Other Visa Routes

Below is information on other routes by which an individual can work in the UK.

Frontier Worker Permit

The application system opened on 10 December 2020, Frontier Workers have until 30 June 2021 to apply.
European citizens who live outside the UK but have been travelling back and forth to work here before 31 December 2020 may be 'Frontier Workers'. They can now apply for a 'Frontier Worker permit' to evidence their right to continue working in this way.

Frontier Workers can still travel to the UK as normal until 30 June 2021 but will need to have applied for and been granted a 'Frontier Worker permit' to enter the UK to work from 1 July 2021 onwards. A digital permit will be issued rather than a physical document. It will be valid for 5 years, or 2 years for retained rights if they are currently not working, and can be extended as long as work in the UK is continuing.

There is no application fee and the application can be made from inside or outside the UK, but there are specific requirements including that they must not spend more than 180 days in the UK in any 12-month period, and the work they carry out in the UK must be 'genuine and effective'.

Please visit the Government guidance on frontier worker permits.

PBS Dependants

Family members of Global Talent, Skilled Worker, Student/ Tier 4, and Tier 5 visa holders can apply for a Dependant visa. The only restrictions on employment for Dependant visa holders is that they cannot undertake work as a doctor or dentist in training, a professional sportsperson, or a sports coach.

It is possible to switch out of a Dependant visa into another visa route from within the UK. It is also possible to switch from most visa routes to a Dependant visa from within the UK (but not from a Visitor, Short-term Student, Parent of a Child Student, Seasonal Worker, or Domestic Worker visa or a visa granted Outside the Immigration Rules).

Please visit the Government guidance on PBS dependants.

Working in the UK while Studying

Information for Student/Tier 4 visa holders wishing to undertake casual/part-time work at the University while studying.

The Student Route (Student visa) replaced the previous Tier 4 Student system on 5 October 2020. The student route is similar to the Tier 4 system but includes EU/EEA and Swiss nationals starting study on or after 1 January 2021 who have not applied under the EU Settlement Scheme. EU/EEA or Swiss nationals resident in the UK before 11pm 31 December 2020 have until 30 June 2021 to apply for the EU Settlement Scheme and do not need a visa. If you are eligible we recommend applying as soon as possible. Current Tier 4 visa holders do not need to take any action and your Tier 4 visa conditions remain the same. Any further application for study would be under the new student route.

Tier 4 student visa holders on Full Time University courses are permitted to work up to 20 hours per week in term time, and full time out of term and when they have finished their studies.  Tier 4 Student visa holders on a part time University course and not eligible to work.

Employing Student/Tier 4 student visa holders

Please note that most student visa holders are restricted to work on a fixed basis for up to 20 hours per week. Before employing a student, recruiters must ask them to complete the Student Employment Declaration form to check whether they are working for another employer and whether their visa permits them to work full time outside term. 

Where a Student/Tier 4 visa holder is applying to switch into Skilled Worker, they are permitted to start work during their application for a Skilled Worker visa.


Please visit the Government guidance on student visas.

Other visa routes

There are a variety of other routes through which you can gain the right to work in the UK. However, gaining a visa through one of these other routes is contingent upon an individual having strong links with the UK, either through family, ancestry or due to the length of time already lived in the UK.

Please visit the Government guidance on other visa routes.

Back to: Working at Liverpool