chronic respiratory and cardiovascular disease and how prevention through clean cooking impacts on these outcomes. We are also investigating less well articulated burdens from reliance on these fuels including fuel/ technology related burns and poisoning through ingestion of kerosene.

Prevention of household air pollution through transition clean cooking

We have studied prevention strategies both through interventions to burn biomass/ solid fuels cleaner (so called 'improved cookstoves') and through transition to clean domestic fuels such as gas and electricity. Research on improved cookstoves in Guatemala, Nepal, Kenya and Malawi found disappointing results in terms of reduced HAP exposure and reductions in health outcomes (e.g. child pneumonia). SRMA evidence reinforced this message identifying that few interventions designed to burn biomass more cleanly reduced levels of HAP exposure (PM2.5 and CO) to safe levels for health. This empirical primary and secondary research formulated the focus for our research group in its focus on primary prevention through clean fuels and energy.

Addressing the Global Burden of Disease from Household Air Pollution

Our group steered development of the WHO Indoor Air Quality Guidelines (IAQG) for Household Fuel Combustion which set emissions targets to benefit health and made explicit recommendations on how these should be achieved including scaling access to and adoption of clean fuels for household energy. The current context for our research is to implement IAQG recommendations by providing an evidence-base for policy and practice to help achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goal 7 target of "universal access to clean modern energy" by 2030. Working in sub-Saharan Africa, where the burden of solid fuel reliance is at its greatest, we have led programmes of research funded by NIH, CDC and African Development Bank (in Cameroon), NIHR (in Cameroon, Kenya and Ghana), MRC Newton (Kenya), MECS/ FCDO (Kenya and Cameroon) and NORGLOBAL (Tanzania) that has sought to understand how populations can be supported to adopt clean fuels for cooking, heating and lighting. At the same time we quantify the positive impacts on health, gender, environment and climate that these energy transitions can have to reinforce the SDG agenda.

Research Grants

NIHR Applied Research Collaboration North West Coast

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE (UK) (DOH/DHSC/NIHR), LIVERPOOL CLINICAL COMMISSIONING GROUP (UK)

October 2019 - September 2024

Modern Energy Cooking Services Programme

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID) (UK)

October 2018 - September 2023

Modern Energy Cooking Services: Cameroon MECS Evaluation

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID) (UK)

September 2020 - August 2022

Universal Energy Access: the role of Clean Cooking and Climate Change Impacts

THE RESEARCH COUNCIL OF NORWAY (NORWAY)

January 2020 - August 2023

Household air pollution and risk of esophageal cancer: a case-control study in Western Kenya

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY (BEIS) (UK)

January 2019 - December 2021

NIHR Global Health Research Group on Clean Energy Access for the prevention of Non-communicable disease in Africa through clean Air: CLEAN-AIR(Africa)

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE (UK) (DOH/DHSC/NIHR)

April 2018 - March 2022

National Program for Scale-up of LPG for cooking in Cameroon

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH) (USA)

June 2017 - May 2018

Modelling the health and climate co-benefits of scaled-up LPG adoption in Cameroon

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (IVORY COAST)

February 2017 - August 2018

Enhancing adoption and use of LPG: an implementation science approach to understanding key determinants and impacts of local interventions to address financial constraints. The LPG Adoption in Cameroon Evaluation-2 Study (LACE-2).

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH) (USA), PUBLIC HEALTH INSTITUTE (USA)

October 2016 - September 2018

Impact of an improved stove on reductions in PM2.5 exposure and nasopharyngeal carriage of streptococcus pneumoniae in 6 month old Malawian children.

BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION (USA)

July 2015 - September 2017

An advanced cookstove intervention to prevent pneumonia in children under 5 years old in Malawi: a cluster randomised controlled trial.

MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (MRC)

September 2013 - February 2017

Researching pathways to scaling up sustainable and effective kitchen smoke alleviation.

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID) (UK)

December 2003 - May 2008

International Society for Environmental Epidemiology, 19th Conference.

ROYAL SOCIETY (CHARITABLE)

September 2007 - December 2008

"Burns, Scalds and Poisoning" reviewing the evidence on the topic for the WHO Indoor Air Quality Guidelines: Household Fuel Combustion

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION - WHO (SWITZERLAND)

December 2011 - June 2012

Student Elective Prize for Hannah V Giles

WELLCOME TRUST (UK)

June 2008 - July 2008

What are the enabling or limiting factors influencing the large scale uptake by households of cleaner and more efficient household energy technologies, covering cleaner fuel (including liquefied petroleum gas, ethanol and biogas) and improved solid fuel cookstoves?”

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID) (UK)

May 2011 - July 2012

European Urban Health Indicators Part Two: Using indicators to inform policy (EURO-URHIS 2)

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

January 2009 - June 2013

Review of evidence for household air pollution as intervention for child survival

BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION (USA)

December 2011 - September 2012

Research Collaborations

Ryan Chartier

Project: Air Pollution Monitoring and Analysis
External: Research Traingle Institute

Research - LACE; CLEAN-Air(Africa).

Michael Johnson

Project: Air Pollution Monitoring and Analysis
External: Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, USA

Research and capacity building - sub-Saharan Africa.

Dr Asante

Project: CLEAN-Air(Africa)
External: Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana

Research and Capacity Building through CLEAN-AIr(Africa).

Prof Bertrand MBatchou

Project: LACE Studies and CLEAN-Air(Africa)
External: Douala General Hospital (DGH), Cameroon

Research and capacity building through the LPG Adoption in Cameroon Evaluation (LACE) studies and latterly through CLEAN-Air(Africa).

Stuart Blatston

Project: TeachBox
External: The 625

Innovators of digital training and health surveillance technology supporting national training of community health workforces.

Dr Quansah

Project: CLEAN-Air(Africa)
External: University of Ghana

Capacity building under CLEAN-Air(Africa).

Dr Diana Menya

Project: HAP ESCCAPE and CLEAN-Air(Africa)
External: Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya

Research and capacity building in Western Kenya.

Jess Lewis, Heather Adair-Rohani

Project: WHO Clean Household Energy Solutions Toolkit (CHEST)
External: World Health Organisation, Dept of Environment, Climate Change and Health, Geneva

Research and capacity building relevant to implementation of WHO IAQG through CHEST.

Dr James Mwitari

Project: CLEAN-Air(Africa)
External: Amref International University (AMIU), Nairobi, Kenya

Research and capacity building including a national Ministry of Health partnership to develop and implement a national initiative for Community Health Worker training in Household Air Pollution, Health and Prevention.

Dr Debbi Stanistreet

Project: The Smokeless Village Project - Malawi
External: Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin

Senior external advisor to the project.

Ed Brown, Simon Bachelor

Project: Modern Energy Cooking Solutions (MECS)
External: Loughborough University

Collaboration with MECS in a public health advisory role. MECS are funding two of our research projects in Cameroon and Kenya.