Orthoptics BSc (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • This degree is accreditedAccredited

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: B520
  • Year of entry: 2018
  • Typical offer: A-level : BBB / IB : 30 / BTEC : Applications considered
health-sciences-2

Module details

Programme Year One

In Year One, a wide range of factual knowledge and basic clinical skills are developed. The whole of Semester One is spent in the University. This enables you to develop core knowledge and skills and, more specifically, the knowledge required to orthoptic practice in profession-specific modules to prepare them for the professional practice placement observation week occurring prior to the second semester. During the first year, you will learn about the basic principles of eye movement systems and binocular vision and be able to undertake essential orthoptic assessments.

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Integrated Professional Studies (communication and Study Skills for Orthoptists) (ORTH104)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
  • ​​​​​​​​

    To provide the student with the opportunity to develop:

    An insight into professional communication skills and appreciate the need

    and circumstances when modification of communication is necessary.

  • ​Appropriate study skills for a range of academic work

  • Learning Outcomes

    ​Upon successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    Demonstrate the acquisition of appropriate verbal and non-verbal behaviour and communication skills related to the context of professional practice

    ​​

    Recognise the need to adapt communication skills for diverse and specific patient groups

    ​​​​
    Demonstrate the effective use of study skills
  • Orthoptic Professional Studies 1.1 (ORTH137)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting35:65
    Aims
  • To provide an introduction to the basic principles of orthoptics which relate to the basic clinical examinations performed on patients with orthoptic disorders.

  • To provide an introduction to professionalism, healthcare ethics, diversity and equality

  • Learning Outcomes

    Describe the basic principles of visual function, eye movements and binocular vision.

    ​Appropriately examine aspects of visual function and ocular motility.

    Describe how professionalism, ethics, diversity and equality relate to clinical practice.
  • Extended Professional Studies 1.1 (ORTH138)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims
  • To informthe student of knowledge and ensure understanding of physical and geometricoptics including thick and thin optical lenses that are fundamental toorthoptic practice​
  • To introduce the student to basic statistics​

  • Learning OutcomesExplainthe fundamental principles of physical optics​​

    ​Explain the principle of geometric optics including reflection and refraction​

    Explain the optical principles of thin and thick lenses​

    Explain the different types of data and how data is plotted and summarised as descriptive statistics​

  • Extended Professional Studies 1.1 (ORTH139)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims
  • This module aims to introduce the student to general human anatomy and physiology of the human body with the main emphasis on the ocular system (e.g. visual pathway and extraocular muscles)

  • The students will develop an understanding of the fundamental concepts of childhood development from the embryonic stage to infancy including the principles of genetics and modes of inheritance.

  • Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of human anatomy and relevant major organ systems

    Describe the anatomy and physiology of the human ocular system, visual pathway and extraocular muscles.​

    Explain the devlelopment of the embryo to week 4 subsequently focussing on the development of eye and brain including the influence of genes.​

    Demonstrate an understanding of the developmental milestones within the first decade of life.

  • Extended Professional Studies 1.2 (ORTH141)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims

    The module seeks to provide the student with the appropriate knowledge of professionalism and health care ethics that are relevant to clinical practice, and promote an understanding of the practical application of behavioural science theory.

    Learning Outcomes

    ​Recognise and understand the impact of patients learning about their health conditions and health behaviours.

    ​Demonstrate an understanding of behavioural science theory and its application to Orthoptic professional practice.

    Identify how psychology and sociology inform an understanding of health, illness and health care​

    ​Understand and describe the ethical and professional issues related to health care.

  • Orthoptic Professional Studies 1.2 (ORTH140)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting75:25
    Aims

    The module provides the student with both the theoretical knowledge and practical skills in order to fully investigate all types of concomitant strabismus, accommodative anomalies, refractive errors and amblyopia. 

    Learning Outcomes

    Describe the characteristics and classification of heterotropia and heterophoria and discuss the aetiological factors for each.

    Demonstrate an understanding of normal and abnormal Binocular Vision and the ability to investigate all elements of concomitant deviation including accommodative anomalies.

    Demonstrate the practical ability to estimate, neutralise and measure lenses/ refractive corrections.

    ​​Explain the physiological optics of the eye, lens theories and all types of refractive errors and their effect on the visual axes.

    Describe the classification, investigation and aetiology of amblyopia​.

Programme Year Two

In Year Two, you will learn to apply the knowledge gained in your first year to a wide range of clinical scenarios. You will continue to develop their clinical skills at the University and on clinical placement. Throughout the second year, you will also learn essential principles for understanding and undertaking research, with the opportunity to undertake an orthoptic based clinical research project.

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Orthoptic Professional Studies 2.1 (ORTH237)
    Level2
    Credit level30
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
    Aims
  • The module develops the student''s knowledge and understanding of concomitant strabismus and amblyopia from OPS1.2.

  • To introduce the student to incomitant strabismus with emphasis on the aetiology, investigation and management of myogenic and mechanical strabismus.

  • Learning Outcomes

    Discuss the investigation and clinical findings of concomitant strabismus

    Discuss the investigation and the application of management options to amblyopia.​

    Demonstrate knowledge and an understanding of the investigation of incomitant disorders.​

    Demonstrate knowledge and an understanding of the significance of the aetiology, investigation, findings and management of mechanical and myogenic disorders.​

  • Integrated Professional Studies 2.1 (ORTH238)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims
  • To develop understanding of experimental design and statistics related to healthcare and medicine. 

  • ​To develop skills in critical review of literature

  • Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of research design and process.

    Demonstrate the ability to interpret statistical data and analysis​.

    ​Appraise scientific method and interpret results.

  • Extended Professional Studies 2.1 (ORTH239)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    In this module the students will build on their basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the eye and surrounding structures. Students will use this knowledge and apply it to the types of paediatric and adult ophthalmic disorders that an orthoptist may encounter.

    Learning Outcomes

    Be able to describe the detailed anatomy of the skull, orbit and osteology of the skull.

    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the aetiology and characteristics of common paediatric and adult ophthalmic disorders.

    Be able to apply knowledge and understanding of common ophthalmic disorders to differentially diagnose conditions.

  • Orthoptic Professional Studies 2.2 (ORTH240)
    Level2
    Credit level30
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims
  • The module aims to extend the student''s knowledge of concomitant strabismus from Orthoptic Professional Studies 2.1 with an emphasis on management of these conditions.

  • The module aims to extend the student''s knowledge of incomitant strabismus from Orthoptic Professional Studies 2.1. The emphasis is on the aetiology, investigation and management of neurogenic conditions which affect the visual and oculomotor systems.​

  • Learning Outcomes

    To analyse and apply surgical and non-surgical management options for concomitant strabismus.

    To analyse the aetiology, investigation, and clinical findings of neurogenic incomitant strabismus and apply appropriate management options for these conditions.

    ​To distinguish the differential diagnosis of neuro-ophthalmological conditions and relate these to the aetiological causes, investigative findings and relevant neuro and ocular anatomy .

    ​​​​To examine the significance of the clinical investigations for the differential diagnosis of neurogenic, mechanical and myogenic deviations and their impact on management.

  • Integrated Professional Studies (ORTH241)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
    1. This module builds on the knowledge gained in the first semester module in research methods by undertaking a research project. This project will enable students to develop their skills in experimental design and the acquisition, handling and interpretation of data.
    2. One other key element of research is the ability to evaluate published literature, so this modules aims to develop the students skills in critical appraisal within the context of the Orthoptic related literature.
    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate the ability to design and execute a research project

    Demonstrate the ability to interpret research findings

  • Extended Professional Studies 2.2 (ORTH242)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    The aim of this module is to extend the student''s basic knowledge to a more in depth understanding of the anatomy of the central nervous system including the brain, brainstem, cranial nerves and their pathways to allow the student to relate this knowledge to neurogenic ocular conditions.

    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the anatomy of the central nervous system including the brain and brainstem.

    ​Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the cranial nerves and pathways

Programme Year Three

In Year Three, you will focus on an evidence based practice approach to their clinical care. During this year you will undertake approximately 12 weeks of clinical placement, where you will prepare to become autonomous practitioners. On completion of this year, you will be able to:

  • Select and use appropriate orthoptic assessment techniques within their own practice accurately
  • Devise an orthoptic intervention for a range of patients, and in accordance with established orthoptic standards
  • Demonstrate a capacity to advise, with a high level of autonomy and communication skills, individuals or their carers about management options which will be clinically effective
  • Critically evaluate new concepts, arguments and evidence from a range of current theories and research from relevant disciplines and use these to analyse problems in orthoptic practice.

Year Three Compulsory Modules

  • Literature Review (ORTH310)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    ​This module will develop the skills that are required in order to conduct and write a critical review of the literature, prior to conducting a piece of scientific research.  

    Learning Outcomes

    On completion of this module students will be able to:

    Search the literature (both published and unpublished) using both computerised and non-computerised methods.

    ​Critically appraise, evaluate and synthesise scientific literature.

    ​Demonstrate critical reasoning and justification of own ideas.

    ​Understand the different referencing styles that may be used and be able to cite articles accurately and appropriately

  • Orthoptic Professional Studies 3 (ORTH330)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims
    • to develop a reflective practitioner
    • to facilitate the integration of all aspects of the support knowledge necessary to produce a management plan in concomitant and incomitant strabismus
    • to provide a forum to facilitated discussion of relevant literature and research supporting orthoptic practice in concomitant and incomitant strabismus
    Learning Outcomes

    Be able to critically evaluate research relating to the investigation and management of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia

    Be able to critically evaluate all management options and produce plans for all cases of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia integrating all ophthalmic information.

    Be able to critically evaluate all Orthoptic Clinical Investigations and select those tests necessary to accurately diagnose cases of concomitant strabismus, incomitant strabismus and amblyopia

    Be able to critically evaluate the patient''s condition and identify necessary referrals for appropriate non-orthoptic investigations.​

  • Clinical VIsual Optics 3 (ORTH332)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims
  • To equip the student to use refractive techniques in screening and the verification of spectacle prescriptions and impart sufficient knowlede of the refractive error to allow effective interdisciplinary communication. 

     

  • To reiterate the importance of the role of the provision of spectacles in the management of orthoptic patients and to illustrate the importance of inter-disciplinary team work in the management of orthoptic patients.

  • Learning Outcomes

     Accurately identify and judge lens power correction using the focimeter and arrange and transpose retinoscopy findings;  

    Assess and apply the basic optical principles of retinoscopy and perform an objective and subjective refraction​

    Evaluate the principles and different methods of correction of refractive defects and associated conditions impacting on clinical practice​

    Evaluate the need for NHS prescribing procedures and the legal aspects of dispensing for children​

    Judge the problems encountered by partially sighted patients and the different types and value of low vision aids and benefits of registration​

  • Extended Professional Studies 3 (ORTH334)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims
  • ​To develop the student''s knowledge of ophthalmic conditions including pathology and appropriate investigations and management to provide insight into the extended role of the Orthoptist

  • ​To illustrate the importance of an inter-disciplinary approach and teamwork in the managment of patients presenting to the Ophthalmologist, Orthoptist and other health care professionals.

  • Learning Outcomes

    ​​Demonstrate an understanding of the significance of the findings of ophthalmic case history and the further investigations required to make a diagnosis.

     

    ​Evaluate the underlying mechanisms contributing to the presence of low vision.

    ​Identify features of brain and ocular imaging.

    ​Critically evaluate the importance of the ethical and legal frameworksrelavant to practice particularly in relation to the extended role of the Orthoptist.

    ​Critically reflect the impact of NHS policy and clinical governance on practice.

  • Orthoptic Clinical Education (ORTH335)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
    1. At the end of the module the student will be expected to have the skills and knowledge to critically evaluate all clinical diagnostic tools in orthoptic practice and from this information formulate management plans.
    2. ​To expose them to the work of the other professions involved in the care of their patient in order for them to develop a multi-professional approach to healthcare

    Learning Outcomes

    ​Evaluate the results from their clinical investigations which will allow them to produce short and long term management plans for cases of divergent and convergent strabismus. 

    ​​Evaluate the results from their clinical investigations which will allow them to produce short and long term management plans for incomitant strabismus and ocular motility disorders.​​

    ​Evaluate the role of the Health Care Team and demonstrate an understanding of the specific roles and responsibilities of members of the Health Care Team

The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


Teaching and Learning

Learning is promoted through a wide variety of activities that enable students to become autonomous and continuous learners. Interactive lectures, practical and clinical skills group work, simulation, directed study, role play, problem based learning, small group work, student-led seminars, collaborative project work and interactive tutorials are key learning strategies of the programmes. Practical work using our imaging suite digital equipment, 3D virtual reality radiotherapy facility, Clinical Skills Resource Room and the Human Anatomy Resource Centre complement teaching activities. Face-to-face interactions between all students will occur at shared lectures, tutorials and group work and online interaction will be encouraged and facilitated. There are also inter-professional education and learning opportunities across all healthcare professions programmes.


Assessment

Using a mixture of coursework and examination, a range of assessment methods can be seen across the programmes. These include seen and unseen written examinations, essay assignments with specific word lengths, multiple choice questions, case study presentations, video analysis and interactive practical examinations. Assessment of the work-based learning element of all programmes is an important aspect. You will be required to communicate your views orally and in written form; analyse, implement and evaluate your practice; and to extend the research and evidence base of your chosen profession.

The various methods of assessments have been chosen to provide a balance that will permit the undergraduates to demonstrate their intellectual abilities in all areas to the full.