Orthoptics BSc (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • This degree is accreditedAccredited

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: B520
  • Year of entry: 2019
  • Typical offer: A-level : BBB / IB : 30 / BTEC : Applications considered
health-sciences-2

Module details

Programme Year One

In Year One, a wide range of factual knowledge and basic clinical skills are developed. The whole of Semester One is spent in the University. This enables you to develop core knowledge and skills and, more specifically, the knowledge required to orthoptic practice in profession-specific modules to prepare them for the professional practice placement observation week occurring prior to the second semester. During the first year, you will learn about the basic principles of eye movement systems and binocular vision and be able to undertake essential orthoptic assessments.

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Professionalism and Scholarship (ORTH104)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    AimsThis module aims to: Develop the students'' communication skills and equip them with the appropriate knowledge of professionalism and health care ethics relevant to clinical practice in line with requirements of the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). Equip the students with appropriate study skills for a range of academic work.​

     

     
    Learning OutcomesDiscuss appropriate verbal and non-verbal communication skills and identify the need to adapt communication skills for diverse and specific patient groups.
    ​​Describe the expected professional behaviours and ethical responsibilites as a healthcare professional.
    ​​​​Demonstrate the effective use of study skills
  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 1.1 (ORTH137)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    AimsThe module aims to introduce the student to the fundamental principles of orthoptics related to the investigation of normal binocular vision, visual function and ocular motility.The module further aims to provide an overview of the ocular, visual pathway, and extraocular muscle anatomy and physiology that underpins practice.

     

    Learning Outcomes

    Describe the fundamental principles of normal binocular single vision

    ​Describe the anatomy, physiology, and laws that govern normal ocular motility.

    ​Identify and describe the visual pathway and normal visual function 
    Perform orthoptic investigative tests of binocular single vision, normal ocular motility, and visual functions.
  • Visual Optics (ORTH138)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    The module aims to enable the student to understand physical,geometric and physiological optics that are fundamental to orthoptic practice.​

    Learning OutcomesDescribe the properties of light.​
    Explain the principles of geometric optics regarding reflection, refraction, prisms and thin and thick lens theory.​

    Describe the physiological optics of the eye.​​Describe the aetiology, effect and correction of all types of refractive error.

  • Anatomy, Physiology and Normal Development (ORTH139)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims tointroduce the student to general human anatomy and physiology of the humanbody. The module further aims to will enable students to develop anunderstanding of the fundamental concepts of childhood development from theembryonic stage to infancy including the principles of genetics and modes ofinheritance.​

    Learning Outcomes

    Describe the human anatomy and phsyiology relating to the major organ systems.

    Describe genetic principles and modes of inheritance.

    Explain embryonic development with specific relevance to the eye and brain.Describe the developmental milestones within the first decade of life.
  • Professionalism and Holistic Healthcare for Orthoptists (ORTH141)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    The module seeks to provide the student with the appropriate knowledge of holistic healthcare issues that are relevant to clinical practice, and promote an understanding of the practical application of behavioural science theory. 

    The module further aims to engage the students in inter-professional learning, encouraging an awareness of the qualities other professions bring to the care of patients, to continue to support students in the development of their own employability skills, and in their personal and professional development.

    Learning Outcomes

    Explain how educating a patient about their health condition and behaviours, can affect their wellbeing, engagement and compliance with investigation, diagnosis and treatment.

    ​Describe behavioural science theory and its application to orthoptic professional practice.

    Identify how psychology and sociology inform an understanding of health, illness and health care​.

    Describe how a holistic approach to health care is essential in providing best patient care

    State the importance of personal and professional development, including transferable employability skills​ to the role of a health care professional

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 1.2 (ORTH140)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Develop the students’ theoretical knowledge and practical skills of the investigation of concomitant strabismus.

    2.Enable the students to fully investigate all types of concomitant strabismus, accommodative anomalies, refractive errors and amblyopia.  ​

    3. Introduce the students to research in the context of orthoptic practice.

    Learning OutcomesExplain abnormal binocular vision and demonstrate the ability to investigate all elements of concomitant deviations, including accommodative anomalies.​
    Describe the characteristics and classification of heterotropia and heterophoria and discuss the aetiological factors for each.

    Describe the classification, investigation and aetiology of amblyopia​.

    Demonstrate the practical ability to estimate, neutralise and measure lenses/ refractive corrections.​Describe the basic principles of research methods related to clinical practice.​

Programme Year Two

In Year Two, you will learn to apply the knowledge gained in your first year to a wide range of clinical scenarios. You will continue to develop their clinical skills at the University and on clinical placement. Throughout the second year, you will also learn essential principles for understanding and undertaking research, with the opportunity to undertake an orthoptic based clinical research project.

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 2.1 (ORTH237)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    AimsThe module aims to develop the students’ knowledge and understanding of concomitant strabismus and amblyopia. The emphasis will be on enabling the student to fully investigate, diagnose and manage all types of concomitant strabismus and accommodative and convergence anomalies.​
    Learning Outcomes

    Analyse the aetiology, investigation, and clinical findings of concomitant strabismus and amblyopia.​

    Discuss the investigation and non-surgical management of accommodative and convergence abnormalities.​

    Analyse and apply surgical and non-surgical management options for concomitant strabismus.​

  • Interpreting the Evidence: Research Methods & Statistics (ORTH238)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
    Aims

    To develop the student''s understanding of experimental design and statistics, related to healthcare and medicine. 

    ​To develop skills in critical appraisal of literature.

    Learning Outcomes

    Evaluate research methodology

    Interpret statistical data and analyse the choice of statistical methods​

    Critically appraise scientific literature​ 

  • Extended Professional Studies 2.1 (ORTH239)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    In this module the students will build on their basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the eye and surrounding structures. Students will use this knowledge and apply it to the types of paediatric and adult ophthalmic disorders that an orthoptist may encounter.

    Learning Outcomes

    Be able to describe the detailed anatomy of the skull, orbit and osteology of the skull.

    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the aetiology and characteristics of common paediatric and adult ophthalmic disorders.

    Be able to apply knowledge and understanding of common ophthalmic disorders to differentially diagnose conditions.

  • Clinical and Theoretical Orthoptics 2.2 (ORTH240)
    Level2
    Credit level30
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    The module aims to extend the student''s knowledge of theorthoptic investigation and management related to neurological, mechanical andmyogenic conditions that can result in incomitant strabismus.

    The module also aims to develop the orthoptic clinical skills and professionalism required for clinical practice. 

      Learning Outcomes

      Apply knowledge of general nerological and neuro-anatomy to the investigation and management of neurological conditions that relevant to orthoptic practice. 

      Apply knowledge of general anatomy, physiology and ocular anatomy to the investigation and management of mechanical and myogenic conditions relevant to orthoptic practice.​​​Construct appropriate orthoptic and non-orthoptic investigation and management strategies for neurogenic, mechanical and myogenic conditions that may cause incomitant strabismus.
    1. Research Study (ORTH241)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

            The module aims to equip the students with appropriate research skills to work collaboratively on designing and executing a research project, as well as analysing the data and presenting the findings.

      The module also aims to equip the students with the skills that will enable them to interpret the findings from the project and compare them to the existing literature, identifying any differences and potential sources for the variability.

      .​

      Learning Outcomes

      Execute a research project 

      Analyse and interpret results collected from a research project.

      ​Create as part of a group a common experimental design that allows the production of a meaningful data set.

      Present research project findings.​

    Programme Year Three

    In Year Three, you will focus on an evidence based practice approach to their clinical care. During this year you will undertake approximately 12 weeks of clinical placement, where you will prepare to become autonomous practitioners. On completion of this year, you will be able to:

    • Select and use appropriate orthoptic assessment techniques within their own practice accurately
    • Devise an orthoptic intervention for a range of patients, and in accordance with established orthoptic standards
    • Demonstrate a capacity to advise, with a high level of autonomy and communication skills, individuals or their carers about management options which will be clinically effective
    • Critically evaluate new concepts, arguments and evidence from a range of current theories and research from relevant disciplines and use these to analyse problems in orthoptic practice.

    Year Three Compulsory Modules

    • Literature Review (ORTH310)
      Level3
      Credit level30
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      ​This module will develop the skills that are required in order to conduct and write a critical review of the literature, prior to conducting a piece of scientific research.  

      Learning Outcomes

      On completion of this module students will be able to:

      Search the literature (both published and unpublished) using both computerised and non-computerised methods.

      ​Critically appraise, evaluate and synthesise scientific literature.

      ​Demonstrate critical reasoning and justification of own ideas.

      ​Understand the different referencing styles that may be used and be able to cite articles accurately and appropriately

    • Orthoptic Professional Studies 3 (ORTH330)
      Level3
      Credit level30
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims
      • to develop a reflective practitioner
      • to facilitate the integration of all aspects of the support knowledge necessary to produce a management plan in concomitant and incomitant strabismus
      • to provide a forum to facilitated discussion of relevant literature and research supporting orthoptic practice in concomitant and incomitant strabismus
      Learning Outcomes

      Be able to critically evaluate research relating to the investigation and management of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia

      Be able to critically evaluate all management options and produce plans for all cases of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia integrating all ophthalmic information.

      Be able to critically evaluate all Orthoptic Clinical Investigations and select those tests necessary to accurately diagnose cases of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia

      Be able to critically evaluate the patient''s condition and identify necessary referrals for appropriate non-orthoptic investigations.​

    • Clinical VIsual Optics 3 (ORTH332)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
      Aims
    • To equip the student to use refractive techniques in screening and the verification of spectacle prescriptions and impart sufficient knowlede of the refractive error to allow effective interdisciplinary communication. 

       

    • To reiterate the importance of the role of the provision of spectacles in the management of orthoptic patients and to illustrate the importance of inter-disciplinary team work in the management of orthoptic patients.

    • Learning Outcomes

       Accurately identify and judge lens power correction using the focimeter and arrange and transpose retinoscopy findings;  

      Assess and apply the basic optical principles of retinoscopy and perform an objective and subjective refraction​

      Evaluate the principles and different methods of correction of refractive defects and associated conditions impacting on clinical practice​

      Evaluate the need for NHS prescribing procedures and the legal aspects of dispensing for children​

      Judge the problems encountered by partially sighted patients and the different types and value of low vision aids and benefits of registration​

    • Extended Professional Studies 3 (ORTH334)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims
    • ​To develop the student''s knowledge of ophthalmic conditions including pathology and appropriate investigations and management to provide insight into the extended role of the Orthoptist

    • ​To illustrate the importance of an inter-disciplinary approach and teamwork in the managment of patients presenting to the Ophthalmologist, Orthoptist and other health care professionals.

    • Learning Outcomes

      ​​Demonstrate an understanding of the significance of the findings of ophthalmic case history and the further investigations required to make a diagnosis.

       

      ​Evaluate the underlying mechanisms contributing to the presence of low vision.

      ​Identify features of brain and ocular imaging.

      ​Critically evaluate the importance of the ethical and legal frameworksrelavant to practice particularly in relation to the extended role of the Orthoptist.

      ​Critically reflect the impact of NHS policy and clinical governance on practice.

    • Orthoptic Clinical Education (ORTH335)
      Level3
      Credit level30
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
      1. At the end of the module the student will be expected to have the skills and knowledge to critically evaluate all clinical diagnostic tools in orthoptic practice and from this information formulate management plans.
      2. ​To expose them to the work of the other professions involved in the care of their patient in order for them to develop a multi-professional approach to healthcare

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Evaluate the results from their clinical investigations which will allow them to produce short and long term management plans for cases of divergent and convergent strabismus. 

      ​​Evaluate the results from their clinical investigations which will allow them to produce short and long term management plans for incomitant strabismus and ocular motility disorders.​​

      ​Evaluate the role of the Health Care Team and demonstrate an understanding of the specific roles and responsibilities of members of the Health Care Team

    The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


    Teaching and Learning

    Learning is promoted through a wide variety of activities that enable students to become autonomous and continuous learners. Interactive lectures, practical and clinical skills group work, simulation, directed study, role play, problem based learning, small group work, student-led seminars, collaborative project work and interactive tutorials are key learning strategies of the programmes. Practical work using our imaging suite digital equipment, 3D virtual reality radiotherapy facility, Clinical Skills Resource Room and the Human Anatomy Resource Centre complement teaching activities. Face-to-face interactions between all students will occur at shared lectures, tutorials and group work and online interaction will be encouraged and facilitated. There are also inter-professional education and learning opportunities across all healthcare professions programmes.


    Assessment

    Using a mixture of coursework and examination, a range of assessment methods can be seen across the programmes. These include seen and unseen written examinations, essay assignments with specific word lengths, multiple choice questions, case study presentations, video analysis and interactive practical examinations. Assessment of the work-based learning element of all programmes is an important aspect. You will be required to communicate your views orally and in written form; analyse, implement and evaluate your practice; and to extend the research and evidence base of your chosen profession.

    The various methods of assessments have been chosen to provide a balance that will permit the undergraduates to demonstrate their intellectual abilities in all areas to the full.