Geophysics (North America) MESci (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China

Key information


  • Course length: 4 years
  • UCAS code: F660
  • Year of entry: 2018
  • Typical offer: A-level : AAB / IB : 35 / BTEC : Not accepted
earth-sci-1

Module details

Programme Year One

Students take the following compulsory modules:

  • Study Skills  ENVS101
  • Introduction to Field Geology (field classes) ENVS109
  • Earth Structure and Plate TectonicsENVS112
  • Introduction to Sedimentary Rocks and Fossils ENVS118
  • Introduction to Structural Geology and Geological Maps ENVS156
  • Maths for Physicists 1 PHYS107
  • Maths for Physicists 2 PHYS108

 

Fieldwork:

  • 1 day in North England (Autumn)

8 days in Pembrokeshire (Easter)

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Study Skills and Gis (earth Science) (ENVS101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
    1. ​To develop essential study and disciplinary skills required by Geoscience Scientists, both for their current studies and future employment.

      • Introduce students to key approaches/concepts and ideas in the Earth Sciences
      • To help students identify and effectively employ appropriate sources of data and information
      • Develop students'' study skills and provide essential training for subsequent years
      • Develop students'' personal transferable skills.
    2. To introduce the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to Environmental Science 

    3. To introduce students to computer programming.
    Learning Outcomes

    Record field observations and ideas, and write a reflective account.

    ​Plan and structure written work to University standard.

    ​Demonstrate basic GIS interpretation and analysis techniques.

    Use IT tools to find accurate and up to date information, including University Library resources.​

    ​Develop programming skills for use in later modules.

    ​Develop employability skills through a CV and application letter exercise.

    ​Develop ability to communicate science in a small group.

    ​Demonstrate understanding of UoL Academic Integrity policy.

  • Introduction to Field Geology (ENVS109)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    To introduce students to field geology and enable students to apply knowledge and understanding that they have developed previously in lab-based modules. 

    Learning Outcomes

    ​1. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to demonstrate competence in rock, fossil, and mineral identification, and the identification and measurement of characteristic features of rock outcrops.

    ​2. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to complete hazard assessments of geological field localities based on topography, access, tide times, etc.

    ​3. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to record observations and interpretations in a scientific notebook.

    ​4. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to perform sedimentary analysis through the construction and interpretation of sedimentary logs.
    ​5. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to perform geometrical analysis of geological structures through the use of stereonets.

    ​6. On successful completion of this module, students should have grasped the rudiments of geological mapping, GVS construction, and cross section construction.

    ​7. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to use geological field observations as a basis to interpret outcrop features in terms of geological processes and environments.

    ​8. On successful completion of this module, students should be able to summarize the geological history of Pembrokeshire, derived from the synthesis of multiple days of field observations and interpretations.

  • Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics (ENVS112)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting75:25
    AimsTo introduce students to the structure and composition of the Earth, the Earth’s gravitational and magnetic fields, and dynamics within the deep Earth.

    To introduce students to the physics of Earth material and the geological time scale.

    To introduce students to plate tectonics.
    Learning Outcomes

      1. Knowledge and Understanding
     

    On completion of this module, students should:

    a. Have concepts and knowledge of whole Earth structure and composition, Earth’s gravity and magnetic fields, and dynamic processes within the mantle and core.

    b. Have concepts and knowledge of the physical properties and behaviour of Earth material.

    c. Have concepts and knowledge of the geological time scale and radiometric dating methods.

    d. Be able to understand the plate tectonic model and the relationship between plate tectonics and geological and geophysical observations in the major plate tectonic settings.

      2. Intellectual Abilities
     

    On completion of this module, students shouldbe able:

    a. to explain and evaluate the relationships between Earth structure, composition, physical behaviour and Earth dynamics;

    b. to explain and evaluate the relationships between plate tectonics and geological and geophysical processes and observations in the major plate tectonic settings.

      3. Subject Based Practical Skills
     

    On completion of this module, students should:

    a. be able to manipulate geological and geophysical data to help understand Earth structure and processes.

      4. General Transferable Skills
     

    On completion of this module, students should have developed their skills in:

    a. problem solving including simple numerical problems;
    b. numeracy through completion of assignments;
    c. Information synthesis and collation;
    d. time management through regular assignment deadlines.

  • Introduction to Sedimentary Rocks and Fossils (ENVS118)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting75:25
    Aims
    • The aim of this module is to provide an introduction to the study of sediments and sedimentary rocks and to introduce the main groups of common fossil.
    • The module aims to cover the basic language used to describe sediments and fossils and gives an introduction to a range of physical, chemical and biological concepts.   
    • The students are introduced to the economic significance of sediments and sedimentary rocks and how fossils provide information on geological time, evolutionary history and ancient environments.
    Learning Outcomes

    ​1. On successful completion of this module, a student will be able to describe sediments and sedimentary rocks at outcrop, hand specimen and thin section scales, identifying and naming key structures and fabrics.

    ​2. On successful completion of this module, a student will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the relationships between process and product for both depositional and diagenetic features and be able to discuss the utility of sedimentary rocks to determine processs and, to a lesser extent, environment.

    ​3. On successful completion of this module, a student will be able to describe, name and identify and interpret the main features of common fossils.

    4. On successful completion of this module, a student will be able to demonstrate an understanding of how organisms are preserved as fossils, and of the utility of fossils to identify ancient modes of life, environments and relative ages of rocks.
  • Introduction to Structural Geology and Geological Maps (ENVS156)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    To introduce small- and large-scale geological structures.

    To introduce the principles of stress and strain.

    To introduce stereographic projection techniques.

    To use synthetic and real topographic and geological maps to teach a basic understanding of geological maps as representations of geometry and stratigraphy.

    Learning Outcomes
      1. Knowledge and Understanding
     

    On the successful completion of this module students should:

    a. know the geometry and nomenclature of geological structures;

    b. understand the appropriate classification schemes for geological structures;

    c. understand how selected small-scale structures may be used to interpret the geometry of large-scale structures.

    d. recognising common geological map patterns and elements.

    e. understanding geological map conventions

    f. understanding that 3D geometry can be interpreted from map data.

    g. stratigraphic concepts as applied to maps

      2. Intellectual Abilities
     

    On the successful completion of this module students should:

    a. have developed strategies for the description and identification of geological structures;

    b. have an appreciation of stress and strain.

    c. be able to visualise the 3D interaction of geological surfaces with topography

    d. be able to synthesise a sequence of events from information on a geological map

      3. Subject Based Practical Skills
     

    On the successful completion of this module students should be competent in:

    a. the use of the compass-clinometer;

    b. the plotting and manipulation of orientation data using stereographic projection;

    c. the portrayal of three-dimensional structures in two-dimensions;

    d. the interpretation of two-dimensional representations of three-dimensional structures.

    e. use of topographic maps: including finding and reading grid references, reading distances and directions, reading topography using contours.

    f. the use of structure contours, to map the 3D shape of geologically important surfaces

    g. construction of cross sections and generalised vertical successions from geological maps.

    h. use of the compass clinometer for recording bearings

      4. General Transferable Skills
     

    On the successful completion of this module students should have:

    a. learnt, by example, how to use textbooks to support their studies.

    b. practical use of topographic and geological maps.

    c. ability to work neatly and legibly on maps

  • Mathematics for Physicists I (PHYS107)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    To ensure all students possess a common level of knowledge and skills irrespective of background.

    To provide a foundation for the mathematics required by physical scientists.

    To assist students in acquiring the skills necessary to use the mathematics developed in the module.

    Learning Outcomes
  • A good working knowledge of differential and integral calculus

  • Familiarity with some of the elementary functions common in applied mathematics and science 

  • An introductory knowledge of functions of several variables

    Manipulation of complex numbers and use them to solve simple problems involving fractional powers

    ​An introductory knowledge of series

    A good rudimentary knowledge of simple problems involving statistics: binomial and Poisson distributions, mean, standard deviation, standard error of mean

  • Mathematics for Physicists II (PHYS108)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims
    • To consolidate and extend the understanding of mathematics required for the physical sciences.
    • To develop the student’s ability to apply the mathematical techniques developed in the module to the understanding of physical problems.
    Learning OutcomesAbility to manipulate matrices with confidence and use matrix methods to solve simultaneous linear equations.

    ​Familiarity with methods for solving first and second order differential equations in one variable.

    ​A basic knowledge of vector algebra.

    A basic understanding of Fourier series and transforms.

    ​A basic understanding of series methods for the solution of differential equations

Programme Year Two

Students take the following compulsory modules:

  • Geophysical Mathematics and Potential Theory ENVS201
  • Exploration GeophysicsENVS216
  • Seismology and ComputingENVS229
  • Environmental GeophysicsENVS258
  • Field Mapping Techniques ENVS269

 

Fieldwork:

15 days Geological Mapping Training in Spain (Easter)

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • Geophysical Mathematics and Potential Theory (ENVS201)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
    Aims

    To provide mathematical training required for geophysical research, with a specific focus on:

    1) Mathematical methods, providing a bridge between year 1 mathematics courses and geophysical applications in year 3 and 4.

    2) The application of these methods, with particular emphasis on applied potential theory (gravity and magnetic methods).
    Learning Outcomes

    Knowledge of mathematical methods appropriate for geophysical science.


    ​Advanced knowledge and understanding of the concepts of gravity and magnetic field potentials, fundamental mathematical framework of potential field theory, and application to data manipulation and interpretation.

    ​The ability to manipulate gravitational and magnetic data using potential field theory.

    ​Report writing from practical exercise, involving synthesising and presenting key conclusions rather than a simple practical report - to mimic professional reporting.

  • Exploration Geophysics (ENVS216)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
    Aims

    This module aims to enable students to gain an understanding in the basic principles and practise of exploration geophysics

    Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of the module, students should be capable of explaining the principles of seismic refraction and reflection, electrical and electromagnetic methods, gravity and magnetic surveying and well logging.

    On successful completion of the module students should be able to identify which geophysical technique(s) should be applied to the solution of specific geological and environmental problems.​

    On successful completion of the module students should be able to carry out simple interpretations of data derived from the application of these geophysical methods.​

  • Seismology and Computing (ENVS229)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims
  • ​Understanding fundamentals of theoretical and observational seismology.



  • ​Familiarization with basic MATLAB programming.​
  • ​Understanding of and ability to analyse various seismological data sets.​

  • Learning Outcomes​​
      1. Knowledge and Understanding
     

    On successful completion of this module students should have knowledge of and understand fundamentals of seismology and its applications, and should have some familiarity in programming in Matlab. 

     


    ​​

     2. Subject Based Practical Skills
     

    On successful completion of this module, students should be able to

    a) apply theory and methods to seismological data, analyse seismological data.

    b) Programme in MATLAB

    On successful completion of this module, students should have developed their skills in:

    a) communication (written)

    b) numeracy through practicals and homework

    c) teamwork in practicals

    d) IT literacy, including programming skills, through practicals

    e) time management through practicals and homework​

  • Environmental Geophysics (ENVS258)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
    Aims​This module aims to build on theory taught in ENVS216 through practical application of methods previously taught. In addition, fundamentals of remote sensing will be taught. The module will equip students with experience in a range of geophysical methods, carrying out surveys and associated data analysis and interpretation. How the various methods can be integrated will also be explored.
    Learning Outcomes

    Students will learn fundamentals of good survey practice in electrical, seismic, gravity and magnetic methods to make them ready for field-based activity with industry.​

    ​Students will learn basics of remote sensing techniques and how to interpret images, including through the use of GIS.

     

    ​To interpret, both qualitatively and quantitatively, practical data derived from the application of field methods.​​​To interpret graphs and remotely sensed data.​
  • Field Mapping Techniques (ENVS269)


    ​4. General Transferable Skills

    On successful completion of this module, students should have competence in:

    1. Teamwork through initial mapping training in small groups.
    2. Time and logistical management constrained by the need to meet regular deadlines and the often unpredictable nature of weather conditions.
    3. Conceptual problem solving through repeated observation, analysis and synthesis cycles.
    4. Fieldwork hazard assessment and safe conduct in mountain terrain.
    5. Graphical communication through the development of graphical representations of geology/geomorphology (map, section GVS).

    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    To train students in the techniques required to make geological and geomorphological maps.

    Learning Outcomes

    1. Knowledge and Understanding

    On successful completion of this module, students should have competence in:

    1. the geological/geomorphological history and structural geometry of a mapping area.






    ​2. Intellectual Abilities

    On successful completion of this module, students should have competence in:

    1. developing lithostratigraphic models;
    2. three-dimensual visualization of geological/geomorphological relationships and developing geometrical models;
    3. analysis and synthesis of discrete observations to build an overall solution (map and interpreation of geological/geomorphological evolution).

    ​3. Subject Based Practical Skills

    On successful completion of this module, students should have competence in:

    Map skills

    1. How to locate themselves on a topographic map, both with and without a compass
    2. How to follow a linear feature and mark this on a map
    3. How to record structural measurements on a map
    4. How to record map data in the field
    5. How to ink in a map to make a permanent record
    6. How to keep a notebook to accompany a map, including practical solutions for linking locality information between the two.

    Related skills

    1. How to construct a cross section in the field
    2. How to construct a GVS in the field
    3. How to develop lithostratigraphy from lithology, geometry and younging evidence


  • Metamorphism and Crustal Evolution (ENVS212)
    Level2
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    AimsTo introduce metamorphic rocks and the ways in which they form, to develop observational skills in relation to metamorphic rocks, and to show how they relate to other parts of geology. To convey the detailed techniques used for studying mineral assemblages in metamorphic rocks, to illustrate these in relation to contact and regional metamorphic case studies, and to discuss the large scale patterns of metamorphic rocks in terms of burial, erosion and overprinting.
    Learning Outcomes

    To recall and explain the basic nomenclature and concepts used in metamorphism

    To use and explain graphical, pictorial and numerical techniques related to metamorphic study​

    Ability to describe and identify common metamorphic minerals and textures in hand specimen and/or using the microscope​

    Ability to interpret common metamorphic minerals and textures from individual observations, diagrams and basic concepts

    To recall and explain the origins of large scale metamorphic patterns from for example burial, heating, erosion and overprinting, ultimately linked to plate tectonic setting​

    To recall and explain how the evolution of a particular mountain belt involves the links between metamorphism and other geological processes​

  • Newtonian Dynamics (PHYS101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims
    • To introduce the fundamental concepts and principles of classical mechanics at an elementary level.
    • To provide an introduction to the study of fluids.
    • To introduce the use of elementary vector algebra in the context of mechanics.
    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the laws of classical mechanics, and understand physical quantities with magnitudes, directions (where applicable), units and uncertainties.

    • understand physical quantities with magnitudes, directions (where applicable), units and uncertainties.
    • apply the laws of mechanics to statics, linear motion, motion in a plane, rotational motion, simple harmonic motion and gravitation.

    Apply the laws of mechanics to unseen situations and solve problems.

    Develop a knowledge and understanding of the analysis of linear and rotational motion.

    ​Develop a knowledge and understanding of the analysis of orbits, gravity, simple harmonic motion and fluid flow.

  • Wave Phenomena (PHYS103)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims
    • To introduce the fundamental concepts and principles of wave phenomena.
    • To highlight the many diverse areas of physics in which an understanding of waves is crucial.
    • To introduce the concepts of interference and diffraction.
    Learning Outcomes

    Demonstrate an understanding of oscillators.

    Understand the fundamental principles underlying wave phenomena.

      Apply those principles to diverse phenomena.

        Understand wave reflection and transmission, superposition of waves.

        Solve problems on the behaviour of electromagnetic waves in vacuo and in dielectric materials.

          Understand linear and circular polarisation.

            Understand inteference and diffraction effects.

             

            Understand lenses and optical instruments.

            Apply Fourier techniques and understand their link to diffraction patterns.

            Understand the basic principles of lasers

          Programme Year Three

          At a university in the United States, Canada or Australia. Current partners include: the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Universty of Georgia, McGill University in Montreal, Canada and Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.

          Programme Year Four

          Students take the following compulsory modules:

          • Geophysical Project (Masters level) ENVS400
          • Geophysical Exploration Techniques  ENVS562

          Three options from:

          • Quantitative tectonics ENVS314
          • Volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunami geophysics ENVS388
          •  Geohazards and Risk Mitigation ENVS410Mineral Deposits in Space and Time ENVS458
          • Rock Deformation ENVS460
          • Planetary Geophysics (M Level) ENVS540
          • Geophysical Data ModellingENVS586

          Project:

          • Field, laboratory or computer-based Advanced Geophysics Project

          Fieldwork:

          14 days in Tenerife, Canary Islands (winter)

          Year Four Compulsory Modules

          • Geophysical Project (level M) (ENVS400)
            LevelM
            Credit level60
            SemesterWhole Session
            Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
            Aims

            To provide a research level training in a specific geophysical subject area, and for the student to utilise this training in pursuing significant independent work. The aspiration is that this work if successful will be of publishable quality.

            To develop skills in presenting data and ideas visually, verbally and in written form.

            Learning OutcomesDemonstrate an ability to locate research literature and to evaluate its relevance to own research project
            ​​Demonstrate the ability to define the nature of scientific problems, and determine methods to approach and solve these problems, using (and where necessary extending) standard techniques.

            ​Denonstrate the ability to 

            acquire and evaluate data, and formulate hypotheses in a critical manner

            ​Demonstrate a high-level knowledge of a specific field of geophysics

            ​Demonstrate competence in audio-visual presentation

            ​Demonstrate competance in the organisation and writing of word-processed scientific reports

            Demonstrate competence in producing a short paper appropriate for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.​
          • Geophysical Exploration Techniques (ENVS562)
            LevelM
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
            AimsTo provide, for geophysics  students, an understanding of:

            1. The application of geophysical theory to exploration and engineering targets.

            2.  Practical use and evaluation of geophysical instrumentation, data acquisition, processing and interpretation.

            3. Critical analysis, synthesis and interpretation of a broad mix of geophysical data to a level suitable for publication.
            Learning Outcomes

            ​To develop knowledge of the response of geophysical instruments to a variety of targets.

            ​To understand the physical principles, limitations and errors associated with geophysical data aquisition.

            ​To synthesise and interpret multiple complex geophysical data sets within the appropriate geological context.

            ​To develop problem solving skills analogous to working for a major exploration company or geophysical engineering company/consultancy, including planning, logistics, budgeting time and expenditure.

            To develop skills in advanced scientific writing as required for publication in international peer-review journals.

          • Exploration Geophysics and Signal Processing (ENVS343)
            Level3
            Credit level15
            SemesterFirst Semester
            Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
            Aims

            To provide an understanding of the theory and fundamental principles of signal processing;    

            To provide an understanding of the principal signal processing techniques and their applications to seismic reflection, refraction and passive seismological time series;

            To gain familiarity with an industry standard reflection seismic processing  package and the underlying work flows. 

              Learning Outcomes

              To be able to apply signal processingtechniques to problems in reflection, refraction, and passive seismology.

              To identify problems inseismic processing which can be solved by signal processing techniques andevaluate the uncertainties in processed seismic sections.

              ​To be able to use a compuer based seismic processing system and understand the fundamentals of a seismic processing work flow.

              ​To be able to develop signal processing routines in MATLAB and graphical cimmunicate the results.

              ​To gain an understanding of the principle theory and routines of signal processing.

            Year Four Optional Modules

            • Quantitative Tectonics (ENVS314)
              Level3
              Credit level15
              SemesterFirst Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
              Aims
            • This module aims to impart a detailed understanding of lithospheric-scale active tectonics, and the ability to carry out mathematical calculations to understand and analyse tectonic processes. 

            • ​A subsidiary aim is to improve MATLAB programming skills initially acquired in ENVS229.​

            • Learning Outcomes

              ​Intellectual Abilities​

              On successful completion of this module, students should be able to

                      a) Understand principles and details of active tectonic processes

                      b) Apply mathematical methods to describe tectonic processes

                      c) Apply methods and theory to tectonic data​​​ ​
              Subject Based Practical Skills

              On successful completion of this module, students should be able to​

                     a) Set up simple models to simulate tectonic processes

                     a) Programme fluently in MATLAB to solve geophysical problems.

            • Fundamentals of Applied Earthquake and Volcano Seismology (ENVS388)
              Level3
              Credit level15
              SemesterSecond Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
              Aims

              1. To develop an understanding ofthe fundamentals of applied earthquake and volcano seismology.

              2. ​To use advanced computer programming.​

              3. To familiarize students withthe analysis of various seismological data sets (including big data).​

              4. To gain exposure tostate-of-the-art theory and methods in earthquake and volcano seismology.

              Learning Outcomes​​1.Knowledge and Understanding  

              After successful completion of thismodule the students will be able to:

              1. understand and discuss the fundamentalsof the theory of elasticity and seismic wave propagation
              2. appreciate the approximations made indescribing seismic sources
              3. understand the fundamentals of deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazardassessment
              4. understand volcanic processes and their seismic/geophysical signature
              5. be familiar with earthquake and volcano monitoring practice
              6. be able to use seismic and other geophysical data to evaluate volcanicunrest and produce eruption forecasts
              7. be able to perform computer-based statistical analyses of seismic data

                     

              2. Intellectual Abilities 
               

              On successful completion of this module,students should have developed their skills in:

              1. communication (written and verbal)
              2. numeracy through practicals and assessment
              3. teamwork in practicals/group presentations
              4. IT literacy, including programming skills, through practicals
              5. time management through practicals and homework​

              ​3. Subject Based Practical Skills 
               
              On completion of this module, students should have developed competence in:
              1. Manipulation, reduction and interpretation of geophysical data.
              2. Modeling of various geophysical processes using computer software packages. ​

              ​4. General transferrable skills

              1. ​Numeracy
              2. Graphical presentation
              3. Word processing software
              4. Computer literacy

            • Geohazards and Risk Mitigation (ENVS410)
              LevelM
              Credit level15
              SemesterFirst Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
              Aims

              The module aims

              a. To examine in detail the research frontiers of understanding of diverse natural hazards.

              b. To consider the objectives of risk mitigation strategies and their problems of implementation. Role Playing ''Game'' to provide realistic experience of conflicting interests, uncertainty and decision making.

              c. To examine the problems of dealing with uncertainties on a range of time-scales, including geological time-scales, and to review statistical methods for semi-quantitative analysis.

              d. To develop consensus on future research directions that would mitigate risks from natural hazards.

              Learning Outcomes

              ​Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of the nature, origins and possible outcomes of natural hazards and be able to evaluate natural hazards and derive parameters involved in specific risk mitigation.

              ​Students will be able to use numerical methods for risk quantification and dealing with uncertainty., and make effective oral communications / presentations of complex data sets and complicated arguments.

              ​Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of the processes involved for the evaluation of hazards and the preparation of risk assessments through state-of-the-art summaries.

              ​Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of the problems of risk communication to varied audiences and the development of consensus, and be able to evaluate critically the conflicting views presented in diverse media, from web, broadcasting, books and research articles.

            • Mineral Deposits in Space and Time (ENVS458)
              LevelM
              Credit level15
              SemesterFirst Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
              Aims

              The module aims

              1. To provide understanding of major types of mineral deposits through critical assessment of conceptual models of deposit forming processes.
              2. To synthesise the distribution of mineral deposits in space and time and to evaluate this in relation to overall Earth evolution.
              3. To develop an understanding of mineral exploration and resource estimation.

              Learning Outcomes

              ​Successful students will be able to describe and explain the geological and geochemical processes responsible for the main types of mineral deposit: magmatic, hydrothermal, sedimentary.

              ​Successful students will be able to design an approriate strategy for mineral exploration and use order of magnitude and dimensional analysis to quantify resource.

              ​Successful students will be able to research and synthesise large amounts of information into short seminar presentations and engage in a scientific dialogue during the seminars.

              Successful students will be able to to describe the evidence for non-uniform distribution of mineral deposits in space and time and critically evaluate the reasons in relation to uniformitarian and non-uniformitarian processes and events in Earth history.

              ​Successful students will be able to work effectively in an mineral exploration team and present results both orally and in executive report form.

              ​Successful students will be able to evaluate the sustainability of mineral resource development in terms of "peak minerals", environmental impact, economics and politics.

            • Rock Deformation (ENVS460)
              LevelM
              Credit level15
              SemesterSecond Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
              Aims

              To provide an understanding of the principles and mechanisms of rock deformation throughout the crust, including the theory of homogeneous stress in two-dimensions, brittle fracture, rock friction, diffusive mass transfer and intracrystalline platic flow.

              Learning Outcomes

              1. Knowledge and Understanding
              Students should:
              a. Understand how stress is analysed and how it relates to the deformation of rocks.
              b. Have a knowledge of the mechanisms by which rocks undergo deformation

               

              ​2. Intellectual Abilities
              Students should:
              a. Have a systematic quantitative understanding of the principal deformation processes in geological materials.
              b. Have an critical appreciation of how experimental data may be used to quantify the mechanical properties of geological materials.

              c. Be able to criticaally assess the published literature within the subject area and present this in a concise report format.

              ​3. Subject-based practical skills

              Students should:

              a. Be able to apply analytical and numerical techniques to the analysis of stress and strain in rocks.

              b. Be able to apply analytical and numerical techniques to the quantification of the deformationbehaviour of rocks at all levels in the Earth.

              4. General transferable skills

              a. General numeracy

              b. The ability to present in a report format the finidngs of a laboratory investigation

              c. Critical thinking and problem solving through resolution of practical problems

              d. ICT through report presentation and data processing and analysis

            • Planetary Geophysics (m Level) (ENVS540)
              LevelM
              Credit level15
              SemesterSecond Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
              Aims1) Detailed and comprehensive understanding of the structure, composition and dynamic behaviour of the Earth and an appreciation of the way multiple geophysical disciplines combine to contribute to our understanding of the Earth and solar system.​

              2) Awareness of research frontiers in the subject area and the activities underway to advance these.
              3) Development of learning strategies appropriate to graduate study and a research environment. graduate study and a research environment.
              Learning OutcomesWill understand current theories regarding the formation of the solar system. ​

              Will understand current theories and controversies regarding the structure and dynamics of Earth from mantle to core including fundamentals of Earth models and the methods used to study planetary interiors.

              Will be able to compare and contrast the Earth to the other planets in the solar system.​

              Will be able to integrate and synthesise, to a high degree, different facts and arguments to derive unified conclusions concerning planetary structures and dynamics.​

              Will be capable of analysing geophysical datasets in Matlab and Unix.​

              Will be able to critically analyse and develop sophisticated inferences from recent publications in the peer-reviewed literature.​

            • Geophysical Data Modelling (level M) (ENVS586)
              Level3
              Credit level15
              SemesterFirst Semester
              Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
              Aims

              Ability to create of geophysical models from data. Practical experience in inversion of mathematically linear problems, with knowledge of how to approach more general nonlinear problems.

              Understanding of the limitations of such models, and how they should be interpreted, with particular reference to model non-uniqueness and instability. Optimisation theory, and its application to interpretation of geophysical models. Integration of concepts of resolution and error estimation for practical problems. Time series analysis with non-Fourier methods.

              Understanding of basic statistics, confidence, implications of hypothesis testing.

              Learning Outcomes
                Knowledge and understanding of 
                eigenvalue analysis and its application to data analysis; implications of model existence, uniqueness for interpretation; basic statistics, including confidence testing, central limit theory       



               

               
               
               
               

              ​Interpretation of statistical results, geophysical modelling of real data set, amd understanding and application of concepts of resolution, error estimation, and quantification of model quality (and of its limitations.

              Inverting a large data set to give a geophysical model, and time series analysis from optimisation.

              ​Programming skills, including fluency in a unix/linux operating system, and shell programming.

            The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


            Teaching and Learning

            Teaching takes place through lectures, practicals, workshops, seminars, tutorials and fieldwork, with an emphasis on learning through doing. The award-winning Central Teaching Laboratories, provide a state-of-the-art facility for undergraduate practical work. Students value the learning opportunities provided by field classes, including the rapid and detailed feedback on performance.

            You will typically receive 15-20 hours of formal teaching each week, and complete between 50 and 100 days of residential fieldwork over the course of their programme. The degree programmes are modular with a typical module involving two one-hour lectures, and a three-hour laboratory or computer-based practical each week. Tutorials involve groups of six to eight students meeting with a member of staff at least every two weeks in Years One and Two.

            In Years Three and Four you will carry out independent research projects on a topic and location of your choice. All projects are supervised by a member of staff who will meet with you on a weekly or more frequent basis. As you progress through your degree, you are increasingly challenged to engage with current debates, to think critically and to study independently.