Module Details

The information contained in this module specification was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change, either during the session because of unforeseen circumstances, or following review of the module at the end of the session. Queries about the module should be directed to the member of staff with responsibility for the module.
Code ENVS357
Coordinator Prof PWJ Batey
Geography and Planning
Year CATS Level Semester CATS Value
Session 2013-14 Level Three Second Semester 15


Disclaimer: Information correct at time of publication. Students should refer to the Student Spider Web for changes to Module Specifications and the Civic Design webpage for current Programme Structures.  Planned programme structure subject to Faculty approval. Students will be notified of any major changes to the Programme Structure by email.

  • To explore different ‘interpretations’ of social exclusion – as well as related concepts, such as poverty, inequality and deprivation
  • To identify and review the types of data sources that can be used to highlight the social and area impacts of social exclusion
  • To understand how it is possible to develop a ‘social exclusion’ profile and indicators therein
  • To explore the ‘level’ of ‘social exclusion’ at a UK, regional and sub-regional level
  • To investigate the impact of social exclusion on particular groups such as Black and Other Minority Ethnic (BME) Communities and young people, including those Not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET)
  • To investigate the impact of social exclusion on particular issues, such as Health
  • To explore the perspectives of both practitioners and those at risk from aspects of social exclusion towards engagement and delivery frameworks that aim to address exclusionary processes
  • To analyse a number of policy developments / responses to problems of social exclusion and to highlight their impact

Learning Outcomes

Students completing the course should:

  • Have a good understanding of what we mean by social exclusion and how the term has been used
  • Understand the difficulties in defining and measuring social exclusion and how such definitions may relate to broader perspectives or frameworks of relevance
  • Be aware that social exclusion can be concentrated in particular areas or neighbourhoods and may involve exclusion from a number of ‘policy’ areas.
  • Have knowledge of a range of government responses that have been developed to combat social exclusion at a European, National, Regional and Sub-regional level
  • Understand the ‘lived experience’ of those at risk or suffering from various aspects of social exclusion and some of the barriers to their ‘re-engagement’



1: Introduction: What is Social Exclusion? – Origins, development, definitions and discourses / interpretations of social exclusion

2: Is it possible to measure Social Exclusion? – Data sources and developing a Social Inclusion Profile

3: Policy responses to Social Exclusion and measuring impact – European / UK / regional and sub-regional approaches

4: Spatial patterns of social exclusion within the UK and Merseyside – Indices of Deprivation and Geodemographic approaches 

5: Social Exclusion and Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Communities 

6: Social Exclusion and Migration

7: Intergenerational Exclusion: Young people Not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET)

8: Capturing the ‘liv ed experience’ of social exclusion and alternative indicators – engaging the disengaged and the Housing Market Renewal Initiative (HMRI) Pathfinder

9: Health Inequalities (Alex Scott-Samuel, Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool)

10: Crime and Social Exclusion

11: Student Seminars

12: Student Seminars

Teaching and Learning Strategies

The module consists of lectures by staff of the Merseyside Social Inclusion Observatory (MSIO) within the Department of Civic Design, as well as practitioners closely associated with the alleviation of social exclusion. Students are required to study the problems faced by socially excluded individuals and communities and the range of policies and initiatives designed to tackle these problems. There will be opportunities to discuss issues and problems during lectures.

Teaching Schedule

  Lectures Seminars Tutorials Lab Practicals Fieldwork Placement Other TOTAL
Study Hours 20


Timetable (if known)              
Private Study 126


EXAM Duration Timing
% of
Penalty for late
CONTINUOUS Duration Timing
% of
Penalty for late
Overview Paper    Second  50       
Seminar Paper    Second  40       
Presentation    Second  10       

Recommended Texts

Byrne, D. (1999) Social Exclusion. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Hills, J., Le Grand. J., and Piachaud. D. (eds.) (2002) Understanding Social Exclusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2003) Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Levitas, R. (1998) The inclusive society? Social exclusion and New Labour. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Madanipour, A., Cars, G., and Allan, J. (eds.) (1998) Social Exclusion in European Cities: Processes, Experiences and Responses. London: Jessica Kingsley.

ODPM (2004) The English Indices of Deprivation 2004. London: HMSO.

Richardson, L., and Le Grand, J. (2002) Outsider and Insider Expertise: The Response of Residents of Deprived Neighbourhoods to an Academic Definition of Social Exclusion, Social Policy and Administration, 36(5): 496-515

Rober ts, P., and Sykes, H. (2001) (eds.) Urban Regeneration: A Handbook. London: Sage.

Social Exclusion Unit (2004) Tackling Social Exclusion: Taking stock and looking to the future. Crown Copyright: London.

Social Exclusion Unit (2001) A New Commitment to Neighbourhood Renewal: National Strategy Action Plan. Crown Copyright: London.

Walker, A. and Walker, C. (eds.) (1997) Britain Divided: The Growth of Social Exclusion in the 1980s and 1990s. London: Child Poverty Group.