Prof Robin Crompton

Professor Musculoskeletal Biology II

Publications

2017

Human bipedal instability in tree canopy environments is reduced by "light touch" fingertip support (Journal article)

Johannsen, L., Coward, S. R. L., Martin, G. R., Wing, A. M., van Casteren, A., Sellers, W. I., . . . Thorpe, S. K. S. (2017). Human bipedal instability in tree canopy environments is reduced by "light touch" fingertip support. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-01265-7

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-01265-7

2016

A multifactorial approach to improving captive primate welfare and enclosure usage (Thesis / Dissertation)

Goh, C. L. (2016, September 15). A multifactorial approach to improving captive primate welfare and enclosure usage.

The hominins: a very conservative tribe? Last common ancestors, plasticity and ecomorphology in Hominidae. Or, What's in a name? (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H. (2016). The hominins: a very conservative tribe? Last common ancestors, plasticity and ecomorphology in Hominidae. Or, What's in a name?. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 228(4), 686-699. doi:10.1111/joa.12424

DOI: 10.1111/joa.12424

The nature of functional variability in plantar pressure during a range of controlled walking speeds (Journal article)

McClymont, J., Pataky, T. C., Crompton, R. H., Savage, R., & Bates, K. T. (2016). The nature of functional variability in plantar pressure during a range of controlled walking speeds. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 3(8). doi:10.1098/rsos.160369

DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160369

2015

Locomotor Ecology of Propithecus verreauxi in Kirindy Mitea National Park (Journal article)

Furnell, S., Blanchard, M. L., Crompton, R. H., & Sellers, W. I. (2015). Locomotor Ecology of Propithecus verreauxi in Kirindy Mitea National Park. FOLIA PRIMATOLOGICA, 86(4), 223-230. doi:10.1159/000377677

DOI: 10.1159/000377677

Locomotor Flexibility in Lepilemur Explained by Habitat and Biomechanics (Journal article)

Blanchard, M. L., Furnell, S., Sellers, W. I., & Crompton, R. H. (2015). Locomotor Flexibility in Lepilemur Explained by Habitat and Biomechanics. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 156(1), 58-66. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22627

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22627

2014

Analysis of joint force and torque for the human and non-human ape foot during bipedal walking with implications for the evolution of the foot (Journal article)

Wang, W., Abboud, R. J., Guenther, M. M., & Crompton, R. H. (2014). Analysis of joint force and torque for the human and non-human ape foot during bipedal walking with implications for the evolution of the foot. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 225(2), 152-166. doi:10.1111/joa.12201

DOI: 10.1111/joa.12201

Exceptional preservation of children's footprints from a Holocene footprint site in Namibia (Journal article)

Bennett, M. R., Morse, S. A., Liutkus-Pierce, C., McClymont, J., Evans, M., Crompton, R. H., & Thackeray, J. F. (2014). Exceptional preservation of children's footprints from a Holocene footprint site in Namibia. JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES, 97, 331-341. doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.05.015

DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.05.015

Putting flesh on to hominin bones (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K., McClymont, J. M., & Crompton, R. H. (2014). Putting flesh on to hominin bones. Antiquity, 88(341), 924-926. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00050833

DOI: 10.1017/S0003598X00050833

The arboreal origins of human bipedalism (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K. S., McClymont, J. M., & Crompton, R. H. (2014). The arboreal origins of human bipedalism. ANTIQUITY, 88(341), 906-926. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00050778

DOI: 10.1017/S0003598X00050778

Vector field statistics for objective center-of-pressure trajectory analysis during gait, with evidence of scalar sensitivity to small coordinate system rotations (Journal article)

Pataky, T. C., Robinson, M. A., Vanrenterghem, J., Savage, R., Bates, K. T., & Crompton, R. H. (2014). Vector field statistics for objective center-of-pressure trajectory analysis during gait, with evidence of scalar sensitivity to small coordinate system rotations. GAIT & POSTURE, 40(1), 255-258. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.023

DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.023

2013

Does footprint depth correlate with foot motion and pressure? (Journal article)

Bates, K. T., Savage, R., Pataky, T. C., Morse, S. A., Webster, E., Falkingham, P. L., . . . Crompton, R. H. (2013). Does footprint depth correlate with foot motion and pressure?. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 10(83). doi:10.1098/rsif.2013.0009

DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2013.0009

Holocene footprints in Namibia: The influence of substrate on footprint variability (Journal article)

Morse, S. A., Bennett, M. R., Liutkus-Pierce, C., Thackeray, F., McClymont, J., Savage, R., & Crompton, R. H. (2013). Holocene footprints in Namibia: The influence of substrate on footprint variability. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 151(2), 265-279. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22276

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22276

Preserving the Impossible: Conservation of Soft-Sediment Hominin Footprint Sites and Strategies for Three-Dimensional Digital Data Capture (Journal article)

Bennett, M. R., Falkingham, P., Morse, S. A., Bates, K., & Crompton, R. H. (2013). Preserving the Impossible: Conservation of Soft-Sediment Hominin Footprint Sites and Strategies for Three-Dimensional Digital Data Capture. PLOS ONE, 8(4). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060755

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060755

Short-term step-to-step correlation in plantar pressure distributions (Journal article)

Pataky, T. C., Savage, R., Bates, K. T., Sellers, W. I., & Crompton, R. H. (2013). Short-term step-to-step correlation in plantar pressure distributions. Gait & Posture. doi:10.1016/gaitpost.2013.03.016

DOI: 10.1016/gaitpost.2013.03.016

2012

Anthropometry in bipedal locomotion: The link between anatomy and gait (Chapter)

Multon, F., Nicolas, G., Crompton, R., D'Aout, K., & Berillon, G. (2012). Anthropometry in bipedal locomotion: The link between anatomy and gait. In V. R. Preedy (Ed.), The handbook of anthropometry: physical measures of human form in health and disease (pp. 2927-2949). Springer Science and Business Media. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-1788-1_182

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1788-1_182

Functional adaptations in the forelimb muscles of non-human great apes (Journal article)

Myatt, J. P., Crompton, R. H., Payne-Davis, R. C., Vereecke, E. E., Isler, K., Savage, R., . . . Thorpe, S. K. S. (2012). Functional adaptations in the forelimb muscles of non-human great apes. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 220(1), 13-28. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2011.01443.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2011.01443.x

Nest-building orangutans demonstrate engineering know-how to produce safe, comfortable beds (Journal article)

van Casteren, A., Sellers, W. I., Thorpe, S. K. S., Coward, S., Crompton, R. H., Myatt, J., & Ennos, A. R. (2012). Nest-building orangutans demonstrate engineering know-how to produce safe, comfortable beds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 6873-6877.

The extraordinary athletic performance of leaping gibbons (Journal article)

Channon, A. J., Usherwood, J. R., Crompton, R. H., Gunther, M. M., & Vereecke, E. E. (2012). The extraordinary athletic performance of leaping gibbons. Biology Letters, 8(1), 46-49. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0574

DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2011.0574

Why don’t branches snap? The mechanics of bending failure in three temperate angiosperm trees (Journal article)

van Casteren, A., Sellers, W. I., Thorpe, S. K. S., Coward, S., Crompton, R. H., & Ennos, A. R. (2012). Why don’t branches snap? The mechanics of bending failure in three temperate angiosperm trees. Trees, 26(3), 789-797. doi:10.1007/s00468-011-0650-y

DOI: 10.1007/s00468-011-0650-y

2011

A new method for recording complex positional behaviours and habitat interactions in primates. (Journal article)

Myatt, J. P., Crompton, R. H., & Thorpe, S. K. S. (2011). A new method for recording complex positional behaviours and habitat interactions in primates.. Journal of Anatomy, 82, 13-24.

Hindlimb Muscle Architecture in Non-Human Great Apes and a Comparison of Methods for Analyzing Inter-species Variation (Journal article)

Myatt, J. P., Crompton, R. H., & Thorpe, S. K. S. (2011). Hindlimb Muscle Architecture in Non-Human Great Apes and a Comparison of Methods for Analyzing Inter-species Variation. Journal of Anatomy.

Human-like external function of the foot, and fully upright gait, confirmed in the 3.66 million year old Laetoli hominin footprints by topographic statistics, experimental footprint-formation and computer simulation (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H., Pataky, T. C., Savage, R., D'Aout, K., Bennett, M. R., Day, M. H., . . . Sellers, W. I. (2012). Human-like external function of the foot, and fully upright gait, confirmed in the 3.66 million year old Laetoli hominin footprints by topographic statistics, experimental footprint-formation and computer simulation. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 9(69), 707-719. doi:10.1098/rsif.2011.0258

DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2011.0258

The effect of substrate compliance on the biomechanics of gibbon leaps (Journal article)

Channon, A. J., Gunther, M. M., Crompton, R. H., D'Aout, K., Preuschoft, H., & Vereecke, E. E. (2011). The effect of substrate compliance on the biomechanics of gibbon leaps. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 214(4), 687-696. doi:10.1242/jeb.046797

DOI: 10.1242/jeb.046797

The effect of substrate compliance on the biomechanics of gibbon leaps (Journal article)

Channon, A. J., Günther, M. M., Crompton, R., D'Août, K., Preuschoft, H., & Vereecke, E. E. (2011). The effect of substrate compliance on the biomechanics of gibbon leaps. Journal of Experimental Biology, 214, 687-696.

2010

Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H., Sellers, W. I., & Thorpe, S. K. S. (2010). Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365(1556), 3301-3314. doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0035

DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0035

Dynamics of longitudinal arch support in relation to walking speed: contribution of the plantar aponeurosis (Journal article)

Caravaggi, P., Pataky, T., Günther, M., Savage, R., & Crompton, R. (2010). Dynamics of longitudinal arch support in relation to walking speed: contribution of the plantar aponeurosis. Journal of Anatomy, 217(3), 254-261. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2010.01261.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2010.01261.x

Muscle moment arms of the gibbon hind limb: implications for hylobatid locomotion (Journal article)

Channon, A. J., Crompton, R. H., Günther, M. M., & Vereecke, E. E. (2010). Muscle moment arms of the gibbon hind limb: implications for hylobatid locomotion. Journal of Anatomy, 216(4), 446-462. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2009.01209.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2009.01209.x

The Biomechanics of Leaping in Gibbons (Journal article)

Channon, A. J., Crompton, R. H., Gunther, M. M., D'Aout, K., & Vereecke, E. E. (2010). The Biomechanics of Leaping in Gibbons. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 143(3), 403-416. doi:10.1002/ajpa.21329

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21329

2009

'Nonlinear spatial warping for between-subjects pedobarographic image registration' (Journal article)

Pataky, T. C., Keijsers, N. L. W., Goulermas, J. Y., & Crompton, R. H. (2009). 'Nonlinear spatial warping for between-subjects pedobarographic image registration'. Gait and Posture, 29, 477-482.

'Orangutans employ unique strategies to control branch flexibility' (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K. S., Holder, R., & Crompton, R. H. (2009). 'Orangutans employ unique strategies to control branch flexibility'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 109, 12646-12651.

'Steering and visualization: Enabling technologies for computational science' (Journal article)

Wright, H., Crompton, R. H., Kharche, S., & Wenisch, P. (2009). 'Steering and visualization: Enabling technologies for computational science'. Future Generation Computer Systems, 26, 506-513.

A dynamic model of the windlass mechanism of the foot: evidence for early stance phase preloading of the plantar aponeurosis (Journal article)

Caravaggi, P., Pataky, T., Goulermas, J. Y., Savage, R., & Crompton, R. (2009). A dynamic model of the windlass mechanism of the foot: evidence for early stance phase preloading of the plantar aponeurosis. Journal of Experimental Biology, 212(15), 2491-2499. doi:10.1242/jeb.025767

DOI: 10.1242/jeb.025767

Evolutionary robotic approaches in primate gait analysis (Journal article)

Sellers, W. I., Pataky, T. C., Caravaggi, P., & Crompton, R. H. (2009). Evolutionary robotic approaches in primate gait analysis. International Journal of Primatology, 31, 321-338.

Kinematic correlates of walking cadence in the foot. (Journal article)

Caravaggi, P., Leardini, A., & Crompton, R. (2009). Kinematic correlates of walking cadence in the foot.. Journal of Biomechanics,, 43, 2425-2433.

Mechanical constraints on the functional morphology of the gibbon hind limb.' (Journal article)

Channon, A. J., Gunther, M. M., Crompton, R. H., & Vereecke, E. E. (2009). Mechanical constraints on the functional morphology of the gibbon hind limb.'. Journal of Anatomy, 214, 383-400.

Orangutans employ unique strategies to control branch flexibility (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K. S., Holder, R., & Crompton, R. H. (2009). Orangutans employ unique strategies to control branch flexibility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(31), 12646-12651. doi:10.1073/pnas.0811537106

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0811537106

Perspective: Stepping Out (Journal article)

Perspective: Stepping Out (2009). Science, 323(5918), 1174-1175. doi:10.1126/science.1170916

DOI: 10.1126/science.1170916

Vertical Clinging and Leaping Revisited: Locomotion and Habitat Use in the Western Tarsier, Tarsius bancanus Explored Via Loglinear Modeling (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H., Blanchard, M. L., Coward, S., Alexander, R. M., & Thorpe, S. K. (2010). Vertical Clinging and Leaping Revisited: Locomotion and Habitat Use in the Western Tarsier, Tarsius bancanus Explored Via Loglinear Modeling. International Journal of Primatology, 31(6), 958-979. doi:10.1007/s10764-010-9420-8

DOI: 10.1007/s10764-010-9420-8

2008

A comparison of seven methods of within-subjects rigid-body pedobarographic image registration (Journal article)

Pataky, T. C., Goulermas, J. Y., & Crompton, R. H. (2008). A comparison of seven methods of within-subjects rigid-body pedobarographic image registration. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(14), 3085-3089. doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.08.001

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.08.001

Locomotion and Posture from the Common Hominoid Ancestor to Fully Modern Hominins, with Special Reference to the Common Panin/Hominin Ancestor (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H., Vereecke, E. E., & Thorpe, S. K. S. (2008). Locomotion and Posture from the Common Hominoid Ancestor to Fully Modern Hominins, with Special Reference to the Common Panin/Hominin Ancestor. Journal of Anatomy.

Locomotion and posture from the common hominoid ancestor to fully modern hominins, with special reference to the last common panin/hominin ancestor (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H., Vereecke, E. E., & Thorpe, S. K. S. (2008). Locomotion and posture from the common hominoid ancestor to fully modern hominins, with special reference to the last common panin/hominin ancestor. Journal of Anatomy, 212(4), 501-543. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00870.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00870.x

Orangutan positional behaviour: inter-specific variation and ecological correlates in orangutans compared (Chapter)

Thorpe, S. K. S., & Crompton, R. H. (2008). Orangutan positional behaviour: inter-specific variation and ecological correlates in orangutans compared. In S. A. Wich, S. S. Utami, T. Setia Mitra, & C. P. van Schaik (Eds.), Orangutans - Ecology, Evolution, Behaviour and Conservation (pp. in press). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Regional peak plantar pressures are highly sensitive to region boundary definitions (Journal article)

Pataky, T. C., Caravaggi, P., Savage, R., & Crompton, R. H. (2008). Regional peak plantar pressures are highly sensitive to region boundary definitions. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(12), 2772-2775. doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.06.029

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.06.029

2007

A Consideration of Leaping Locomotion as a means of Predator Avoidance in Prosimian Primates (Chapter)

Crompton, R. H., & Sellers, W. I. (2007). A Consideration of Leaping Locomotion as a means of Predator Avoidance in Prosimian Primates. In S. Gursky, & K. A. Nekaris (Eds.), Primate Anti-Predator Strategies (pp. 127-145). Stuttgart: Springer.

Assessing mechanical function of the zygomatic region in macaques: validation and sensitivity testing of finite element models (Journal article)

Kupczik, K., Dobson, C. A., Fagan, M. J., Crompton, R. H., Oxnard, C. E., & O'Higgins, P. (2007). Assessing mechanical function of the zygomatic region in macaques: validation and sensitivity testing of finite element models. Journal of Anatomy, 210(1), 41-53. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2006.00662.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2006.00662.x

Bipedal apes and humans. How do they compare and what can we learn from it? (Conference Paper)

Vereecke, E. E., D'Aout, K., Aerts, P., & Crompton, R. H. (2007). Bipedal apes and humans. How do they compare and what can we learn from it?. In 76th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (pp. xx). Philadelphia, US: Wiley-Liss.

Orangutans use compliant branches to lower the energetic cost of locomotion (Journal article)

Thorpe, S., Crompton, R., & Alexander, R. (2007). Orangutans use compliant branches to lower the energetic cost of locomotion. Biology Letters, 3(3), 253-256. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0049

DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2007.0049

Origin of Human Bipedalism As an Adaptation for Locomotion on Flexible Branches (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K. S., Holder, R. L., & Crompton, R. H. (2007). Origin of Human Bipedalism As an Adaptation for Locomotion on Flexible Branches. Science, 316(5829), 1328-1331. doi:10.1126/science.1140799

DOI: 10.1126/science.1140799

2006

'Morphological analysis of the hindlimb in apes and humans. Part II: Moment arms' (Journal article)

Payne, R. C., Crompton, R. H., Isler, K., Savage, R., Vereecke, E. E., Günther, M. M., . . . D'Août, K. D. (2006). 'Morphological analysis of the hindlimb in apes and humans. Part II: Moment arms'. Journal of Anatomy, 208(6), 725-742.

Inertial properties of hominoid limb segments (Journal article)

Isler, K., Payne, R. C., Gunther, M. M., Thorpe, S. K. S., Li, Y., Savage, R., & Crompton, R. H. (2006). Inertial properties of hominoid limb segments. Journal of Anatomy, 209(2), 201-218. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2006.00588.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2006.00588.x

2005

Locomotor ecology of wild orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) in the Gunung Leuser Ecosystem, Sumatra, Indonesia: A multivariate analysis using log-linear modelling (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K., & Crompton, R. H. (2005). Locomotor ecology of wild orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) in the Gunung Leuser Ecosystem, Sumatra, Indonesia: A multivariate analysis using log-linear modelling. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 127(1), 58-78. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20151

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20151

Stride lengths, speed and energy costs in walking of Australopithecus afarensis: using evolutionary robotics to predict locomotion of early human ancestors (Journal article)

Sellers, W. I., Cain, G. M., Wang, W., & Crompton, R. H. (2005). Stride lengths, speed and energy costs in walking of Australopithecus afarensis: using evolutionary robotics to predict locomotion of early human ancestors. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 2(5), 431-441. doi:10.1098/rsif.2005.0060

DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2005.0060

The metabolic costs of ‘bent-hip, bent-knee’ walking in humans (Journal article)

Carey, T. S., & Crompton, R. H. (2005). The metabolic costs of ‘bent-hip, bent-knee’ walking in humans. Journal of Human Evolution, 48(1), 25-44. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2004.10.001

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2004.10.001

2004

'The role of load-carrying in the evolution of modern body proportions' (Journal article)

Wang, W. J., & Crompton, R. H. (2004). 'The role of load-carrying in the evolution of modern body proportions'. Journal of Anatomy.

Analysis of the human and ape foot during bipedal standing with implications for the evolution of the foot (Journal article)

Wang, W., & Crompton, R. (2004). Analysis of the human and ape foot during bipedal standing with implications for the evolution of the foot. Journal of Biomechanics, 37(12), 1831-1836. doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.02.036

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.02.036

Automatic Monitoring of Primate Locomotor Behaviour Using Accelerometers (Journal article)

Sellers, W., & Crompton, R. (2004). Automatic Monitoring of Primate Locomotor Behaviour Using Accelerometers. Folia Primatologica, 75(4), 279-293. doi:10.1159/000078939

DOI: 10.1159/000078939

Evaluating alternative gait strategies using evolutionary robotics (Journal article)

Sellers, W. I., Dennis, L. A., Wang, W. J., & Crompton, R. H. (2004). Evaluating alternative gait strategies using evolutionary robotics. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 204(5), 343-351. doi:10.1111/j.0021-8782.2004.00294.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.0021-8782.2004.00294.x

Orangutan positional behavior and the nature of arboreal locomotion in Hominoidea (Journal article)

Thorpe, S. K., & Crompton, R. H. (2006). Orangutan positional behavior and the nature of arboreal locomotion in Hominoidea. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 131(3), 384-401. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20422

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20422

Stresses Exerted in the Hindlimb Muscles of Common Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) during Bipedal Locomotion (Journal article)

Thorpe, S., Crompton, R., & Wang, W. (2004). Stresses Exerted in the Hindlimb Muscles of Common Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) during Bipedal Locomotion. Folia Primatologica, 75(4), 253-265. doi:10.1159/000078937

DOI: 10.1159/000078937

Using sensitivity analysis to validate the predictions of a biomechanical model of bite forces (Journal article)

Sellers, W. I., & Crompton, R. H. (2004). Using sensitivity analysis to validate the predictions of a biomechanical model of bite forces. Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 186(1), 89-95. doi:10.1016/S0940-9602(04)80132-8

DOI: 10.1016/S0940-9602(04)80132-8

2003

'The Biomechanical Evolution of Erect Bipedality' (Journal article)

Crompton, R. H., Li, Y., Thorpe, S. K., Wang, W. J., Savage, R., Payne, R., . . . De Clerq, D. (2003). 'The Biomechanical Evolution of Erect Bipedality'. Courier Forschuungsinstitut Senckenberg, 243, 115-126.

Predicting the metabolic energy costs of bipedalism using evolutionary robotics. (Journal article)

Sellers, W. I., Dennis, L. A., & Crompton, R. H. (2003). Predicting the metabolic energy costs of bipedalism using evolutionary robotics.. The Journal of experimental biology, 206(Pt 7), 1127-1136. doi:10.1242/jeb.00205

DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00205

Size and power required for motion with implication for the evolution of early hominids (Journal article)

Wang, W., & Crompton, R. (2003). Size and power required for motion with implication for the evolution of early hominids. Journal of Biomechanics, 36(9), 1237-1246. doi:10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00165-9

DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00165-9

Untitled Document