The effects of size changes on haptic object recognition
Matt Craddock, University of Liverpool
Rebecca Lawson, University of Liverpool
Two experiments examined the effects of size changes on haptic object recognition. In Experiment 1, participants named one of three exemplars (standard size and shape, different size, and different shape exemplars) of 36 categories of real, familiar objects. They then performed an old/new recognition task based on object identity for the standard exemplars of all 36 objects. Half of the participants performed both blocks visually; the other half performed both blocks haptically. Participants were able to efficiently name unusually sized objects haptically, consistent with previous findings of good recognition of small-scale models of stimuli (Lawson, in press). However, both visual and haptic old/new recognition was impaired when objects changed size or shape between blocks. In Experiment 2, participants performed a short-term haptic shape matching task using 3D plastic models of familiar objects. Replicating Experiment 1, there was a cost for ignoring the irrelevant size change. Like visual object recognition, haptic object recognition exhibits a significant but modest cost of generalizing across size changes.
Attention, Perception and Performance, (2009), 71, 910-923.