An understanding why classical mechanics must have failed to describe the properties of light, the motion of objects with speeds close to the speed of light and the properties of microspopic systems.
A basic knowledge on the experimental and theoretical concepts which founded modern physics, i.e. that either relativity or quantum theory or both are needed to explain certain phenomena.
A knowledge of the postulates of special relativity.
An understanding of the concept of spacetime, of the relativity of length, time and velocity.
An ability to apply the Lorentz transformation and the concept of Lorentz invariance to simple cases
An ability to apply the equations of relativistic energy, momentum and rest mass.
An understanding of the Doppler effect for light and visualisation of relativistic effects.
An ability to solve problems based on special relativity.
An understanding why quantum theory is the conceptual framework to understand the microscopic properties of the universe.
An understanding of the quantum theory of light and the ability to apply the energy-momentum conservation for light, e.g. photo-electric effect, Compton effect.
An understanding of the structure of atoms and its experimental foundations.
An understanding of Bohr''s theory of the atom and its application to the H-atom including the concept of principal quantum numbers.
An understanding of de Broglie waves and their statistical interpretation.
An ability to explain the experimental evidence of de Broglie waves with scattering experiments of electrons, X-rays and neutrons.
An understanding of the principles of quantum mechanical measurements and Heisenberg''s uncertainty principle.
An understanding of the identity principle of microscopic particles and the basic idea of quantum (Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein) statistics.
A basic knowledge of contemporary applications of quantum theory and relativity, e.g. nuclear reactor and nuclear fissions, and the impact on our society.