Biology and Control of Campylobacter in the Chicken Supply Chain (CamChain)
Our work is part of an EMIDA ERA-NET project entitled Biology and Control of Campylobacter in the Chicken Supply Chain (CamChain). We comprise groups in Europe and Thailand and our work packages (WP) will address knowledge gaps on the behaviour of Campylobacter in the poultry chain. Dr Nicola Williams is the Co-Ordinator for this project, and is joined at Liverpool by Dr Paul Wigley and Dr Elli Wright. Partnered in this project are:
University of Liverpool, UK
Lead: Dr Nicola Williams, with Dr Paul Wigley, Dr Elli Wright
Lead: Dr Mindaugas Malakauskas
University of Cambridge, UK
Lead: Professor Duncan Maskell with Dr Andrew Grant, Dr Andrew Conlan, Dr Stefan de Vries,
University of Helsinki, Finland
Lead: Dr Marja-liisa Hanninen with Ann-Katrin Larena
Lead: Dr Monika Matt with Dr Hans Peter Stueger
Istituto Zooprofilattico dell'Abruzzo e del Molise (IZSAM), Italy
Lead: Dr Elisabetta Di Giannatale with Dr Diana di Gioia, Dr Paolo Calistri, Dr Guilliano Garofolo
Lead: Dr Marianne Chemaly with Dr Adeline Huneau, Dr Katell Rivoal, Dr Muriel Guyard
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Lead: Dr Birthe Hald with Dr Annette Nygaard Jensen, Dr Steen Nordentoft, Dr Karl Pedersen
Vetmedi Vienna, Vienna University, Austria
Lead: Dr Friederike Hilbert with Dr Frans Smulders, Dr Peter Paulsen
Our specific hypotheses are:
Campylobacter has specific mechanisms to infect the broiler gut and spread to edible tissues.
Flies, rodents and wild birds play an important role in the survival of Campylobacter and its transmission to broilers.
Campylobacter has mechanisms that enable it to adapt to and survive in the environment, and interaction with other microbes enhances this.
Environmental exposure alters Campylobacter population biology and their infection potential.
Pre- or probiotics improve broiler gut health and enhance resistance to Campylobacter.
WP1: Interactions of Campylobacter and broilers with the environment (UK, Austria, Lithuania, Finland, Italy)
WP2: Insect vectors for Campylobacter Transmission (UK, Denmark and Austria)
WP3: Campylobacter reduction from farm to slaughter (UK, Denmark, Austria, Italy and France)
WP4: Modelling Campylobacter survival from the environment to slaughter (all partners)
WP5: Intervention options and control tools: a guide to good practice (all partners)
In summary, our work packages are holistic, broad-ranging but integrated (Figure). The aim of these work packages are to better understand the behaviour of Campylobacter in poultry production, to understand the interactions between Campylobacter, the production environment and the chicken, in order to improve control mechanisms.