North and South in Classical Greece
Historical and archaeological perceptions of ancient Greece usually focus on the ‘pond’ (the Mediterranean) and the ‘frogs’ around it (Plato, Phaedo, 109b). Modern perceptions of Classical Greece have also been shaped by modern history, especially by events in the first two decades of the 20th century, when the ‘North’ was fully incorporated into the Greek republic. For much of the past century, Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and other states in central and southern Greece continued to be seen as the leading political entities of the Classical era. Then something changed. Royal tombs were discovered at Vergina, Macedonia, in the late 1970s. Over the past 50 years, the ‘North’ has been incorporated into the Classical story. This lecture examines how this happened, and what it means for a more inclusive view of the Aegean past.
Dr Zosia Archibald is a Senior Lecturer in Classical Archaeology at the University of Liverpool. She has published extensively on the archaeology and ancient history of the Mediterranean region, and most notably on ancient economies in the Classical world. Under the direction of the 16th Ephorate of Chalkidice, Zosia is co-director of the Olynthos Project: a multi-disciplinary, collaborative project between the Universities of Liverpool and Michigan, and operating under the auspices of the British School at Athens. In addition to her work at Olynthos, Greece, she has also co-directed excavations at Ancient Pistiros, a Classical emporium at Adjiyska Vodenitsa, Vetren (Bulgaria).