Human Physiology BSc (Hons)

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: B120
  • Year of entry: 2020
  • Typical offer: A-level : ABB / IB : 33 / BTEC : D*DD in relevant diploma
life-sciences-4

Module details

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Molecules and Cells (LIFE101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    Recognise the basic of structure, composition and function of cells;

    Explain core concepts relating to the organisation and specialisation of eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses;

    Define the cellular components involved in the regulation of key functions such as the generation of energy, movement, cell growth and division and differentiation;

    Describe the latest techniques that are used in cell biology to determine cell structure and function;

    Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of the module students will be able to:

    Describe how cells arose and their structural features;

    (LO2) Compare and contrast eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells;

    (LO3) Identify the different ways cells manipulate energy;

    (LO4) Define the molecular basis of the processes by which cells grow, replicate, communicate, interact with their environment, move and die;

    (LO5) Describe the functional importance of cell specialisation and cooperation in tissues.

    (S1) Skills in using technology - Information accessing

  • Evolution (LIFE103)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:
    Describe fundamental genetic mechanisms that are essential for the function and evolution of life;

    Introduce students to fundamental evolutionary concepts and theories, showing how genetic mechanisms help determine the patterns of observed evolution;

    Apply evolutionary concepts to a broad selection of areas of Life Sciences;

    Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Recall how cells evolved

    (LO2) Identify the causes of evolutionary change in populations

    (LO3) Recognize the consequences of evolutionary change for patterns of biological diversity within and amongst populations

    (LO4) Recall fundamental genetic mechanisms (heredity, mutation, meiosis, sex) and show how they influence evolutionary change in populations

    (LO5) Recognize the widespread applicability of evolutionary ideas across the Life Sciences

    (S1) Lifelong learning skills

  • Grand Challenges in Biology (LIFE105)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    To encourage students to become aware of the themes that are driving biological research in Liverpool and globally;
    To engage students with their programme of study;
    To excite student interest in their subject and the way it relates to the challenges that face us all;
    To foster the development of study skills that will equip students to investigate research topics and communicate their findings and views on them.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To identify the grand challenges that face biological scientists

    (LO2) To put into context the advances that science makes possible and the ethical issues associated with meeting the Grand Challenges

    (LO3) To evaluate different approaches to the resolution of scientific questions

    (LO4) To conduct an independent piece of research and report their findings to their peers

    (S1) Communication, listening and questioning respecting others, contributing to discussions, communicating in a foreign language, influencing, presentations

    (S2) Global perspectives demonstrate international perspectives as professionals/citizens; locate, discuss, analyse, evaluate information from international sources; consider issues from a variety of cultural perspectives, consider ethical and social responsibility issues in international settings; value diversity of language and culture

    (S3) Information literacy online, finding, interpreting, evaluating, managing and sharing information

    (S4) Literacy application of literacy, ability to produce clear, structured written work and oral literacy - including listening and questioning

    (S5) Positive attitude/ self-confidence A 'can-do' approach, a readiness to take part and contribute; openness to new ideas and the drive to make these happen

    (S6) Team (group) working respecting others, co-operating, negotiating / persuading, awareness of interdependence with others

  • Introduction to Physiology and Pharmacology (LIFE106)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:0
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Provide students with a grounding in the concepts and principles that underlie human systems biology;

    Introduce the concepts of interactions of drugs and other exogenous chemicals on biological processes;

    Develop concepts of drug absorption and the relationship between chemical structure and drug action;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology and pharmacology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in these disciplines.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:
    Describe homeostasis and its maintenance;

    (LO2) Define osmosis and hydrostatic pressure;

    (LO3) Outline the fundamentals of membrane potentials and how they are influenced;

    (LO4) Explain the roles played in various body systems in organism maintenance.

    (LO5) Distinguish how body systems interact in response to external stressors

    (LO6) Define the way in which pharmacology is studied and drugs are developed

    (LO7) Describe the properties of receptors

    (LO8) Identify the chemical interactions between drugs and receptors

    (LO9) Define and use the terms absorption, distribution and metabolism of drugs

    (S1) Lifelong learning skills

  • Experimental Skills in Current Biology (LIFE107)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims

    1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and techniques that are of general use in subjects across the Life Sciences;

    2. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and explain the importance of observing good laboratory practice

    3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Record procedures and protocols for experiments relating to current biology and generate, evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data.

    (LO2) Identify, formulate and test hypotheses in relation to laboratory- based experiments in current biology

    (LO3) Use laboratory equipment correctly and safely according to good laboratory practice and observing Health and Safety rules

    (LO4) Demonstrate a range of laboratory skills when undertaking experiments in current biology

    (S1) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

    (S2) Self-management readiness to accept responsibility (i.e. leadership), flexibility, resilience, self-starting, initiative, integrity, willingness to take risks, appropriate assertiveness, time management, readiness to improve own performance based on feedback/reflective learning

    (S3) Numeracy (application of) manipulation of numbers, general mathematical awareness and its application in practical contexts (e.g. measuring, weighing, estimating and applying formulae)

    (S4) Communication skills

    (S5) Positive attitude/ self-confidence A 'can-do' approach, a readiness to take part and contribute; openness to new ideas and the drive to make these happen

    (S6) Organisational skills

    (S7) Information technology (application of) adopting, adapting and using digital devices, applications and services

    (S8) Team (group) working respecting others, co-operating, negotiating / persuading, awareness of interdependence with others

  • Quantitative Skills for the Life Sciences (LIFE113)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Develop in students the essential quantitative and digital skills that they will require to be competent Life Scientists.

    2. Develop critical thinking and problem solving skills.

    3. Introduce students to the use of basic digital tools for handling data and visualising data.

    4. Introduce students to computer programming (fundamental component of digital technology) that will enable them to perform robust statistical analysis of biological datasets.

    Learning Outcomes

    (L4-0) Solve numerical problems in a biological context.

    (L4-1) Use digital tools for data processing and visualisation.

    (L4-2) Understand how to construct and test experimental hypotheses.

    (L4-4) Use a programming language for analysis and visualisation of large data sets and the application of statistics.

  • Developmental Biology: Embryology and Mechanisms of Development (LIFE114)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Describe the processes that regulate development and the general properties of stem cells;

    Explain the mechanisms of germ line development and early development from fertilisation to gastrulation;

    Provide students with an understanding of how the major organ systems of the body form;

    Highlight the experimental evidence underpinning this knowledge;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in human biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Explain the fundamental mechanisms that regulate development;

    (LO2) Describe the general properties of stem cells and their role in development;

    (LO3) Explain the developmental processes that form the three layered embryo and the experimental evidence that underpins our understanding;

    (LO4) Describe the formation of the main organs of the body from the ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm;

    (LO5) Explain the basic mechanisms that regulate the development of the major organ systems and the experimental models used to investigate these mechanisms.

    (S1) Problem solving skills

  • Biochemical Methods (LIFE122)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Introduce students to a range of practical skills, analytical techniques and their associated calculations that are applicable to many fields of modern biology;

    Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory in accord with Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;

    Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;

    Develop experimental skills that will be used in subsequent practicals and project work;

    Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry, biotechnology and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) This practical, lab-based module will enable students to:

    record, evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative experimental data, and record procedures and protocols;

    (LO2) Use a knowledge of the principles behind several practical laboratory techniques to perform underpinning calculations, plan and execute a series of experiments

    (LO3) use laboratory equipment correctly and safely to generate data;

    (LO4) identify, formulate and test hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design;

    (S1) critical and creative thinking

    (S2) Problem solving

    (S3) engage in team-working

    (S4) manage time effectively

  • Communication and Study Skills for the Life Sciences (LIFE130)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    to provide students with study and communication skills for higher education in the Life Sciences;

    to develop students’ ability to reflect on their progress and use feedback to identify opportunities for personal development;

    to develop students’ appreciation of the application of these skills to future employment.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LRE1) Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing

    (LRE2) Discuss and appropriately use relevant literature

    (S1) Evaluate and evidence own performance using reflective practice

    (S2) Manage time, and work to deadlines

    (S3) Find relevant and appropriate information and use IT effectively

Year One Optional Modules

  • Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences (LIFE102)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    Describe the major dietary components for humans and other organisms, and the processes that result in their digestion and absorption;

    Explain the mechanisms and processes that regulate carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism;

    Define how imbalances in nutrition can lead to lifestyle diseases and how genetic or infectious diseases can result in impaired ability to generate energy;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

    Describe the important groups of diseases affecting humans and other organisms;

    (S1) Lifelong learning skills

  • Microbiology (LIFE110)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Describe how microbes play crucial roles in maintaining the natural environment;

    Explain the role of microbes in disease processes and how the immune system protects against infections;

    Highlight the roles of microbes in biotechnological processes;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in microbiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in Microbiology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

    Identify appropriate techniques for assessing microbial diversity with particular reference to bacteria and fungi;

    (LO2) Describe the structure and significance of microbial communities involving these species

    (LO3) Explain the physiological properties and adaptations that enable microbes to colonise diverse environments

    (LO4) Define the roles of microbes as commensals and pathogens and mechanisms by which they interact with the host;

    (LO5) Describe the roles that microbes play in nutrient and biomass recycling;

    (S1) Lifelong learning skills

  • Introduction to Genetics and Development (LIFE128)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    1) To develop students’ knowledge of the genetic basis of heredity and the application of modern genetic techniques across biology and medicine.

    2) To develop knowledge and understanding of the major events that comprise embryogenesis and of the genetic and cell-biological mechanisms that underpin developmental events.

    3) To enable students to appreciate the ethical issues surrounding modern genetic technology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Recognise how germ cell development, meiosis and molecular mechanisms lead to variation in offspring and be able to interpret patterns of inheritance.

    (LO2) Choose and know how to apply relevant molecular technologies to study genes, and at an introductory level to create genetically modified organisms and treat genetic disease.

    (LO3) Identify the fundamental mechanisms that regulate development and the events that lead to germ layer formation and organogenesis.

    (LO4) Identify the experimental models and methods used to investigate the mechanisms that regulate development.

    (LO5) Identify the general properties of stem cells, their role in development and their therapeutic potential.

    (LO6) Discuss the ethical issues associated with developments in genetics, development and stem cell therapies.

    (S1) Effective Group working

    (S2) Structure and communicate ideas effectively

    (S3) Access and evaluate information

    (S4) Evaluate own performance and working standards and those of others

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Cell Signalling in Health and Disease (LIFE202)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Provide students with knowledge and understanding of the molecular mechanisms that allow cells to communicate with each other;

    Explain the general principles of these signalling mechanisms and then describe some of these in more detail;

    Illustrate how defects in these signalling processes can result in a variety of diseases;

    Outline the techniques that are used to investigate and define these pathways and to describe how these techniques are used in drug discovery programmes of research;

    Develop in students the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, to solve problems in molecular cell biology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: Describe the fundamental features of a range of common cell signalling mechanisms;

    (LO2) Explain how cell signalling processes may be defective, or modified, in a variety of different diseases;

    (LO3) Demonstrate knowledge of the molecular and biochemical nature and role of the different components of intracellular signalling pathways;

    (LO4) Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of cell signalling, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems in biological science.

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning and self-evaluation skills

  • E-biology: Informatics for Life Sciences (LIFE225)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting99:0
    Aims

    Provide students with a practical appreciation of the nature and significance of digital data;

    Expose students to bioinformatics tools used in the analysis of data from areas such as genome sequencing, gene expression, and protein structure studies;

    Enable students to utilize digital data for understanding higher order phenomena within cells such as metabolism, gene regulation, and protein-protein interaction;

    Develop students’ knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate, and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology, biomedicine, and molecular cell biology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Apply informatics tools in the discovery, evaluation, and acquisition of biological data;

    (LO2) Analyse and evaluate datasets of broad biological relevance, using tasks and workflows that will prepare them for third-year projects;

    (LO3) Use local and web-based tools for data analysis, management and collaborative working; 

    (LO4) Design research methods in bioinformatics to solve biological problems.

    (S1) Digital scholarship participating in emerging academic, professional, and research practices that depend on digital systems;

    (S2) Information technology (application of) adopting, adapting and using digital devices, applications, and services;

    (S3) Problem solving, critical thinking, creativity; analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

  • E-biology: Informatics for Life Sciences (s2) (LIFE242)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    Provide students with a practical appreciation of the nature and significance of digital data;

    Expose students to bioinformatics tools used in the analysis of data from areas such as genome sequencing, gene expression, and protein structure studies;

    Enable students to utilize digital data for understanding higher order phenomena within cells such as metabolism, gene regulation, and protein-protein interaction;

    Develop students’ knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology, biomedicine, and molecular cell biology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Apply informatics tools in the discovery, evaluation and acquisition of biological data.;

    (LO2) Analyse and evaluate datasets of broad biological relevance, using tasks and workflows that will prepare them for third-year projects.;

    (LO3) Use local and web-based tools for data analysis, management and collaborative working;

    (LO4) Design research methods in bioinformatics to solve biological problems.

    (S1) Digital scholarship participating in emerging academic, professional and research practices that depend on digital systems;

    (S2) Information technology (application of) adopting, adapting and using digital devices, applications, and services;

    (S3) Problem solving, critical thinking, creativity; analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

  • Endocrine and Neuro-physiology (LIFE204)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    Explain the essential background knowledge to understand basic neuroscience;

    Describe the basic principles of operation of nervous system, systematic and sensory neurophysiology, excitotoxicity and behaviour;

    Provide an understanding of physiological homeostatic regulatory mechanisms, with particular regard to the endocrine and digestive systems;
    Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve physiological problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of physiology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve physiological problems.

    (LO2) Demonstrate specific knowledge and critical understanding of physiological functions of the digestive tract and major endocrine glands and apply this to understand the interaction between the digestive, endocrine and nervous system;

    (LO3) Apply the above knowledge to the operation of some of these systems, through all the stages from transduction of a stimulus to conscious perception, the regulatory mechanisms employed by them, their importance in maintaining homeostasis and the consequences of malfunction;

    (LO4) Describe the basic principles of the nervous system, systematic and sensory neurophysiology, excitotoxicity and behaviour; and the characteristics of nerve cells that allow them facilitate the reception, processing and transmission of information;

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning and self-evaluation skills

  • Essential Skills for the Life Sciences 2 (LIFE223)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims

    Enhance the development of the essential life science skills that students will require to improve their study skills;

    Enable students to analyse and interpret scientific data and communicate results;

    Enhance the employability prospects of students and career awareness.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Use a range of mathematical and numerical skills relevant to all biologists to summarise and interpret real-world data using graphs and tables.

    (LO2) Develop and test hypotheses within the context of experimental design and within a range of biological fields, select appropriate quantitative methods to answer questions;

    (LO3) To develop programming skills relevant for statistical analysis and apply appropriate statistical and other analysis packages to analyse data;

    (LO4) Recognise the moral and ethical issues of scientific investigations and discuss ethical standards and professional codes of conduct. 

    (LRE1) Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing;

    (LRE2) Discuss and appropriately use relevant literature

    (LRE3) Time management

    (S1) Communication, listening and questioning and respecting others by contributing to discussions.

    (S2) Team (group) working respecting others, co-operating, negotiating / persuading, awareness of interdependence with others

    (S3) Independent working and readiness to improve own performance based on feedback/reflective learning.

    (S4) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

  • Experimental Physiology (LIFE232)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims

    Provide students with an understanding of physiological regulatory mechanisms, their importance in maintaining homeostasis and the consequences of system malfunctions; Develop students' understanding of scientific method and their team working and presentation skills;   Introduce students to various techniques for investigating physiological variables;   Develop in students, the ability to work individually and in small groups to collect, analyse and present data from experiments, simulations and databases;   Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve phsyiological problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Measure and interpret a number of physiological variables;

    (LO2) Solve physiological problems by conducting experiments, operating scientific equipment, comparing data obtained from varying experimental conditions and drawing conclusion from these;

    (LO3) Present data generated from physiological experiments, for example by using various graphical formats;

    (LO4) Access, retrieve and manipulate physiologically relevant information from a range of scientific electronic databases;

    (LO5) Explain complex regulatory mechanisms employed in the physiological systems studied, including endocrine and neurophysiological mechanisms;

    (LO6) Explain how molecular regulation integrates into whole organism physiology, including signalling mechanisms, gene expression and examples of genetic malfunctions.

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning, team-working, self-evaluation and practical skills

  • Practical Human Physiology (LIFE229)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting20:80
    Aims

    To provide students with a practical training in the study of physiology and how to measure physiological variables;

    To equip students with the ability to apply appropriate statistical tools to define the normal range of physiological variables;

    To develop students' knowledge and understanding in physiology and the ability to apply, evaluate, and interpret this knowledge to solve physiological problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Elucidate the principles of practical physiology;

    (LO2) Measure and interpret the cardiovascular and respiratory variables most commonly dealt with in human physiology;

    (LO3) Correctly measure volumes to the internationally recognised standard temperature and pressure values;

    (LO4) Demonstrate the most effective ways of presenting data, including the presentation of a poster;

    (LO5) Apply statistical concepts of mean, median, mode, standard deviation and standard error, and know the circumstances in which it is appropriate to use a Student's t-test;

    (LO6) Design studies, using the techniques acquired, to investigate a physiological principle.

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning, team-working, self-evaluation and practical skills

  • Techniques in Cell Biology (LIFE227)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    1. Provide students with practical training in the use of equipment and techniques routinely used in cell biology.

    2. Enhance students acquisition of fundamental research skills; including, information gathering, scientific drawing, report writing and statistical analyses.

    3. Provide students with an understanding of the processes involved in the collection, interpretation and presentation of biological data.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Present, evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures and protocols;

    (LO2) Manage time effectively to plan and execute a series of experiments

    (LO3) Use microscopes and other lab equipment correctly to efficiently andsafely conduct a series of experiments

    (LO4) Analyse data, interpret validity and apply statistical analyses;

    (LO5) Apply the principles of biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology  to practical experiments. 

    (S1) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

    (S2) Team (group) working respecting others, co-operating, negotiating / persuading, awareness of interdependence with others

  • The Immune System in Health and Disease (LIFE221)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Develop  students knowledge of the immune system and its role in protection against disease;

    Develop in students an appreciation of the importance of different immune mechanisms in different circumstances, and how these can be evaded;

    Enable students to evaluate and appreciate the consequences of immune system dysfunctions in disease.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Identify the main components of the mammalian immune system

    (LO2) Assess the contribution of innate and adaptive immune mechanisms to host defences

    (LO3) Assess the mechanisms that permit recognition of an infinitely diverse microflora

    (LO4) Discuss the impact of malfunction of immune processes on human health, and explain the bases of autoimmunity and allergy together with the mechanisms by which these can be minimised

    (LO5) Discuss how dysfunction of immune system constituents can cause disease

    (S1) Problem solving skills

    (S2) Organisational skills

  • The Multicellular Organism: Tissues, Development, Regeneration and Aging (LIFE205)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    Extend students' knowledge of the structure and function of fundamental tissues, such as epithelial and connective tissue and of specialised tissues;

    Develop students' ability to discuss the mechanisms by which cells differentiate to form different tissues;

    Equip students to explain the processes that occur during ageing with special reference to changes in key tissues such as the brain;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in human biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in that subject.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Describe the experimental basis underpinning the current understanding of tissue biology.

    (LO2) Explain and discuss mechanisms of ageing using selected systems as exemplars.

    (LO3) Discuss the cellular structure and organisation of different organs, and compare and contrast the molecular mechanisms involved in development and regeneration of these organs

    (LO4) Classify and compare the major types of epithelia and, explain the role of cell-cell interactions in tissue structure and the structure and function of fundamental tissues

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning and self-evaluation skills

Year Two Optional Modules

  • Comparative Animal Physiology (LIFE212)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    To introduce students to the physiological problems encountered by animals in their natural environments;

    To encourage students to relate lifestyle and physiology to habitat and to potentially hostile environments;

    To explain how increasing complexity of bodily organisation can lead to greater levels of bodily homeostasis;

    To develop in students an understanding of physiological mechanisms at all levels of organisation, in relation to energetics, temperature, respiration, osmoregulation, and nitrogen excretion. 

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To apply the general principles underlying physiological adaptation

    (LO2) To analyze relationships between animal lifestyle, increasing complexity of bodily organisation and ability to maintain homeostasis

    (LO3) To identify the physiological mechanisms operating at all levels of organisation in relation to the control of temperature, oxygen, osmoregulation, energetics, and nitrogen excretion

    (S1) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

    (S2) Numeracy (application of) manipulation of numbers, general mathematical awareness and its application in practical contexts (e.g. measuring, weighing, estimating and applying formulae)

  • From Genes to Proteins (LIFE201)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    To provide students with a general understanding of the major molecularmechanisms involved in gene expression and its regulation including both eukaryotic and prokary otic systems, extending from transcription though totranslation and the post-translational modification of proteins.   To provide students with a conceptual appreciation of key scientific approachesused to study these processes.   To raise awareness in students ofpotential applications and develop their appreciation of the fundamental nature, conservation andimportance of these systems.  

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To explain the processes of transcription and translation and their regulation, the differences between them in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and how these are affected in disease.

    (LO2) To elucidate the post-translational events in eukaryotic cells, and how these produce a final functional protein from a primary translation product.

    (LO3) To evaluate the techniques used to investigate the processes of transcription and translation.

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning and self-evaluation skills.

    (S2) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

  • Molecular and Medical Genetics (LIFE208)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    Introduce students with an interest in genetics and molecular biology to the range of biological mechanisms that control the structure and stability of the genetic material;

    Describe how changes in the structure and stability of DNA can impact on health and disease;

    Use examples from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes to develop principles that help explain problems associated with medical/clinical genetics;

    Develop knowledge and understanding in genetics and molecular biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: Describe the principles of DNA replication, DNA damage and mutation, DNA repair, DNA recombination, genetic transfer systems and transposition, cell cycle control and cell division, genetic mapping and cytogenetics;

    (LO2) Explain how these processes underpin an understanding of the genetic basis of human health and disease;

    (LO3) Demonstrate that they can solve problems by applying the above knowledge to identify genes underlying disease and the likely causes of DNA mutations;

    (LO4) Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of genetics and molecular biology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.

    (S1) Improving own learning/performance - Record-keeping

  • Principles of Pharmacology (LIFE207)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:   Develop an understanding of the quantitative aspects of drug action on cellular receptors; Demonstrate the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure; Introduce the basic principles of pharmacokinetics, outline the relationship between drug concentration and response, and include an introduction to the principles of toxicity of drugs and their metabolites; Provide knowledge of the molecular biology of receptors; Develop knowledge and understanding in pharmacology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve pharmacological problems.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: Describe quantitative aspects of drug action;

    (LO2) Define the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;

    (LO3) State key pharmacokinetic concepts such as clearance, volume of distribution, half life and steady state and to solve problems involving these parameters;

    (LO4) Demonstrate the role of drug concentrations in determining response to treatment;

    (LO5) Describe early biochemical events after drug administration that are of toxicological and biochemical significance;

    (LO6) Describe the principles of selective toxicity and their application to both self and non-self targets;

    (LO7) Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of pharmacology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.

    (S1) Students will also develop independent learning and self-evaluation skills.

Year Three Compulsory Modules

  • Advanced Skills in Physiology (LIFE308)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    To enhance the essential skills acquired in Levels 4 and 5, including both scientific and broader employability skills, including presentation skills for both writing and oral formats;

    To enable students to evaluate the scientific literature and to apply these skills to group discussions, essay writing and other presentation methods;

    To familiarise students with current scientific methodologies and topical issues, developing a deeper understanding of ethical issues in Physiology.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Working in groups or as an individual, to access and critically evaluate scientific literature;

    (LO2) To summarize scientific facts and data and communicate these to both expert and lay audiences;

    (LO3) To appraise current technologies, topical and ethical issues, whilst maintaining awareness of public concerns.

    (S1) Teamwork;

    (S2) Communication skills;

    (S3) Lifelong learning skills;

    (S4) Ethical awareness.

  • Cell Signalling in Health and Disease (LIFE305)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    To describe advanced concepts that are fundamental to modern ideas in biophysics and cell signalling from a systems physiology perspective covering both physiology and disease;

    To develop in students the ability to access, collate, critically evaluate, and discuss, in writing, the modern literature in cell signalling;

    To enable students to acquire the skills required for interpretation of cell signalling experimental data and to integrate this knowledge in a physiological context.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To explain current understanding of how cells receive information and transmit this along distinct pathways to generate different physiological responses;

    (LO2) To critically discuss how post-translational modifications mediate information transfer, how the major kinase and second messenger pathways are stimulated and how they function in normal cells;

    (LO3) To appraise the pathophysiological consequences of dysregulated cell signalling.

    (S1) Problem solving skills;

    (S2) Communication skills.

  • Data Handling for Physiologists (LIFE310)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    1. To enhance the key skills acquired in Levels 4 and 5, including both scientific and broader employability skills   2. To develop in students skills in experimental design, data analysis, data interpretation and data presentation and illustrate how these skills are applied to different areas of modern physiology   3. To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, to solve complex problems in physiology

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To plan and design physiological experiments, and to test hypotheses

    (LO2) To apply appropriate statistical tests to analyse scientific data

    (LO3) To critically evaluate scientific evidence to support conclusions, and evaluate complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills.

    (S1) Problem solving skills

    (S2) Numeracy

    (S3) IT skills

    (S4) Communication skills

    (S5) Lifelong learning skills

  • Principles of Molecular Physiology Research (LIFE309)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    To introduce current techniques and models used to study molecular and cellular physiology;

    To review the latest research developments in molecular and cellular physiology and in human diseases, including cancer, obesity, and cystic fibrosis;

    To develop in students deep understanding of cellular regulatory physiology mechanisms in order to enhance their ability to discuss the relevant research literature.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To critically evaluate current applications and techniques in molecular biology, cell biology, and imaging to address research problems in physiology;

    (LO2) To discuss the application of these techniques to complex physiological/pathophysiological systems in model organisms and humans, in both health and human disease;

    (LO3) To critically review evidence in frontier research in the areas of cell signalling and respiratory, renal, endocrine, exocrine or neuromuscular function and cancer biology.

    (S1) Lifelong learning skills;

    (S2) Problem solving skills;

    (S3) Communication skills.

  • Research Project (LIFE363)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    To provide students with an insight into and experience of the process of scientific research and debate;

    To develop in students the confidence to work independently and with others, to effectively and efficiently achieve a scientific aim;

    To further develop students' ability to communicate scientific concepts and findings in a variety of formats.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To p lan and execute a piece of scientific research, in a responsible, safe and ethical manner

    (LO2) To a nalyse and critically evaluate data, information, literature and observations, and draw valid conclusions

    (LO3) To a ppropriately communicate findings, in a variety of formats (oral, written reports) to supervisor, research staff and peers

    (LO4) To m aintain a clear and accurate record of work and progress

    (LO5) To c ritically evaluate and report upon relevant scientific literature

    (LO6) To e valuate own performance and working standards by reflection, and place work in a wider scientific context

    (S1) Problem solving skills

    (S2) Numeracy

    (S3) Organisational skills

    (S4) Communication skills

    (S5) IT skills

    (S6) Lifelong learning skills

    (S7) Ethical awareness

Year Three Optional Modules

  • Neuromuscular Physiology and Disease (LIFE311)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    To describe the concepts that are fundamental to modern ideas in understanding the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases

    To provide students with the ability to access, collate and critically discuss (in writing) the modern literature and experimental data relating to muscles, neurons and related diseases

    To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret their knowledge and understanding in neuromuscular physiology and disease to solve complex problems in physiology and disease

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To critically review and solve complex problems concerning the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases

    (LO2) To interpret and evaluate modern literature containing the latest experimental data in muscles, neurons and related diseases

    (LO3) To discuss concepts fundamental to modern ideas in the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases , from the molecular level to systems level understanding

    (S1) Problem solving skills

    (S2) Lifelong learning skills

  • Specialised Body Systems: Development, Disease and Regeneration (LIFE332)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    To broaden students' concepts of regional anatomy to an appreciation of the function of specialised body systems and the investigative approaches taken by scientific enquiry. To introduce the topic of immunology and provide students with information on of the anatomy and function of the immune system in key body systems. To develop in students a knowledge of the development of specialised body systems, how they may malfunction in disease and their potential for regeneration.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To compare the functional anatomy of the immune system to regional anatomical structures.

    (LO2) To critically review knowledge on the development of specialised body systems.

    (LO3) To explain the characteristics of disease in specialised body systems.

    (LO4) To critically evaluate the potential of specialised body systems to regenerate.

    (LO5) To predict how current scientific methods may lead to discoveries that could promote the health of specialised body systems.

    (S1) Communication skills

  • The Body in Motion: Musculoskeletal Functioning in Health, Performance and Disease (LIFE335)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    Provide a general introduction into biomechanics and kinesiology movement sciences;

    Stimulate the students to put their individual and diverse background eg more anatomical, physical or biological into a broader and more applied perspective;

    Enable students to acquir e a solid basis to further specialise in fields such as biomechancics, sports training, and orthopaedics.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To critically evaluate a topic related to whole-body musculoskeletal functioning and suggest further research, taking into account relevant literature.

    (LO2) To explain which and how basic physical and physiological principles determine motion in animals, including humans.

    (LO3) To critically evaluate whole-body musculoskeletal (mal)functionin normal health, sports and disease.

    (LO4) To describe the most important techniques used in biomechanics and propose and defend a relevant sub-set of these techniques for concrete research questions.

    (S1) Information literacy online, finding, interpreting, evaluating, managing and sharing information

    (S2) Numeracy (application of) manipulation of numbers, general mathematical awareness and its application in practical contexts (e.g. measuring, weighing, estimating and applying formulae)

    (S3) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

    (S4) Research management developing a research strategy, project planning and delivery, risk management, formulating questions, selecting literature, using primary/secondary/diverse sources, collecting & using data, applying research methods, applying ethics

    (S5) Ethical awareness

  • The Dynamic Cell: Membrane Traffic in Health and Disease (LIFE307)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    To provide students with current knowledge of mechanisms governing compartmental organization and significance of the secretory and endocytic pathways in cells and their relevance to medical conditions

    To develop in students the skills required to understand and critique the experimental underpinnings of current knowledge in membrane traffic

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) To interpret experimental data in cell biology

    (LO2) To access, collate and critically discuss (in writing) the modern cell biology literature

    (LO3) To critically analyse different methodological approaches that have led to our current understanding of the mechanisms underlying membrane vesicle traffic in cells

    (LO4) To discuss current knowledge of the pathways by which cells package molecules destined for secretion from the cell such as hormones and neurotransmitters and how these molecules are released

    (S1) Communication skills

    (S2) Problem solving skills

    (S3) Lifelong learning skills

Programme Year Four

Students can transfer into the C900 (MBiolSci) programme to complete a four-year integrated master’s (subject to performance). This offers 6-week internships and one-year placement opportunities in the UK or abroad (subject to availability).

The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


Teaching and Learning

You will experience a range of learning environments during your studies at Liverpool. These will include student-centred activities as well as lectures, tutorials, laboratory practicals, dissection classes, fieldwork, data handling sessions and computer workshops. Some of these activities will be performed individually, such as personal research projects, and others in small tutorial or project groups, in addition to formal lectures and workshops. You will have research staff as well as your own academic adviser for individual tuition on our acclaimed tutorial programme.


Assessment

As well as factual knowledge and understanding, biologists need practical and organisational skills, and an ability to work both alone and with other people. We record development of these abilities through continuous assessment during the semester and by final examination. You will also prepare posters, complete tests, analyse data, give short talks, research the scientific literature and write essays and reports. The style of examination progresses from short answers towards the essay format in the later years of each degree programme, as your understanding deepens.