Our research

Research in HARC covers a range of themes from histology through to functional anatomy and biomechanics. All of the publications below are outputs generated from researchers being able to use the wide range of HARC facilities.

The principal goal is to enrich the student experience by providing opportunities for staff development and student projects at the forefront of the anatomical sciences.

Our research is presented at national and international conferences, published in high impact journals, and has contributed to the University’s REF submission.

Conferences frequently attended by HARC:

•    https://www.anatsoc.org.uk/
•    https://www.anatomical-sciences.org.uk/
•    https://boneresearchsociety.org/
•    https://www.oarsi.org/

Our publications


  • Jeffery, N. & Manson, A. (2023) Postnatal growth and spatial conformity of the cranium, brain, eyeballs and masseter muscles in the macaque (Macaca mulatta). Journal of Anatomy, 243(4), pp.590-604. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13911
  • Ritchie, C., Jeffery, N., Waller, B., Tierney, C. (2023) “The combined appearance of multiple variant muscles of facial expression: A cadaveric case study” [conference abstract] In: ‘Abstracts presented at the Winter Meeting of the British Association of Clinical Anatomists on 20th December, 2022, at the Human Anatomy Resource Centre, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK’ (2023) Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.) [Preprint]. Abstract nr. 17. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.24044 (Published online: 07 April 2023)
  • Gomaa, A.-R., Ahad, A., Haque, A., Muhammad, J., Pandey, R., & Singh, H. P. (2023) ‘Supraspinatus muscle atrophy in relation to aging with or without shoulder pathology: A radiographic study’, Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, 41, p. 102171. doi:10.1016/j.jcot.2023.102171. Available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcot.2023.102171 (Published online:20 April 2023)
  • Gomaa, A.-R., Grafton-Clarke, C., Saratzis, A., & Davies, R. S. M. (2023) ‘The role of high-fidelity simulation in the acquisition of Endovascular Surgical Skills: A systematic review’, Annals of Vascular Surgery [Preprint]. doi:10.1016/j.avsg.2023.02.025. Available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2023.02.025 (Published online: 09 March 2023)
  • Bond, A. P., Kelsey, A., & Aitken, G. (2023). The future of anatomy teaching post‐pandemic: An academic viewpoint. Anatomical Sciences Education. doi:10.1002/ase.2308. Available at: https://anatomypubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ase.2308 (Published online: 13 June 2023)
  • Bond, A. P., Butts, T., & Tierney, C. M. (2023). Spot(ters) the difference: Bringing traditional anatomical examinations online.. Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.). doi:10.1002/ca.24092. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ca.24092 (Published online: 06 July 2023)
  • Heeran, N., Gomaa, A., Mason, L., & Bond, A. (2023). The arterial risk posed by the posterolateral approach: An anatomical cadaveric study of the fibular artery and its variability. Clinical Anatomy. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ca.24108 (Published online: 19 August 2023)


  • Agnolin, F.L., Cerroni, M.A., Scanferla, A., Goswami, A., Paulina-Carabajal, A., Halliday, T., Cuff, A.R., Reuil, S. (2022) First definitive abelisaurid theropod from the Late Cretaceous of Northwestern Argentina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2022 Feb. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2021.2002348 (Published online: 10 February 2022)
  • Gatesy, S. M., Manafzadeh, A.R., Bishop, P.J., Turner, M.L., Kambic, R.E., Cuff, A.R., Hutchinson, J.R. (2022) A proposed standard for quantifying 3-D hindlimb joint poses in living and extinct archosaurs. Journal of Anatomy, 2022 Feb. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joa.13635 (Published online: 03 February 2022)
  • Manson, A., Kemp, G.J., & Jeffery, N., 2022. Neuronal wiring length and brain shape in Homo sapiens and Macaca mulatta during postnatal development [conference abstract]. In: Anatomical Society Summer Meeting Glasgow 2021: Cutting Edge Anatomy. Journal of Anatomy, 240(4), pp.775-819. Abstract nr. T:6. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joa.13592 (Published online: 24 November 2021)
  • Singh Jagdev, B., McGrath, J., Cole, A., Gomaa, A.-R., Chong, H. H., & Singh, H. P. (2022) ‘Total Shoulder Arthroplasty vs. Hemiarthroplasty in patients with primary glenohumeral arthritis with intact rotator cuff: Meta-analysis using the ratio of means’, Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 31(12), pp. 2657–2670. doi:10.1016/j.jse.2022.07.012. Available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2022.07.012 (Published online: 24 August 2022)
  • Hughes, J. H., Thomas, N. P., Rothwell, P. D., Tierney, C. M., Ranganath, L. R., Gallagher, J. A., & Bond, A. P. (2022). Distribution of ochronotic pigment in the connective tissues of an alkaptonuria cadaver. In INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY Vol. 103 (pp. A8). Retrieved from https://www.webofscience.com/


  • Jeffery, N.S., Humphreys, C., and Manson, A. (2022). A human craniofacial life-course: Cross-sectional morphological covariations during postnatal growth, adolescence, and aging. Anatomical Record, 305(1), pp.81-99. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.24736
  • Manson, A., Kemp, G.J. & Jeffery, N., 2021. Form changes of the human postnatal skull [conference abstract]. In: Conferences Abstracts: Winter Meeting of the Anatomical Society, Lancaster 2019. Journal of Anatomy, 238(1), pp.185-212. Abstract nr. S20. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joa.13290
  • Bestwick, J., Jones, A.S., Nesbitt, S.J., Lautensclager, S., Rayfield, E.J., Cuff, A.R., Button, D.J., Barrett, P.M., Porro, L.M., and Butler, R.J. (2021). Cranial functional morphology of the pseudosuchian Effigia and implications for its ecological role in the Triassic. The Anatomical Record, Special Issue Article. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.24827 (Published online: 29 November 2021)
  • Morosanu C.O., Humphreys, C., Egerton, S., and Tierney, C. (2021). Woodruff's plexus - arterial or venous? Surg Radiol Anat, 2022 Jan;44(1):169-181. Available at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34714375/ (Published online: 29 October 2021)
  • Hughes J, Thomas N, Rothwell P, Tierney C, Ranganath L, Gallagher J, Bond A. (2021). Anatomical Examination of an Alkaptonuria Cadaver. Anatomical Society Winter Meeting 2021, Newcastle (Online), 06 Jan 2021 - 08 Jan 2021. Journal of Anatomy. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13460 (First Published: 22 June 2021)
  • Chilvers, R., Gallagher, J.A., Jeffery, N., & Bond, A.P. (2021). An unusual example of hereditary multiple exostoses: a case report and review of the literature. BMC musculoskeletal disorders, 22(1), 96. Available at: https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12891-021-03967-6 (Published online: 21 January 2021)
  • Jeffery, N.S., Sarver, D.S., Mendias, C.L. (2021). Ontogenetic and in silico models of spatial-packing in the hypermuscular mouse skull. Journal of Anatomy, 238(6). Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joa.13393 (Published online: 13 January 2021)
  • Fisher, A., Bond, A., Philpott, M.D.G., Jayatilaka, M.L.T., Lambert, L. -A., Fisher, L., Mason, L. (2021). The anatomy of the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament and its relationship with the Wagstaffe fracture. Foot and ankle surgery: official journal of European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1268773121000035?via%3Dihub (Published online: 07 January 2021)


  • Milk, D.C., Khong, G.C., Cam, O.H., Alfaro-Iraheta, F., Tierney, C., Kassem, F., and Leong, S.C. (2020) A comparison between Mygind and Kaiteki positions in administration of drops to the olfactory cleft. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/coa.13690 (Published online: 16 December 2020)
  • Thomas, N.P., Jeffery, N., Adams, V., Ranganath, L.R., Boyde, A., and Gallagher, J.A. (2020) A comparison between high density mineralised protrusions identified in the knees of cadavers and in patients of the osteoarthritis initiative. Available at: https://www.oarsijournal.com/article/S1063-4584(20)30147-3/fulltext (Published online: 01 April 2020)


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