# Mathematics with Ocean and Climate Sciences BSc (Hons)

• Offers a Year in China

## Key information

• Course length: 3 years
• UCAS code: G1F7
• Year of entry: 2019
• Typical offer: A-level : ABB / IB : 33 / BTEC : D*DD

### Programme Year One

Students acquire mathematical skills including calculus and dynamic modelling, as well as obtaining grounding in ocean and climate sciences.

#### Year One Compulsory Modules

• ##### Study Skills (ocean Sciences) (ENVS103)
Level 1 15 Whole Session 0:100 To train students to make observations, collect and record data using basic oceanographic and meterological equipment. ​To improve students'' oral and written communication skills, including their ability to reference correctly. ​To improve students'' numerical skills, specifically in statistics. To enthuse students about ocean sciences through reading and discussing topics selected for oral presentation. ​ Write an essay and reference correctly.​Quantitatively summarise, synthesise and interpret data collected during fieldwork.  ​Communicate effectively to their peers
• ##### Climate, Atmosphere and Oceans (ENVS111)
Level1
Credit level15
SemesterFirst Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
Aims

Introduce the climate system, the atmosphere and ocean:

• Address how the climate system varies and how climate is controlled by radiative forcing;
• How the structure of the atmosphere is determined and how the atmosphere circulates;
• How the structure of the ocean is determined and how the ocean circulates;
• How the atmosphere and ocean vary together.
• How the past state of the climate system is affected by the ocean circulation
Learning Outcomes

 1. Knowledge and Understanding
 a. Understand how physical processes operate within the climate system, the atmosphere and the ocean.b. Appreciate the complexity of the climate system, the effect of radiative forcing, the concept of feedbacks, how rotation affects the circulation; the differences between currents and waves.c. Gain awareness of the similarities and differences between the atmosphere and ocean.​

 2. Intellectual Abilities
 a. To be able to evaluate the relative importance of different physical processes in the climate systemb. To develop critical skills in transferring insight gained from one problem to another problem, such as how the atmosphere circulates from one planet to another planet.​

 3. Subject Based Practical Skills
 a. Perform simple order of magnitude calculations and make inferences from the results.b. Understand the use of dimensions.​
​​​​​​

 4. General Transferable Skills
 a. Application of numbers, involving order of magnitudes and dimensions.b. Time management.c. Problem solving.​
• ##### Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry (ENVS158)
Level 1 15 Second Semester 50:50 To introduce students to marine chemistry of the major and trace elements. To demonstrate the dynamic relationship between the chemical ocean environment and biological processes. To identify the main ocean basins and main oceanic transport routes of chemical species To teach the necessary practical skills for oceanographic sampling and measurement of chemical species. 1. Students will be able to identify ocean basins, their major characteristics and transport pathways.2. Students will gain knowledge of the sources and distributions of major and minor elements in the ocean, including dissolved gases, nutrients and carbon.​3. Students will understand the chemical and biological processes that control the distribution of major and minor elements including dissolved gases, nutrients and carbon.​​3. Students will recognize the form and function of different components of the marine ecosystem including viruses, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton. ​​4. Students will be able to synthesis knowledge of key biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus to understand how they are linked in the modern and past ocean environment. 5. Students will know how to measure key properties of the ocean and interpret why they vary in space and time
• ##### Calculus I (MATH101)
Level 1 15 First Semester 80:20 1.       To introduce the basic ideas of differential and integral calculus, to develop the basic  skills required to work with them and to  apply these skills to a range of problems. 2.       To introduce some of the fundamental concepts and techniques of real analysis, including limits and continuity. 3.       To introduce the notions of sequences and series and of their convergence. differentiate and integrate a wide range of functions;​sketch graphs and solve problems involving optimisation and mensuration​understand the notions of sequence and series and apply a range of tests to determine if a series is convergent
• ##### Calculus II (MATH102)
Level 1 15 Second Semester 80:20 ·      To discuss local behaviour of functions using Taylor’s theorem. ·      To introduce multivariable calculus including partial differentiation, gradient, extremum values and double integrals. use Taylor series to obtain local approximations to functions; ​obtain partial derivaties and use them in several applications such as, error analysis, stationary points change of variables​evaluate double integrals using Cartesian and Polar Co-ordinates​
• ##### Introduction to Linear Algebra (MATH103)
Level 1 15 First Semester 80:20 To develop techniques of complex numbers and linear algebra, including equation solving, matrix arithmetic and the computation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors.      To develop geometrical intuition in 2 and 3 dimensions.      To introduce students to the concept of subspace in a concrete situation.    To provide a foundation for the study of linear problems both within mathematics and in other subjects. manipulate complex numbers and solve simple equations involving them    ​solve arbitrary systems of linear equations​understand and use matrix arithmetic, including the computation of matrix inverses​compute and use determinants​understand and use vector methods in the geometry of 2 and 3 dimensions​calculate eigenvalues and eigenvectors and, if time permits, apply these calculations to the geometry of conics and quadrics
• ##### Newtonian Mechanics (MATH122)
Level 1 15 Second Semester 80:20 To provide a basic understanding of the principles of Classical Mechanics and their application to simple dynamical systems. Learning Outcomes:After completing the module students should be able to analyse real world problems involving: - the motions of bodies under simple force systems - conservation laws for momentum and energy - rigid body dynamics using centre of mass,   angular momentum and moments of inertia After completing the module students should be able to analyse real-world problems involving:​the motions of bodies under simple force systems​conservation laws for momentum and energy​rigid body dynamics using centre of mass, angular momentum and moments ​oscillation, vibration, resonance
• ##### Introduction to Statistics (MATH162)
Level 1 15 Second Semester 80:20 To introduce topics in Statistics and to describe and discuss basic statistical methods. To describe the scope of the application of these methods. To know how to describe statistical data.​ To be able to use the Binomial, Poisson, Exponential and Normal distributions.To be able to ​perform simple goodness-of-fit tests.​ ​To be able to use an appropriate statistical software package to present data and to make statistical analysis.

### Programme Year Two

Students develop their mathematical skills including methods of applied mathematics. Students gain skills in processing and manipulating ocean and climate data using an industry standard software (Matlab) and, collect and interpret observations in the open and coastal ocean.

#### Year Two Compulsory Modules

• ##### Key Skills for Environmental Data Analysis (ENVS202)
Level2
Credit level15
SemesterFirst Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

To develop skills in environmental data analysis by applying the Matlab computing package to process, analyse and plot data.

To develop a critical approach to the results of data analysis.

Learning Outcomes

 1. Knowledge and Understanding
 At the end of the module the student shoulda) know how to write a program script in Matlabb) know how to process and plot ocean and climate data​ using Matlab

 2. Intellectual Abilities
 At the end of the module the student should be able to:a) know how to construct problems and use problem solving skills.b) analyse and interpret signals in environmental data.c) implement programming methods used for simple models and time-series analysis

 3. Subject Based Practical Skills
 At the end of the module the student should be able to:a) write a computer program to analyse and plot environmental data​b) ​interpret a range of forms of plotted data

​​​​  4. General Transferable Skills
 At the end of the module, the student should have:a) Gained ability in formulating problems and acquiring order of magnitude solutionsb) Gained computing skills and familiarity with computing methods and programmingc) Gained confidence and ability in interpreting data presented in a variety of forms
• ##### Practical Skills for Ocean Scientists (ENVS220)
Level2
Credit level15
SemesterWhole Session
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

To provide students with

a) Knowledge of the scope of graduate jobs available to a graduate in ocean science, along with an understanding of how to present a postfolio of skills and respond to the different methods used in assessment of job applicants.

b) Understanding of the practical methods used to measure and analyse physical and biogeochemical quantities in the ocean, in both the context of ocxean research and in the commercial world.

c)The skills to be able to the process and analyse oceanographic data in order to understand processes in the ocean.
Learning Outcomes 1. Knowledge and Understanding:Careers-related:a) The scope of graduate-level jobs available to someone with the skills learnt on an oceans-related degree.b) The routes into further study at post-graduate level.c) The importance of developing an on-line profile for today''s job market.d) The different techniques (e.g. on-line, video) used in assessment of job applicants.Subject-specific: a) Navigation; b) Measurements of temperature, salinity; c) Measurements of currents – both direct and indirect methods; d) Remote sensing;e) Chlorophyll analysisf) Nutrient Analysis; g) Oxygen Analysish) Analysis of Particlesi) Data quality/analysis techniques including:           (i) Manipulation of CTD and current data.          (ii) Calculation of water column propoerties from discrete sampling.          (iii) Calibration of instrumentation using distrete samples.

​2. IntellectualAbilities:

At the end of themodule a student should be able toevaluate the quality and significance of oceanographic data, and understand how data is used in both commercial and research environments.

​3. Subject BasedPractical Skills:

At the end of themodule a student should be able to apply skills in:

a) Processingand analysing hydrographic data,

b) Processingand analysing current meter data ,

c) Calculatingcurrents from indirect measurements and hydrographic data,

d) Interpretingremote sensing data,

e) Analysis ofnutrient, oxygen and particulate samples

f) Interpretingnutrient, oxygen and particulate data

g) Planning cruise tracks.

• ##### Life in A Dynamic Ocean (ENVS265)
Level 2 15 First Semester 80:20 To gain an appreciation of how ecosystems in the ocean are intricately linked to their physical fluid environment To understand how microbial life is affected by molecular diffusion and turbulence To understand the challenges faced by microscopic life in the viscous fluid of the ocean To address how mean flows in the ocean can be vital in the life stages of larger marine organisms To appreciate the global differences in plankton communities, and the underlying reasons for those differences To understand the problem of how community diversity is maintained in the ocean, and the current theories attempting to explain this diversity Students will gain a broad understanding of how different plankton communities arise in different oceanic regimes, and how that ultimately structures food chains to larger marine animals.​Students will be able to compare quantitatively the scales of different processes, and critically assess their relative importance for life in the ocean.​Students will strengthen, and acquire new, skills in quantifying physical-biological drivers of ecosystems.​Students will learn the important of a multi-disciplinary approach on marine biology and gain experience in solving novel problems.
• ##### Ocean Environments (ENVS266)
Level 2 15 Second Semester 70:30 Provide students with a quantitative understanding of oceanographic concepts, applied to key ocean environments.Provide students with knowledge of how the oceanography of the ocean supports biological production.Allow students to gain experience in the use of a simple computer model to design and carry out experiments on coastal oceanography.Provide students with practical experience of making basic, useful calculations applied to coastal oceanography. ​Students will acquire knowledge of key concepts in oceanography​​​Students will learn to appreciate the need to consider a theory''s underlying assumptions when testing its appropriateness as an explanation for a phenomenon​​Students will develop skills in framing testable hypotheses.​​Students will acquire experience in the use of a simple computer model in testing a hypothesis.​​Students will gain experience in reaching quantified answers to problems in the coastal and open ocean.​​Students will develop an understanding of how the physics and biology of the ocean are linked​​Students will acquire skills in writing a structured scientific report.
• ##### Ordinary Differential Equations (MATH201)
Level 2 15 First Semester 75:25 To familiarize students with basic ideas and fundamental techniques to solve ordinary differential equations. To illustrate the breadth of applications of ODEs and fundamental importance of related concepts. To understand the basic properties of ODE, including main features of initial value problems and boundary value problems, such as existence and uniqueness of solutions.​​​​​​​​ To know the elementary techniques for the solution of ODEs.​To understand the idea of reducing a complex ODE to a simpler one.​To be able to solve linear ODE systems (homogeneous and non-homogeneous) with constant coefficients matrix.​To understand a range of applications of ODE.​
• ##### Introduction to the Methods of Applied Mathematics (MATH224)
Level 2 15 Second Semester 90:10 To provide a grounding in elementary approaches to solution of some of the standard partial differential equations encountered in the applications of mathematics. To introduce some of the basic tools (Fourier Series) used in the solution of differential equations and other applications of mathematics. After completing the module students should: -               be fluent in the solution of basic ordinary differential equations, including systems of first order equations; -               be familiar with the concept of Fourier series and their potential application to the solution of both ordinary and partial differential equations; -               be familiar with the concept of Laplace transforms and their potential application to the solution of both ordinary and partial differential equations; -               be able to solve simple first order partial differential equations; -               be able to solve the basic boundary value problems for second order linear partial differential equations using the method of separation of variables.
• ##### Vector Calculus With Applications in Fluid Mechanics (MATH225)
Level 2 15 First Semester 85:15 To provide an understanding of the various vector integrals, the operators div, grad and curl and the relations between them. To give an appreciation of the many applications of vector calculus to physical situations. To provide an introduction to the subjects of fluid mechanics and electromagnetism. After completing the module students should be able to: -     Work confidently with different coordinate systems. -     Evaluate line, surface and volume integrals. -     Appreciate the need for the operators div, grad and curl together with the associated theorems of Gauss and Stokes. -     Recognise the many physical situations that involve the use of vector calculus. -     Apply mathematical modelling methodology to formulate and solve simple problems in electromagnetism and inviscid fluid flow. All learning outcomes are assessed by both examination and course work.

#### Year Two Optional Modules

• ##### Climatology (ENVS231)
Level2
Credit level15
SemesterSecond Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
Aims The module aims to provide knowledge and understanding across a number of areas of meteorology and weather, covering physical processes.  These processes are covered at a detailed level and supported by an overview of the subject area. This module gives the scientific foundation for more discursive as well as process orientated final year modules. The practicals provide an introduction to aspects of meteorological analysis. These are supported through the general lecture programme.  The practical series add to the learning experience and skills to enable students to apply what is learnt in the lecture programme.
Learning Outcomes

​Evaluate appropriate theories, methods and techniques

​Recognise how selected environments interact with appropriate atmospheric and weather processes

​Understand different weather from high, mid and tropical latitudes

Apply practical data analysis.​
• ##### Classical Mechanics (MATH228)
Level 2 15 Second Semester 90:10 To provide an understanding of the principles of Classical Mechanics and their application to dynamical systems. To understand the variational principles, Lagrangian mechanics, Hamiltonian mechanics. ​To be able to use Newtonian gravity and Kepler''s laws to perform the calculations of the orbits of satellites, comets and planetary motions.​To understand the motion relative to a rotating frame, Coriolis and centripetal forces, motion under gravity over the Earth''s surface.​To understand the connection between symmetry and conservation laws.​ To be able to work with inertial and non-inertial frames.
• ##### Numerical Methods (MATH266)
Level 2 15 Second Semester 90:10 To provide an introduction to the main topics in Numerical Analysis and their relation to other branches of Mathematics (LO1) To strengthen students’ knowledge of scientific programming, building on the ideas introduced in MATH111.(LO2) To provide an introduction to the foundations of numerical analysis and its relation to other branches of Mathematics.(LO3) To introduce students to theoretical concepts that underpin numerical methods, including fixed point iteration, interpolation, orthogonal polynomials and error estimates based on Taylor series.(LO4) To demonstrate how analysis can be combined with sound programming techniques to produce accurate, efficient programs for solving practical mathematical problems.(S1) Numeracy(S2) Problem solving skills

### Programme Year Three

Students apply their mathematical and ocean sciences skills during an independent research project supervised by an Ocean Scientist at the University or from the National Oceanography Centre. Students have the opportunity to engage in activities at sea during a Three day research cruise.

#### Year Three Compulsory Modules

• ##### Ocean Dynamics (ENVS332)
Level 3 15 First Semester 70:30 To gain a high level understanding of ocean and atmospheric dynamics: To understand the background state of the atmosphere and ocean;To address how tracers spread; To understand the effects of rotation and how jets and eddies form on a rotating planet; To understand how waves influence and interact with the ocean circulation; To understand why there are western boundary currents and gyres in ocean basins;To understand how topography shapes the ocean circulation over the globe. ​Students will acquire knowledge of key concepts in ocean and atmosphere dynamics.​Students will learn to appreciate the approximate nature of theoretical ideas, and the strengths and weaknesses of such ideas as explanations of observed phenomena.​Students will develop mathematical skills in scale analysis of differential equations to isolate the essential phenomena.​Students will acquire experience in combining quantitative and qualitative understanding of dynamics to give clear explanations of observed phenomena in the ocean and atmosphere.​Students will develop an understanding of the factors controllng fluid flows on a range of rotating planets.
• ##### Global Carbon Cycle (ENVS335)
Level 3 15 Second Semester 70:30 To provide students with a view of the ocean carbon cycle as a dynamic system. To give students an appreciation of the importance of chemical and biological processes in controlling the distribution of carbon in the ocean. To provide students with an in depth understanding of the carbon cycle from the surface ocean, to the deep ocean and sediments, and the impact environmental change may have on it. Students will learn how physical, chemical and biological process control the transfer of carbon between the atmosphere, ocean and land, and the distribution of carbon species between these environmentsStudents will understand the role and significance that the ocean plays in the global cycling of carbon​Students will understand the pathways involved in cycling of inorganic and organic carbon between land and the ocean and the surface and deep ocean, with emphasis on the solubility, carbonate and biological pumps​Students will understand how stable isotopes can be used to study the carbon cycle and how it has varied in Earth''s history​Students will understand how environmental change is perturbing the global carbon cycle in the present day. Topics covered will include ocean acidification and changes in the surface temperature
• ##### Sea Practical (ENVS349)
Level3
Credit level30
SemesterFirst Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

The aim of this module is to teach basic field skills in laboratory work and ship work including:

a) safety at sea,

b) ship''s operation,

c) physical oceanographic and meteorological measurement,

d) chemical sampling and

e) analysis of water and sediment samples and

f) interpretation of physical, chemical and biological oceanographic data from a coastal sea.

Learning Outcomes 1. Knowledge and Understanding:
 On completion of the module students should be able to demonstrate a knowledge of a) safety at sea, b) ship''s operation, c) how physical oceanographic and meteorological measurements are made, d) how to take water and sediment samples, e) how to analyse water and sediment samples, f) oceanographic conditions in the study area,

​2. Intellectual Abilities:

At the end of the module the student should be able to apply skills in

a) devising marine sampling strategies

b) evaluating the quality and significance of marine data

c) evaluating publicly available meteorological data

d) quality control field data,

e) writing a focused, question-driven scientific report/paper​

​3. Subject Based Practical Skills:

At the end of the module students should be able to apply skills in work at sea and ashore including:

a) planning a boar-based survey targeted at environmental quesions,

b) physical oceanographic and meteorological measurement,

c) chemical sampling and

d) analysis of water and sediment samples.

• ##### Marine Sciences - Special Topics (ENVS366)
Level 3 15 Whole Session 70:30 To promote engagement, discussions and raise the overall awareness of the most topical research issues in Marine Sciences. Gain a broad and detailed knowledge of some of the main research issues in marine sciences.            ​Improve critical reading of scientific literature.  ​Gain/Practice Transferable Communication Skills: Reporting the main research findings on topics (through a number of different media including oral presentation, poster presentation, essay) to an audience of their peers and academic staff.
• ##### Ocean Sciences Research Project (ENVS377)
Level 3 30 Whole Session 0:100 To develop skills in all aspects of research in ocean sciences, including a) literature searching, review and appraisal, b) design of experiments or models, c) practical and computing skills, d) collection and/or manipulation of data, e) construction of scientific hypotheses, f) oral communication and report writing. ​Plan, organise and undertake a programme of research.​Make observations of data, reflect on outcomes and adjust the research     design if necessary.​Interpret, critically evaluate and present the data.​Complete a scientific report of the research planned and undertaken
• ##### Further Methods of Applied Mathematics (MATH323)
Level 3 15 First Semester 100:0 To give an insight into some specific methods for solving important types of ordinary differential equations. To provide a basic understanding of the Calculus of Variations and to illustrate the techniques using simple examples in a variety of areas in mathematics and physics. To build on the students'' existing knowledge of partial differential equations of first and second order. After completing the module students should be able to: -     use the method of "Variation of Arbitrary Parameters" to find the solutions of some inhomogeneous ordinary differential equations. -     solve simple integral extremal problems including cases with constraints; -     classify a system of simultaneous 1st-order linear partial differential equations, and to find the Riemann invariants and general or specific solutions in appropriate cases; -     classify 2nd-order linear partial differential equations and, in appropriate cases, find general or specific solutions.   [This might involve a practical understanding of a variety of mathematics tools; e.g. conformal mapping and Fourier transforms.]

#### Year Three Optional Modules

• ##### Coastal Environments: Spatial and Temporal Change (ENVS376)
Level 3 15 First Semester 60:40 This module aims to consider the response of physical processes and coastal environments to changes in sea-level and climate. Attention is given to the geomorphology of coastal environments, its response to external agents, as well as to possible coastal managment strategies. The module aims at proving students with knowledge and understanding of the physical processes acting along coastal areas, and to promote students capability to critically understand pros and cons of different managment tecniques in relation to future climate change. Knowledge and understanding of physical aspects of coastal environments ​​Knowledge and understanding of the concept of spatial and temporal variation: physical processes and landforms, and the importance of spatial and temporal scales​​Knowledge and understanding of environments as a result of process and form interaction ​​Knowledge and understanding of methodologies of analysis and interpretation ​Development of an informed concern for the Earth and its people ​Capability to critically analyze real case studies in the context of previously acquired knowledge
• ##### Climate Change - A Critical Review (ENVS389)
Level 3 15 Second Semester 60:40 The module aims to provide students with the knowledge to evaluate likely outcomes climate change and climate variability over the next 100 years, to understand policy decisions at different levels, to obtain a critical understanding of climate predictions, and to understand the importance of reference to past and present climates. ​ ​Evaluate a range of future climate change projections.​​Recognise the likely impacts of climate change to a range of sectors.​​Learn how to engage with stakeholder communities with regard to climate change. ​​Produce effectively targeted report writing and visual communication​.​Consider the multiple sector impact of climate change on societies
• ##### Science Communication (ENVS393)
Level 3 15 Whole Session 0:100 Provide key transferable skills​ to undergraduates, including: communication, presentation, practical classroom skills and team working.​Provide classoom based experience for undergraduates who are considering teaching as a potential career​Encourage a new generation of STEM teachers.Provide role models for pupils within schools located in areas of high deprivation.​Increase University of Liverpool widening participation activites within merseyside.​ ​Have an understanding of the UK educational system and relevant teaching and learning styles.​Have an understanding of the Widening Participation AgendaHave an understanding of relevant STEM subjects and activities that would link into the National Curriculum​Develop appropriate STEM activities for KS2 and KS3 school groups that link with the National Curriculum​Reflect on and evaluate the effectiveness of the outreach acivities and their delivery​Be able to apply the relevant protocols and safeguarding practice ​when delivering within a school setting​Be able to apply practical knowledge of effective delivery styles when engaging with primary or secondary aged pupils​Have experience of planning the delivery of a project​Have experience of team working​Have experience of science communication in a variety of situations
• ##### Chaos and Dynamical Systems (MATH322)
Level 3 15 First Semester 100:0 To develop expertise in dynamical systems in general and study particular systems in detail. After completing the module students will be able to understand the possible behaviour of dynamical systems with particular attention to chaotic motion; After completing the module students will ​be familiar with techniques for extracting fixed points and exploring the behaviour near such fixed points;​After completing the module students will understand how fractal sets arise and how to characterise them.
• ##### Population Dynamics (MATH332)
Level 3 15 Second Semester 100:0 - To provide a theoretical basis for the understanding of population ecology - To explore the classical models of population dynamics - To learn basic techniques of qualitative analysis of mathematical models ​The ability to relate the predictions of the mathematical models to experimental results obtained in the field.The ability to recognise the limitations of mathematical modelling in understanding the mechanics of complex biological systems.The ability to use analytical and graphical methods to investigate population growth and the stability of equilibrium states for continuous-time and discrete-time models of ecological systems.​

The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.

#### Teaching and Learning

Teaching takes place through lectures, practicals, workshops, seminars, tutorials and computer based learning, with an emphasis on learning through doing. The award-winning £23 million Central Teaching Laboratories provides a state-of-the-art facility for undergraduate practical work.

Students value the learning opportunities provided by field classes, including the rapid feedback on performance. You will typically receive at least 15 hours of formal teaching each week. Between 30 and 100 hours of fieldwork and hands-on activities are provided each year depending on the discipline.

A typical module might involve two or three one-hour lectures each week, and often a three- hour laboratory or computer-based practical as well. Tutorials typically involve groups of 4-7 students meeting with a member of staff at least every two weeks in Year One and Two. In Year Three, you will undertake an Honours project, which is a piece of independent research (field, laboratory or data analysis) on a topic of your choice, supervised by a member of staff. In Years Three and Four students meet with their project supervisor on a weekly or more frequent basis. As you progress through your degree, you will be increasingly challenged to engage with current debates, to think critically and to study independently.

A number of the School’s degree programmes involve laboratory and field work. The field work is carried out in various locations, ranging from inner city to coastal and mountainous environments. We consider applications from prospective students with disabilities on the same basis as all other students, and reasonable adjustments will be considered to address barriers to access.