584 tons.

Extract from Liverpool Hurricane of 1839 by C. Michael (with permission).

Go to additional wrecks in 1839, nearby

The Crusader was a full-rigged vessel with copper sheathed hull trading to the Far East and she was carrying a cargo valued at £100,000. She left Liverpool bound for Bombay laden with silk and was driven back by the hurricane towards the Lancashire coast. She was driven ashore on North Bank opposite Starr Hills near St. Annes - on what has since been called the Crusader Bank. Captain Wychmann [J. G. Wickman in some reports] and crew saved themselves in their two ship's boats, after pouring oil on the sea to calm the waves. She was a total wreck.

Some of her cargo of silk was salvaged and five men from the nearby village of Marton were imprisoned when silk was found hidden in their possession.

Additional Information: Barrels of beer consigned to India were recovered and sold at auction in Liverpool, described as "India Ale". The beer was favourably received and this is seems to be the origin of this beer variety. [see also here]

Some history of ship Crusader before she was wrecked in 1839. Trade with India was allowed outside of the East India Company monopoly from 1834 - so Liverpool merchants sought to enter this lucrative market, and found a suitable vessel, built in Canada.

Liverpool Standard and General Commercial Advertiser - Tuesday 22 September 1835
Crusader, M'Clelland, fm Quebec, with 42 ps oak, 55 ps elm, 2 ps ash and 485 ps pine timber, 15 c 7 deals, 116 c 16 staves, W. Sharples and Co (A part of the deals thrown overboard in a gale) - River

From Gore's Liverpool General Advertiser - Thursday 24 December 1835, also dates up to 31 March 1836
ON SALE. The new Ship CRUSADER, Burthen per register 584 32-94 tons, built at Quebec, and launched in June last [June 1835], now lying in Brunswick Dock. Dimensions for tonnage - from stem to stern-post 132 feet; breadth 32 feet; depth 22 feet; height between decks 7 feet 6 inches. This vessel was built by Mr. Edw. Melling, Jun., shipwright, late of this town, with the greatest care and attention, both as to materials and workmanship, and is considered as fine a vessel as ever left the colonies: she carries an exceedingly large cargo for her tonnage; sails fast, and is well deserving the attention of any house in want of a really faithful-built ship of her class.
  Apply William Sharples & Co., Sefton street, Brunswick Dock.

Canadian sources list the builder as H Sharpies/Sharples (the Sharples family, originally from Liverpool, had from 1830 a timber yard on shore at Sillery near the centre of Quebec; Edward Melling is described elsewhere as a ship designer)

From Liverpool newspapers; advertised sailing to Calcutta, October 1836; then to Bombay, January 1838, having completed her first voyage; and again to Bombay, December 1838 [actually only left January 1839].

She was described at the time she went aground as having painted gun-ports and a full-length figurehead. She was described as having broken her back on the sand-bank, also that part of the wreck was accessible at low water. One report states she carried 26 crew.

Sketch of Crusader (by Tony Lees from Catherine Rothwell's book Shipwrecks in the North-West):

Report of diving operations to recover some of the cargo of the Crusader in 1839.

The steamer tug Victoria was sent to Blackpool (also reported as Fleetwood) and returned to Liverpool (19 January) laden with goods salvaged (and driven ashore) from the wreck of the Crusader.

Items advertised in newspapers as for sale at Liverpool from the wreck of the Crusader, for Bombay:

7 February 1839: 6-4 Cambrics[type of cloth]; 6-4 Jaconets[lightweight material]; Plain and Printed Cottons; Cotton Twist; Red and Blue Woollen cloth; Cotton lace; Silk Scarfs and Veils; Tin Plates; Iron; Glass; India Ale - Bass and Alsop's Brands.

21 February 1839: Scarlet Cloths; 6-4ths Jaconets; 7-8ths and 9-8ths White and Grey Prints; Chintz Prints; Shirtings -White and Grey; Fents of various Lengths; A Quantity of Cotton Twist in Bales and Bundles; Flint Glass; Globe lamps and shades; Tin Plates.

14 March 1839: Scarlet Cloths 6-4 Jaconets; White and Grey Printers; Shirtings; White and Grey Fents [left-over pieces], of various lengths; Fancy Stripes; India Cotton Shawls; Cotton Twist, in bundles; India Ale, Bass and Alsop's brands; Twine, in bundles; Sample Boxes; Canvas, etc.

28 March 1839: 6-4 Jaconets; 7-8 White and Grey Printers; White and Grey Cambrics; Saxon - Green Baize; Scarlet Cloth; Cotton Twist, in bundles; India Ale; and Round, Flat, and Square Iron.

10 June 1839: Cotton Twist, in 5lb. and 10lb. bundles; 6-4th Jaconets; Shirtings, White and Grey; White and Grey Prints; Sheetings; Old Ropes; Iron; Copper; etc

8 July 1839: Six-quarter Jaconets; White and Grey Shirting; Grey Domestics; Six-quarter Cambrics; Grey Tangibs[lightweight cloth]; Printed Cotton Handkerchiefs; Chintz; Prints; Old Rags; Iron Knees; part Chain Cable; old Lead Pumps; Blocks; etc.

  [from Chester Chronicle - Friday 26 July 1839]:
Discovery of the Valuable Chronometer belonging to the Crusader. On Saturday afternoon last, about half-past one o'clock, Mr. G. M. Crookall, of Lytham, was walking at South Shore, near Blackpool, and immediately in the vicinity of South Shore church, he saw something having the appearance of a watch, apparently very valuable, loosely laid in the mouth of a hole, in a sandy cop: he immediately got it out, and, on examination, it was found be the rich and massive chronometer belonging to the ship Crusader, which was wrecked on the banks the Ribble during the memorable storm of January last. There is not the slightest doubt that the chronometer was placed on the cop, for the purpose of being found, by some individual who had in his possession for some time, and who, no doubt, has had fears of being discovered with it. This supposition is well borne out by the following circumstances, viz., the wreck was lying off Blackpool for some time after the catastrophe, the bulk of the cargo being retained and from the peculiar situation of the chronometer, there is strong reason to believe it was from the vessel, so many persons in the neighbourhood continually visited the spot. The chronometer is 7lb weight, including the case of gold, and it is also inlaid with pearls and diamonds. Mr. Crookall took it to the Marine Office in Liverpool, on Tuesday afternoon, and we understand that he is entitled to the salvage (one half its value). The chronometer is insured for the large sum of £800, its full value being 800 guineas.

Records of recovery of items from the wreck of the Crusader in the 1860s when the North Channel into the Ribble moved, so exposing the wreck.

Lancaster Gazette - Saturday 31 March 1866
Wreck of the Crusader. The remains of the hull of this vessel, which was wrecked at the banks of the estuary of the Ribble, nearly 30 years ago, have during the extreme ebbs of the tides on Sunday and Monday, been visited by many persons from both Blackpool and Lytham, who perhaps will not be able to repeat the feat for a long interval. The Crusader was wrecked on a bank of Cross Slack, about two or three miles N.W. of Lytham Lighthouse [built 1847, collapsed 1863], and may be observed from Blackpool and Southshore. [Cross Slack in 1840 was near 53°45.93N, 3°2.46W]. She had a general cargo for the East Indies, which, together with the vessel was valued £100,000, a very small portion of which was recovered at the time by the means of the diving-bell. The sandbank on which she was stranded has since then borne the name of the Crusader Bank, and is considerably enlarged. The vessel was on the north part of the bank, but now she is more than a mile from the point, as the bank is now extending itself opposite to Southshore every year, and also westward, for the wreck is not many yards from the channel which runs along the east side of the bank. The bank, therefore, is now very broad as well as long, and, consequently, is very dangerous to navigators who rely on old charts. Edward Banks, Esq., John Fisher, Esq., and a few others visited the wreck on Monday, and took with them a small boat, as they could not approach in their conveyance on account of the large bed in which the hull and portion of her cargo lie. Her stern post and some of her spars were, however, above the water; they sawed off a small part of this to see the condition of the timber, and it seemed to have taken little damage except on one side, which has suffered from the constant wash of the sand and shingle. It is made of African oak[sic, unlikely since built Quebec], and is covered with mussels, it is supposed by many who notice the changes of the currents here, that she will not be long before she is in the channel, when, perhaps, a strong tide may wash away all the silt and sand with which she is now enveloped. Preston Herald.

Preston Herald - Saturday 16 February 1867
Strange Wreck. -- Yesterday week, a cask of wreck was seen at Blackpool, and having been got on shore, proved on examination to be a cask of crockery. From the appearance of the barrel it seems to have laid in the bed of the ocean for many years, and it is supposed to be part of the cargo the Crusader. The contents, one dozen large jugs, will be offered for sale by the Customs Officers at Blackpool this day (Saturday.)

The wreck today.
  The Crusader was reported as ashore opposite the coastguard's house on the South Shore (also as opposite Starr Hills), on what was then called the Horse Bank. It then became known as Crusader Bank. The low water edge of this bank has moved steadily inshore over the years. Offshore of Crusader Bank, wreckage was discovered in 2012 at 53°46.751N, 3°5.068W and is charted as Wr 1.4m in general depth 3.2m (with extent 23m by 7.8m, lying N-S, bows south). This is of a depth and extent that could be the remains of the Crusader. For a recent sonar survey of this site see here. The scour inshore of the wreck could have been caused by the undertow from breaking waves.
  The modern Lytham St. Annes CG station is at 53°45.63N, 3°2.735W, which is 1.7nm at 310° to that wreck site; but in 1839 the CG house may have been elsewhere. In 1840, Starr Hill was the name of a building at 53°45.93N, 3°2.46W - which was due east of the wreck site.
  Even more helpfully, the 1840s OS map marks "A wreck" offshore on a sandbank at 53° 46.752N, 3° 05.047W. This is within 20 metres of the position charted since 2012. So that position contains wreckage that was already there in the 1840s - presumably of the Crusader.

1840s OS map:

Information from Blackpool RNLI (thanks): a trawler recovered a mast, sail with sail number and harnesses from the wreck site - which were identified as coming from the yacht Jain (26 ft sloop lost with both people aboard coming from the Isle of Man to Fleetwood around 11 September 1978).

Report from dive investigation in 2021 from diveboat MARLIN by nautical archaeologist DR: [see also here]

Sunday 18 July - excellent weather, sunny, calm, Crusader Bank wreck (5.9m deep, 3m viz, no current)
Sketch of Crusader Bank wreck (from DR):

Video of dive.

View of "Big one" at Blackpool from Crusader Bank wreck: here

The wreckage is of a large wooden vessel with copper sheathing and more than one deck. The side is exposed suggesting earlier salvage. The opening visible is supported by bronze poles of 33mm diameter - and is only 73cm high - so something to do with the storage of cargo, I guess. The position is exactly where the Crusader was observed lying partly above the low water mark.
  The "rails/stanchions" seen on the wreck are very likely to be part of the wreckage of sloop Jain (as reported above) that ended up entangled with the much older wreck of the Crusader

Additional wrecks nearby at the same time (from Liverpool Hurricane of 1839)

Brig, registered London.

Commanded by Captain Wood, she was on a passage from Liverpool to Genoa with a cargo of tobacco when wrecked near Blackpool on the Crusader Bank. All the crew were lost.

Postcript From other reports: Favourite 203t built Poole 1827, owned Griffith & Co., London. Master: T. M. Roe. Lost offshore but part of cargo consisting of 95 hogsheads of tobacco, cottons, elephant's teeth, scattered along the Fylde beach.

Ann Paley
167 tons, owned Bibby, built 1827 Liverpool.

Sailing from Liverpool to Lisbon with a cargo of tea under command of Captain Hunter, she was driven on shore near Cleveleys (North of Blackpool), three men drowned.
  She was reported to have been refloated on 20 April and taken in to Fleetwood.