'Bloody beauty.' Professor Trevor McDougall FRS, University of New South Wales, Australia.

'This is an outstanding book, likely to become the standard text for those needing to know

both ocean physics and biogeochemistry.' Professor David Marshall, University of Oxford.

'For the last half century the study of ocean sceinces has been fractured along disiplinary

lines ... By carefully interweaving the physical, biological and chemical fundamentals needed

to understand the ocean's circulation and carbon cycle, Williams and Follows have made the

ocean whole again.' Professor Susan Lozier, Duke University, USA.

'It is excellent reading and provides a fresh approach that will be of immense value to future

generations of students and new researchers.' Professor Andreas Oschlies, Kiel, Germany.

'In this excellent book ... the authors have taken great care to introduce new topics in an

accessible, intuitive manner before going into detail. It is well-illustrated ... with beautiful

colour plates ... for which animated versions are provided online.' Dr Joel Hirschi for

Weather, magazine of the Royal Meteorological Society.


Ocean Dynamics and the Carbon Cycle: Principles and Mechanisms

by Richard G. Williams and Michael J. Follows

Williams, R.G. and M.J. Follows, 2011: Ocean Dynamics and the Carbon Cycle: Principles and Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 9780521843690. 416 pages,286 b/w illustrations, 16 colour illustrations, 15 tables, 50 exercises. link to CUP

The book addresses questions of how the ocean circulates,

         why plankton flourish over some parts of the globe and

         how carbon is cycled between the atmosphere and ocean.


The book is designed for students wishing to gain an understanding of the fundamentals of ocean sciences (involving transport, physics, biological processes and the carbon chemistry), as well as for researchers wishing to gain an inter-disciplinary view of how the ocean behaves.


Part I Introduction

  1. 1.Why is the ocean important?

  2. 2.An introductory view of the ocean

Part II Fundamentals

  1. 3.Transport fundamentals

  2. 4.Physics fundamentals

  3. 5.Biological fundamentals

  4. 6.Carbon chemistry fundamentals

Part III Physical phenomena and

their biogeochemical signals

  1. 7.Seasonality of the upper ocean

  2. 8. Ocean gyres and intense currents

  3. 9. Ocean eddies

  4. 10. Ventilation

  5. 11. Cycling and transport of nutrients and carbon

  6. 12. The deep ocean and overturning

Part IV Synthesis

13 Integral frameworks

14 Overview and further challenges


A1 Mathematical definitions

A2 Derivation of the momentum equation

A3 Solving the carbonate chemistry system

Symbols and definitions


For resources for this book, click on top of this web page on animations or go to the book website link to CUP (click on resources, then on a sidebar for additional problems, animations, errata, figures and detailed solutions).