Human Physiology BSc (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • Offers study abroad opportunities Offers study abroad opportunities
  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: B120
  • Year of entry: 2018
  • Typical offer: A-level : ABB / IB : 33 / BTEC : DDD in relevant diploma
life-sciences-4

Module details

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Molecules and Cells (LIFE101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1. Recognise the basic of structure, composition and function of cells;
    2. Explain core concepts relating to the organisation and specialisation of eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses;
    3. Define the cellular components involved in the regulation of key functions such as the generation of energy, movement, cell growth and division and differentiation;
    4. Describe the latest techniques that are used in cell biology to determine cell structure and function;
    5. Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of the module students will be able to:

    1. Describe how cells arose and their structural features;
    2. Compare and contrast eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells;
    3. Identify the different ways cells manipulate energy;
    4. Define the molecular basis of the processes by which cells grow, replicate, communicate, interact with their environment, move and die;
    5. Describe the functional importance of cell specialisation and cooperation in tissues.
  • Evolution (LIFE103)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Describe fundamental genetic mechanisms that are essential for the function and evolution of life;
    2. Introduce students to fundamental evolutionary concepts and theories, showing how genetic mechanisms help determine the patterns of observed evolution;
    3. Apply evolutionary concepts to a broad selection of areas of Life Sciences;
    4. Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biology.
    Learning Outcomes

    Recall how cells evolved

    ​Identify the causes of evolutionary change in populations

    ​Recognize the consequences of evolutionary change for patterns of biological diversity within and amongst populations

    ​Recall fundamental genetic mechanisms (heredity, mutation, meiosis, sex) and show how they influence evolutionary change in populations

    Recognize the widespread applicability of evolutionary ideas across the Life Sciences

  • Grand Challenges in Biology (LIFE105)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims
    1. To encourage students to become aware of the themes that are driving biological research in Liverpool and globally;
    2. To engage students with their programme of study;
    3. To excite student interest in their subject and the way it relates to the challenges that face us all;
    4. To foster the development of study skills that will equip students to investigate research topics and communicate their findings and views on them.
    Learning Outcomes

    To identify the grand challenges that face biological scientists

    ​To put into context the advances that science makes possible and the ethical issues associated with meeting the Grand Challenges

    ​To evaluate different approaches to the resolution of scientific questions

    ​To conduct an independent piece of research and report their findings to their peers

  • Experimental Skills in Current Biology (LIFE107)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and techniques that are of general use in subjects across the Life Sciences;
    2. Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory and to adhere to Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;
    3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;
    4. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;
    Learning OutcomesRecord, evaluate andinterpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures andprotocols​

    Plan and execute a seriesof experiments​

    Use laboratory equipmentcorrectly and safely to generate data​

    Identify, formulate andtest hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design​

    Apply appropriatestatistical tests for data evaluation​

    Demonstrate good laboratorypractice in relation to Health and Safety in the laboratory and good workingpractices​

    ​Demonstrate specific skills in pipetting, microscopy, weighing, serial dilution, spectrophotometer, centrifugation, aseptic technique, standard curve, biological drawing and quantitative analysis (descriptive statistics).

  • Essential Skills for the Life Sciences I (LIFE109)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Develop in students the essential skills that they will require to be competent life scientists;
    2. Enhance the employability prospects of students.
    Learning Outcomes

    Use a range of mathematical and numerical tools to address biological problems

    Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing

    ​Manage time, work to deadlines and prioritise workloads 

    ​Actively participate in groups but be capable of independent work

    ​Find relevant information and use IT effectively

    ​Address the relevance and ideas of others 

    ​Evaluate own performance and working standards 

  • Introduction to Physiology and Pharmacology (LIFE106)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Provide students with a grounding in the concepts and principles that underlie human systems biology;
    2. Introduce the concepts of interactions of drugs and other exogenous chemicals on biological processes;
    3. Develop concepts of drug absorption and the relationship between chemical structure and drug action;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology and pharmacology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in these disciplines.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

    1.  Describe homeostasis and its maintenance;
    2.  Define osmosis and hydrostatic pressure;
    3.  Outline the fundamentals of membrane potentials and how they are influenced;
    4.  Explain the roles played in various body systems in organism maintenance;
    5.  Distinguish how body systems interact in response to external stressors;
    6.  Define the way in which pharmacology is studied and drugs are developed;
    7.  Describe the properties of receptors;
    8.  Identify the chemical interactions between drugs and receptors;
    9.  Define and use the terms absorption, distribution and metabolism of drugs.
  • Developmental Biology: Embryology and Mechanisms of Development (LIFE114)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Describe the processes that regulate development and the general properties of stem cells;
    2. Explain the mechanisms of germ line development and early development from fertilisation to gastrulation; 
    3. Provide students with an understanding of how the major organ systems of the body form;
    4. Highlight the experimental evidence underpinning this knowledge;
    5. Develop knowledge and understanding in human biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    Explain the fundamental mechanisms that regulate development;

    ​Describe the general properties of stem cells and their role in development;

    ​Explain the developmental processes that form the three layered embryo and the experimental evidence that underpins our understanding; 

  • Describe the formation of the main organs of the body from the ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm;
  • ​Explain the basic mechanisms that regulate the development of the major organ systems and the experimental models used to investigate these mechanisms.

  • Biochemical Methods (LIFE122)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims

      This module aims to:

    1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and analytical techniques that are applicable to many fields of modern biology;
    2. Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory in accord with Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;
    3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;
    4. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;
    5. Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry, biotechnology and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    Record, evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures and protocols;

    Plan and execute a series of experiments;​

    ​Use laboratory equipment correctly and safely to generate data;​

    ​Identify, formulate and test hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design;​

    ​Demonstrate good laboratory practice in relation to Health and Safety in the laboratory and good working practices.​

Year One Optional Modules

  • Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences (LIFE102)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1. Describe the major dietary components for humans and other organisms, and the processes that result in their digestion and absorption;
    2. Explain the mechanisms and processes that regulate carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism;
    3. Define how imbalances in nutrition can lead to lifestyle diseases and how genetic or infectious diseases can result in impaired ability to generate energy;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

    1. Describe the important groups of diseases affecting humans and other organisms;
    2. Explain the processes involved in the control and regulation of metabolism and how their dysfunction results in lifestyle diseases;
    3. Identify the genetic mechanisms that underlie inherited diseases affecting oxygen transport and storage;
    4. Define the processes involved in bacterial and viral infectious disease and the mechanisms that protect organisms from infection.
  • Biological Chemistry (LIFE104)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims
  • This module aims to develop in students: Knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions that underpin biological processes
  • ​Awareness of the chemical processes that are required to understand pharmacological principles

  • ​The ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems, in biochemistry, pharmacology and biomedicine.

  • Learning OutcomesApply basic thermodynamic principles to biological systems and energetics

    ​Identify the principles of electronic structure and organic and bioinorganic chemical reactions, and their analysis

    ​Describe the anomalous properties of water and their importance in biological systems

    ​Use the principles of chemical reaction rates to quantify enzymatic reactions and pharmacokinetics

    Explain the application of basic spectroscopic techniques

    ​Describe how these chemical and thermodynamic principles explain key biological mechanisms

  • Applied Genetic and Molecular Technologies (LIFE108)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    AimsThis module aims to:
    1. Provide students with the knowledge and understanding of the structure of nucleic acids and how these molecules encode the properties of cells;
    2. Develop knowledge and understanding of the mechanisms that lead to inheritance in offspring;
    3. Equip students tobe able to describe the basic techniques that are used to experimentally clone genes and analyse their structure and function;
    4. Develop students'' knowledge and understanding in genetics and molecular biology, and their ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems, in these disciplines. 
    5. P.MsoNormal{text-align:justify;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;font-family:Arial;font-size:10pt;}LI.MsoNormal{text-align:justify;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;font-family:Arial;font-size:10pt;}DIV.MsoNormal{text-align:justify;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;font-family:Arial;font-size:10pt;}.MsoChpDefault{font-family:Calibri;font-size:11pt;}.MsoPapDefault{line-height:115%;margin-bottom:10pt;}DIV.WordSection1{page:WordSection1;}Introduce students to the ethical implications of genetic and molecular technologies.
    Learning Outcomes

    Explain the molecular processes that occur to produce variation in the offspring;

    and how to interpret Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance;

    ​Explain how to apply molecular technologies to isolate and characterise nucleic acids and design and interpret basic experiments to clone and analyse genes;

    ​Show how molecular biology technologies might be used to solve problems in biology, food security, veterinary science and medicine;

    ​Develop an appreciation of the ethical issues associated with genetic and molecular technologies.

  • Microbiology (LIFE110)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Describe how microbes play crucial roles in maintaining the natural environment;
    2. Explain the role of microbes in disease processes and how the immune system protects against infections;
    3. Highlight the roles of microbes in biotechnological processes;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in microbiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in Microbiology.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

    1. Identify appropriate techniques for assessing microbial diversity with particular reference to bacteria and fungi;
    2. Describe the structure and significance of microbial communities involving these species;
    3. Explain the physiological properties and adaptations that enable microbes to colonise diverse environments;
    4. Define the roles of microbes as commensals and pathogens and mechanisms by which they interact with the host;
    5. Describe the roles that microbes play in nutrient and biomass recycling;
    6. Define the environmental and biotechnological importance of microbes in specific contexts, including food security and water treatment.

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • The Multicellular Organism: Tissues, Development, Regeneration and Aging (LIFE205)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    AimsExtend students'' knowledge of the structure and function of fundamental tissues, such as epithelial and connective tissue and of specialised tissues; 
    Develop students'' ability to discuss the mechanisms by which cells differentiate to form different tissues;
    Equip students to explain the processes that occur during aging with special reference to changes in key tissues such as the brain;
    Develop knowledge and understanding in human biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in that subject.​
    Learning OutcomesClassify and compare the major types of epithelia and, explain the role of cell-cell interactions in tissue structure and the structure and function of fundamental tissues

    Discuss and compare the molecular mechanisms involved in development of selected organs, and their cellular structure and organisation and explain the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the regeneration of key organs.Explain and discuss mechanisms of ageing using selected systems as exemplars.

    Describe the experimental basis underpinning the current understanding of tissue biology. ​

  • The Immune System in Health and Disease (LIFE221)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    AimsThis module aims to:
    1. ​Develop students’ knowledge of the immune system and its role in protection against disease
    2. Develop in students an appreciation of the importance of different immune mechanisms in different circumstances, and how these can be evaded.
    3. Enable students to evaluate and appreciate the consequences of immune system dysfunctions in disease.​
    Learning Outcomes

    ​Identify the main components of the mammalian immune system

    ​Assess the contribution of innate and adaptive immune mechanisms to host defences

    Assess the mechanisms that permit recognition of an infinitely diverse microflora Discuss the impact of malfunction of immune processes on human health, and explain the bases of autoimmunity and allergy together with the mechanisms by which these can be minimised 

    ​Discuss how dysfunction of immune system constituents can cause disease

  • Endocrine and Neuro-physiology (LIFE204)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims
  • ​Explain the essential background knowledge to understand basic neuroscience;

  • ​Describe the basic principles of operation of nervous system, systematic and sensory neurophysiology, excitotoxicity and behaviour;

  • Provide an understanding of physiological homeostatic regulatory mechanisms, with particular regard to the endocrine and digestive systems;

  • Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve physiological problems.
  • Learning Outcomes

    ​Describe the basic principles of the nervous system, systematic and sensory neurophysiology, excitotoxicity and behaviour; and the characteristics of nerve cells that allow them facilitate the reception, processing and transmission of information;

    ​Apply the above knowledge to the operation of some of these systems, through all the stages from transduction of a stimulus to conscious perception, the regulatory mechanisms employed by them, their importance in maintaining homeostasis and the consequences of malfunction;

    Demonstrate specific knowledge and critical understanding of physiological functions of the digestive tract and major endocrine glands and apply this to understand the interaction between the digestive, endocrine and nervous system;​

    Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of physiology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve physiological problems.

  • Cell Signalling in Health and Disease (LIFE202)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims
    ​This module aims to: 1. Provide students with knowledge and understanding of the molecular mechanisms that allow cells to communicate with each other
    ​2. Explain the general principles of these signalling mechanisms and then describe some of these in more detail;
    3. Illustrate how defects in these signalling processes can result in a variety of diseases;
    4. Outline the techniques that are used to investigate and define these pathways and to describe how these techniques are used in drug discovery programmes of research;
    5. Develop in students the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, to solve problems in molecular cell biology
      Learning Outcomes

      ​On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

       Describe the fundamental features of a range of common cell signalling mechanisms;

      ​Explain how cell signalling processes may be defective, or modified, in a variety of different diseases;

      ​Demonstrate knowledge of the molecular and biochemical nature and role of the different components of intracellular signalling pathways;

      ​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of cell signalling, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems in biological science.

    1. Essential Skills for the Life Sciences 2 (LIFE223)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
      Aims
      1. To further develop the essential life science skills that students will require to succeed in their studies and future careers;

      2. To enhance the career awareness and employability prospects of students;

      3. To enable students to analyse and interpret scientific data and communicate results to a range of audiences.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing;

      Find information through literature searches and use IT effectively to analyse and report findings;​Competently utilise a range of mathematical and numerical skills relevant to all biologists;​Summarise and interpret advanced data using graphs and tables;​Develop and test hypotheses;​Within the context of experimental design and within a range of biological fields, select appropriate quantitative methods to answer questions;​Apply appropriate statistical and other analysis packages to analyse data;​Interpret and evaluate quantitative terms and approaches used in the scientific literature;​

      ​Effectively communicate a biological subject to a lay audience

      Recognise the moral and ethical issues of scientific investigations and discuss ethical standards and professional codes of conduct. ​​

      ​​

    2. Practical Human Physiology (LIFE229)
      Level2
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting20:80
      Aims
    3. ​To provide students with a practical training in the study of physiology and how to measure physiological variables;

    4. ​To equip students with the ability to apply appropriate statistical tools to define the normal range of physiological variables;

    5. To develop in students knowledge and understanding in physiology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve physiological problems.

    6. Learning OutcomesOn completion of this module student will be able to: Elucidate the principles of practical physiology;

      ​Measure and interpret the cardiovascular and respiratory variables most commonly dealt with in human physiology;

      Correctly measure volumes to the internationally recognised standard temperature and pressure values.

      Demonstrate the most effective ways of presenting data, including the presentation of a poster.

      Apply statistical concepts of mean, median, mode, standard deviation and standard error, and know the circumstances in which it is appropriate to use a Student''s t-test.

      Design studies, using the techniques acquired, to investigate a physiological principle.​

    7. Techniques in Cell Biology (LIFE227)
      Level2
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
      Aims

      1. Provide students with practical training in theuse of equipment and techniques routinely used in cell biology. 

      2. Enhancestudents acquisition of fundamental research skills; including,information gathering, scientific drawing, report writing andstatistical analyses. 

      3. Provide students with an understanding of theprocesses involved in the collection, interpretation and presentation ofbiological data. ​


      Learning Outcomes​​​​​

      Present, critically evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures and protocols;

      Manage time effectively to plan and execute a series of experiments​Use microscopes and other lab equipment correctly to efficiently andsafely conduct a series of experiments​

      Analyse data, interpret validity and apply statistical analyses;

      Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology

    8. Experimental Physiology (LIFE232)
      Level2
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
      Aims
    9. ​PThis module aims to:

      Provide students with an understanding of physiological regulatory mechanisms, their importance in maintaining homeostasis and the consequences of system malfunctions;

    10. ​Develop students'' understanding of scientific method and their team working and presentation skills;

       
    11. Introduce students to various techniques for investigating physiological variables;  
    12. Develop in students, the ability to work individually and in small groups to collect, analyse and present data from experiments, simulations and databases; 
    13. ​Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve phsyiological problems.

       
    14. Learning Outcomes

      ​Measure and interpret a number of physiological variables;

       

      ​Demonstrate an understanding of scientific method and the ability to solve physiological problems;

      Make informed choices of, and apply in practice, the most effective ways for presenting data generated from their own physiological experiments; 

      Access, retrieve and manipulate physiologially relevant information from a range of electronic databases;

      Describe the complex regulatory mechanisms employed in the physiological systems studied; 

      ​Describe how molecular regulation integrates into whole organism physiology.

    15. E-biology: Informatics for Life Sciences (LIFE225)
      Level2
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
      • Provide students with a practical appreciation of the nature and significance of digital data.
      • Expose students to bioinformatics tools used in the analysis of data from areas such as genome sequencing, gene expression and protein structure studies
      • ​Enable students to utilize digital data for understanding higher order phenomena within cells such as metabolism, gene regulation and protein-protein interaction
      • Develop students’ knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology. ​​

        Learning Outcomes

        ​·         Apply informatics tools in the discovery, evaluation and acquisition of biological data.

        ​​

        ·         Analyse and evaluate datasets of broad biological relevance, using tasks and workflows that will prepare them for third-year projects.​


        ·         Use local and web-based tools for data analysis, management and collaborative working.​ ​ ​

        ​·         ​Design research methods in bioinformatics to solve biological problems.​​

      Year Two Optional Modules

      • From Genes to Proteins (LIFE201)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • This module aims to develop in students: Knowledge and understanding of the mechanisms involved in gene expression and 

        ​how these mechanisms are regulated in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells;

      • ​The ability to explain how post-translational modifications modify protein structure and function;

      • ​The ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in genetics.

      • Learning OutcomesTo explain the processes of transcription and translation and their regulation, the differences between them in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and how these are affected in disease.To elucidate the post-translational events in eukaryotic cells, and how these produce a final functional protein from a primary translation product.

        To evaluate the techniques used to investigate the processes of transcription and translation.

        To demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of gene expression, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems in genetics.
      • Principles of Pharmacology (LIFE207)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • This module aims to: Develop an understanding of the quantitative aspects of drug action on cellular receptors;

      • Demonstrate the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;

      • Introduce the basic principles of pharmacokinetics, outline the relationship between drug concentration and response, and include an introduction to the principles of toxicity of drugs and their metabolites;

      • Provide knowledge of the molecular biology of receptors;

      • Develop knowledge and understanding in pharmacology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve pharmacological problems.

      • Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: Describe quantitative aspects of drug action;​Define the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;​State key pharmacokinetic concepts such as clearance, volume of distribution, half life and steady state and to solve problems involving these parameters;​Demonstrate the role of drug concentrations in determining response to treatment;​Describe early biochemical events after drug administration that are of toxicological and biochemical significance;​Describe the principles of selective toxicity and their application to both self and non-self targets;​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of pharmacology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.​
      • Molecular and Medical Genetics (LIFE208)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • ​This module aims to:

         Introduce students with an interest in genetics and molecular biology to the range of biological mechanisms that control the structure and stability of the genetic material;
      • ​Describe how changes in the structure and stability of DNA can impact on health and disease;

      • ​Use examples from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes to develop principles that help explain problems associated with medical/clinical genetics;

         
      • Develop knowledge and understanding in genetics and molecular biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

      • Learning Outcomes

        ​On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

         Describe the principles of DNA replication, DNA damage and mutation, DNA repair, DNA recombination, genetic transfer systems and transposition, cell cycle control and cell division, genetic mapping and cytogenetics;

        ​Explain how these processes underpin an understanding of the genetic basis of human health and disease;

        ​Demonstrate that they can solve problems by applying the above knowledge to identify genes underlying disease and the likely causes of DNA mutations;

        ​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of genetics and molecular biology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.

      • Comparative Animal Physiology (LIFE212)
        Level2
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
        1. To introduce students to the physiological problems encountered by animals in their natural environments;

        2. ​To encourage students to relate lifestyle and physiology to habitat and to potentially hostile environments;

        3. To explain how increasing complexity of bodily organisation can lead to greater levels of bodily homeostasis;

        4. To develop in students an understanding of physiological mechanisms at all levels of organisation, in relation to energetics, temperature, respiration, osmoregulation, and nitrogen excretion. ​
        Learning Outcomes

        ​To apply the general principles underlying physiological adaptation

        ​To analyze relationships between animal lifestyle, increasing complexity of bodily organisation and ability to maintain homeostasis

        ​​To identify the physiological mechanisms operating at all levels of organisation in relation to the control of temperature, oxygen, osmoregulation, energetics, and nitrogen excretion

      Year Three Compulsory Modules

      • Data Handling for Physiologists (LIFE310)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
        Aims

        ​1. To enhance the key skills acquired in Levels 4 and 5, including both scientific and broader employability skills

         2. To develop in students skills in experimental design, data analysis, data interpretation and data presentation and illustrate how these skills are applied to different areas of modern physiology 3. To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, to solve complex problems in physiology
        Learning Outcomes

        ​To plan and design physiological experiments, and to test hypotheses

        ​To apply appropriate statistical tests to analyse scientific data

        ​To critically evaluate scientific evidence to support conclusions, and evaluate complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills.

      • Cell Signalling in Health and Disease (LIFE305)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims
      • ​To describe advanced concepts that are fundamental to modern ideas in biophysics and cell signalling from a systems physiology perspective covering both physiology and disease

      • To develop in students the ability to access, collate, critically evaluate and discuss (in writing) the modern literature in cell signalling
      • ​To enable students to acquire the skills required for interpretation of cell signalling experimental data and to integrate this knowledge in a physiological context

      • Learning Outcomes

        ​To explain current understanding of how cells receive information and transmit this along distinct pathways to generate different physiological responses

        ​To critically discuss how post-translational modifications mediate information transfer, how the major kinase and second messenger pathways are stimulated and how they function in normal cells

        ​To appraise the pathophysiological consequences of dysregulated cell signalling

      • The Dynamic Cell: Membrane Traffic in Health and Disease (LIFE307)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
      • ​​To provide students with current knowledge of mechanisms governing compartmental organization and significance of the secretory andendocytic pathways in cells and their relevance to medical conditions

      • ​To develop in students the skills required to understand and critique the experimental underpinnings of current knowledge in membrane traffic

      • Learning Outcomes

        ​To discuss current knowledge of the pathways by which cells package moleculesdestined for secretion from the cell such as hormones and neurotransmitters andhow these molecules are released

        ​To criticallyanalyse different methodological approaches that have led to our currentunderstanding of the mechanisms underlying membrane vesicle traffic in cells

        To access, collateand critically discuss (in writing) the modern cell biologyliterature

        ​​​​To interpretexperimental data in cell biology

      • Principles of Molecular Physiology Research (LIFE309)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims
        1. ​To introduce current techniques and models used to study molecular and cellular physiology

        2. ​To review the latest research developments in molecular and cellular physiology and in human diseases, including cancer, obesity and cystic fibrosis

        3. ​​​

          ​To develop in students deep understanding of cellular regulatory physiology mechanisms in order to enhance their ability to discuss the relevant research literature 

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To critically evaluate current applications and techniques in molecular biology, cell biology, and imaging to address research problems in physiology

        ​To discuss the application of these techniques to complex physiological/pathophysiological systems in model organisms and humans, in both health and human disease

        ​To critically review evidence in frontier research in the areas of cell signalling and respiratory, renal, endocrine, exocrine or neuromuscular function and cancer biology

      • Neuromuscular Physiology and Disease (LIFE311)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
        1. ​To describe the concepts that are fundamental to modern ideas in understanding the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases

        2. ​To provide students with the ability to access, collate and critically discuss (in writing) the modern literature and experimental data relating to muscles, neurons and related diseases

        3. To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret their knowledge and understanding in neuromuscular physiology and disease to solve complex problems in physiology and disease ​

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To discuss concepts fundamental to modern ideas in the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases, from the molecular level to systems level understanding

        ​To interpret and evaluate modern literature containing the latest experimental data in muscles, neurons and related diseases

        ​To critically review and solve complex problems concerning the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases 

      • Advanced Skills in Physiology (LIFE308)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims

        1.​To enhance the essential skills acquired in Levels 4 and 5, including both scientific and broader employability skills, including presentation skills for both writing and oral formats.

         2.To enable students to evaluate the scientific literature and to apply these skills to group discussions, essay writing and other presentation methods. 3.To familiarise students with current scientific methodologies and topical issues, developing a deeper understanding of ethical issues in Physiology.
        Learning Outcomes

        ​Working in groups or as an individual, to access and critically evaluate scientific literature.

        ​To summarize scientific facts and data and communicate these to both expert and lay audiences.

         

        To appraise current technologies, topical and ethical issues, whilst maintaining awareness of public concerns.
      • Research Project (LIFE363)
        Level3
        Credit level30
        SemesterWhole Session
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims
        1. ​To provide students with an insight into and experience of the process of scientific research and debate

        2. ​To develop in students the confidence to work independently and with others, to effectively and efficiently achieve a scientific aim

        3. ​To further develop students'' ability to communicate scientific concepts and findings in a variety of formats

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To plan and execute a piece of scientific research, in a responsible, safe and ethical manner

        ​To analyse and critically evaluate data, information, literature and observations, and draw valid conclusions

        To appropriately communicate findings, in a variety of formats (oral, written reports) to supervisor, research staff and peers

        ​To maintain a clear and accurate record of work and progress

        ​To critically evaluate and report upon relevant scientific literature

        ​To evaluate own performance and working standards by reflection, and place work in a wider scientific context 

      The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


      Teaching and Learning

      You will experience a range of learning environments during your studies at Liverpool. These will include student-centred activities as well as lectures, tutorials, laboratory practicals, dissection classes, fieldwork, data handling sessions and computer workshops. Some of these activities will be performed individually, such as personal research projects, and others in small tutorial or project groups, in addition to formal lectures and workshops. You will have research staff as well as your own academic adviser for individual tuition on our acclaimed tutorial programme.


      Assessment

      As well as factual knowledge and understanding, biologists need practical and organisational skills, and an ability to work both alone and with other people. We record development of these abilities through continuous assessment during the semester and by final examination. You will also prepare posters, complete tests, analyse data, give short talks, research the scientific literature and write essays and reports. The style of examination progresses from short answers towards the essay format in the later years of each degree programme, as your understanding deepens.