1. YouTube videos at  OceanClimateatUoL

YouTube video on why science innovation is needed to reach net zero.

Learn about our work on climate change:

1. What happens to emitted carbon?

2. Paris or Bust?

3. Carbon emissions and surface warming

Sea-level at Liverpool:

Part 1: Personal Perspectives 

Part 2: Historical Perspectives 

Part 3: Future Perspective?

Learn about life at sea (on a very calm ocean)

Life at Sea on North Atlantic “RidgeMix” expedition

2. Research summaries:

We aim to disseminate our research to a wide range of people, using layperson summaries of our research in Kudos, developing YouTube videos and animations, and writing accessible articles and press releases for the general public.

For example, learn about our work on climate change:

Oceans as moderators of the carbon cycle and our climate

(“Research Feature” article published 30 November 2017)

  1. 3.Outreach activities:

‘Climate change’, Gilbert Scott Lecture on Science and Faith, Liverpool Cathedral, 27 April 2021. Talk

‘University Earth Day Summit: How to become a sustainable, net zero carbon University’, presentation and panel discussion, University of Liverpool, 22 April 2021.

Interfaith event on climate change’, St James House, Anglican Cathedral, Liverpool, 17 November 2019.

‘Climate debate’ linked to Sentinel Light and Sound show by Richard Evans, Manchester Science Festival, Waterside Arts centre, Salford, 25 October 2018.

‘Climate change: the science and what is happening now?”, Kirkby ScienceBar, 19 January 2016

‘How the ocean affects our changing climate’, Heswall U3A Arts festival, Wirral, 9 October 2014.

‘Climate Change and carbon emissions’ part of a Science of Climate Change research briefing at Liverpool University on Thursday 10 February 2011: Watch online.

'Why trust a climate scientist?' Faith4Change, Talk and panel discussion with Bishop James and Church leaders in Merseyside, Liverpool, 21 February 2010.

‘The wider effects of the climate system'. Presentation to Bishop James of Liverpool as part of 1/2 day briefing on climate change, Liverpool. This event led to a mention by Bishop James on Radio 4 thought for the day, 18 March 2010, see report

'Role of the oceans in climate change' for a 1 day conference on 'Climate change – dealing with the reality', Royal Irish Academy, Belfast, 20 January 2009.

'Climate change: recent changes in sea level and the ocean' Association of Science Educators, 2007, 2008 and 2012:  talk (pdf)


  1. 4.Press releases and articles for the general public:

The IPCC climate report is a stark warning - we need to act now. University of Liverpool, 10 August 2021.

As climate extremes hit land don’t forget those in the ocean C. Turley, P. Williamson and R. Williams. Environment Journal, 4 August 2021.

“Why the ocean matters in climate negotiations’, C. Turley, M-F. Racualt, M. Roberts, B.E. Scott, J. Sharples, T. Thiele, R.G. Williams and P. Williamson. COP26 Universities Network Briefing, June 2021, 12p.

To reach net zero carbon we need sustained action that goes beyond behavioural change, as the first lockdown showed”. LSE blog, 4 December 2020.

“Why clouds are the missing piece in the climate change puzzle”,  The Conversation article by Paulo Ceppi & Ric Williams, 11 September 2020.

COVID-19 will not solve the climate crisis - longer-term change is needed. LSE blog, 16 June 2020.

The effect of COVID-19 on our climate targets, AZO CleanTech, 12 June 2020.

Effects of lockdown on our climate targets, University of Liverpool, 11 June 2020.

Sky interview on Carbon emissions during lockdown 11 June 2020.

Thought piece on Global warming and Carbon Emissions, for AZO CleanTech, 31 January 2020.

Viewpoint: Climate strike and how Universities can be powerhouses for change.University of Liverpool, 19 September, 2019.

Expert viewpoint: IPCC 1.5C warming, University of Liverpool, 8 October 2018.

NERC Planet Earth article for spring/summer 2018. PDF

‘Global temperature targets missed within decades unless carbon emissions reversed’, Liverpool University, 23 January 2018 press release.

Oceans as moderators of the carbon cycle and our climate’ Research Feature, article published 30 November 2017

‘Our equation proves climate change is linked to emissions’, The Conversation, 2 December 2014.

‘Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions’, Liverpool University, 9 December 2014.

‘Study into sea level rise due to fossil fuels’, Liverpool University, 29 Oct 2012

CO2 emissions harm ocean’s ability to absorb carbon’ NERC at Planet Earth online, 3 February 2009

We have been involved in providing research briefings to civic leaders in the northwest on climate variability and longterm warming, previously as part of the  Research Centre in Marine Sciences and Climate Change.