LLB Law for Graduates Add to your prospectus

  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China
  • This degree is accreditedAccredited

Key information


  • Course length: 2 years
  • UCAS code: M109
  • Year of entry: 2018
law-2

Module details

Programme Year One

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Law of Tort (LAW209)
    Level2
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims
  • To provide an introduction to the functions of the law of torts within the legal system.

  • To provide a structured outline of a range of actionable torts, and commentary on contentious issues and recent developments therein​.

  • To consider how the legal principles can be applied to a variety of hypothetical facts​.

  • Learning Outcomes

     Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of the law of tort.

    ​ Demonstrate basic understanding of the social and economic context in which the law of tort functions, its aims and objectives and its underlying policy issues.

    Identify and correctly apply the law to a set of hypothetical facts.

    Adopt a critical perspective to existing legal rules and identify constructive suggestions for reform.

     Undertake independent research, with appropriate guidance.​

    Construct coherent legal arguments, orally and in writing.​

  • Law of Contract (LAW105)
    Level1
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims
    1.  To ensure that you have a solid knowledge and understanding of the main legal principles and issues of englsih Contract Law in its social, economic and political context.       

    2.  To understand the impact of EU Law in English Contract Law and to have a solid  understanding of the reform and developments resulting from EU Law           ​
    3.  To develop your analytical, critical and research skills;        ​
    4. To develop a strong knowledge and research skills base to enable you to recognize the differences between Contract and Tort Law and appreciate the importnace of Contract Law to related specialist Commercial legal subjects ​
    5.  To provide you with a strong base of learning as a foundation for other related academic legal modules and in preparation for your vocational training   ​
    6.  To develop your skills to work in a team including your communication, negotiation and persuasion skills        ​
    7. To develop your skills as an independent learner including time management skills 

    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate in writing a knowledge of the basic principles of English Contract Law;    

    Demonstrate a detailed knowledge of the key cases and statutory provisions;        ​

    Appreciate the influence of policy on the development of  English Contract Law; ​

    Analyse, evaluate and form critical judgements on individual cases and statutes;        ​Use primary and secondary sources of law relating to contract law effectively;         ​Understand the language of the Law of Contract;        ​Present coherent and effective argument about issues relating to contract law;       ​Write concisely and coherently about the law relating to contract;       ​Identify and engage with contemporary debates while accurately reporting the law in an area of contract law;

    ​Be able to understand and use primarylegal materials;

    ​Apply substantive law and legal reasoning skills to hypothetical cases.

  • Land Law (LAW242)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting95:5
    Aims
  • ?Stimulate theacademic interest of students in a complex area of law

  • Enhancegeneral legal and transferable skills in the context of the subject area.

  • ????Deliver the substantive elements of the subject in accordance with the requirements laid down in the JointAnnouncement ofthe Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) and Bar Council governing the content of the qualifying law degree.

  • ?Carry out independent tasks and research to a highlevel of aptitude.

  • Learning Outcomes

    ?Demonstrateknowledge and understanding of the basic rules affecting an individual''s useand occupation of land and the claims of a third party to an interest in land.

    ?Demonstratedetailed knowledge of and the ability to critically evaluate the law in someareas.?

    ?Appreciatethe social context and underlying policy issues in this area of law and theinfluences they exert.

    ???

    ?Show anawareness of the practical implications for individuals of the operation ofLand Law.?

    ?Researchthe relevant laws, electronically and on paper and present an effectiveargument, soundly based in critical analysis of the law in its social andpolicy context both orally and in writing.?

    ?Be ableto complete specified tasks with minimal direction or input through formalinstruction.?

  • Public Law I (LAW109)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting95:5
    Aims
  • Public Law I seeks to:  - explore the nature and functions of constitutional law;
  • ​- provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the fundamental principles and institutions of the UK constitution;

  • ​- identify and analyse selected key issues that are of critical importance to the UK’s constitutional arrangements;

  • ​- enable students to develop a range of core legal and transferable skills, and become effective independent learners.

  • Learning Outcomes

    By the end of Public Law I, students should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of, and the ability to analyse critically, the following topics:

    - the law, practice and theory of the UK constitution;

    ​- the key institutions of the UK constitution, their functions, and the relationship between them;

    ​- the doctrine of the sovereignty of Parliament, and its present status within the UK constitution;

    ​- the nature and purpose of legal accountability, through the principles of the rule of law and the separation of powers;

    ​- the nature and purpose of political accountability, through the notions of ministerial responsibility, parliamentary accountability, and open government.

    ​Students should be able to demonstrate the ability to consult, engage with, and respond to feedback.

  • Public Law II (LAW110)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting95:5
    Aims

    The module aims to provide students with the constitutional underpinnings and theory of administrative law;

    1.  provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the institutions, processes and legal principles of  redress for judicial and extra-judicial grievances against public;
    2. provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the operation of the Human Rights Act; identify and analyse selected key issues that are of critical importance to the UK’s constitutional arrangements;   
    3. ​enable students to develop a range of core legal and transferable skills, and become effective independent learners.
    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the laws, policies and theories relating to constitutional underpinnings of Administrative Law and  Human Rights  in the UK and communicate that knowledge and understanding to others;

     

     

    Comment in an informed and a critical manner on certain key issues such as  the  process and scope of  methods of challenging governmental/public bodies’ actions, and the  protection of human rights

    ​Apply their knowledge to hypothetical situations

    Engage in debate and in written argument regarding contentious legal and political issues

    Appreciate the wider political significance of Public Law

    ​To demonstrate the ability to consult, engage with and respond to feedback.

  • Law and Social Justice (LAW212)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
  • To promote the key characteristics of the “Liverpool Law Graduate” - a student who is distinctively engaged, empowered and employable - particularly a critical awareness of the role of law in facilitating and hindering social change;

  • To engage students directly with the research activities of staff within the Liverpool Law School by exploring live issues and methods;

  • To promote the development of key legal and transferable skills, particularly as regards research, critical thinking and team work;

  • To provide students with an introduction to some of the key optional choices available in their final year of study on the law degree. ​

  • Learning Outcomes

    To demonstrate a critical awareness and understanding of the role of law in promoting (or inhibiting) values such as justice, fairness, equality, citizenship, inclusion and social responsibility; and of how such values are themselves constructed and critiqued;

     

    To work effectively as part of a project team to deliver a research-based presentation;​

    To demonstrate awareness of the nature of academic legal research, particularly from among the main fields of research undertaken within the Law School.​

Programme Year Two

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Criminal Law (level 6) (LAW307)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims
    1. To introduce students to the fundamental concepts of criminal law.


        
    2. ​To introduce students to the most important specific offences and defences in the criminal law of England and Wales.


    3. ​To enhance students'' acquisition of key skills in thestudy of law. 
    4. To develop students'' understanding of how the study of law differs from practising law.
    5. To equipstudents to carry out independent tasks and research to a reasonably good level.

    Learning Outcomes

    Ability to attain a reasonably good theoretical and doctrinal understanding of the criminal law.


    Proficiency in extracting the law from legislation and cases.​

    Proficiency in tracing the development of the law through legislation and case law.

    Proficient ability to analyse and assess the law.

    ​Proficient ability to apply their knowledge of the law to hypothetical factual situations.

    Proficient abilityto effectively use traditional and electronic sources of material.

    Ability tocomplete specified tasks with minimal direction from academic staff.

  • Equity & Trusts (level 3) (LAW311)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims
  • ​To stimulate the academic interest of students in a complex and involving area of law. ​
  • ​To deliver the substantive elements of the subject area in accordance with the requirements laid down in the Joint Announcement of the SRA and Bar Council, governing the content of qualifying LL.B degree programmes. ​​
  • To enhance general legal and transferable skills in the context of the subject area. ​​

  • To allow students to carry out independent tasks and research to a high level of aptitude.​​​​
  • Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate, orally and in writing, knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts of Equity and the operation of the trust. 

    ​Demonstrate a basic understanding of the legal context of trusts and equity in the operation of the legal system.​​​

    ​​

    Demonstrate an awareness of the practical implications for individuals of the operation of the law of Equity & Trusts in England and Wales, e.g. with reference to the ownership of the matrimonial home. ​​ ​

    Demonstrate understanding of the law as it affects trustees - obligations, powers, etc.​​​​

    ​​​​​Appreciate the social and economic (especially fiscal) context of trusts and the underlying policy issues. ​

    ​​

    ​​Demonstrate an appreciation of the value of equitable remedies in society.


    Demonstrate an understanding of the subject area as whole, as well as in discrete topics​.​​

    Use and interpret complex legal statutory material, case law and academic writing. ​​​
  • Law of the European Union I (LAW313)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
    1. To introduce the constitutional and institutional law of the European Union.

    2. ​To develop an understanding of EU legislative procedures; the nature and limits of Union competence; and the system of judicial review governing Union acts.​

    3. To explore the application of EU law within national legal systems.

    4. ​To encourage you to think critically about the integration process, e.g., the democratic character of EU decision-making processes and the effectiveness of the system of judicial protection against Union acts.​

    Learning OutcomesDemonstrate a developed understanding of the constitutional and institutional law of the European Union.

    ​Understand, critique, and apply the Union legal method.

    ​Handle Union legal materials effectively, including case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union, EU Treaties and Union legislation.​

    ​Apply specialist knowledge to consider contemporary issues in the field of study.

    ​Think critically about the evolving process of EU integration.

    ​Think critically about the evolving process of less EU integration

  • Law of the European Union II (LAW314)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims
  • To consider some areas of substantive Union law, as distinct from the constitutional and institutional dimension considered in LAW313.

  • To critically examine the development of EU law relating to the free movement of goods, free movement of workers and free movement of economically inactive citizens (such as students and of retired persons).​

  • To explore and show appreciation of the doctrinal and policy problems as relevant to the three topics (above) under consideration.​

  • Learning Outcomes

    Understand how Union law is enforced in substantive areas.

    Apply provisions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and EU secondary legislation to substantive issues.

    Understand Opinions of Advocates General and judgments of the Court of Justice and critically assess their contribution to the development of EU law.

    Solve problems in these areas and discuss the process of European integration.​

    ​Appreciate similarities and differences between EU freemovement law as it applies to goods, on the one hand, andpersons, on the other hand.​

Year Two Optional Modules

  • Dissertation (LAW036)
    Level3
    Credit level30
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
    • Students are supported in the development of independent research skills through research into an area of law they find particularly interesting.
    • Students develop their presentation skills in a supportive context. They recognise the differences the differences between effective oral and written presentation.
    • Students are equipped as ''independent learners'', relying largely on self-motivation and enthusiasm.
    • Student s gain experience of formulating research questions and undertaking extended writing.
    Learning Outcomes

     Application of critical judgement to an area of legal literature.

    Development of polished legal writing skills.


    ​Development of oral presentation skills.

    ​Development of time management skills.

    ​Developement of the ability to synthesise complex legal information.

    ​Development of ability to independently find useful legal information.

    ​Formulation of student''s own research question.

  • Company Law (LAW029)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module examines those aspects of Company Law which provide the legal framework for businesses and regulate their legal environment. It views Company Law from the perspective of those who form and manage the company.

    Learning OutcomesAcquire a critical understanding of the laws applicable to the formation, establishment and management of a registered company;

    Gain an in-depth appreciation the practical and legal implicationsof contractual capacity and the consequences of artificial legal entity issuesrelating to management of the company and protection of minority shareholders. ​

    ​Show an awareness and appreciation at the basic level of policy relating to Company Law in its context;

    Critically apply the law to factual situations in their social and legal context;

    ​Research the relevant laws, electronically and on paper so that a familiarity with academic and professional literature is acquired; ​

    ​Present an effective argument in examinations, formative assessments, seminar sessions; 

    ​Understand and appreciate the impact and importance of EU Law and domestic laws in these areas.

  • Dissertation in Law (sem 1) (LAW034)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
  • ​​Students are supported in the development of independent research skills through research into an area of law that they find particularly interesting.
  • Students develop their presentation skills in supportive context. They recognise the differences between effective oral and written presentation.
  • ​​​Students are equipped as ''independent learners'', relying largely on self-motivation and enthusiasm.
  • ​Students gain experience of formulating research questions and undertaking extended writing.

  • Learning OutcomesApplication of critical judgement to an area of legal literature

    ​Development of polished legal writing skills

    ​​Development of oral presentation skills

    ​Development of time management skills

    ​​Development of the ability to synthesise complex legal information

    ​​Development of ability to independently find useful legal information

    ​Formulation of student''s own research question​

  • Commercial Real Property (LAW043)
    Level3
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    To stimulate the academic interest of students in a complex area of law

    ​​To enhance general legal and transferable skills in the context of thesubject area.​

    ​​To carry out independent tasks to a high level of aptitude.​

    ​​​​​​

    ​To demonstrate application and understanding of legal rules in theircommercial context.​

    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate, orally and inwriting, an appreciation of the basic legal rules governing the landlord andtenant relationship and other commercial aspects of land law.

      ​Appreciate the underlying policyissues that underpin this area of law, and evaluate their importance inreaching solutions to legal problems.

       ​

      ​Use and interpret complex legalstatutory material.

       ​

      ​Comprehend complex legaldocuments and draft organised responses to the issues derived from them.

       ​

      ​Research material within a groupenvironment and deliver an oral group presentation on a substantive legaltopic.

       ​

      Utilise electronic andtraditional legal resources in the preparation and submission of coursematerials.

      ​ ​

    1. Human Rights Law (LAW073)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      ​To enable you to become familiar with the institutionalframework behind the international, European and UK human rights law.

      To prepare you to analyse the substantive international, Europeanand UK human rights law.

      ​To enhance your understanding of how human rights law affectsthe lives of all people.

      ​To facilitate your engagement with the current key issues inhuman rights law and policies at international, European and domestic level.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Identify the human rights institutional framework at theinternational, European and domestic level.

      ​Understand the principal case law and legislative frameworksrelating to the substantive human rights law at the international, European anddomestic level.

      ​Analytically apply substantive human rights law to practicalsituations.

      ​Appreciate the impact of human rights law on people’sdifferent areas of life, as well as the key challenges currently facing humanrights law.

      ​Identify and analyse fictional and factual scenarios ofhuman rights violations.

      ​Determine the extent of the impact of human rights statutorynorms and case law, at international, supra-national and domestic level, onpeople’s everyday lives.

    2. Discrimination Law (LAW079)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      To prepare you to analyse the substantiveinternational, European and UK law on discrimination.

      To enhance your understanding of how the law ondiscrimination affects the working and private lives and patterns of all people.

      To allow you to critically assess the impact of thesubstantive international, EU and UK law on discrimination on employment practicesand labour policies of national and international business.To facilitate your engagement with the current keyissues in discrimination law and policies at international, European and UKlevel.
      Learning Outcomes

      Understand the principal case law and legislativeframeworks relating to the substantive law on discrimination at theinternational, European Union and domestic level.

      ​Analytically apply substantive discrimination law topractical situations of inequality and discrimination.

      ​Appreciate the impact of discrimination law on people’sdifferent areas of life, as well as the key challenges currently facing discriminationlaw.

      ​Identify and analyse fictional and factual scenarios oflegally and/or socially discriminatory conduct.

      ​Determine the extent of the impact of statutory normsand case law, at international, supra-national and domestic level, on people’severyday lives.

    3. Human Rights and International Law Practice 2 - A Law Clinic Module (LAW304)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      AimsThe module aims to 
      • develop in its students key elements of the "Liverpool Law Graduate", particularly their ''engagement'' and ''employability'', through direct experience of legal practice. The Liverpool Law Clinic is an in-house legal practice providing a free legal advice service to members of the public on a wide range of general legal problems. Working with a partner you will have the unique and privileged experience of advising a real client in the Liverpool Law Clinic under the supervision of in-house solicitors or a barrister.
      • offer you an opportunity to apply your academic legal knowledge in a practical way in a professional legal environment in the Liverpool Law Clinic.
      • encourage the development of a range of professional legal skills, including client care, professional conduct, professional legal skills, collaborative working, file management, practical legal research, writing and drafting. 
      • provide you with a high quality, distinctive student experience in a unique field of practice strongly informed by the Clinic''s international policy work; many of the clients whose cases are the subject of student work on this module are stateless and the Clinic has a special project with international reputation in this area including judicial review work.
      • to develop highly transferrable skills and the key personal attributes of resilience, persistence, attention to detail, professionalism as well as taking individual and collective responsibility.
      • to provide you with a chance to put your academic skills to practical use for the first time. Your work has a significant impact on the life of your client.
      • contribute to the Law Clinic''s aim to promote and improve access to justice providing free legal advice to the local community.

















      Learning Outcomes

      ​1.Professional Conduct and Ethics

      The modulerequires you to work with integrity, resilience, flexibility and adaptability.At the end of this module you should be able to:

      • Demonstrate a conceptual and practical understanding of key elements of the Solicitors Regulation Authority’s Code of Conduct for Solicitors by acting in compliance with the Code in your Law Clinic casework including:
        • Acting with integrity and in the best interests of each client.
        • Maintaining client confidentiality.
        • Understanding the principles of conflict of interest and applying them where appropriate.
        • Applying the principles of client care and of pro bono legal work with reference to the nature of the client/solicitor retainer.
      • Demonstrate an understanding of the Clinic’s rules and protocols as set out in the Law Clinic Office Manual and Student Agreement by:
        • Identifying how these rules and protocols require you to behave as a Student Adviser in the Law Clinic;
        • Demonstrating your compliance with these rules in your client casework and by your conduct when working in the Law Clinic.
        • Working to strict deadlines.

      ​2. Practical Application of the Law

      This module helps to further develop your criticalthinking and problem solving skills. At the end of this module you should beable to apply your legal knowledge in a practical way to a real client’s legalproblem to:

       

      • Apply law inpractice by identifying a client’s problem, analysing it, researching it andwriting a detailed letter of advice to professional legal practice standards. 

      • Communicatecomplex legal information in writing to, for example, a lay client, the HomeOffice, supervising lawyers.  

      • Demonstrate knowledge of English legal procedures by researching practical next steps a client can take to progress their legal problem and assess which steps apply to a client.
      • Identify potential difficulties in access to justice by demonstrating an evaluative approach in the advice given to a client on their options for practical next steps.

      ​3. Clinical Legal Skills

      At theend of this module, and by working under the supervision of practising lawyers,you should be able to demonstrate high levels of competence in a range ofclinical legal skills which will further develop your communication andinformation skills:

      • Identify and analyse a legal problem by conductingpreliminary research, and in most cases compiling an interview plan and byusing a range of interviewing skills to interview a client.

      • Research a client’s problem using reliable andaccurate sources including:

        • Relevant authoritativeprimary and secondary sources of law including law reports and whereappropriate, legal journals.

        • Relevant professionallegal data sets and practitioner texts including precedent documents.

        • Complete a detailedresearch record.

      • Write a letter of legal advice to a client to astrict deadline and to professional practice standards by:

        • Managing your timeindividually and as a partnership.

        • Synthesising informationfrom practical legal research.

        • Applying law to thefacts of a client’s case.

        • Adapting technical legalinformation so that your legal drafting is accessible to a lay client.

        • Using a high standard ofwritten English including a logical structure; correct grammar, punctuation andspelling; clear writing style.

      • Create, manage and maintain a contemporaneousclient case file to professional practice standards by compliance with the LawClinic’s protocols contained in the Law Clinic Office Manual including usingpro forma and template documents.

      ​4. Collaborative Working, Peer Review, CriticalReflection

      By the endof this module, you should be able to improve your own learning performance andteam working and:

      • Demonstrateeffective collaborative working by participating equally in a student partnershipto research a legal problem; interview a client (in most cases); co-author adetailed piece of legal drafting and Reflective Log; and maintain a client casefile.

      • Improvingyour own learning performance by using a considered response to feedback frominternal and external professional practitioner supervisors and using feedback torevise and improve your work.

      • Workingtogether with your student partner to review and critically assess each other’scontributions, provide constructive feedback and use it to improve work.

      • Reflect onyour learning from the Law Clinic experience by using critical self-reflectionand reflective writing to compose a Reflective Log.

    4. Financial Services Law (LAW305)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims

      Provide an understanding of the role of financial services and the legal framework in the EU and UK;

      Study the core features of financial services law, including the process of authorisation, conduct of business rules, and financial promotion

      Provide an understanding of the function of the criminal law in the sphere of financial services Study the relationship between the financial services provider and the consumer and the role of the law in this context  ​Provide an understanding of questions of reform and competing arguments regarding reform

       

      Learning Outcomes

      Understand and evaluate the relevance of financial services law in the legal and economic system and in the study of law

      ​Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the role of the law and fundamental legal principles in facilitating and regulating financial services

      Assess and weigh legal materials in relation to financial services lawDemonstrate a knowledge and understanding of different regulatory approaches in financial services

      ​Acquire problem-solving techniques and understand the role of law in the financial markets

    5. Administrative Justice (LAW315)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
      Aims
    6. To consider and evaluate extra-judicial means for redress of people''s complaints and challenges to governmental or public bodies focussing upon the techniques (and the associated institutions) of complaint, investigation, adjudication and alternative dispute resolution methods used in administrative justice. 

    7. ​To consider how lessons may be learned from  redress so as to improve both initial decision-making and redress.

    8. To consider if the ''system'' approach provides a better understanding of the arrangments, institutions and  techniques of administrative justice.​

    9. Learning Outcomes

      To demonstrate a critical understanding of the  techniques and their objectives used in extra-judicial redress of people''s grievances against governmental and public bodiesand in learning the lessons so as to improve initial decision-making and administration




      ​To demonstrate a critical understanding of the contexts of these techniques including the perspectives of all of the stake-holders, and the implications for the public interest.

      ​To be able to evaluate critically the respective strengths and weaknesses of of the United Kingdom''s administrative justice system in an international comparison

      ​To demonstrate some understanding of observation in empirical research

    10. Commercial Law (LAW318)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
    11. To stimulate the academic and practical interest of students in a challenging area of law.

    12. ​To encourage and develop analytical thinking, using comparative study of legal authority where relevant.

    13. ​To enable the creation of effective solutions to (legally and factually) complex problems.

    14. ​To develop an effective argument, soundly based in critical analysis of the law both orally and in writing.

    15. ​To develop detailed knowledge of the law in all areas.

    16. Learning Outcomes

      Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of commercial law principles affecting a sale of goods transaction.

      ​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of commercial law principles as they apply to the agent-principal relationship.

      ​Demonstrate awareness of the practical implications for individuals of the operation of commercial law.

      ​Develop a capacity to work independently to solve complex legal problems.

      ​Use and understand complex statutory material, case law, and academic writing.

      ​Demonstrate an understanding and appreciation of commercial law as a whole and in discrete topics.

      ​Demonstrate an understanding of suitable legal reforms from both economic and social perspectives.

    17. Clinical Legal Skills - A Law Clinic Module (LAW321)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      1.      To provide students with the opportunity to study an area of law and justice in depth through experiential and enquiry based learning by assisting solicitor to proved legal advice to members of the public.  These opportunities will be provided through the following activities:

      a.      Researching law and procedure relevant to the client’s problems will develop their ability to identify issues which require researching and their ability to retrieve and evaluate accurate, current and relevant information from a range of appropriate sources.

      b.      Drafting a letter of advice to a client (and any other documents necessary to progress the client’s case, for example forms for court, or letters of complaint,) will develop their ability to explain legal and procedural rules, apply rules clearly and succinctly in order to offer a reasoned choice/conclusion.

      c.       Analysis of client cases will develop their ability to engage in critical analysis, synthesise relevant doctrinal, theoretical and policy issues and develop understanding of the principles and values of law and justice in context.

       

      2.      To provide students with the opportunity to engage with their own personal, professional and academic development through reflection, collaborative working, research and self-directed learning.  These opportunities will be provided through the following activities:

      a.      Engaging in exercises to identify their own strengths and weaknesses, in order to set personal targets for their own development during the module and to produce a reflective journal.

      b.      Working collaboratively in teams or “firms” throughout the module will develop skills including team-work, self-management, problem-solving and professionalism.

      c.       Working on client cases will develop legal skills such as drafting, file-management, client interviewing and professional conduct.

      d.      Participating in weekly firm supervisions with regular peer-feedback and supervisor feedback which will develop self management, including ability to reflect on their own learning, make effective use of feedback, willingness to acknowledge and correct errors. 

      e.      Participating in weekly practical workshops with regular oral presentations will develop students’ abilities to communicate both orally and in writing in relation to legal matters, including an ability to listen and respond to written and oral stimuli.

      Learning OutcomesAt the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to research the law and procedure relevant to client problems and write a research report. At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to advise a client in writing on the courses of action available to them, based on research undertaken. At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to critically analyse a client case that you have worked on, taking a theoretical approach to evaluating an aspect of access to justice in Merseyside.  At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to reflect on your personal, academic and professional development.  

      ​​​At the end of the module you will have demonstrated your ability to maintain case files in accordance with the Law Clinic Office Manual and SRA Handbook and Code of Conduct.  

    18. Violence Against Children in Cyberspace: Law, Technology and the Information Society (LAW334)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
    19. This module aims to develop the students'' understanding of:

      The scope of the problem of abuse and violence against children in the context of the internet and new information communication technologies.

    20. ​The measures that can be adopted to eliminate online threats and abuse towards children.

    21. The significance of media, cultural and legal responses to the way children’s rights are viewed in the context of the national and global agenda seeking to eradicate violence against children.

    22. ​The theoretical foundations of technology and their relevance for child internet safety policymaking and children’s rights.

    23. Learning Outcomes

      demonstrate appreciation of the relevance of contextualising child Internet safety issues within the environment of law, technology and society

      ​understand the political, economic and technological implications of context for producing different legal outcomes

      demonstrate competence in adopting appropriate legal research and critical thinking techniques

      ​be able to utilise Internet legal resources and technology

    24. Intellectual Property Law I: Copyright, Designs and Enforcement of Ip Rights (LAW338)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
    25. Presenting the respective IP rights.

    26. Allow students to evaluate whether conditions under which they can be obtained are fulfilled in a real life case.

      ​​

    27. ​Prepare students to enforce IP rights in the real world.

    28. Learning OutcomesDemonstrate knowledgeand understanding of the basic rules relating to copyright, designs andenforcement of intellectual property rights. 

      ​​​Demonstrate detailed knowledge of and the ability to critically evaluate the law regarding the above mentioned intellectual property rights​

      ​​

      ​Appreciate the social context and underlying policy issues in this area of law and the influences they exert​

      ​Show an awareness of the practical implications for individuals and corporations of the operation of the abovementioned intellectual property rights​

      ​Research the relevant laws, electronically and on paper and present an effective argument, soundly based in critical analysis of the law in its social and policy context both orally and in writing​

      ​Be able to complete specified tasks and case studies with minimal direction or input through formal instruction prior to preparing such tasks​

    29. Criminal Evidence (LAW033)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
    30. ·    To cultivate a knowledge and understanding of the rationale and development of the law governing criminal evidence, specifically the operation and admissibility of evidence in criminal cases.


    31. ·       To foster an ability to appreciate the significance of those rules of evidence for defendants in criminal cases.

    32. ·  To develop competence in critically evaluating the law governing the admissibility of evidence in criminal cases.

    33. ​To assist in the capacity to apply the law on criminal evidence to hypothetical situations in an effective manner.

      ·    

    34. To inculcate additional electronic and bibliographic research skills, particular the ability to research the law of evidence and the policies underlying specific rules of evidence.

    35. To aid students in the presentation of legal and critical argument re: criminal evidence both orally and in writing.

    36. Learning Outcomes

      ·     hHave a reasonably good theoretical and doctrinal appreciation of criminal evidence principles.


      ·        extractthe relevant law on criminal evidence from legislation and case law.

      ·     tTrace the development of the law on criminal evidence through legislation and case law.

      ·        demonstrateorally and in writing a thorough knowledge and understanding of the generalprinciples of criminal evidence.

      ·      applytheir knowledge of the law on criminal evidence to hypothetical factualsituations.

      ·        identifygaps and ambiguities in the law on criminal evidence.

      ·     usetraditional and electronic sources of material.

      ·     participatein group work.

      ​      reflecton their understanding of the syllabus and use feedback to develop the qualityof their work.

      ·        completespecified tasks with direction from academic staff.

    37. Medical Law and Ethics 1 (LAW051)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
    38. To examine the interaction between medical practice and the law and the fundamental legal principles governing the doctor-patient relationship.

    39. ​To offer a detailed consideration of the legal principles regulating compensation of victims of medical accidents, consent to medical treatment and the confidentiality of the doctor-patient relationship.

    40. ​To consider basic principles of medical ethics and their application 

    41. Learning Outcomes

      knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of Medical Law and detailed knowledge of the law in some key areas

      ​a basic understanding of the context in which medicine is practised in the UK and the impact of legal rules on the practice of medicine

      ​a basic understanding of the ethical issues involved in particular areas of medical practice, such as consent to treatment

      An ability to identify correctly and apply the law and ethical principles to hypothetical facts​

      ​An ability to adopt a critical perspective to existing legal rules and/or practices, and to identify constructive suggestions for reform

    42. Police Powers, Public Order and Protest (LAW074)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims

      This module introduces students to police powers, public order law and police accountability in England and Wales.

      Learning Outcomes

      At the end of the module students should be able to

      • Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the laws, policies and some theory relating to civil liberties in England and Wales in the field of police powers
      • Demonstrate that knowledge orally and in writing
      • apply that knowledge to hypothetical practical situations
      • distil law from the statutes and cases and use traditional and electronic sources of material for research - including keeping up to date with change in a fast moving Government and court lead area of the law
      • write concisely and incisively about legal issues as appropriate
      • present coherent and effective oral argument about legal issues and an ability to support the positions taken from legal analysis
    43. Eu Social Law (LAW302)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
    44. To develop further knowledge of EU Law, by exploring a range of specialist topics relating to the EU''s competence over social law and policy within the Member States.

    45. To explore the relationship, and tensions, between the EU''s economic and social competences.​

    46. Learning Outcomes

      Show an advanced understanding of Union legal method.

      Demonstrate the ability to conduct research in specialist fields of EU Law.​

      Think critically about the social dimension of European integration, including its broader economic, political, constitutional and cultural contexts.​

    47. Human Rights and International Law Practice 1 - A Law Clinic Module (LAW303)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      AimsThe module aims to 
      • develop in itsstudents key elements of the "Liverpool Law Graduate",particularly their ''engagement'' and ''employability'', through direct experience of legalpractice. The Liverpool Law Clinic is an in-house legal practice providing a free legal advice serviceto members of the public on a wide range of general legal problems. Workingwith a partner you will have the unique and privileged experience of advising areal client in the Liverpool Law Clinic under the supervision of in-house solicitors or a barrister.
      • offer you an opportunity to apply your academic legal knowledge in a practical way in a professionallegal environment in the Liverpool Law Clinic.
      • encourage the development of a range of professional legalskills, including client care, professional conduct, professional legalskills, collaborative working, file management, practical legal research, writing and drafting. 
      • provide you with a high quality, distinctive student experience in a unique field of practice strongly informed by the Clinic''s international policy work; many of the clients whose cases are the subject of student work on this module are stateless and the Clinic has a special project with international reputation in this area including judicial review work.
      • to develop highly transferrable skills and the key personalattributes of resilience, persistence, attention to detail, professionalism aswell as taking individual and collective responsibility.
      • to provide you with a chance to put youracademic skills to practical use for the first time. Your work has a significantimpact on the life of your client.
      • contribute to the Law Clinic''s aim to promote and improve access to justice providing free legal advice to the local community.
      Learning Outcomes

      1          Professional Conduct and Ethics

       

      The module requires you to work withintegrity, resilience, flexibility and adaptability. At the end of this moduleyou should be able to:

      • demonstrate aconceptual and practical understanding of key elements of the SolicitorsRegulation Authority’s Code of Conduct for Solicitors by acting in compliance with the Code in your Law Cliniccasework including
        • ac​ting withintegrity and in the best interests of each client;
        • maintainingclient confidentiality;
        • understanding theprinciples of conflict of interest and applying them where      ​   appropriate;
        • applying theprinciples of client care and of pro bono legal work with reference       to the nature of the client/solicitorretainer.

      • demonstrate anunderstanding of the Clinic’s rules and protocols as set out in the Law ClinicOffice Manual and Student Agreement by
        • identifying howthese rules and protocols require you to behave as a Student   Adviser in the LawClinic;
        • demonstratingyour compliance with these rules in your client casework and by     your conductwhen working in the Law Clinic;
        • working to strictdeadlines.

      2.  Practical Application of the Law

      This module helps to further developyour critical thinking and problem solving skills. At the end of this module youshould be able to apply your legal knowledge in a practical way to a real client’slegal problem to:


      • apply law inpractice by identifying a client’s problem, analysing it, researchingit and writing a detailed piece of drafting to professional legalpractice standards;
      • communicatecomplex legal information in writing to, for example, a lay client, the Home Office, supervising lawyers;
      • demonstrateknowledge of English legal procedures by researchingpractical next steps a client can take to progress their legal problemand assess which steps apply to a client;
      • identifypotential difficulties in access to justice by demonstrating an evaluativeapproach in the advice given to a client on their options for practicalnext steps.

      ​​3. Clinical Legal Skills

       

      At the end of this module, and byworking under the supervision of practising lawyers, you should be able todemonstrate high levels of competence in a range of clinical legal skills which willfurther develop your communication and information skills:


      • ​Identify andanalyse a legal problem by conducting preliminary research​.
      • Research aclient’s problem using reliable and accurate sources including:  
        • ​relevantauthoritative primary and secondary sources of law including law reports andwhere appropriate, legal journals;
        • relevantprofessional legal data sets and practitioner texts including precedentdocuments; and
        • complete adetailed research record.
      •  Write a letter oflegal advice, or letter of represenations, or witness statement, or letter to an expert, or a skeleton argument to/for a client to a strict deadline and to professional practicestandards by:
        • ​managing yourtime individually and as a partnership;
        • synthesisinginformation from practical legal research;
        • applying law tothe facts of a client’s case;
        • adaptingtechnical legal information so that your legal drafting is accessible to a layclient;
        • using a highstandard of written English including a logical structure; correct grammar,punctuation and spelling; clear writing style.
      • ​Create, manageand maintain a contemporaneous client case file to professional practicestandards by compliance with the Law Clinic’s protocols contained in the LawClinic Office Manual including using pro forma and template documents

       

       ​

      ​4. Collaborative Working, Peer Review,Critical Reflection

       

      By the end of this module, you should beable to improve your own learning

      performance and team working and:


      • ​demonstrateeffective collaborative working by participating equally in a studentpartnership to research a legal problem; interview a client (in some cases); co-author a detailed piece of legal drafting andReflective Log; and maintain a client case file;
      • improving yourown learning performance by using a considered response to feedback frominternal and external professional practitioner supervisors and using feedbackto revise and improve your work;
      • working togetherwith your student partner to review and critically assess each other’scontributions, provide constructive feedback and use it to improve work
      • reflect on yourlearning from the Law Clinic experience by using critical self-reflection andreflective writing to compose a Reflective Log.

       

       ​

    48. Family Law (LAW316)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
      1. Provide students with an introduction to key aspects of family law in England and Wales in the context of both public and private proceedings.

      2. To explore how the law defines ‘family’

      3. ​To highlight the extent to which the law accommodates different family forms and interpersonal relationships in the light of cultural, religious and social variables.

      4. To consider the impact of human rights on the development and interpretation of family law.

      5. ​To critically examine key features of and developments in family law in England and Wales, including an analysis of the ongoing family justice review and key judicial decisions.

      6. To critically examine the role and limitations of the state in regulating family relationships, including an analysis of the interplay between state welfare provision and the organisation of private family life.

      Learning Outcomes

      Have acquired a detailed understanding of legal instruments and processes governing family law in England and Wales

       

      ​Be able to apply legal instruments to practical scenarios

      ​Be able to determine individuals'' rights in family law matters, particularly the rights of vulnerable and socially/legally marginalised groups (ex. Children; same sex couples; ethnic minorities).

      ​Have gained a critical perspective of key legal and policy developments in family law and be able to suggest areas for development and reform;

      ​Be able to appreciate the relationship between social policy/state welfare provision and the development of family law.

      ​Understand the impact of human rights on the interpretation and application of family law

    49. Banking Law (LAW317)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      The aims of this module are:

      To ensure that students have a solid knowledge and understanding of the main legal principles and issues of english Banking Law in its social, economic and political context.      

      To understand the impact of EU Law in English Banking Law and to have a solid  understanding of the reform and developments resulting from EU Law​

      To allow students to develop a strong knowledge and research skills base to enable them to recognize the differences between Banking,  Contract and Tort Law and appreciate the importance of Banking Law to related specialist Commercial legal subjects

      To develop students skills to work in a team including communication, negotiation and persuasion skills and to work in groups as a participant contributing professionally and effectively to successful completion of the joint task ​

       

      Learning OutcomesUnderstand the laws applicable to the banker/customer relationship, bank regulation and negotiable instruments and appreciate the practical and legal problems in this area of regulating the banking sector.

      Apply substantive law and legal reasoning skills to hypothetical cases;​

      Understand and appreciate the impact and importance of EU Law in these areas;

      Show an awareness at the basic level of economic and government policy behind the  the banking sector;

      Analyse, evaluate and form critical judgements on individual cases and statutes;​

      Use primary and secondary sources of law relating to contract law effectively;​

      Present coherent and effective argument about issues relating to Banking Law;​

      Identify and engage with contemporary debates while accurately reporting the law in an area of Banking law;​

    50. Security, Conflict and the Law (LAW320)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
      1. To introduce students to relevant legal and policy frameworks - domestic and international - through which to understand contemporary security challenges, particularly in the context of the United Kingdom. 
      2. To challenge students to realise the interconnection between distinct bodies of law, such as, international human rights law, constitutional and administrative law, criminal law and immigration law in the context of counter-terrorism and national security.

      3. ​To prepare students to understand critically such concepts as terrorism, counter-terrorism, national security and state of emergency

      4. ​​​To enable students to explore the wider context of conflict and security challenges, historically, socially and conceptually. 
      Learning Outcomes​Students will be able to identify relevant domestic and international legal and policy frameworks and explain how these frameworks operate in periods of crisis, for example, in the context of national security and counter-terrorism. 

      ​Students will be able to problematize and discuss in a critical light various terms associated with national security and counter-terrorism, for example, the definition and concept of terrorism.Students will be able to demonstrate a detailed understanding of the history and genesis of emergency powers and be capable of discussing how such powers have been used in the United Kingdom and how they relate to contemporary counter-terrorism. 
      Students should be able to understand, analyse and evaluate national and international strategies for dealing with conflict and security challenges, such as the challenge posed by terrorism.
      Students should be capable of reflecting on the future and the value of human rights in facing challenges to security. 

    51. Clinical Legal Skills - A Law Clinic Module (LAW322)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      1.     To provide students with theopportunity to study an area of law and justice in depth through experientialand enquiry based learning by assisting solicitor to proved legal advice tomembers of the public.  Theseopportunities will be provided through the following activities:

      a.     Researching law and procedurerelevant to the client’s problems will develop their ability to identify issueswhich require researching and their ability to retrieve and evaluate accurate,current and relevant information from a range of appropriate sources.

      b.     Drafting a letter of advice toa client (and any other documents necessary to progress the client’s case, forexample forms for court, or letters of complaint,) will develop their abilityto explain legal and procedural rules, apply rules clearly and succinctly inorder to offer a reasoned choice/conclusion.

      c.      Analysis of client cases willdevelop their ability to engage in critical analysis, synthesise relevantdoctrinal, theoretical and policy issues and develop understanding of theprinciples and values of law and justice in context.

       

      2.     To provide students with theopportunity to engage with their own personal, professional and academicdevelopment through reflection, collaborative working, research andself-directed learning.  Theseopportunities will be provided through the following activities:

      a.     Engaging in exercises toidentify their own strengths and weaknesses, in order to set personal targetsfor their own development during the module and to produce a reflectivejournal.

      b.     Working collaboratively inteams or “firms” throughout the module will develop skills including team-work,self-management, problem-solving and professionalism.

      c.      Working on client cases willdevelop legal skills such as drafting, file-management, client interviewing andprofessional conduct.

      d.     Participating in weekly firmsupervisions with regular peer-feedback and supervisor feedback which willdevelop self management, including ability to reflect on their own learning,make effective use of feedback, willingness to acknowledge and correcterrors. 

      e.     Participating in weeklypractical workshops with regular oral presentations will develop students’abilities to communicate both orally and in writing in relation to legalmatters, including an ability to listen and respond to written and oralstimuli.




        Learning Outcomes

        At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to research the law and procedure relevant to client problems and write a research report. 

        At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to advise a client in writing on the courses of action available to them, based on research undertaken.

        ​  At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to critically analyse a client case that you have worked on, taking a theoretical approach to evaluating an aspect of access to justice in Merseyside.

        ​ At the end of the module you will have demonstrated an ability to reflect on your personal, academic and professional development. 

        At the end of the module you will have demonstrated your ability to maintain case files in accordance with the Law Clinic Office Manual and SRA Handbook and Code of Conduct. 

      • Law in Literature and Film (LAW333)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims

        To equip students with a critical knowledge and understanding of the ways in which the relationship between individuals, law and culture are portrayed in literature and film and the theoretical underpinnings thereof.

        To allow students to improve their contextual skills by enabling them to consider law in its socio, political, economic and cultural context.

        To examine the relationship between aspects of law (metalaw) and the portrayal thereof in literature and film.

        To enable students to develop an interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of law, literature and film.

        To foster a critical awareness of socio-legal debates on law and its portrayal in literature and film.

        Learning Outcomes

        Display a critical knowledge and understanding of law in literature and film.

           

        ​Understand the ways in which law is portrayed in both literature and film and the impact of that portrayal upon law itself.

        ​Identify contemporary debates and engage with these while accurately reporting the law in the area.

        ​Analyse the influence of law upon popular culture (through the mediums of literature and film) and the influence of popular culture (through the mediums of literature and film) upon law.

      • Privacy, Surveillance and the Law of Social Media (LAW341)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims
      • To examine the logic and rationale of privacy and data protection (as set out in the UK, EU and other international instruments).

      • To assess the policy and practical significance of the Internet, social media and communication tools for regulation.​
      • To identify and critically appraise the potential of the Internet and new communication technologies to both undermine and enhance privacy values and norms​
      • Learning OutcomesIdentify and discuss key privacy and data protection concepts, articulate their rationale and relevance within policy, commercial and political settings.Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of digital information and the practical implications of technological convergence for managing personal information and threats to privacy, particularly in the context of online social media networks and communication services.​Explain the interaction of legal norms with the regulatory effects of IT and other non-legal instruments, such as sectoral codes of practice.​Evaluate the key debates and assess the potential of the Internet and new communication technologies to both undermine and enhance privacy values and norms.​
      • Principles of International Law (LAW353)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims
      • The module provides students with an in-depth specialist knowledge of the principles and structure of international law, with special emphasis on law-making processes;

      • Critical tools for an understanding of the interaction of political and legal factors in the conduct of international relations;

      • Ability to identify the law and apply it correctly to hypothetical scenarios informed by major doctrinal and policy concerns;

      • Ability to undertake independent research and reflect on today’s most debated theoretical and practical issue in the field;

      • ​Ability to construct coherent legal arguments orally and in writing;

      • ​Ability to interpret and evaluate international legal materials against the backdrop of multiple international, regional and domestic legal and policy frameworks.

      • Learning Outcomes

        A critical understanding and knowledge of the principles that form the basis of the law governing inter-state relations;

        ​An ability to identify complex international legal issues and problems including those suitable for further research   

        ​An ability to work effectively with all relevant primary and secondary international legal sources, including complex materials, and to inform and develop understanding of a given topic

        ​An awareness of the interaction of political and legal factors in the conduct of international relations 

        An ability to apply legal knowledge to complex situations including those involving doctrinal disputes over the theory and practice of international law, and to offer own reasoned views over such legal disputes

        ​An ability to construct coherent legal arguments orally and in writing

        ​An ability to undertake independent research, and to think critically about international legal issues

        ​An ability to interpret and evaluate international legal materials within the wider context of international relations and domestic practices 

      • Law and Economics (LAW355)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
        Aims

        To increase students'' critical engagement with law by introducing them to an alternative viewpoint offered by economics. Other modules question whether the law is fair or just. In this module we ask whether the law is efficient and if not how we can make it more efficient. 

        To improve students'' communication skills by introducing them to the terminology and methological toolkit of another discipline. Due to the increasingly complex economic aspect of legal conflicts, many law firms and other institutions involved in law enforcement employ economists in addition to lawyers. 

        To communicate more effectively with economists with whom they are likely to work together in the future.

        Learning Outcomes​​​Student awareness ofbasic economics concepts, such as efficiency, externalities, collective actionproblems, principal-agent problems, moral hazard, information asymmetries, expost and ex ante, game theory and transaction costs.

        ​Student awareness of the key objectives and functions of economics as a discipline. More specifically at the end of the module, students should be aware that economics deals with all kinds of human behaviour, thus, it might be helpful in the explanation and solution of all kinds of legal problems, including those in public law subjects.​ Thus contrary to the common assumption, economics is not only about markets and commercial activities.

        ​Student appreciation that using economic concepts in a simple way may contribute to the strength of legal argumentation. Thus, students should be aware that the module does not only engage in a theoretical debate, but skills developed in this course will be highly relevant and useful in their professional life.​ ​Student sensitivity to spot the aspects of economics involved in daily life situations and the strength of economic concepts in explaining those situations.​
      • Advertising Law and Consumer Protection in Europe (LAW356)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims
      • If advertising offers significant opportunities for EU market integration, it also presents a range of complex challenges for consumer protection. The aim of this module is to determine the extent to which advertising has been regulated in Europe at both EU and national level to strike a balance between the potentially competing objectives of consumer protection and market integration.

      • ​More specifically, this module is intended to provide an in-depth understanding of the different interests which advertising law should take into account (from economic to other considerations, including public health, consumer, child and fundamental rights concerns).

      • Advertising law also provides interesting insights into the relationship between the EU and national legal orders. In particular, the question arises whether the EU is better placed than its individual Member States to regulate unfair commercial practices and advertising more specifically. One of the aims of this module will therefore be to discuss the scope of EU powers in this field and how it should exercise them.

      • Advertising law develops very rapidly. However, there are very few textbooks devoted specifically to this specific area of the law. Another aim of this module will therefore be to engage with a broad range of policy documents and assess both their practical and theoretical relevance, with a view to bridging the gap between academia and practice. In particular, we will focus on specific case studies in order to engage in-depth with topical issues, whilst extracting more general principles of EU advertising law which could potentially apply to a range of other case studies and provide a sound theoretical understanding of EU advertising law.

      • Learning Outcomes

        Demonstrate thorough knowledge of the legal principles underpinning the developing policies at EU and national level on advertising law and consumer protection;

        ​Show a good understanding of the relevant social, economic, political, historical, philosophical, ethical, scientific and cultural contexts within which regulatory instruments can be used to regulate advertising and protect consumers in Europe;

        ​Demonstrate a thorough understanding of the relationship between EU law and national law on advertising law and consumer protection;

        ​Locate and handle appropriate legal and non-legal materials; and

        ​Carry out research on European advertising and consumer protection laws and policies

      The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.