Orthoptics BSc (Hons)

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: B520
  • Year of entry: 2021
  • Typical offer: A-level : BBB / IB : 30 / BTEC : Applications considered
health-sciences-2

Module details

Programme Year One

In Year One, a wide range of factual knowledge and basic clinical skills are developed. The whole of Semester One is spent in the University. This enables you to develop core knowledge and skills and more specifically the knowledge required to undertake orthoptic practice via professionspecific modules. This provides preparation for the professional practice placement observation week which occurs prior to the second semester. During Year One, you will learn about the basic principles of eye movement systems and binocular vision, be able to undertake essential orthoptic assessments and have a total of seven weeks clinical placement.

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Anatomy, Physiology and Normal Development (ORTH139)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims to introduce the student to general human anatomy and physiology of the human body with the main emphasis on the ocular system (e.g. visual pathway and extraocular muscles) The students will develop an understanding of the fundamental concepts of childhood development from the embryonic stage to infancy including the principles of genetics and modes of inheritance.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of human anatomy and relevant major organ systems

    (LO2) Describe the anatomy and physiology of the human ocular system, visual pathway and extraocular muscles.

    (LO3) Explain the devlelopment of the embryo to week 4 subsequently focussing on the development of eye and brain including the influence of genes.

    (LO4) Demonstrate an understanding of the developmental milestones within the first decade of life.

    (S1) Improving own learning/performance - Personal action planning

    (S2) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Presentation skills - written

    (S3) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S4) Working in groups and teams - Group action planning

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 1.1 (ORTH137)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    The module aims to introduce the student to the fundamental principles of orthoptics related to the investigation of normal binocular vision, visual function and ocular motility. The module further aims to provide an overview of the ocular, visual pathway, and extraocular muscle anatomy and physiology that underpins practice.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Describe the fundamental principles of normal binocular single vision

    (LO2) Describe the anatomy, physiology, and laws that govern normal ocular motility.

    (LO3) Identify and describe the visual pathway and normal visual function

    (LO4) Perform orthoptic investigative tests of binocular single vision, normal ocular motility, and visual functions.

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Following instructions/protocols/procedures

    (S3) Working in groups and teams - Listening skills

    (S4) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S5) Improving own learning/performance - Personal action planning

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 1.2 (ORTH140)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    This module aims to: 1. Develop the students’ theoretical knowledge and practical skills of the investigation of concomitant strabismus. 2 . Enable the students to fully investigate all types of concomitant strabismus, accommodative anomalies, refractive errors and amblyopia.  3. Introduce the students to research in the context of orthoptic practice.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Explain abnormal binocular vision and demonstrate the ability to investigate all elements of concomitant deviations, including accommodative anomalies.

    (LO2) Describe the characteristics and classification of heterotropia and heterophoria and discuss the aetiological factors for each.

    (LO3) Describe the classification, investigation and aetiology of amblyopia.

    (LO4) Demonstrate the practical ability to estimate, neutralise and measure lenses/ refractive corrections.

    (LO5) Describe the basic principles of research methods related to clinical practice.

    (S1) Communication skills (oral, written and visual)

    (S2) Working in groups and teams

    (S3) Skills in using technology - using common applications

    (S4) Information skills - Information accessing (locating relevant information, identifying and evaluating information sources)

    (S5) Time and project management - Personal organisation

  • Ophthalmology 1 (ORTH142)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims to develop the knowledge and understanding of the normal development and structure of the eye, delivered in semester one, with an introduction to a range of common ophthalmic problems, including the causes and the disease processes. The students will learn about both paediatric and adult conditions, and the process of detection, investigation and diagnosis.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Describe the abnormal embryological development of the eye

    (LO2) Identify the signs, symptoms and investigation of common ophthalmic clinical diagnoses affecting both the anterior and posterior segments

    (LO3) Describe the genetic development or pathological process of common ophthalmic disorders.

    (LO4) Describe the principles of screening for medical conditions

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Critical thinking and problem solving - Problem identification

    (S3) Skills in using technology - Online communications skills

    (S4) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S5) Improving own learning/performance - Self-awareness/self-analysis

    (S6) Ethical awareness

  • Professionalism and Holistic Healthcare for Orthoptists (ORTH141)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    The module seeks to provide the student with the appropriate knowledge of holistic healthcare issues that are relevant to clinical pra ctice, and promote an understanding of the practical application of behavioural science theory.   The module further aims to engage the students in inter-professional learning, encouraging an awareness of the qualities other professions bring to the care of patients, to continue to support students in the development of their own employability skills, and in their personal and professional development.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Explain how educating a patient about their health condition and behaviours, can affect their wellbeing, engagement and compliance with investigation, diagnosis and treatment.

    (LO2) Describe behavioural science theory and its application to orthoptic professional practice.

    (LO3) Identify how psychology and sociology inform an understanding of health, illness and health care.

    (LO4) Describe how a holistic approach to health care is essential in providing best patient care

    (LO5) State the importance of personal and professional development, including transferable employability skills to the role of a health care professional

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing (locating relevant information, identifying and evaluating information sources)

    (S2) Communication skills (oral, written and visual)

    (S3) Working in groups and teams

    (S4) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S5) Improving own learning/performance - Self-awareness/self-analysis

    (S6) Skills in using technology - using common applications

  • Professionalism and Scholarship (ORTH104)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module aims to: Develop the students' communication skills and equip them with the appropriate knowledge of professionalism and health care ethics relevant to clinical practice in line with requirements of the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). Equip the students with appropriate study skills for a range of academic work.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Discuss appropriate verbal and non-verbal communication skills and identify the need to adapt communication skills for diverse and specific patient groups.

    (LO2) Describe the expected professional behaviours and ethical responsibilites as a healthcare professional.

    (LO3) Demonstrate the effective use of study skills

    (S1) Adaptability

    (S2) Organisational skills

    (S3) Communication skills

    (S4) Teamwork

    (S5) Leadership

    (S6) Lifelong learning skills

    (S7) International awareness

  • Visual Optics (ORTH138)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    The module aims to enable the student to understand physical,geometric and physiological optics that are fundamental to orthoptic practice.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Describe the properties of light.

    (LO2) Explain the principles of geometric optics regarding reflection, refraction, prisms and thin and thick lens theory.

    (LO3) Describe the physiological optics of the eye.

    (LO4) Describe the aetiology, effect and correction of all types of refractive error.

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Numeracy/computational skills - Problem solving

    (S3) Numeracy/computational skills - Reason with numbers/mathematical concepts

    (S4) Improving own learning/performance - Personal action planning

Programme Year Two

In Year Two, you will learn to apply the knowledge gained in Year One to a wide range of clinical scenarios. Additionally, you will also gain the fundamental knowledge to enable you to use medicines under exemptions within the orthoptic scope of practice. You will continue to develop clinical skills at the University and at clinical sites throughout the UK (undertaking a total of 11-weeks clinical placement). Throughout Year Two, you will also learn essential principles for understanding and undertaking research, with the opportunity to undertake an orthoptic based clinical research project.

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 2.1 (ORTH237)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    The module aims to develop the students’ knowledge and understanding of concomitant strabismus and amblyopia. The emphasis will be on enabling the student to fully investigate, diagnose and manage all types of concomitant strabismus and accommodative and convergence anomalies.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Analyse the aetiology, investigation, and clinical findings of concomitant strabismus and amblyopia.

    (LO2) Discuss the investigation and non-surgical management of accommodative and convergence abnormalities.

    (LO3) Analyse and apply surgical and non-surgical management options for concomitant strabismus.

    (S1) Communication skills

    (S2) Teamwork

    (S3) IT skills

    (S4) Organisational skills

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 2.2 (ORTH240)
    Level2
    Credit level30
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    The module aims to extend the student's knowledge of theorthoptic investigation and management related to neurological, mechanical andmyogenic conditions that can result in incomitant strabismus. The module also aims to develop the orthoptic clinical skills and professionalism required for clinical practice.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Investigate and manage neurogenic, mechanical, and myogenic conditions relevant to orthoptic practice using anatomical and physiological principles.

    (LO2) Construct appropriate orthoptic and non-orthoptic investigation and management strategies for neurogenic, mechanical and myogenic conditions that may cause incomitant strabismus.

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Critical thinking and problem solving - Creative thinking

    (S3) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Communicating for audience

    (S4) Numeracy/computational skills - Confidence/competence in measuring and using numbers

    (S5) Skills in using technology - Using common applications (work processing, databases, spreadsheets etc.)

    (S6) Working in groups and teams - Negotiation skills

    (S7) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S8) Improving own learning/performance - Reflective practice

  • Exemptions for the Use of Medicines By Orthoptists (ORTH230)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    The aim of the module is to provide students with the fundamental knowledge and required competencies in order to use medicines under exemptions within the scope of orthoptic practice.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Demonstrate the safe use of medicines through accurate patient examination, medical history and administration of medicines within the scope of orthoptic practice

    (LO2) Describe and explain the fundamental principles of pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and paharmacodynamics and their application to disease management within the scope of orthoptic practice 

    (LO3) Accurately calculate drug dosage and identify potential medication error within the scope of orthoptic practice

    (LO4) Competently demonstrate application of infection control and awareness of microbial resistance

    (LO5) Discuss legal context, and ethical and policy guidance concerning medicines; including the distinction between exemptions and other prescribing mechanisms

    (S1) Numeracy

    (S2) Ethical awareness

    (S3) Teamwork

    (S4) Communication skills

    (S5) IT skills

  • Interpreting the Evidence: Research Methods & Statistics (ORTH238)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
    Aims

    To develop the student's understanding of experimental design and statistics, related to healthcare and medicine.  To develop skills in critical appraisal of literature.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Evaluate research methodology

    (LO2) Interpret statistical data and analyse the choice of statistical methods

    (LO3) Critically appraise scientific literature

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Critical thinking and problem solving - Problem identification

    (S3) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Academic writing (inc. referencing skills)

    (S4) Numeracy/computational skills - Numerical methods

    (S5) Working in groups and teams - Group action planning

    (S6) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S7) Improving own learning/performance - Self-awareness/self-analysis

    (S8) Lifelong learning skills

    (S9) Ethical awareness

  • Neuroanatomy (ORTH242)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    The aim of this module is to extend the students’ basic knowledge to a more in depth understanding of the anatomy of the central nervous system including the brain, brainstem, cranial nerves and their pathways to allow the student to relate this kn owledge to neurological aetiologies and neuro-ophthalmological conditions.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Interpret anatomical images of the central nervous system including the brain and brainstem.

    (LO2) Relate the course of the cranial nerves and pathways to neighbouring structures and clinical manifestations of anomalies.

    (LO3) Relate neuro-anatomical structures to neurological and neuro-ophthalmic conditions.

    (S1) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Presentation skills - written

    (S2) Skills in using technology - Information accessing

    (S3) Working in groups and teams - Listening skills

    (S4) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S5) Improving own learning/performance - Self-awareness/self-analysis

  • Management of Ophthalmological Conditions (ORTH235)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    The module aims to further develop basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the eye and surrounding structures. The module aims to further develop application of this knowledge to the management of ophthalmic disorders.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Discuss the management of common paediatric and adult ophthalmic disorders to clinical scenarios.

    (LO2) Competently perform a slit lamp examination.

    (S1) Problem solving skills

    (S2) Communication skills

    (S3) IT skills

    (S4) Teamwork

    (S5) Organisational skills

  • Orthoptic Neurology (ORTH236)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    The module aims to develop the students’ knowledge and understanding of neurological conditions and their medical management. It further aims to develop the students’ knowledge and understanding of the various neuro imaging techniques.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Discuss the pathogenesis and medical management of a range of neurological conditions relevant to orthoptic practice.

    (LO2) Examine the various medical imaging techniques used in the investigation and monitoring of neurological conditions.

    (S1) Adaptability

    (S2) Problem solving skills

    (S3) Organisational skills

    (S4) IT skills

    (S5) Communication skills

  • Research Study (ORTH241)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    The module aims to equip the students with appropriate research skills to work collaboratively on designing and executing a research project, as well as analysing the data and presenting the findings. The module also aims to equip the students with the skills that will enable them to interpret the findings from the project and compare them to the existing literature, identifying any differences and potential sources for the variability. .

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Execute a research project

    (LO2) Analyse and interpret results collected from a research project.

    (LO3) Create as part of a group a common experimental design that allows the production of a meaningful data set.

    (LO4) Present research project findings.

    (S1) Problem solving skills

    (S2) Numeracy

    (S3) Teamwork

    (S4) Organisational skills

    (S5) Communication skills

    (S6) IT skills

    (S7) Ethical awareness

Programme Year Three

In Year Three, you will focus on an evidencebased practice approach to their clinical care. During this year you will undertake a 12-week clinical placement, where you will prepare to become an autonomous practitioner. On completion of this year, you will be able to:

  • Select and use appropriate orthoptic assessment techniques within their own practice accurately
  • Devise an orthoptic intervention for a range of patients, and in accordance with established orthoptic standards
  • Demonstrate a capacity to advise, with a highlevel of autonomy and communication skills, individuals or their carers about management options which will be clinically effective
  • Critically evaluate new concepts, arguments and evidence from a range of current theories and research from relevant disciplines and use these to analyse problems in orthoptic practice

Year Three Compulsory Modules

  • Advanced Theoretical Orthoptics (ORTH330)
    Level2
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    The module aims to facilitate the integration of all aspects of orthoptic theory and practice necessary to diagnose and treat all orthoptic conditions. The module further aims to enable the student to develop an evidence based approach and evaluate orthoptic practice to become a competent, reflective practitioner.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Critically appraise research relating to the investigation and management of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia.

    (LO2) Evaluate available pharmacological and non-pharmacological  management options and produce appropriate management plans for all cases of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia.

    (LO3) Evaluate the orthoptic clinical investigation and select those tests necessary to accurately diagnose cases of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia.

    (LO4) Examine critically a patient's condition and identify necessary referrals for appropriate non-orthoptic investigations.

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Critical thinking and problem solving - Evaluation

    (S3) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Presentation skills - written

    (S4) Numeracy/computational skills - Reason with numbers/mathematical concepts

    (S5) Numeracy/computational skills - Problem solving

    (S6) Working in groups and teams - Group action planning

    (S7) Working in groups and teams - Time management

    (S8) Improving own learning/performance - Reflective practice

  • Clinical VIsual Optics (ORTH332)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    To equip the student to use refractive techniques in screening and the verification of spectacle prescriptions and impart sufficient knowlede of the refractive error to allow effective interdisciplinary communication.

    To reiterate the importance of the role of the provision of spectacles in the management of orthoptic patients and to illustrate the importance of inter-disciplinary team work in the management of orthoptic patients.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Apply and appraise the basic optical principles of retinoscopy in the performance of an objective and subjective refraction

    (LO2) Evaluate the principles and different methods of correction of refractive defects and associated conditions impacting on clinical practice

    (LO3) Evaluate the processes and methods involved in prescribing optical corrections for a range of patients and conditions.

    (S1) Information skills - Information accessing:[Locating relevant information] [Identifying and evaluating information sources]

    (S2) Critical thinking and problem solving - Evaluation

    (S3) Numeracy/computational skills - Problem solving

    (S4) Working in groups and teams - Negotiation skills

    (S5) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S6) Improving own learning/performance - Reflective practice

  • Literature Review (ORTH310)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module will develop the skills that are required in order to conduct and write a critical review of the literature, prior to conducting a piece of scientific research.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Compose a review that demonstrates sufficient breadth of literature searching in their chosen topic area.

    (LO2) Critically appraise, evaluate and synthesise scientific literature.

    (LO3) Demonstrate critical reasoning and justification of own ideas.

    (S1) Critical thinking and problem solving - Critical analysis

    (S2) Numeracy/computational skills - Numerical methods

    (S3) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Academic writing (inc. referencing skills)

    (S4) Information skills - Critical reading

    (S5) Critical thinking and problem solving - Synthesis

    (S6) Improving own learning/performance - Reflective practice

    (S7) Time and project management - Personal organisation

    (S8) IT skills

  • Orthoptic Clinical Practice (ORTH335)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module aims to prepare students for clinical practice as a newly qualified Orthoptist by developing their ability evaluate and
    select appropriate clinical diagnostic tests and formulate appropriate management plans.

    Learning Outcomes

    (LO1) Accurately investigate, diagnose and produce appropriate short and long term management plans for concomitant strabismus and amblyopia.

    (LO2) Accurately investigate, diagnose and produce appropriate short and long term management plans for incomitant strabismus and ocular motility disorders.

    (LO3) Accurately investigate, diagnose and produce appropriate short and long term management plans for convergence and accommodative anomalies.

    (S1) Adaptability

    (S2) Problem solving skills

    (S3) Numeracy

    (S4) Commercial awareness

    (S5) Teamwork

    (S6) Organisational skills

    (S7) Communication skills

    (S8) IT skills

    (S9) International awareness

    (S10) Lifelong learning skills

    (S11) Ethical awareness

    (S12) Leadership

  • Extended Professional Studies 3 (ORTH334)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims
  • ​To develop the student''s knowledge of ophthalmic conditions including pathology and appropriate investigations and management to provide insight into the extended role of the Orthoptist

  • ​To illustrate the importance of an inter-disciplinary approach and teamwork in the managment of patients presenting to the Ophthalmologist, Orthoptist and other health care professionals.

  • Learning Outcomes

    ​​Demonstrate an understanding of the significance of the findings of ophthalmic case history and the further investigations required to make a diagnosis.

     

    ​Evaluate the underlying mechanisms contributing to the presence of low vision.

    ​Identify features of brain and ocular imaging.

    ​Critically evaluate the importance of the ethical and legal frameworksrelavant to practice particularly in relation to the extended role of the Orthoptist.

    ​Critically reflect the impact of NHS policy and clinical governance on practice.

The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


Teaching and Learning

Learning is promoted through a wide variety of activities that enable students to become autonomous and continuous learners. Interactive lectures, practical and clinical skills group work, simulation, directed study, role play, problem based learning, small group work, student-led seminars, collaborative project work and interactive tutorials are key learning strategies of the programmes. Practical work using our imaging suite digital equipment, 3D virtual reality radiotherapy facility, Clinical Skills Resource Room and the Human Anatomy Resource Centre complement teaching activities. Face-to-face interactions between all students will occur at shared lectures, tutorials and group work and online interaction will be encouraged and facilitated. There are also inter-professional education and learning opportunities across all healthcare professions programmes.


Assessment

Using a mixture of coursework and examination, a range of assessment methods can be seen across the programmes. These include seen and unseen written examinations, essay assignments with specific word lengths, multiple choice questions, case study presentations, video analysis and interactive practical examinations. Assessment of the work-based learning element of all programmes is an important aspect. You will be required to communicate your views orally and in written form; analyse, implement and evaluate your practice; and to extend the research and evidence base of your chosen profession.

The various methods of assessments have been chosen to provide a balance that will permit the undergraduates to demonstrate their intellectual abilities in all areas to the full.