Year One Compulsory Modules
The Legal System in Practice (LAW002)
The module will introduce students to selected topics concerned with the operation of the English legal system, including some of the people and organisations with a role or stake in its operation. Its main aims are:
This aim supports the Quality Assurance Agency subject benchmark standards for Law (2015) paragraphs 2.4, particularly the following:
- To help students to understand the identity of key actors within civil and some criminal legal disputes
- To appreciate ways in which the legal system establishes relationships between those actors both through directly applicable law and through the organisation of professions and the availability of alternatives to formal legal process
- To understand critical arguments about the structure of the legal system and the organisation of actors within that system
- To introduce students to the practice of key legal professional and transferable skills including teamwork, presentation and negotiation/mediation.
- self-management, including an ability to reflect on their own learning, make effective
use of feedback, a willingness to acknowledge and correct errors and an ability to
- awareness of principles and values of law and justice, and of ethics
ability to produce a synthesis of relevant doctrinal and policy issues, presentation of
a reasoned choice between alternative solutions and critical judgement of the
merits of particular arguments
- ability to communicate both orally and in writing, in relation to legal matters,
including an ability to listen and respond to written and oral stimuli including
questions and instructions
- engagement with their own personal and professional development, and academic
The form, organisation and regulation of the legal professions in the UKThe Civil Procedure Rules, civil process, funding litigation, and alternative dispute resolution
Upon completing the module students will be able to identify the different professional groups which operate in the legal advice and legal representation fields in England and Wales, and will understand the extent to which non-qualified persons may undertake different types of legal work either on their own behalf or on behalf of another person. They will also understand the ways in which legal practitioners are regulated and approved by bodies such as the Bar Council, Bar Standards Board, the Law Society, the Solicitors Regulation Authority, and other related bodies and will be able to evaluate alternative models for the provision of professional legal services in other common law countries such as the USA.
Students will recognise key parts of the Civil Procedure Rules which impact on the ways in which litigants and their representatives must approach civil litigation, including the way in which these rules impose an obligation on litigants to attempt alternative dispute resolution. They will also appreciate key financial and commercial issues around the payment for legal legal services and the availability of funding.
Parties and power in civil cases, issues around access to justice and the purpose of the trial
Students will understand how the legal system defines a party and in which circumstances the court may invite ''interveners'' to participate within legal proceedings. They will understand the way in which the English civil process embodies underlying assumptions about the purpose of the civil trial in the way that it regulates access to funding, and how it provides for class or multiple party actions.The role of the judge and the jury in civil and criminal proceedings
Students will understand how judges and juries are selected, trained, and regulated and how the role of each institution relates to the other within the trial system. They will be familiar with contemporary debates about the way in which the law attempts to prevent bias in tribunals of law and how issues of selection and qualification relates to broader topics including gender balance and the constitutional role of the judge and jury.
English Legal System and Legal Skills (LAW101)
This module aims to provide students with a strong foundation in legal method, including case analysis and statutory interpretation.
To develop legal and academic skills including library research, the organisation of legal sources, academic writing and legal reasoning, and the development and revision of the law within the context of academic critiques and the work of law reform agencies.
To understand the significance of case law in the English legal system, the definition and identification of the ratio decidendi in English cases, the organisation of the courts and the operation of the rule of stare decisis, the impact of international treaties and EU law on case analsysis and precedent, the system of law reporting and restrictions placed on the citation of authorities in English courts. To demonstrate a high level of competence in analysing individual cases and in ascertaining the significance of individual cases within the broader case law.
Legislative interpretationTo understand the significance and status of different types of legislation, the variety of methods used to analyse, interpret and apply legislation, the impact of styles of drafting relative to different legal systems (English and EU systems) on statutory interpretation. To demonstrate a high level of competence in analysing legislation, in ascertaining the rationale for different interpretations of legislation, and identifying the relevant sources which may be used to assist in this interpretation. Legal research
To be able to retrieve authoritative primary sources of law and to understand how to differentiate between the status of different primary sources, including relative authority of law reports and currency of cases and legislation. To understand how to use basis secondary indexing sources (both electronic and hard copy) to cross reference between primary legal sources and to verify their status.
Legal writing, critiques and scholarshipTo understand the nature of critical academic inquiry in the sphere of law, the application of general academic writing principles in the context of legal work, the use of key legal citation and referencing tools, approaches to the organisation and planning of legal problem questions and legal essay questions, the process of peer review in scholarly journals and in undergraduate work. To demonstrate the ability to conduct rational self review and peer review of written work, including interpreting and applying departmental marking criteria.
Law of Contract (LAW105)
To ensure that you have a solid knowledge and understanding of the main legal principles and issues of englsih Contract Law in its social, economic and political context.
- To understand the impact of EU Law in English Contract Law and to have a solid understanding of the reform and developments resulting from EU Law
- To develop your analytical, critical and research skills;
- To develop a strong knowledge and research skills base to enable you to recognize the differences between Contract and Tort Law and appreciate the importnace of Contract Law to related specialist Commercial legal subjects
- To provide you with a strong base of learning as a foundation for other related academic legal modules and in preparation for your vocational training
- To develop your skills to work in a team including your communication, negotiation and persuasion skills
To develop your skills as an independent learner including time management skills
Demonstrate in writing a knowledge of the basic principles of English Contract Law; Demonstrate a detailed knowledge of the key cases and statutory provisions;
Appreciate the influence of policy on the development of English Contract Law; Analyse, evaluate and form critical judgements on individual cases and statutes; Use primary and secondary sources of law relating to contract law effectively; Understand the language of the Law of Contract; Present coherent and effective argument about issues relating to contract law; Write concisely and coherently about the law relating to contract; Identify and engage with contemporary debates while accurately reporting the law in an area of contract law;
Be able to understand and use primarylegal materials;
Apply substantive law and legal reasoning skills to hypothetical cases.
Criminal Law (level 4) (LAW107)
- To introduce students to the fundamental concepts of criminal law.
To introduce students to the most important specific offences and defences in the criminal law of England and Wales.
To enhance students'' acquisition of key skills in the study of law.
Todevelop students'' understand how the study of law differs from practising law.
- To equip students to carry out independent tasks and research to a reasonable level as a basis for further development in subsequent study.
|Learning Outcomes||Ability to attain a reasonable theoretical and doctrinal understanding of the criminal law.|
Ability to extractthe law from legislation and cases.Ability to tracethe development of the law through legislation and case law.
Ability to criticallyanalyse and assess the law.
Ability to apply theirknowledge of the law to hypothetical factual situations.
Ability to use traditionaland electronic sources of material.
Ability to completespecified tasks with direction from academic staff.
Public Law I (LAW109)
- Public Law I seeks to: - explore the nature and functions of constitutional law;
- provide students with a knowledge and understanding of the fundamental principles and institutions of the UK constitution;
- identify and analyse selected key issues that are of critical importance to the UK’s constitutional arrangements;
- enable students to develop a range of core legal and transferable skills, and become effective independent learners.
By the end of Public Law I, students should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of, and the ability to analyse critically, the following topics:
- the law, practice and theory of the UK constitution;
- the key institutions of the UK constitution, their functions, and the relationship between them;
- the doctrine of the sovereignty of Parliament, and its present status within the UK constitution;
- the nature and purpose of legal accountability, through the principles of the rule of law and the separation of powers;
- the nature and purpose of political accountability, through the notions of ministerial responsibility, parliamentary accountability, and open government.
Students should be able to demonstrate the ability to consult, engage with, and respond to feedback.
Year Two Compulsory Modules
Law of Tort (LAW209)
To provide an introduction to the functions of the law of torts within the legal system.
To provide a structured outline of a range of actionable torts, and commentary on contentious issues and recent developments therein.
To consider how the legal principles can be applied to a variety of hypothetical facts.
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of the law of tort.
Demonstrate basic understanding of the social and economic context in which the law of tort functions, its aims and objectives and its underlying policy issues.
Identify and correctly apply the law to a set of hypothetical facts.
Adopt a critical perspective to existing legal rules and identify constructive suggestions for reform.
Undertake independent research, with appropriate guidance.
Construct coherent legal arguments, orally and in writing.
Equity & Trusts (LAW211)
To stimulate the academic interest of students in a complex and evolving area of law.
To deliver the substantive elements of the subject area in accordance withthe requirements laid down in the Joint Announcement of the SRA and Bar Council, governing the content of qualifying LL.B degree programmes.
To enhance general legal and transferable skills in the context of the subject area.
To allow students to carry out independent tasks and research to a high level of aptitude.
|Learning Outcomes||Demonstrate, orally and in writing, knowledge and understanding of thebasic concepts of Equity and the operation of the trust.|
Demonstrate a basic understanding of the legal context of trusts and equity in the operation of the legal system.
Demonstrate an awareness of the practical implications for individuals of the operation of the law of Equity & Trusts in England and Wales, e.g., with reference to the ownership of the matrimonial home.Demonstrate understanding of the law as it affects trustees - obligations,powers, etc.
Appreciate the social and economic (especially fiscal) context of trusts and the underlying policy issues.
Demonstrate an appreciation of the value of equitable remedies in society.
Demonstrate an understanding of the subject area as a whole, as well as in discrete topics.
Use and interpret complex legal statutory material, case law and academic writing.
Law and Social Justice (LAW212)
To promote the key characteristics of the “Liverpool Law Graduate” - a student who is distinctively engaged, empowered and employable - particularly a critical awareness of the role of law in facilitating and hindering social change;
- To engage students directly with the research activities of staff within the Liverpool Law School by exploring live issues and methods;
- To promote the development of key legal and transferable skills, particularly as regards research, critical thinking and team work;
To provide students with an introduction to some of the key optional choices available in their final year of study on the law degree.
To demonstrate a critical awareness and understanding of the role of law in promoting (or inhibiting) values such as justice, fairness, equality, citizenship, inclusion and social responsibility; and of how such values are themselves constructed and critiqued;
To work effectively as part of a project team to deliver a research-based presentation;To demonstrate awareness of the nature of academic legal research, particularly from among the main fields of research undertaken within the Law School.
Land Law (LAW242)
?Stimulate theacademic interest of students in a complex area of law
Enhancegeneral legal and transferable skills in the context of the subject area.
- ????Deliver the substantive elements of the subject in accordance with the requirements laid down in the JointAnnouncement ofthe Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) and Bar Council governing the content of the qualifying law degree.
?Carry out independent tasks and research to a highlevel of aptitude.
?Demonstrateknowledge and understanding of the basic rules affecting an individual''s useand occupation of land and the claims of a third party to an interest in land.
?Demonstratedetailed knowledge of and the ability to critically evaluate the law in someareas.?
?Appreciatethe social context and underlying policy issues in this area of law and theinfluences they exert.
?Show anawareness of the practical implications for individuals of the operation ofLand Law.?
?Researchthe relevant laws, electronically and on paper and present an effectiveargument, soundly based in critical analysis of the law in its social andpolicy context both orally and in writing.?
?Be ableto complete specified tasks with minimal direction or input through formalinstruction.?
Law of the European Union I (LAW313)
To introduce the constitutional and institutional law of the European Union.
To develop an understanding of EU legislative procedures; the nature and limits of Union competence; and the system of judicial review governing Union acts.
To explore the application of EU law within national legal systems.
To encourage you to think critically about the integration process, e.g., the democratic character of EU decision-making processes and the effectiveness of the system of judicial protection against Union acts.
|Learning Outcomes||Demonstrate a developed understanding of the constitutional and institutional law of the European Union.|
Understand, critique, and apply the Union legal method.
Handle Union legal materials effectively, including case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union, EU Treaties and Union legislation.
Apply specialist knowledge to consider contemporary issues in the field of study.
Think critically about the evolving process of EU integration.
Think critically about the evolving process of less EU integration
Law of the European Union II (LAW314)
To consider some areas of substantive Union law, as distinct from the constitutional and institutional dimension considered in LAW313.
To critically examine the development of EU law relating to the free movement of goods, free movement of workers and free movement of economically inactive citizens (such as students and of retired persons).
To explore and show appreciation of the doctrinal and policy problems as relevant to the three topics (above) under consideration.
Understand how Union law is enforced in substantive areas.
Apply provisions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and EU secondary legislation to substantive issues.
Understand Opinions of Advocates General and judgments of the Court of Justice and critically assess their contribution to the development of EU law.
Solve problems in these areas and discuss the process of European integration.
Appreciate similarities and differences between EU freemovement law as it applies to goods, on the one hand, andpersons, on the other hand.
Programme Year Three
You are required to spend the Year Abroad on an approved placement at a European or overseas partner institution, studying a wide range of courses (including law and non-law modules). All instruction and assessment will be in English.
Programme Year Four
Offers a choice of optional modules.
The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.
Teaching and Learning
You will benefit from a mix of formal instruction and private study. Formal lectures are intended to give you a sound understanding of legal topics covered in the relevant modules, and you are expected to enhance your knowledge through private study and research. Tutorials and seminars (small group teaching) require active student participation and are particularly effective in assisting you in applying the law to practical situations. Online resources and exercises, group work and presentations all help to ensure that you develop a strong set of skills to equip you for life.
In addition, there are alternative forms of teaching delivery, such as podcasts, drop-in sessions, learning cafés and clinical legal skills.
- Lectures – provide an overview of the topic
- Tutorials/Seminars – provide an opportunity to question and develop knowledge in a small group setting.
Assessment takes many forms, each appropriate to the learning outcomes of the particular module studied. Degrees are classified on the basis of 240 credits, taken across the final two years in each degree programme. Year Two contributes 30% to the overall classification and the third year contributes 70%.
For our four year Law with a Year Abroad LLB (Hons) programme, Year Two contributes 20%, Year Three 10% and Year Four 70% to the overall classification.
Formal assessment takes place twice in an academic year at the end of semester one and semester two. We employ a range of methods to ensure that assessments complement learning, including seen/unseen, as well as open/closed book examinations. Additionally, coursework assesses depth of knowledge and independent research skills.