Sir Peter Medawar won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1960 for his work on tissue
transplantation. He is perhaps best know for his numerous books, essays and book reviews
on the subject of science and scientists.
The following give a flavor of his style.......
"The layman's conception of the scientist as a critic, a skeptic, a man intolerant
or contemptuous of conventional beliefs, is obviously incomplete. The exposure and
castigation of error does not propel science forward, though it may clear a number of
obstacles from its path. To prove that pigs cannot fly is not to devise a machine that
Unfortunately, a scientist's account of his own intellectual procedures is often
untrustworthy. Ask a scientist what he conceives the scientific method to be, and he will
adopt an expression that is at once solemn and shifty-eyed: solemn because he feels he
ought to declare and opinion; shifty-eyed because he is wondering how to conceal the fact
that he has no opinion to declare. If taunted he would probably mumble something about
"Induction" and "Establishing the Laws of Nature", but if anyone
working in a laboratory professed to be trying to establish the Laws of Nature by
induction, we should think he was overdue for leave.
(From "Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought" in Pluto's Republic, 1984,