Dr Karl Bates BSc., MPhil, PhD

Senior Lecturer Musculoskeletal Biology II

    Publications

    2019

    The Evolution of Body Shape, Locomotion and Ecology in Terrestrial Vertebrates (Conference Paper)

    Maher, A. E., Cox, P. G., Maddox, T. W., & Bates, K. T. (2019). The Evolution of Body Shape, Locomotion and Ecology in Terrestrial Vertebrates. In JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY Vol. 280 (pp. S171). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

    The Surrogate Arm: Assessing Factors Influencing Vertebral Morphology in the Avian Cervical Spine (Conference Paper)

    Marek, R. D., Falkingham, P. L., & Bates, K. T. (2019). The Surrogate Arm: Assessing Factors Influencing Vertebral Morphology in the Avian Cervical Spine. In JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY Vol. 280 (pp. S173-S174). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

    2018

    The importance of muscle architecture in biomechanical reconstructions of extinct animals: a case study using Tyrannosaurus rex (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., & Falkingham, P. L. (2018). The importance of muscle architecture in biomechanical reconstructions of extinct animals: a case study using Tyrannosaurus rex. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 233(5), 625-635. doi:10.1111/joa.12874

    DOI: 10.1111/joa.12874

    A standard protocol for documenting modern and fossil ichnological data (Journal article)

    Falkingham, P. L., Bates, K. T., Avanzini, M., Bennett, M., Bordy, E. M., Breithaupt, B. H., . . . Belvedere, M. (2018). A standard protocol for documenting modern and fossil ichnological data. PALAEONTOLOGY, 61(4), 469-480. doi:10.1111/pala.12373

    DOI: 10.1111/pala.12373

    The effect of ageing and osteoarthritis on the mechanical properties of cartilage and bone in the human knee joint (Journal article)

    Peters, A. E., Akhtar, R., Comerford, E. J., & Bates, K. T. (2018). The effect of ageing and osteoarthritis on the mechanical properties of cartilage and bone in the human knee joint. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24258-6

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24258-6

    Correction to 'Estimating maximum bite performance in Tyrannosaurus rex using multi-body dynamics'. (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., & Falkingham, P. L. (2018). Estimating maximum bite performance in Tyrannosaurus rex using multi-body dynamics (vol 8, 20120056, 2012). BIOLOGY LETTERS, 14(4). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2018.0160

    DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0160

    Tissue material properties and computational modelling of the human tibiofemoral joint: a critical review (Journal article)

    Peters, A. E., Akhtar, R., Comerford, E. J., & Bates, K. T. (2018). Tissue material properties and computational modelling of the human tibiofemoral joint: a critical review. PEERJ, 6. doi:10.7717/peerj.4298

    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4298

    2017

    A quantitative evaluation of physical and digital approaches to centre of mass estimation (Journal article)

    Macaulay, S., Hutchinson, J. R., & Bates, K. T. (2017). A quantitative evaluation of physical and digital approaches to centre of mass estimation. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 231(5), 758-775. doi:10.1111/joa.12667

    DOI: 10.1111/joa.12667

    A 3D musculoskeletal model of the western lowland gorilla hind limb: moment arms and torque of the hip, knee and ankle (Journal article)

    Goh, C., Blanchard, M. L., Crompton, R. H., Gunther, M. M., Macaulay, S., & Bates, K. T. (2017). A 3D musculoskeletal model of the western lowland gorilla hind limb: moment arms and torque of the hip, knee and ankle. JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 231(4), 568-584. doi:10.1111/joa.12651

    DOI: 10.1111/joa.12651

    A novel approach to studying enclosure and support usage in siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus): using a 3D computer model (Journal article)

    Goh, C., Blanchard, M. L., Bates, K. T., Manning, P. L., & Crompton, R. H. (n.d.). A novel approach to studying enclosure and support usage in siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus): using a 3D computer model. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research.

    Investigating the running abilities of Tyrannosaurus rex using stress-constrained multibody dynamic analysis (Journal article)

    Sellers, W. I., Pond, S. B., Brassey, C. A., Manning, P. L., & Bates, K. T. (2017). Investigating the running abilities of Tyrannosaurus rex using stress-constrained multibody dynamic analysis. PEERJ, 5. doi:10.7717/peerj.3420

    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.3420

    P.A.WS Pilot; A Prospective Ageing and Welfare Study in Cats (Conference Paper)

    Dowgray, N., Bates, K., Pinchbeck, G., Comerford, E. J., Biourge, V., & German, A. J. (2017). P.A.WS Pilot; A Prospective Ageing and Welfare Study in Cats. In Biology of Aging: Gordon Research Conference. Les Diablerets, Switzerland.

    Micromechanical properties of canine femoral articular cartilage following multiple freeze-thaw cycles (Journal article)

    Peters, A. E., Comerford, E. J., Macaulay, S., Bates, K. T., & Akhtar, R. (2017). Micromechanical properties of canine femoral articular cartilage following multiple freeze-thaw cycles. JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, 71, 114-121. doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.03.006

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.03.006

    Can changes in paw distribution of peak pressure over time aid in the diagnosis of feline osteoarthritis? (Conference Paper)

    Dowgray, N., Bates, K., Biourge, V., Pinchbeck, G., Comerford, E. J., & German, A. J. (2017). Can changes in paw distribution of peak pressure over time aid in the diagnosis of feline osteoarthritis?. In International Society of Feline Medicine World Congress. Brighton, UK.

    Open data and digital morphology (Journal article)

    Davies, T. G., Rahman, I. A., Lautenschlager, S., Cunningham, J. A., Asher, R. J., Barrett, P. M., . . . Donoghue, P. C. J. (2017). Open data and digital morphology. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 284(1852). doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0194

    DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0194

    2016

    The effect of multiple freeze-thaw cycles on canine femoral articular cartilage (Conference Paper)

    Peters, A. E., Comerford, E. J., Macaulay, S., Bates, K. T., & Akhtar, R. (2016). The effect of multiple freeze-thaw cycles on canine femoral articular cartilage. In INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY Vol. 97 (pp. A13). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

    The nature of functional variability in peak plantar pressure during a range of controlled walking speeds (Journal article)

    McClymont, J. M., Crompton, R. H., & Bates, K. T. (2016). The nature of functional variability in peak plantar pressure during a range of controlled walking speeds. Royal Society Open Science.

    The nature of functional variability in plantar pressure during a range of controlled walking speeds (Journal article)

    McClymont, J., Pataky, T. C., Crompton, R. H., Savage, R., & Bates, K. T. (2016). The nature of functional variability in plantar pressure during a range of controlled walking speeds. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 3(8). doi:10.1098/rsos.160369

    DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160369

    Ontogeny of sex differences in the energetics and kinematics of terrestrial locomotion in leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) (Journal article)

    Rose, K. A., Bates, K. T., Nudds, R. L., & Codd, J. R. (2016). Ontogeny of sex differences in the energetics and kinematics of terrestrial locomotion in leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Scientific Reports, 6(1). doi:10.1038/srep24292

    DOI: 10.1038/srep24292

    Temporal and phylogenetic evolution of the sauropod dinosaur body plan (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Mannion, P. D., Falkingham, P. L., Brusatte, S. L., Hutchinson, J. R., Otero, A., . . . Allen, V. (2016). Temporal and phylogenetic evolution of the sauropod dinosaur body plan. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 3(3). doi:10.1098/rsos.150636

    DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150636

    2015

    Downsizing a giant: re-evaluating Dreadnoughtus body mass (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Falkingham, P. L., Macaulay, S., Brassey, C., & Maidment, S. C. R. (2015). Downsizing a giant: re-evaluating Dreadnoughtus body mass. BIOLOGY LETTERS, 11(6). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0215

    DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0215

    Comments and corrections on 3D modeling studies of locomotor muscle moment arms in archosaurs (Journal article)

    Bates, K., Maidment, S. C. R., Schachner, E. R., & Barrett, P. M. (n.d.). Comments and corrections on 3D modeling studies of locomotor muscle moment arms in archosaurs. PeerJ, 3, e1272. doi:10.7717/peerj.1272

    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.1272

    2014

    Historical Photogrammetry: Bird's Paluxy River Dinosaur Chase Sequence Digitally Reconstructed as It Was prior to Excavation 70 Years Ago (Journal article)

    Falkingham, P. L., Bates, K. T., & Farlow, J. O. (2014). Historical Photogrammetry: Bird's Paluxy River Dinosaur Chase Sequence Digitally Reconstructed as It Was prior to Excavation 70 Years Ago. PLOS ONE, 9(4). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093247

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093247

    Vector field statistics for objective center-of-pressure trajectory analysis during gait, with evidence of scalar sensitivity to small coordinate system rotations (Journal article)

    Pataky, T. C., Robinson, M. A., Vanrenterghem, J., Savage, R., Bates, K. T., & Crompton, R. H. (2014). Vector field statistics for objective center-of-pressure trajectory analysis during gait, with evidence of scalar sensitivity to small coordinate system rotations. GAIT & POSTURE, 40(1), 255-258. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.023

    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.023

    2013

    Dinosaur Tracksites of the Paluxy River Valley (Glen Rose Formation, Lower Cretaceous), Dinosaur Valley State Park, Somervell County, Texas (Journal article)

    Farlow, J. O., O'Brien, M., Kuban, G. J., Dattilo, B. F., Bates, K., Falkingham, P. L., . . . Whitcraft, J. (2013). Dinosaur Tracksites of the Paluxy River Valley (Glen Rose Formation, Lower Cretaceous), Dinosaur Valley State Park, Somervell County, Texas.

    Dinosaur locomotion (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T. (2013). Dinosaur locomotion. Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences.

    Does footprint depth correlate with foot motion and pressure? (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Savage, R., Pataky, T. C., Morse, S. A., Webster, E., Falkingham, P. L., . . . Crompton, R. H. (2013). Does footprint depth correlate with foot motion and pressure?. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 10(83). doi:10.1098/rsif.2013.0009

    DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2013.0009

    Dynamic similarity in titanosaur sauropods: ichnological evidence from the Fumanya dinosaur tracksite (south Pyrenees) (Journal article)

    Vila, B., Oms, O., Galobart, A., Bates, K. T., Egerton, V. M., & Manning, P. L. (2013). Dynamic similarity in titanosaur sauropods: ichnological evidence from the Fumanya dinosaur tracksite (south Pyrenees). PLoS ONE.

    Exploring diagonal gait using freely available forward dynamic 3D chimpanzee simulation (Journal article)

    Sellers, W. I., Margetts, L., Bates, K. T., & Chamberlain, A. T. (2013). Exploring diagonal gait using freely available forward dynamic 3D chimpanzee simulation. Folia Primatologia.

    Linking the evolution of body shape and locomotor biomechanics in bird-line archosaurs (Journal article)

    Allen, V., Bates, K. T., Li, Z., & Hutchinson, J. R. (2013). Linking the evolution of body shape and locomotor biomechanics in bird-line archosaurs. Nature, 497(7447), 104-107. doi:10.1038/nature12059

    DOI: 10.1038/nature12059

    Locomotion in ornithischian dinosaurs: an assessment using three-dimensional computational modelling (Journal article)

    Maidment, S. C. R., Bates, K. T., Falkingham, P. L., VanBuren, C., Arbour, V., & Barrett, P. M. (2014). Locomotion in ornithischian dinosaurs: an assessment using three-dimensional computational modelling. BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS, 89(3), 588-617. doi:10.1111/brv.12071

    DOI: 10.1111/brv.12071

    Minimum convex hull mass estimations of complete mounted skeletons (Journal article)

    Sellers, W. I., Hepworth-Bell, J., Falkingham, P. L., Bates, K. T., Brassey, C. A., Egerton, V. M., & Manning, P. L. (2012). Minimum convex hull mass estimations of complete mounted skeletons. BIOLOGY LETTERS, 8(5), 842-845. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0263

    DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0263

    Preserving the impossible: conservation of soft-sediment hominin footprint sites and strategies for three-dimensional digital data capture (Journal article)

    Bennett, M. R., Falkingham, P. L., Morse, S. A., Bates, K. T., & Crompton, R. H. (2013). Preserving the impossible: conservation of soft-sediment hominin footprint sites and strategies for three-dimensional digital data capture. PLoS ONE.

    Short-term step-to-step correlation in plantar pressure distributions during treadmill walking, and implications for trackway analysis. (Journal article)

    Pataky, T. C., Savage, R., Bates, K. T., Sellers, W. I., & Crompton, R. H. (2013). Short-term step-to-step correlation in plantar pressure distributions during treadmill walking, and implications for trackway analysis.. Gait & Posture.

    The evolution of compliance in the human lateral mid-foot (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Collins, D., Savage, R., McClymont, J., Webster, E., Pataky, T. C., . . . Crompton, R. H. (2013). The evolution of compliance in the human lateral mid-foot. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 280(1769). doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1818

    DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1818

    Three-dimensional computational modeling of Pelvic Locomotor muscle moment arms in Edmontosaurus (Dinosauria, Hadrosauridae) and comparisons with other archosaurs (Chapter)

    Maidment, S. C. R., Barrett, P. M., & Brinkman, D. B. (2014). Three-dimensional computational modeling of Pelvic Locomotor muscle moment arms in Edmontosaurus (Dinosauria, Hadrosauridae) and comparisons with other archosaurs. In Hadrosaurs (pp. 433-448).

    2012

    A computational analysis of locomotor anatomy and body mass evolution in Allosauroidea (Dinosauria: Theropoda) (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Benson, R. B. J., & Falkingham, P. L. (2012). A computational analysis of locomotor anatomy and body mass evolution in Allosauroidea (Dinosauria: Theropoda). PALEOBIOLOGY, 38(3), 486-507. doi:10.1666/10004.1

    DOI: 10.1666/10004.1

    Computational modelling of locomotor muscle moment arms in the basal dinosaur Lesothosaurus diagnosticus: assessing convergence between birds and basal ornithischians (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Maidment, S. C. R., Allen, V., & Barrett, P. M. (2012). Computational modelling of locomotor muscle moment arms in the basal dinosaur Lesothosaurus diagnosticus: assessing convergence between birds and basal ornithischians. Journal of Anatomy, 220, 212-232.

    Disparity and convergence in bipedal archosaur locomotion (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., & Schachner, E. R. (2012). Disparity and convergence in bipedal archosaur locomotion. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 9(71), 1339-1353. doi:10.1098/rsif.2011.0687

    DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2011.0687

    Estimating maximum bite performance in Tyrannosaurus rex using multi-body dynamics (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., & Falkingham, P. L. (2012). Estimating maximum bite performance in Tyrannosaurus rex using multi-body dynamics. BIOLOGY LETTERS, 8(4), 660-664. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0056

    DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0056

    Human-like external function of the foot, and fully upright gait, confirmed in the 3.66 million year old Laetoli hominin footprints by topographic statistics, experimental footprint-formation and computer simulation (Journal article)

    Crompton, R. H., Pataky, T. C., Savage, R., D'Aout, K., Bennett, M. R., Day, M. H., . . . Sellers, W. I. (2012). Human-like external function of the foot, and fully upright gait, confirmed in the 3.66 million year old Laetoli hominin footprints by topographic statistics, experimental footprint-formation and computer simulation. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 9(69), 707-719. doi:10.1098/rsif.2011.0258

    DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2011.0258

    Sauropod centre of mass evolution expressed in the temporal distribution of manus and pes-dominated trackways (Journal article)

    Falkingham., P., Bates, K. T., & Mannion, P. D. (2012). Sauropod centre of mass evolution expressed in the temporal distribution of manus and pes-dominated trackways. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 169, 365-370.

    2011

    . rex redux: Tyrannosaurus tail portrayals (Journal article)

    Hutchinson, J. R., Bates, K. T., & Allen, V. (2011). . rex redux: Tyrannosaurus tail portrayals. The Anatomical Record, 294, 756-758.

    A computational and comparative analysis of limb and body proportions in Tyrannosaurus rex with implications for locomotion and growth (Journal article)

    Hutchinson, J. R., Bates, K. T., Molnar, J., Allen, V., & Makovicky, P. (2011). A computational and comparative analysis of limb and body proportions in Tyrannosaurus rex with implications for locomotion and growth. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e26037. doi:10.1371/journal.po.

    Computed tomographic and other new data on the skull of Thalassiodracon (Reptilia: Plesiosauria) from the pre-Planorbis beds of the United Kingdom (Journal article)

    Benson, R. B. J., Bates, K. T., Johnson, M., & Withers, P. (2011). Computed tomographic and other new data on the skull of Thalassiodracon (Reptilia: Plesiosauria) from the pre-Planorbis beds of the United Kingdom. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 31, 562-574.

    Simulating sauropod manus-only trackway formation using finite-element analysis (Journal article)

    Falkingham, P. L., Bates, K. T., Margetts, L., & Manning, P. L. (2011). Simulating sauropod manus-only trackway formation using finite-element analysis. BIOLOGY LETTERS, 7(1), 142-145. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0403

    DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0403

    The 'Goldilocks' effect: preservation bias in vertebrate track assemblages (Journal article)

    Falkingham, P. L., Bates, K. T., Margetts, L., & Manning, P. L. (2011). The 'Goldilocks' effect: preservation bias in vertebrate track assemblages. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 8(61), 1142-1154. doi:10.1098/rsif.2010.0634

    DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2010.0634

    2010

    APPLICATION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION LASER SCANNING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRIC TECHNIQUES TO DATA ACQUISITION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION IN PALAEONTOLOGY (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Falkingham, P. L., Rarity, F., Hodgetts, D., Purslow, A., & Manning, P. L. (2010). APPLICATION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION LASER SCANNING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRIC TECHNIQUES TO DATA ACQUISITION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION IN PALAEONTOLOGY. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ISPRS COMMISSION V MID-TERM SYMPOSIUM CLOSE RANGE IMAGE MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES, 38, 68-73. Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

    Palaeontological consultation on federal highway A16 dinosaur tracksites (Canton Jura, NW Switzerland): importance and possibilities of laser scanning and photogrammetry (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T. (2010). Palaeontological consultation on federal highway A16 dinosaur tracksites (Canton Jura, NW Switzerland): importance and possibilities of laser scanning and photogrammetry. Rapport d'expertise, Paléontologie et Transjurane No. 24, (Office de la culture, République et Canton du Jura, Switzerland),.

    Sensitivity analysis in evolutionary robotic simulations of bipedal dinosaur running (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Manning, P. L., Margetts, L., & Sellers, W. I. (2010). Sensitivity analysis in evolutionary robotic simulations of bipedal dinosaur running. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30, 458-466.

    2009

    Digital imaging and public engagement in palaeontology (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Falkingham, P. L., Hodgetts, D., Farlow, J. O., Breithaupt, B. H., O'Brien, M., . . . Manning, P. L. (2009). Digital imaging and public engagement in palaeontology. Geology Today, 25(4), 134-139. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2451.2009.00714.x

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2009.00714.x

    Estimating mass properties of dinosaurs using laser imaging and 3D computer modelling (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Manning, P. L., Hodgetts, D., & Sellers, W. I. (2009). Estimating mass properties of dinosaurs using laser imaging and 3D computer modelling. PLoS ONE, 4(2),.

    HOW BIG WAS 'BIG AL'? QUANTIFYING THE EFFECT OF SOFT TISSUE AND OSTEOLOGICAL UNKNOWNS ON MASS PREDICTIONS FOR ALLOSAURUS (DINOSAURIA: THEROPODA) (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Falkingham, P. L., Breithaupt, B. H., Hodgetts, D., Sellers, W. I., & Manning, P. L. (2009). HOW BIG WAS 'BIG AL'? QUANTIFYING THE EFFECT OF SOFT TISSUE AND OSTEOLOGICAL UNKNOWNS ON MASS PREDICTIONS FOR ALLOSAURUS (DINOSAURIA: THEROPODA). PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 12(3). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

    Integrated LiDAR and photogrammetric documentation of the Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite (Wyoming, USA) (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Breithaupt, B. H., Falkingham, P. L., Hodgetts, D., Matthews, N., & Manning, P. L. (2009). Integrated LiDAR and photogrammetric documentation of the Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite (Wyoming, USA). Proceedings of the Eighth Conference on Fossil Resources, 101-103.

    2008

    High-resolution LiDAR and photogrammetric survey of the Fumanya dinosaur tracksites (Catalonia): implications for the conservation and interpretation of geological heritage sites (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Rarity, F., Manning, P. L., Hodgetts, D., Villa, B., Oms, O., & Gawthorpe, R. L. (2008). High-resolution LiDAR and photogrammetric survey of the Fumanya dinosaur tracksites (Catalonia): implications for the conservation and interpretation of geological heritage sites. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 165, 115-127.

    Three-dimensional modelling and analysis of dinosaur trackways (Journal article)

    Bates, K. T., Manning, P. L., Vila, B., & Hodgetts, D. (2008). Three-dimensional modelling and analysis of dinosaur trackways. Palaeontology, 51, 999-1010.