Tropical Disease Biology BSc (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • Offers study abroad opportunities Offers study abroad opportunities
  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: C111
  • Year of entry: 2018
  • Typical offer: A-level : ABB / IB : 33 / BTEC : DDD in relevant diploma
life-sciences-4

Module details

Year One Compulsory Modules

    Year One Optional Modules

      Year Two Compulsory Modules

      • The Immune System in Health and Disease (LIFE221)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        AimsThis module aims to:
        1. ​Develop students’ knowledge of the immune system and its role in protection against disease
        2. Develop in students an appreciation of the importance of different immune mechanisms in different circumstances, and how these can be evaded.
        3. Enable students to evaluate and appreciate the consequences of immune system dysfunctions in disease.​
        Learning Outcomes

        ​Identify the main components of the mammalian immune system

        ​Assess the contribution of innate and adaptive immune mechanisms to host defences

        Assess the mechanisms that permit recognition of an infinitely diverse microflora Discuss the impact of malfunction of immune processes on human health, and explain the bases of autoimmunity and allergy together with the mechanisms by which these can be minimised 

        ​Discuss how dysfunction of immune system constituents can cause disease

      • Virology (LIFE209)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • This module aims to develop in students:  The ability to explain the fundamental features and properties of viruses and viral infections;​
      • Knowledge and understanding of the use and development of molecular biology technologies in virology;
      • The capacity to describe problems associated with viruses and their control, and identify positive applications of viruses;​
      • Knowledge and understanding in virology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in virology.​
      • Learning OutcomesExplain basic terms and terminologies used in virology and describe virus particle structure;​
        Identify different virus infection life cycles in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, describing the role of key viral proteins in viral life cycles;

        Describe impact of viruses on public health, explain how viruses may spread between different species and the concept of species-barrier;

        Describe the use of diagnostic tools to detect, quantify, and monitor viruses;​Explain the role of immune system in combating viral infections in plants, invertebrates and mammals;​

        Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of virology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.​

      • Veterinary Parasitology and Public Health (LIFE216)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        AimsThis module aims to:

        1.    Describe the major parasitic diseases of companion and food producing animals and related parasites that impact on global human health;

        2.    Outline control methods for parasitic infections;

        3.    Develop knowledge and understanding in molecular and cellular biology, ecology and epidemiology relevant to parasitism, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
        Learning Outcomes

        On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

        1.    Describe the diversity, life history, diagnosis and control of economically-important parasites of animals, and those human parasites of global importance;

        ​2.    Define fundamental concepts in parasitology, such as host-parasite interaction, life cycle, virulence, as well as the consequences of parasitism;

        3.    Evaluate the relative importance and the nature of different threats of parasitic infection in terms of pathogenicity and impact on socio-economics;

        ​4.    Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of veterinary parasitology and public health, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.

      • Essential Skills for the Life Sciences 2 (LIFE223)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterWhole Session
        Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
        Aims
        1. To further develop the essential life science skills that students will require to succeed in their studies and future careers;

        2. To enhance the career awareness and employability prospects of students;

        3. To enable students to analyse and interpret scientific data and communicate results to a range of audiences.

        Learning Outcomes

        ​Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing;

        Find information through literature searches and use IT effectively to analyse and report findings;​Competently utilise a range of mathematical and numerical skills relevant to all biologists;​Summarise and interpret advanced data using graphs and tables;​Develop and test hypotheses;​Within the context of experimental design and within a range of biological fields, select appropriate quantitative methods to answer questions;​Apply appropriate statistical and other analysis packages to analyse data;​Interpret and evaluate quantitative terms and approaches used in the scientific literature;​

        ​Effectively communicate a biological subject to a lay audience

        Recognise the moral and ethical issues of scientific investigations and discuss ethical standards and professional codes of conduct. ​​

        ​​

      • Principles of Pharmacology (LIFE207)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • This module aims to: Develop an understanding of the quantitative aspects of drug action on cellular receptors;

      • Demonstrate the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;

      • Introduce the basic principles of pharmacokinetics, outline the relationship between drug concentration and response, and include an introduction to the principles of toxicity of drugs and their metabolites;

      • Provide knowledge of the molecular biology of receptors;

      • Develop knowledge and understanding in pharmacology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve pharmacological problems.

      • Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: Describe quantitative aspects of drug action;​Define the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;​State key pharmacokinetic concepts such as clearance, volume of distribution, half life and steady state and to solve problems involving these parameters;​Demonstrate the role of drug concentrations in determining response to treatment;​Describe early biochemical events after drug administration that are of toxicological and biochemical significance;​Describe the principles of selective toxicity and their application to both self and non-self targets;​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of pharmacology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.​
      • Practical Skills in Tropical Medicine (LIFE236)
        Level2
        Credit level7.5
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
        Aims
      • Enhance knowledge and understanding of the biology and control of parasites of medical importance, and their vectors;
      • Describe the diagnosis and pathology of parasitic infections; interactions between the environment, humans, mosquitoes and their parasites; techniques for the control of vectors, including susceptibility to insecticides;
      • Enhance data handling skills and interpretation of experiments; 
      • ​Develop knowledge and understanding in tropical disease biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

      • Learning Outcomes

        ​Detect the presence or absence of parasites in blood and faeces and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the methods used;

        ​Identify the interaction between mosquitoes, their hosts and the environment through a range of experimental approaches;

         Assess the susceptibility to insecticides in larval and adult mosquitoes and unerstand the relevance to the monitoring of control campaigns;

        ​Evaluate the techniques used for understanding the biology and control of selected parasites and their vectors;

        Assimilate, analysis and graphically summarise quantitative data generated by experiments in an accurate and timely manner.

        ​Describe the main immunological techniques for indirectly diagnosing parasite infection

      • Advanced Microbiological Techniques (LIFE228)
        Level2
        Credit level7.5
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims
      • ​This module aims to:

        Provide students with a practical experience in a number of techniques used in microbiology;
      • ​Develop research skills in microbiology by illustrating key concepts in microbiology;

      • ​Develop knowledge and understanding in microbiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve microbiological problems.

      • Learning Outcomes

        ​On successful completion of this module students will be able to:

        Apply a range of techniques for the identification of microorganisms;

        ​Assay cell components of biotechnology interest;

        ​Produce and modify media for production and maintenance of microorganisms;

        ​Work in a group to present data to an educated audience;

        ​Demonstrate problem-solving skills in practical microbiology.

      Year Two Optional Modules

      • From Genes to Proteins (LIFE201)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • This module aims to develop in students: Knowledge and understanding of the mechanisms involved in gene expression and 

        ​how these mechanisms are regulated in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells;

      • ​The ability to explain how post-translational modifications modify protein structure and function;

      • ​The ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in genetics.

      • Learning OutcomesTo explain the processes of transcription and translation and their regulation, the differences between them in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and how these are affected in disease.To elucidate the post-translational events in eukaryotic cells, and how these produce a final functional protein from a primary translation product.

        To evaluate the techniques used to investigate the processes of transcription and translation.

        To demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of gene expression, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems in genetics.
      • Cell Signalling in Health and Disease (LIFE202)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
        ​This module aims to: 1. Provide students with knowledge and understanding of the molecular mechanisms that allow cells to communicate with each other
        ​2. Explain the general principles of these signalling mechanisms and then describe some of these in more detail;
        3. Illustrate how defects in these signalling processes can result in a variety of diseases;
        4. Outline the techniques that are used to investigate and define these pathways and to describe how these techniques are used in drug discovery programmes of research;
        5. Develop in students the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, to solve problems in molecular cell biology
          Learning Outcomes

          ​On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

           Describe the fundamental features of a range of common cell signalling mechanisms;

          ​Explain how cell signalling processes may be defective, or modified, in a variety of different diseases;

          ​Demonstrate knowledge of the molecular and biochemical nature and role of the different components of intracellular signalling pathways;

          ​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of cell signalling, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems in biological science.

        1. The Multicellular Organism: Tissues, Development, Regeneration and Aging (LIFE205)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterFirst Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
          AimsExtend students'' knowledge of the structure and function of fundamental tissues, such as epithelial and connective tissue and of specialised tissues; 
          Develop students'' ability to discuss the mechanisms by which cells differentiate to form different tissues;
          Equip students to explain the processes that occur during aging with special reference to changes in key tissues such as the brain;
          Develop knowledge and understanding in human biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in that subject.​
          Learning OutcomesClassify and compare the major types of epithelia and, explain the role of cell-cell interactions in tissue structure and the structure and function of fundamental tissues

          Discuss and compare the molecular mechanisms involved in development of selected organs, and their cellular structure and organisation and explain the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the regeneration of key organs.Explain and discuss mechanisms of ageing using selected systems as exemplars.

          Describe the experimental basis underpinning the current understanding of tissue biology. ​

        2. Endocrine and Neuro-physiology (LIFE204)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterSecond Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
          Aims
        3. ​Explain the essential background knowledge to understand basic neuroscience;

        4. ​Describe the basic principles of operation of nervous system, systematic and sensory neurophysiology, excitotoxicity and behaviour;

        5. Provide an understanding of physiological homeostatic regulatory mechanisms, with particular regard to the endocrine and digestive systems;

        6. Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve physiological problems.
        7. Learning Outcomes

          ​Describe the basic principles of the nervous system, systematic and sensory neurophysiology, excitotoxicity and behaviour; and the characteristics of nerve cells that allow them facilitate the reception, processing and transmission of information;

          ​Apply the above knowledge to the operation of some of these systems, through all the stages from transduction of a stimulus to conscious perception, the regulatory mechanisms employed by them, their importance in maintaining homeostasis and the consequences of malfunction;

          Demonstrate specific knowledge and critical understanding of physiological functions of the digestive tract and major endocrine glands and apply this to understand the interaction between the digestive, endocrine and nervous system;​

          Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of physiology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve physiological problems.

        8. Molecular and Medical Genetics (LIFE208)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterSecond Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
          Aims
        9. ​This module aims to:

           Introduce students with an interest in genetics and molecular biology to the range of biological mechanisms that control the structure and stability of the genetic material;
        10. ​Describe how changes in the structure and stability of DNA can impact on health and disease;

        11. ​Use examples from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes to develop principles that help explain problems associated with medical/clinical genetics;

           
        12. Develop knowledge and understanding in genetics and molecular biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

        13. Learning Outcomes

          ​On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

           Describe the principles of DNA replication, DNA damage and mutation, DNA repair, DNA recombination, genetic transfer systems and transposition, cell cycle control and cell division, genetic mapping and cytogenetics;

          ​Explain how these processes underpin an understanding of the genetic basis of human health and disease;

          ​Demonstrate that they can solve problems by applying the above knowledge to identify genes underlying disease and the likely causes of DNA mutations;

          ​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of genetics and molecular biology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.

        14. Comparative Animal Physiology (LIFE212)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterSecond Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
          Aims
          1. To introduce students to the physiological problems encountered by animals in their natural environments;

          2. ​To encourage students to relate lifestyle and physiology to habitat and to potentially hostile environments;

          3. To explain how increasing complexity of bodily organisation can lead to greater levels of bodily homeostasis;

          4. To develop in students an understanding of physiological mechanisms at all levels of organisation, in relation to energetics, temperature, respiration, osmoregulation, and nitrogen excretion. ​
          Learning Outcomes

          ​To apply the general principles underlying physiological adaptation

          ​To analyze relationships between animal lifestyle, increasing complexity of bodily organisation and ability to maintain homeostasis

          ​​To identify the physiological mechanisms operating at all levels of organisation in relation to the control of temperature, oxygen, osmoregulation, energetics, and nitrogen excretion
        15. Biotechnology (LIFE210)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterSecond Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
          Aims
          1. ​Introduce students to the ways in which biology is utilised for commercial purposes;

          2. ​Develop knowledge and understanding of the production of antibiotics, biomass, single cell protein, biopolymers and vaccines;

          3. Develop knowledge and understanding in biotechnology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology.​

          Learning Outcomes

          Identify the stages required for commercial production of microbial products;

          ​Discuss the problems inherent in isolation, strain improvement and growth of microorganisms on a large scale;

          Explain specific commercial processes via studies of such processes as antibiotic production, large-scale manufacture of enzymes and brewing;​Discuss how understanding of protein structure can lead to the generation of therapeutic   compounds; ​ Interpret how proteins and antibodies may be engineered and produced on an industrial scale for commercial applications;Discuss how useful activities of enzymes may be manipulated and exploited;
        16. Evolutionary Biology (LIFE213)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterFirst Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
          Aims
        17. ​This modules aims to:

          Provide students with a modern framework for understanding how organisms evolve and the major transitions in evolution ;

        18. ​Explain where heritable phenotypic variation comes from, how it shapes the evolutionary process within species (microevolution) and elucidate the link between micro- and macro-evolution

        19. Describe the factors influencing the genetic constitution of a population;

        20. ​Explain how evolution and ecology are linked OR explain how gene sequence data can be used to study evolutionary processes.

        21. ​Equip students with knowledge and understanding in evolutionary biology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve biological problems. ​

        22. Learning Outcomes

          ​Discuss the origins of heritable phenotypic variation;

          ​Describe the main factors that cause changes in the genetic constitution of populations including the basic principles of studying molecular evolution; 


          Explain the difference between microevolution and macroevolution and how the two processes are linked;

          Explain patterns of biodiversity from an evolutionary perspective;

          Describe the major evolutionary transitions;​

          Explain how ecology influences evolution and evolution influences ecology (Elective option 1) OR Explain the basic principles of studying molecular evolution and interpret genetic sequence data (Elective option 2);

          Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of evolutionary biology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.​

        23. Tropical Ecology Field Course (LIFE222)
          Level2
          Credit level15
          SemesterSecond Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
          Aims
          1. ​This module aims to: 

            Introduce students to the ecology of tropical ecosystems and the field techniques used to study them, through staff-led field visits, seminars and student executed field studies;
          2. ​Train students in how to design, execute and present research projects conducted in the field;

          3. ​Allow students to explore interactions between humans and tropical ecosystems, with sustainable development, effects of forestry and human wildlife conflict and eco-tourism being addressed;

          4. ​Develop in students knowledge and understanding in tropical ecology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve ecological problems.

          Learning Outcomes

          ​On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: 

          Explain the origin and maintenance of tropical forest ecosystems and processes influencing biodiversity and ecosystem dynamics in tropical habitats;

          Identify the basic groups of tropical taxa, with emphasis on insects, mammals, birds, reptiles and plants and the natural history of important plant and animal taxa;

          Appraise conceptual issues underlying current research programmes in tropical environments including issues of human impact, conservation biology and sustainable use of tropical forests;

           Collate, analyze and interpret field data;

          Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of ecology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve ecological problems.

        24. E-biology: Informatics for Life Sciences (LIFE225)
          Level2
          Credit level7.5
          SemesterFirst Semester
          Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
          Aims
          • Provide students with a practical appreciation of the nature and significance of digital data.
          • Expose students to bioinformatics tools used in the analysis of data from areas such as genome sequencing, gene expression and protein structure studies
          • ​Enable students to utilize digital data for understanding higher order phenomena within cells such as metabolism, gene regulation and protein-protein interaction
          • Develop students’ knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology. ​​

            Learning Outcomes

            ​·         Apply informatics tools in the discovery, evaluation and acquisition of biological data.

            ​​

            ·         Analyse and evaluate datasets of broad biological relevance, using tasks and workflows that will prepare them for third-year projects.​


            ·         Use local and web-based tools for data analysis, management and collaborative working.​ ​ ​

            ​·         ​Design research methods in bioinformatics to solve biological problems.​​
          1. Molecular Science (LIFE237)
            Level2
            Credit level7.5
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
            Aims
          2. ​This module aims to:

            Provide students with practical experience in a number of techniques used in molecular biology;

             
          3. ​Equip student to perform analysis of DNA fragments by agarose gel electrophoresis and restriction mapping;

          4. ​Introduce students to PCR based-assays for gene cloning and demonstrate methods used for cloning, and analysing genes

          5. ​Develop in students knowledge and understanding in biomedicine, biotechnology and molecular cell biology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve biomolecular problems.

             
          6. Learning Outcomes

            ​Present, evaluate critically and interpret qualitative and quantitative molecular biological data, and record procedures and protocols accurately;

            ​Plan and execute a series of molecular biology experiments to demonstrate practical skills in molecular biology, use laboratory equipment correctly and safely to generate data and manage their time effectively;

             

            ​Analyse and interpret the validity of experimental data

             
          7. Techniques in Cell Biology (LIFE227)
            Level2
            Credit level7.5
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
            Aims

            1. Provide students with practical training in theuse of equipment and techniques routinely used in cell biology. 

            2. Enhancestudents acquisition of fundamental research skills; including,information gathering, scientific drawing, report writing andstatistical analyses. 

            3. Provide students with an understanding of theprocesses involved in the collection, interpretation and presentation ofbiological data. ​


            Learning Outcomes​​​​​

            Present, critically evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures and protocols;

            Manage time effectively to plan and execute a series of experiments​Use microscopes and other lab equipment correctly to efficiently andsafely conduct a series of experiments​

            Analyse data, interpret validity and apply statistical analyses;

            Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology

          Year Three Compulsory Modules

          • Advanced Skills in Tropical Disease Biology (LIFE357)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
            Aims
          • ​​To provide training in a set of methodological skills required to undertake human studies
          • ​​To enhance the core skills acquired in Levels 4 and 5, including bothscientific and broader employability skills, by synthesising and integratinginformation from across the curriculum and from diverse external sources in the context of Tropical Disease Biology

          • ​To developin students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret their relevant knowledge and understanding, to solve complex problems in Tropical DiseaseBiology.
          • Learning Outcomes

            ​To evaluate the appropriateness and ethics of methodologies for investigating human tropical diseases in resource-poor settings


            To discuss current technologies and topical issues within Tropical Disease Biology

            ​To access and critically evaluate scientific literature in the context of Tropical Disease Biology​​

            ​​​​

            ​To disseminate topics in Tropical Disease Biology to both scientific and lay audiences

          • Vector Biology: Theory, Research and Implementation (LIFE359)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims
          • ​To describe current research into vectors and vector-borne diseases

          • ​To demonstrate how this research answers broad-ranging questions in vector biology and leads to novel vector control strategies

          • ​​

            ​To develop knowledge and deep understanding in tropical disease biology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

          • Learning Outcomes

            ​To critically discuss the medical importance of the life cycle of vectors


            ​To evaluate the challenges facing successful control of disease through vector interventions

            ​To appraise how basic biological research is a pre-requisite of successful vector control

            ​To critically review the progress that has been made in the development of novel control strategies

             
          • Parasitology (LIFE361)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims
            1. ​To provide students with knowledge of the major features of the structure and life histories of a range of protozoan and helminth parasites of humans

            2. ​To develop in students current understanding of the causes of major clinical symptoms and pathology attributable to these parasites and of the major approaches to their prevention and control

            3. ​To provide students with knowledge and deep understanding in parasitology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

            Learning Outcomes

            ​To critically discuss modern molecular methods for examining parasitic diseases

             

            ​To evaluate the modern research literature in the area of parasitology with critical insight

            To critically discuss how topical problems in parasitology are currently being addressed, and future developments in this area 

            To synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills ​

          • Chemotherapy of Parasitic Disease (LIFE338)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
            Aims

            ​To develop in students an understanding of current concepts of antiparasitic chemotherapy, with attention being directed at the major classes of anti-helmintics and antiprotozoal drugs

             To develop in students an understanding of developments in drug discovery and clinical development of anti-parasitic drugs through identification of novel targets To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in tropical disease biology, and the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
            Learning Outcomes

            ​To evaluate the basic principles of antimicrobial chemotherapy

            ​To assess the concept of selective action of anti-parasitic agents

            ​To critically appraise the concentration effect relationship for anti-parasitic agents

            ​To critically review the role of the host in determining the response to anti-parasitic agents

            ​To appraise the drug discovery process for anti-parasitic drugs and their clinical development.

          • Topics in Global Health (LIFE340)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
            Aims

            ​1. To enhance students'' awareness of the global distribution of disease and the associated implications and inequalities.

            2. To enhance students'' awareness of the global impact of poverty and the negative and positive impacts of human activity in the spread of disease.

            3. To develop students'' knowledge and deep understanding in the tropical disease biology and their ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.

            Learning Outcomes

            ​To critically review the distribution of disease and discuss major implications for global health

            ​To evaluate major reasons for the spread of disease and discuss approaches to control

            ​To evaluate the roles of national, international and multinational agencies in the health arena

          • Research Project (LIFE363)
            Level3
            Credit level30
            SemesterWhole Session
            Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
            Aims
            1. ​To provide students with an insight into and experience of the process of scientific research and debate

            2. ​To develop in students the confidence to work independently and with others, to effectively and efficiently achieve a scientific aim

            3. ​To further develop students'' ability to communicate scientific concepts and findings in a variety of formats

            Learning Outcomes

            ​To plan and execute a piece of scientific research, in a responsible, safe and ethical manner

            ​To analyse and critically evaluate data, information, literature and observations, and draw valid conclusions

            To appropriately communicate findings, in a variety of formats (oral, written reports) to supervisor, research staff and peers

            ​To maintain a clear and accurate record of work and progress

            ​To critically evaluate and report upon relevant scientific literature

            ​To evaluate own performance and working standards by reflection, and place work in a wider scientific context 

          Year Three Optional Modules

          • Bacterial Disease Mechanisms (LIFE318)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
            Aims

            ​To explain to students the common themes and diversity of mechanisms used by bacteria to cause disease.

             To develop in students an understanding of virulence strategies used to achieve infection, including subversion of host immunity, expression of bacterial toxins motility and intracellular survival To develop in students an understanding of mechanisms of genetic control, its temporal nature and the contribution of specific virulence determinants to the infection process 
            Learning Outcomes

             To assess the current knowledge of the innate immune barriers to bacterial infection

             

            To contrast the bacterial pathogenesis strategies of diverse bacterial pathogens

            To appraise the ethical aspects of animal experimentation and the scientific considerations for the design of in vivo models of infection

            To summarise the molecular mode of action of key virulence determinants within a pathogen’s armoury​

            To evaluate the environmental, metabolic and temporal regulation of virulence genes and regulons and the mobilisation of virulence loci
          • Molecular Medicine (LIFE306)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
            Aims

            ​To describe to students the molecularpathogenesis of disease and how knowing the molecular pathogenesis guides thedevelopment of both diagnostic and therapeutic tools.

            To use selected topics, such asselected inherited or autoimmune disorders, to describe specific diseaseprocesses.

             

            Todevelop in students knowledge and deep understanding of biochemistryand biomedicine, and the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpretthis knowledge to solve complex biological and biomedical problems.​

            Learning Outcomes

            ​The student will critically evaluate the molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis, with a special focus on selected inherited, autoimmune and multifactorial disorders

            ​The student will use identification of the molecular pathogenesis of disease to inform the development of diagnostic and therapeutic tools. 

            ​The student will appraise principles and methods of disease diagnosis 


            The student will critically evaluate the usefulness of phenotypic and genotypic approaches to screening in a post-genomic context

            ​The student will appraise the latest developments in post-genomic science and computational biology for the development of therapeutic approaches

             ​​

            ​The student will discern the usefulness of "biological" drugs as opposed to small molecule drugs


            The student will analyse our current understanding of stem cell therapeutics​

          • Viral Disease Mechanisms (LIFE320)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
            Aims

            This module aims to:

            1. Evaluate the latest research on the role of viruses as important pathogens of humans and animals;
            2. Explain in detail, viral virulence mechanisms, immune evasion and vaccine development;
            3. Develop knowledge and deep understanding in microbiology and the ability to apply, evaluate critically  and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
            Learning Outcomes

            On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

            Explain the mechanisms of replication and pathogenesis of different virus families and evaluate modern approaches to investigating virus pathogenesis and their control by immune processes, preventative measure sand treatments

            ​Critically discuss current hypotheses on the evolution of viral virulence, the contribution of virus infection to diseases in both humans and animals and current theories on the importance of globalization and climate change in the emergence and re-emergence of virus disease

            ​Synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills.

          • Conservation Biology (LIFE326)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims

            To develop in students the ability to explore current thinking and research in conservation biology.  To develop in students knowledge and understanding about patterns of biodiversity and to enable them to critically evaluate the evidence supporting alternative explanations for the extinctions or demise of many animal and some plant species.
             To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in conservation biology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
            Learning Outcomes

            ​To construct justified arguments for the value of conserving biodiversity

             

            ​To evaluate the human activities that affect biodiversity and describe how they act individually and in combination to affect individuals, populations and ecosystems

            ​To evaluate, using case studies, the pros and cons of a wide range of conservation interventions, from international legal instruments to local habitat management

            ​To analyze where conservation questions can be answered with scientific evidence, and where socio-economic and other types of information are more important

          • Advanced Biotechnology (LIFE327)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
            Aims
          • ​​To describe currentapproaches to exploit microorganisms and microbial processes in the context ofmodern developments in biotechnology​

          • ​To evaluate economicand ethical aspects of the development of novel products and the potentialenvironmental benefits of using biotechnological processes​

          • ​To explainbiotechnological processes, such as antibiotic production, plant biomass conversion and microbial informatics biofuels

          • To develop in students the ability to critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, and to apply this to solve complex problems in microbial biotechnology
          • Learning Outcomes

            ​To describein detail particular biotechnological applications with emphasis on theunderlying scientific principles

            To criticallydiscuss approaches to strain improvement and manipulation, including the impact of recombinant DNA technology on the biotechnology industry​

            ​To appraise the emerging importance of genomics, with reference to the development of new therapeutics, diagnostics and vaccines

            ​ To explain how microorganisms and their enzymes can compete with chemical processes for environmental and renewable energy applications

          • Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health (LIFE328)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims

            ​1. To develop in students the ability to use epidemiological and statistical methods for research applications in bioveterinary sciences and animal sciences

            2. To provide students with an overview of the main zoonoses and their control, including the legal framework, in different animal species 3. To develop in students knowledge and understanding of the basic principles and applications of food hygiene and technology  for food of animal origin in relation to public health
            Learning Outcomes

            ​To critically discuss the importance of epidemiology and statistics for veterinary science, animal science and human medical science

            ​To apply and interpret epidemiological and statistical methods in appropriate situations

            ​To discuss the pathogenesis and diagnosis of a variety of animal and human diseases and their control in the context of infectious and parasitic diseases.

            ​To appraise the scientific basis for the legislative control of food and protection of the environment

            To apply the principles of risk analysis, particularly as they relate to food safety at all stages of the food chain​
          • Drug Metabolism and Drug Response (LIFE315)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
            Aims
            1. ​To demonstrate therelevance and importance of the principles of drug metabolism andpharmacokinetics

            2. ​To explain theimportance of the relationship between drug disposition and drug response

            3. ​​​​To developin students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret thisknowledge and understanding, to solve complex problems in pharmacology

            Learning Outcomes

            ​To appraise the principles of drug disposition and drugresponse, particularly in relation to why subjects differ in their response todrugs

            ​To critically discuss the relevance of basic pharmacokinetic principles to achieving a good response to therapy

            ​​To critically analyse pharmacokinetic data

            ​​​To evaluate the dispositional basis of adverse drug reactions

          • Biochemical Messengers and Signal Transduction (LIFE304)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterSecond Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
            Aims

             To enable students to evaluate and describe the latest knowledge and ideas on how cells respond to external signals and how signalling information is transferred within and between cells To develop in students an understanding of the range of different strategies used by cells for generating and interpreting signalling information, including their outcomes To introduce students to current knowledge of the molecular and biochemical events that lead from receptor occupancy to changes in gene expression and phenotype, with links to human diseases explained  
            Learning Outcomes

            ​To compare, in both written and graphical formats, the multiple molecular processes underlying transduction of information, the key extracellular and intracellular players 

            ​To assess the consequences of expression changes or mutations in signalling proteins in the context of different diseases 

            ​To appraise the features of the major components and modules of signalling pathways

            ​To evaluate the usefulness of signalling proteins as targets for rational drug design

             ​

          The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


          Teaching and Learning

          You will experience a range of learning environments during your studies at Liverpool. These will include student-centred activities as well as lectures, tutorials, laboratory practicals, dissection classes, fieldwork, data handling sessions and computer workshops. Some of these activities will be performed individually, such as personal research projects, and others in small tutorial or project groups, in addition to formal lectures and workshops. You will have research staff as well as your own academic adviser for individual tuition on our acclaimed tutorial programme.


          Assessment

          As well as factual knowledge and understanding, biologists need practical and organisational skills, and an ability to work both alone and with other people. We record development of these abilities through continuous assessment during the semester and by final examination. You will also prepare posters, complete tests, analyse data, give short talks, research the scientific literature and write essays and reports. The style of examination progresses from short answers towards the essay format in the later years of each degree programme, as your understanding deepens.