Biological Sciences BSc (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • Offers study abroad opportunities Offers study abroad opportunities
  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: C100
  • Year of entry: 2018
  • Typical offer: A-level : ABB / IB : 33 / BTEC : DDD in relevant diploma
life-sciences-4

Module details

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Molecules and Cells (LIFE101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1. Recognise the basic of structure, composition and function of cells;
    2. Explain core concepts relating to the organisation and specialisation of eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses;
    3. Define the cellular components involved in the regulation of key functions such as the generation of energy, movement, cell growth and division and differentiation;
    4. Describe the latest techniques that are used in cell biology to determine cell structure and function;
    5. Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of the module students will be able to:

    1. Describe how cells arose and their structural features;
    2. Compare and contrast eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells;
    3. Identify the different ways cells manipulate energy;
    4. Define the molecular basis of the processes by which cells grow, replicate, communicate, interact with their environment, move and die;
    5. Describe the functional importance of cell specialisation and cooperation in tissues.
  • Evolution (LIFE103)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Describe fundamental genetic mechanisms that are essential for the function and evolution of life;
    2. Introduce students to fundamental evolutionary concepts and theories, showing how genetic mechanisms help determine the patterns of observed evolution;
    3. Apply evolutionary concepts to a broad selection of areas of Life Sciences;
    4. Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biology.
    Learning Outcomes

    Recall how cells evolved

    ​Identify the causes of evolutionary change in populations

    ​Recognize the consequences of evolutionary change for patterns of biological diversity within and amongst populations

    ​Recall fundamental genetic mechanisms (heredity, mutation, meiosis, sex) and show how they influence evolutionary change in populations

    Recognize the widespread applicability of evolutionary ideas across the Life Sciences

  • Grand Challenges in Biology (LIFE105)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims
    1. To encourage students to become aware of the themes that are driving biological research in Liverpool and globally;
    2. To engage students with their programme of study;
    3. To excite student interest in their subject and the way it relates to the challenges that face us all;
    4. To foster the development of study skills that will equip students to investigate research topics and communicate their findings and views on them.
    Learning Outcomes

    To identify the grand challenges that face biological scientists

    ​To put into context the advances that science makes possible and the ethical issues associated with meeting the Grand Challenges

    ​To evaluate different approaches to the resolution of scientific questions

    ​To conduct an independent piece of research and report their findings to their peers

  • Experimental Skills in Current Biology (LIFE107)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and techniques that are of general use in subjects across the Life Sciences;
    2. Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory and to adhere to Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;
    3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;
    4. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;
    Learning OutcomesRecord, evaluate andinterpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures andprotocols​

    Plan and execute a seriesof experiments​

    Use laboratory equipmentcorrectly and safely to generate data​

    Identify, formulate andtest hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design​

    Apply appropriatestatistical tests for data evaluation​

    Demonstrate good laboratorypractice in relation to Health and Safety in the laboratory and good workingpractices​

    ​Demonstrate specific skills in pipetting, microscopy, weighing, serial dilution, spectrophotometer, centrifugation, aseptic technique, standard curve, biological drawing and quantitative analysis (descriptive statistics).

  • Essential Skills for the Life Sciences I (LIFE109)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Develop in students the essential skills that they will require to be competent life scientists;
    2. Enhance the employability prospects of students.
    Learning Outcomes

    Use a range of mathematical and numerical tools to address biological problems

    Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing

    ​Manage time, work to deadlines and prioritise workloads 

    ​Actively participate in groups but be capable of independent work

    ​Find relevant information and use IT effectively

    ​Address the relevance and ideas of others 

    ​Evaluate own performance and working standards 

Year One Optional Modules

  • Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences (LIFE102)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1. Describe the major dietary components for humans and other organisms, and the processes that result in their digestion and absorption;
    2. Explain the mechanisms and processes that regulate carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism;
    3. Define how imbalances in nutrition can lead to lifestyle diseases and how genetic or infectious diseases can result in impaired ability to generate energy;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

    1. Describe the important groups of diseases affecting humans and other organisms;
    2. Explain the processes involved in the control and regulation of metabolism and how their dysfunction results in lifestyle diseases;
    3. Identify the genetic mechanisms that underlie inherited diseases affecting oxygen transport and storage;
    4. Define the processes involved in bacterial and viral infectious disease and the mechanisms that protect organisms from infection.
  • Biological Chemistry (LIFE104)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims
  • This module aims to develop in students: Knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions that underpin biological processes
  • ​Awareness of the chemical processes that are required to understand pharmacological principles

  • ​The ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems, in biochemistry, pharmacology and biomedicine.

  • Learning OutcomesApply basic thermodynamic principles to biological systems and energetics

    ​Identify the principles of electronic structure and organic and bioinorganic chemical reactions, and their analysis

    ​Describe the anomalous properties of water and their importance in biological systems

    ​Use the principles of chemical reaction rates to quantify enzymatic reactions and pharmacokinetics

    Explain the application of basic spectroscopic techniques

    ​Describe how these chemical and thermodynamic principles explain key biological mechanisms

  • Introduction to Physiology and Pharmacology (LIFE106)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Provide students with a grounding in the concepts and principles that underlie human systems biology;
    2. Introduce the concepts of interactions of drugs and other exogenous chemicals on biological processes;
    3. Develop concepts of drug absorption and the relationship between chemical structure and drug action;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in physiology and pharmacology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in these disciplines.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

    1.  Describe homeostasis and its maintenance;
    2.  Define osmosis and hydrostatic pressure;
    3.  Outline the fundamentals of membrane potentials and how they are influenced;
    4.  Explain the roles played in various body systems in organism maintenance;
    5.  Distinguish how body systems interact in response to external stressors;
    6.  Define the way in which pharmacology is studied and drugs are developed;
    7.  Describe the properties of receptors;
    8.  Identify the chemical interactions between drugs and receptors;
    9.  Define and use the terms absorption, distribution and metabolism of drugs.
  • Applied Genetic and Molecular Technologies (LIFE108)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    AimsThis module aims to:
    1. Provide students with the knowledge and understanding of the structure of nucleic acids and how these molecules encode the properties of cells;
    2. Develop knowledge and understanding of the mechanisms that lead to inheritance in offspring;
    3. Equip students tobe able to describe the basic techniques that are used to experimentally clone genes and analyse their structure and function;
    4. Develop students'' knowledge and understanding in genetics and molecular biology, and their ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems, in these disciplines. 
    5. P.MsoNormal{text-align:justify;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;font-family:Arial;font-size:10pt;}LI.MsoNormal{text-align:justify;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;font-family:Arial;font-size:10pt;}DIV.MsoNormal{text-align:justify;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;font-family:Arial;font-size:10pt;}.MsoChpDefault{font-family:Calibri;font-size:11pt;}.MsoPapDefault{line-height:115%;margin-bottom:10pt;}DIV.WordSection1{page:WordSection1;}Introduce students to the ethical implications of genetic and molecular technologies.
    Learning Outcomes

    Explain the molecular processes that occur to produce variation in the offspring;

    and how to interpret Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance;

    ​Explain how to apply molecular technologies to isolate and characterise nucleic acids and design and interpret basic experiments to clone and analyse genes;

    ​Show how molecular biology technologies might be used to solve problems in biology, food security, veterinary science and medicine;

    ​Develop an appreciation of the ethical issues associated with genetic and molecular technologies.

  • Microbiology (LIFE110)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Describe how microbes play crucial roles in maintaining the natural environment;
    2. Explain the role of microbes in disease processes and how the immune system protects against infections;
    3. Highlight the roles of microbes in biotechnological processes;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in microbiology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in Microbiology.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

    1. Identify appropriate techniques for assessing microbial diversity with particular reference to bacteria and fungi;
    2. Describe the structure and significance of microbial communities involving these species;
    3. Explain the physiological properties and adaptations that enable microbes to colonise diverse environments;
    4. Define the roles of microbes as commensals and pathogens and mechanisms by which they interact with the host;
    5. Describe the roles that microbes play in nutrient and biomass recycling;
    6. Define the environmental and biotechnological importance of microbes in specific contexts, including food security and water treatment.
  • Animal Biodiversity (LIFE112)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims
  • To foster in students an understanding of structure and function of the basic body plan of the major groups of animals

  • ​To encourage the appreciation of the evolutionary origins of the basic body plan of animals;

  • ​To develop an understanding of how the basic body plan of animals has been modified to adapt to different modes of existence and habitats

  • ​To develop knowledge and understanding in animal biodiversity, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in zoology.

  • Learning Outcomes

    To identify the structure and function of the basic body plan of the major invertebrate and chordate groups, and the diversity within the groups that has arisen through evolution

    To ​recognize how the basic body plan of animals has been modified to adapt to different modes of existence and habitats

    To ​read and interpret phylogenetic trees
  • Developmental Biology: Embryology and Mechanisms of Development (LIFE114)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Describe the processes that regulate development and the general properties of stem cells;
    2. Explain the mechanisms of germ line development and early development from fertilisation to gastrulation; 
    3. Provide students with an understanding of how the major organ systems of the body form;
    4. Highlight the experimental evidence underpinning this knowledge;
    5. Develop knowledge and understanding in human biology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    Explain the fundamental mechanisms that regulate development;

    ​Describe the general properties of stem cells and their role in development;

    ​Explain the developmental processes that form the three layered embryo and the experimental evidence that underpins our understanding; 

  • Describe the formation of the main organs of the body from the ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm;
  • ​Explain the basic mechanisms that regulate the development of the major organ systems and the experimental models used to investigate these mechanisms.

  • Introduction to Animal Husbandry (LIFE118)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    This module aims to develop knowledge and understanding of:

    1. The present day structure of the agriculture industry including topics such as seasonality of production of the various domesticated animal species, the breeds used and which management  strategies are employed.
    2. The role of various crops and crop by-products as food sources; their evaluation as suitable foods for animals; how the nutritional requirements of animals are met;  and how to assess and formulate rations to prevent poor performance, metabolic disease and toxicities.
    3. Introductory theory of practical animal breeding; and to apply, evaluate and interpret problems in veterinary animal husbandry.

    Learning Outcomes

    Describe the role of the agricultural industry in the UK and to explain the seasonality of the production cycle and the interaction between crop and animal production and to identify the industries that pertain to a variety of farm and companion animal species.

    ​Demonstrate how to assess and formulate nutritional rations and describe the causes of metabolic conditions and toxicities;  

    ​Define how animals grow, develop and breed, and the factors that influence these processes, such as inherited diseases;

    ​Explain an animal''s responses to changes in the climatic environment and how these influence efficiency and productivity outcomes.

  • Ecology and the Global Environment (LIFE120)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims
  • This module aims to:

    Describe the physical and chemical contexts of the biosphere, the cycling of important elements at different scales, the distribution of biomes and the ecosystem concept;

  • Discuss ecological concepts such as succession, niche, food web theory, ecosystem stability and the impact of human activities;
  • Explain conservation of biodiversity at a range of scales.
  • Develop knowledge and understanding in ecology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
  • Learning Outcomes​Identify a range of global problems facing mankind that have ecological origins;
    Link each of these problems to key ecological concepts;Recognize how interactions of individuals, populations and communities with the physico-chemical environment contribute to determining species distributions and abundance, and to the flows of energy and nutrients;

    Identify the demographic forces underlying the growth and size of populations and the determination of biodiversity.

  • Marine Ecosystems: Diversity, Processes and Threats (ENVS122)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims

    This module aims to introduce students to the diversity of ecosystem types in the marine environment and the various threats that they face. 

    Learning Outcomes

    Acquire knowledge and understanding of representative key ecosystems found in the marine environment.

      ​Be familiar with the marine organisms that live in representative key marine ecosystems.

      ​Acquire a basic knowledge of fundamental ecological principles, transferable to later marine and non-marine modules.

      ​Be aware of the threats that humans may pose to marine ecosystems.

      ​Appreciate how humans assess and may mitigate detrimental impacts to the environment.

      ​Be introduced to the importance to their future studies of critical reading of scientific literature.

    • Ecology and Conservation (ENVS157)
      Level1
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      The module aims tointroduce students to the key principles that govern the interactions betweenorganisms and their environment, and how these can be used as the basis forconservation.​ 

      Learning OutcomesUnderstandand explain fundamental principles of how ecological systems are structured andhow they function at the scale of individuals, populations and communities​Tounderstand the effects of human activities on communities and ecosystems at arange of timescales​

      Developan ability to critically evaluate how ecological understanding and data can beused to inform conservation policy​

    • Biochemical Methods (LIFE122)
      Level1
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
      Aims

        This module aims to:

      1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and analytical techniques that are applicable to many fields of modern biology;
      2. Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory in accord with Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;
      3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;
      4. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;
      5. Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry, biotechnology and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
      Learning Outcomes

      Record, evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures and protocols;

      Plan and execute a series of experiments;​

      ​Use laboratory equipment correctly and safely to generate data;​

      ​Identify, formulate and test hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design;​

      ​Demonstrate good laboratory practice in relation to Health and Safety in the laboratory and good working practices.​

    • Biology & Ecology Field Skills (LIFE124)
      Level1
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting40:60
      Aims

      This practical module aims to instruct students in: 

      1. A range of ecological skills in field work that will have a wide application to many fields of modern biology;
      2. The identification of plants and animals, communities and measurement of selected ecological processes;
      3. Quantitative skills in field ecology and how they can be used to solve fundamental and applied problems.
      Learning Outcomes​Work safely under field conditions

      ​Use identification keys to successfully identify species

      Utilise practical approaches to investigating animal behaviour and abundance​

      Explain influences on the distribution of plants, and implications for nature conservation​

      ​Sample communities and describe ecosystem function;​

      ​Interpret field data via quantitative/statistical approaches.​

    Year Two Compulsory Modules

    • Essential Skills for the Life Sciences 2 (LIFE223)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
      Aims
      1. To further develop the essential life science skills that students will require to succeed in their studies and future careers;

      2. To enhance the career awareness and employability prospects of students;

      3. To enable students to analyse and interpret scientific data and communicate results to a range of audiences.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing;

      Find information through literature searches and use IT effectively to analyse and report findings;​Competently utilise a range of mathematical and numerical skills relevant to all biologists;​Summarise and interpret advanced data using graphs and tables;​Develop and test hypotheses;​Within the context of experimental design and within a range of biological fields, select appropriate quantitative methods to answer questions;​Apply appropriate statistical and other analysis packages to analyse data;​Interpret and evaluate quantitative terms and approaches used in the scientific literature;​

      ​Effectively communicate a biological subject to a lay audience

      Recognise the moral and ethical issues of scientific investigations and discuss ethical standards and professional codes of conduct. ​​

      ​​

    Year Three Compulsory Modules

    • Advanced Skills in Biological Sciences (LIFE355)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
    • To enhance the key scientific communication and study skills acquired in Levels 4 and 5

    • ​To enable students to evaluate the scientific literature and to apply these skills to report and essay writing

    • ​​To develop enhanced presentational skills, both oral and poster, in groups or as individuals

    • Learning Outcomes

      ​To access and critically evaluate scientific literature

      To communicate, in writing, scientific facts and data to both expert and lay audiences​

      To demonstrate awareness of current technologies and topical issues within biological sciences​

      To work individually or in groups to produce oral and poster presentations​
    • Research Project (LIFE363)
      Level3
      Credit level30
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
      1. ​To provide students with an insight into and experience of the process of scientific research and debate

      2. ​To develop in students the confidence to work independently and with others, to effectively and efficiently achieve a scientific aim

      3. ​To further develop students'' ability to communicate scientific concepts and findings in a variety of formats

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To plan and execute a piece of scientific research, in a responsible, safe and ethical manner

      ​To analyse and critically evaluate data, information, literature and observations, and draw valid conclusions

      To appropriately communicate findings, in a variety of formats (oral, written reports) to supervisor, research staff and peers

      ​To maintain a clear and accurate record of work and progress

      ​To critically evaluate and report upon relevant scientific literature

      ​To evaluate own performance and working standards by reflection, and place work in a wider scientific context 

    Year Three Optional Modules

    • Genes and Cancer (LIFE302)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​1. To develop students’ understanding of how cancer occurs and the role of oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes in the development of human cancer

       2. To develop students'' understanding of what are the hallmarks of cancer and what are the therapeutical strategies and limitations  3. To develop students’ ability to apply their knowledge and understanding, to critically evaluate and interpret the published literature in the field of cancer biology
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To explain the molecular and cellular basis of cancer formation

      ​To appraise the biological capabilities acquired during the multistep development of human tumours 

      ​To explain the current therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment

      ​To critically evaluate how technologies such as transcriptomics and bio-informatics have shaped our knowledge of the mechanism of cancer progression

      ​To synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills in the area of genes and cancer

    • Protein Structure, Function and Organisation (LIFE303)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
      1. ​To develop instudents knowledge and understanding why protein structures are important forfunction, and how proteins fold into functional conformations​

      2. ​To provide anoverview of current NMR, X-ray crystallography and proteomics-based approachesto solve fundamental and applied problems in biology and biotechnology

      3. ​​

        ​To explain tostudents the latest techniques used to define protein structures

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To describe in detail, current methods used for the determination and analysis of protein structures

      ​To critically discuss how proteomics-based approaches can be used to study fundamental and applied biological problems

      ​To discuss the latest methods of analysis of post-translational modifications of proteins and implications for cell function

      ​To critically evaluate the strengths and weakness of the different technologies - nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), x-ray crystallography- mass spectrometry  and how they can be used in an integrated manner

      ​To discuss the prerequisites for obtaining structures such as protein foldedness and sample preparations

    • Biochemical Messengers and Signal Transduction (LIFE304)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims

       To enable students to evaluate and describe the latest knowledge and ideas on how cells respond to external signals and how signalling information is transferred within and between cells To develop in students an understanding of the range of different strategies used by cells for generating and interpreting signalling information, including their outcomes To introduce students to current knowledge of the molecular and biochemical events that lead from receptor occupancy to changes in gene expression and phenotype, with links to human diseases explained  
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To compare, in both written and graphical formats, the multiple molecular processes underlying transduction of information, the key extracellular and intracellular players 

      ​To assess the consequences of expression changes or mutations in signalling proteins in the context of different diseases 

      ​To appraise the features of the major components and modules of signalling pathways

      ​To evaluate the usefulness of signalling proteins as targets for rational drug design

       ​
    • Cell Signalling in Health and Disease (LIFE305)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
    • ​To describe advanced concepts that are fundamental to modern ideas in biophysics and cell signalling from a systems physiology perspective covering both physiology and disease

    • To develop in students the ability to access, collate, critically evaluate and discuss (in writing) the modern literature in cell signalling
    • ​To enable students to acquire the skills required for interpretation of cell signalling experimental data and to integrate this knowledge in a physiological context

    • Learning Outcomes

      ​To explain current understanding of how cells receive information and transmit this along distinct pathways to generate different physiological responses

      ​To critically discuss how post-translational modifications mediate information transfer, how the major kinase and second messenger pathways are stimulated and how they function in normal cells

      ​To appraise the pathophysiological consequences of dysregulated cell signalling

    • Molecular Medicine (LIFE306)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​To describe to students the molecularpathogenesis of disease and how knowing the molecular pathogenesis guides thedevelopment of both diagnostic and therapeutic tools.

      To use selected topics, such asselected inherited or autoimmune disorders, to describe specific diseaseprocesses.

       

      Todevelop in students knowledge and deep understanding of biochemistryand biomedicine, and the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpretthis knowledge to solve complex biological and biomedical problems.​

      Learning Outcomes

      ​The student will critically evaluate the molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis, with a special focus on selected inherited, autoimmune and multifactorial disorders

      ​The student will use identification of the molecular pathogenesis of disease to inform the development of diagnostic and therapeutic tools. 

      ​The student will appraise principles and methods of disease diagnosis 


      The student will critically evaluate the usefulness of phenotypic and genotypic approaches to screening in a post-genomic context

      ​The student will appraise the latest developments in post-genomic science and computational biology for the development of therapeutic approaches

       ​​

      ​The student will discern the usefulness of "biological" drugs as opposed to small molecule drugs


      The student will analyse our current understanding of stem cell therapeutics​

    • Neuromuscular Physiology and Disease (LIFE311)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
      1. ​To describe the concepts that are fundamental to modern ideas in understanding the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases

      2. ​To provide students with the ability to access, collate and critically discuss (in writing) the modern literature and experimental data relating to muscles, neurons and related diseases

      3. To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret their knowledge and understanding in neuromuscular physiology and disease to solve complex problems in physiology and disease ​

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To discuss concepts fundamental to modern ideas in the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases, from the molecular level to systems level understanding

      ​To interpret and evaluate modern literature containing the latest experimental data in muscles, neurons and related diseases

      ​To critically review and solve complex problems concerning the physiology of muscles, neurons and related diseases 

    • Chemotherapy and Cellular Pharmacology (LIFE312)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​1. To develop the principles and concepts introduced in Level 5 modules on antibacterial chemotherapy and apply them to diseases caused by viruses (e.g. HIV/AIDS), bacteria (e.g. TB) and parasites (e.g. Malaria).

      2.  To develop in students specialist knowledge and understanding in pharmacology.

      3.  To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems in pharmacology.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To critically evaluate the principles of selective toxicity as applied to the chemotherapy of infectious disease.

      ​To assess the clinical relevance of basic pharmacological principles of chemotherapy.

      ​To evaluate the importance of drug resistance in the treatment and prevention of disease.

      ​To evaluate modern pharmacological approaches to chemotherapy.

    • Cardiovascular and Respiratory Pharmacology (LIFE313)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
      1. ​To provide students with the opportunity to develop advanced knowledge and understanding of cardiovascular and respiratory pharmacology​

      2. ​To develop in students an awareness of how dysfunction in these systems can be treated with current drugs, and how improved understanding can lead to improved drugs

      3. ​​​To raise awareness of the specific problems associated with drug side-effects in the cardiovascular system, and the approaches taken to test for these in drug development

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To critically discuss the pathophysiology of major cardiovascular andrespiratory diseases

      ​To appraise current knowledge of the mechanisms of action and side-effects of current drugsat the molecular, cellular, organ and systemic levels in health and disease

      ​​​​To discussthe latest understanding of principles underlying the development of new drugsfor the treatment of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases

    • Cancer Pharmacology (LIFE314)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​To provide an explanation of current understanding of cancer development and progression and how this is exploited in the rational design of drugs to target cancer.

      To explain to students the latest knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of anti-cancer drugs and the potential for side-effects, drug toxicity and drug-resistance.
       To develop in students a critical understanding of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of modern cancer drugs.
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To evaluate the pathophysiological process of cancerdevelopment and progression​

      To critically evaluate the rationale for the design and mechanism ofaction of anti-cancer agents​

      ​To assess  the potential fortoxicity and side-effects and drug resistance in anti-cancer drugs​

      ​To evaluate current ideas on the mechanisms of drug-resistance incancer therapy

       

      ​To critically evaluate scientific literature and clinical dataregarding the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of anti-cancer therapy inpatients


    • Drug Metabolism and Drug Response (LIFE315)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
      1. ​To demonstrate therelevance and importance of the principles of drug metabolism andpharmacokinetics

      2. ​To explain theimportance of the relationship between drug disposition and drug response

      3. ​​​​To developin students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret thisknowledge and understanding, to solve complex problems in pharmacology

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To appraise the principles of drug disposition and drugresponse, particularly in relation to why subjects differ in their response todrugs

      ​To critically discuss the relevance of basic pharmacokinetic principles to achieving a good response to therapy

      ​​To critically analyse pharmacokinetic data

      ​​​To evaluate the dispositional basis of adverse drug reactions

    • Molecular Toxicology (LIFE316)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​1. To familiarize students with current concepts of mechanisms by which cells are killed by toxic chemicals with particular emphasis on drugs

       2. To develop in students an understanding of the main defence mechanisms that cells possess to protect them against chemical toxicity 3. To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in pharmacology , and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To evaluate the principal ways in which cells are killed by drugs

      ​To appraise current knowledge of the major defence mechanisms that cells possess

      ​To critically evaluate current understanding of irreversible toxicity

      ​To assess current approaches to the pre-clinical investigation of various types of toxicity 

    • Molecular and Neuropharmacology (LIFE317)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​To provide a contemporary review of drug treatment for the most common disorders of the brain, focusing on pathophysiology, receptors and ion channels as drug targets, and the mechanisms of action of key classes of neuropharmacological agents 

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Evaluate the central role of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission in the nervous system in health and disease​

      ​Identify major classes of drug targets in the nervous system and explain how those targets interact with intracellular effector mechanisms​

      ​Analyse the characteristic features of epilepsy, the range of drugs available for its treatment, and how those drugs interact with specific targets in the brain​

      ​Evaluate current hypotheses to explain cell loss in neurodegenerative diseases and explain how drugs can arrest the symptoms of those disorders and how neuroimaging is helping to improve understanding of the underlying pathology

       ​

    • Bacterial Disease Mechanisms (LIFE318)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims

      ​To explain to students the common themes and diversity of mechanisms used by bacteria to cause disease.

       To develop in students an understanding of virulence strategies used to achieve infection, including subversion of host immunity, expression of bacterial toxins motility and intracellular survival To develop in students an understanding of mechanisms of genetic control, its temporal nature and the contribution of specific virulence determinants to the infection process 
      Learning Outcomes

       To assess the current knowledge of the innate immune barriers to bacterial infection

       

      To contrast the bacterial pathogenesis strategies of diverse bacterial pathogens

      To appraise the ethical aspects of animal experimentation and the scientific considerations for the design of in vivo models of infection

      To summarise the molecular mode of action of key virulence determinants within a pathogen’s armoury​

      To evaluate the environmental, metabolic and temporal regulation of virulence genes and regulons and the mobilisation of virulence loci
    • Viral Disease Mechanisms (LIFE320)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      This module aims to:

      1. Evaluate the latest research on the role of viruses as important pathogens of humans and animals;
      2. Explain in detail, viral virulence mechanisms, immune evasion and vaccine development;
      3. Develop knowledge and deep understanding in microbiology and the ability to apply, evaluate critically  and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
      Learning Outcomes

      On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

      Explain the mechanisms of replication and pathogenesis of different virus families and evaluate modern approaches to investigating virus pathogenesis and their control by immune processes, preventative measure sand treatments

      ​Critically discuss current hypotheses on the evolution of viral virulence, the contribution of virus infection to diseases in both humans and animals and current theories on the importance of globalization and climate change in the emergence and re-emergence of virus disease

      ​Synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills.

    • Human and Clinical Genetics (LIFE321)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims
      1. ​​To develop in students an advanced understanding of modern medical genetics by expanding on fundamental principles introduced at level 5
      2. ​To explain a variety of genetic phenomena that affect human health and introduce a critical awareness of ethical considerations raised by advances in clinical genetics

      3. ​​To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in genetics, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To discuss in detail the molecular and genetic causes of chromosomal mutation and geneticinstability and the candidate genes linked with the formation of abnormalphenotypes

      ​​To examine variedapproaches to the identification of loci associated with clinical manifestations and abnormal humanphenotypes

      ​​To appraise the growing importance of modern molecular genetics in the understanding and treatment of heritable forms of human disease

      ​​To evaluate the prospects for, andimplications of, high throughput genotyping and sequencing for moleculardiagnostics in the post-genomic era

      ​​​To critically discuss the consequences and ethical issues associated with genetic screening and testing at both an individual and population level

    • Current Topics in Animal Behaviour (LIFE322)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​To develop in students an understanding of the use of evolutionary theory to understand animal behaviour

      To develop in students the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, to solve complex problems in the study of behaviour To develop in students an understanding how predictive modelling, experimental, and observational approaches integrate to explain animal behaviour
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To evaluate the use of the adaptationist approach in studying behaviour 

      ​To critically appraise factors affecting the evolution of reproductive behaviour and the evolution of altruism and cooperation

      ​​To assess comparative approaches in the study of animal cognition and critically evaluate why cognitive processes of animals might not be, and often are not, analogous to human cognitive processes

    • Gene Expression and Development (LIFE323)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting99:0
      Aims
      1. To provide students with a systematic knowledge and critical understanding of how living organisms control their pattern of gene expression;
      2. ​​To describe how patterns of gene expression respond to environmental factors during growth and development;
      3. ​To explain current knowledge of the steps at which control of gene expression in eukaryotic cells occurs.
      Learning Outcomes

      To evaluate current knowledge and understanding of how and where expression in eukaryotes is regulated

      ​To critically discuss the role and regulation of RNA synthesis, processing, stability and transport

      ​To compare and contrast or model developmental systems such as plant flowering and development in Drosophila

      ​To synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills

    • Current Skills and Topics in Evolutionary Biology (LIFE324)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
      Aims

      ​To develop in students the skills to construct phylogenetic trees and to use them to infer the evolutionary origins of novel traits, using the latest software packages

       To encourage students to explore key concepts in contemporary evolutionary biology To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in selected areas of evolutionary biology, providing opportunities for students to apply, critically evaluate and interpret evolutionary knowledge and ideas.
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To construct, graphically display and critically evaluate phylogenetic trees from phenotypic characters and DNA sequences

      ​To use phylogenetic trees to generate and test hypotheses about the evolutionary history of selected traits, and detect molecular signatures of selection within nucleotide or amino acid sequence

      ​To critically evaluate theoretical frameworks and empirical evidence relating to a selection of current research themes in evolutionary biology

    • Conservation Biology (LIFE326)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims

      To develop in students the ability to explore current thinking and research in conservation biology.  To develop in students knowledge and understanding about patterns of biodiversity and to enable them to critically evaluate the evidence supporting alternative explanations for the extinctions or demise of many animal and some plant species.
       To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in conservation biology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To construct justified arguments for the value of conserving biodiversity

       

      ​To evaluate the human activities that affect biodiversity and describe how they act individually and in combination to affect individuals, populations and ecosystems

      ​To evaluate, using case studies, the pros and cons of a wide range of conservation interventions, from international legal instruments to local habitat management

      ​To analyze where conservation questions can be answered with scientific evidence, and where socio-economic and other types of information are more important

    • Advanced Biotechnology (LIFE327)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
    • ​​To describe currentapproaches to exploit microorganisms and microbial processes in the context ofmodern developments in biotechnology​

    • ​To evaluate economicand ethical aspects of the development of novel products and the potentialenvironmental benefits of using biotechnological processes​

    • ​To explainbiotechnological processes, such as antibiotic production, plant biomass conversion and microbial informatics biofuels

    • To develop in students the ability to critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge and understanding, and to apply this to solve complex problems in microbial biotechnology
    • Learning Outcomes

      ​To describein detail particular biotechnological applications with emphasis on theunderlying scientific principles

      To criticallydiscuss approaches to strain improvement and manipulation, including the impact of recombinant DNA technology on the biotechnology industry​

      ​To appraise the emerging importance of genomics, with reference to the development of new therapeutics, diagnostics and vaccines

      ​ To explain how microorganisms and their enzymes can compete with chemical processes for environmental and renewable energy applications

    • Microbial Diversity and Versatility (LIFE329)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      This module aims to:

      1. Explain the diversity of microbial life and its adaptation to environment.
      2. Describe bacteria and fungi that have interesting properties as model systems, as well as making important contributions with regard to microbiological processes, both natural and engineered;
      3. Develop knowledge and deep understanding in microbiology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
      Learning Outcomes

      On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

      1. Appraise the principles and practice underpinning microbial taxonomy;
      2. Critically evaluate the contribution made by modern molecular techniques in determining phylogenies and the composition of microbial communities;
      3. Explain, in detail, how microbes grow and adapt to their environment 
      4. Evaluate the contributions made by key model systems to our understanding of microbial growth and differentiation: 
      5. Synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills.
    • The Cardiovascular System in Health and Disease (LIFE330)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​To help students build on  existing knowledge of of circulatory anatomy (LIFE 116 Circulatory and Respiratory Anatomy) and tissue biology (LIFE 205 The Multicellular Organism), and to apply this to understanding to the normal function and the dysfunction of the cardiovascular system

       To develop in students an understanding of important current research themes in cardiovascular biology, and show how such research informs understanding of the mechanisms underlying, and the treatment of, certain cardiovascular disorders To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in human anatomy, and the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To evaluate the principle structures of the cardiovascular system, and how these structures relate to function

      ​To critically analyse theories and evidence for proposed mechanisms underlying some common cardiovascular disorders, and the rationale behind their treatment.

      ​To evaluate recent research findings in the context of cardiovascular function and dysfunction.

    • Clinical, Anatomical and Cellular Basis of Neurological Dysfunction (LIFE334)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

        1   

      3  4  5    
       To complement and extend students'' existing knowledge of CNS anatomy and biology to further understanding of the mechanisms which allow the brain function under normal physiological conditions but which can also lead to disease  To develop in students an understanding of structure-function relationships in the CNS To provide students with experience of current clinical and translational research in the neurosciences To introduce students to issues related to mental health and neurological disorders
       To develop in students the interdisciplinary nature of cutting edge science and how anatomy can inform both surgical and pharmacological intervention in neurological disorders.  
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To evaluate the mechanisms underlying the current major problems in mental health and neurological disorders

      ​To critically evaluate the anatomical structures involved in mental health and neurological disorders and the role of neuroimaging

      ​To assess the impact of genomics on our understanding of mental health and neurological disorders

      ​To appraise the application of pharmacological interventions in mental health and neurological disorders

    • The Body in Motion: Musculoskeletal Functioning in Health, Performance and Disease (LIFE335)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims

      • ​Provide a general introduction into biomechanics and kinesiology (movement sciences)
      • Stimulate the students to put their individual and diverse background (e.g. more anatomical, physical or biological) into a broader and more applied perspective
      • Enable students to acquire a solid basis to further specialise in fields such as biomechancics, sports training, and orthopaedics.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To critically evaluate a topic related to whole-body musculoskeletal functioning and suggest further research, taking into account relevant literature.

      ​To explain which and how basic physical and physiological principles determine motion in animals, including humans.

      To critically evaluate whole-body musculoskeletal (mal)functionin normal health, sports and disease.​

      ​​​​​

      To describe the most important techniques used in biomechanics and propose and defend a relevant sub-set of these techniques for concrete research questions.​

    • Chemotherapy of Parasitic Disease (LIFE338)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​To develop in students an understanding of current concepts of antiparasitic chemotherapy, with attention being directed at the major classes of anti-helmintics and antiprotozoal drugs

       To develop in students an understanding of developments in drug discovery and clinical development of anti-parasitic drugs through identification of novel targets To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in tropical disease biology, and the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To evaluate the basic principles of antimicrobial chemotherapy

      ​To assess the concept of selective action of anti-parasitic agents

      ​To critically appraise the concentration effect relationship for anti-parasitic agents

      ​To critically review the role of the host in determining the response to anti-parasitic agents

      ​To appraise the drug discovery process for anti-parasitic drugs and their clinical development.

    • Integrative Comparative Animal Physiology (LIFE339)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
      1. ​Develop students’ understanding of the physiological mechanisms that underpin animal adaptations to environmental conditions

      2. ​​Develop  students’ ability to solve complex physiological problems

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Evaluate integrative physiological mechanisms enabling animals to survive in potentially hostile environmental conditions

      ​Critically discuss the evolution of air-breathing, terrestriality and endothermy in vertebrates

      ​Critically review evidence to solve complex problems within the context of animal physiology
    • Topics in Global Health (LIFE340)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims

      ​1. To enhance students'' awareness of the global distribution of disease and the associated implications and inequalities.

      2. To enhance students'' awareness of the global impact of poverty and the negative and positive impacts of human activity in the spread of disease.

      3. To develop students'' knowledge and deep understanding in the tropical disease biology and their ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To critically review the distribution of disease and discuss major implications for global health

      ​To evaluate major reasons for the spread of disease and discuss approaches to control

      ​To evaluate the roles of national, international and multinational agencies in the health arena

    • Genome Biology and Technology (LIFE342)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims

      ​1.To enable students to perform an analysis of genome structure and function

       2.To familiarize student with the arguments and the evidence supporting the molecular and evolutionary processes that shape eukaryotic and prokaryotic genomes 3.To develop in students an understanding of how comparative genomics can provide insights into evolutionary processes as well as biological function of genes 4.To develop in students and understanding of how modern genomic methods can be used to solve biological problems  5.To raise students'' awareness of the limitations of modern genomic methods.
      Learning Outcomes

      ​To assess eukaryotic and prokaryotic genome structure and function

      ​To evaluate both the molecular and evolutionary processes that have shaped genomes in a range of eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms

      ​To evaluate modern genomic methods, their limitations and how they can be used to solve biological problems

      ​To analyse data derived using modern genomic methods

    • Vector Biology: Theory, Research and Implementation (LIFE359)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims
    • ​To describe current research into vectors and vector-borne diseases

    • ​To demonstrate how this research answers broad-ranging questions in vector biology and leads to novel vector control strategies

    • ​​

      ​To develop knowledge and deep understanding in tropical disease biology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

    • Learning Outcomes

      ​To critically discuss the medical importance of the life cycle of vectors


      ​To evaluate the challenges facing successful control of disease through vector interventions

      ​To appraise how basic biological research is a pre-requisite of successful vector control

      ​To critically review the progress that has been made in the development of novel control strategies

       
    • Parasitology (LIFE361)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
      Aims
      1. ​To provide students with knowledge of the major features of the structure and life histories of a range of protozoan and helminth parasites of humans

      2. ​To develop in students current understanding of the causes of major clinical symptoms and pathology attributable to these parasites and of the major approaches to their prevention and control

      3. ​To provide students with knowledge and deep understanding in parasitology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

      Learning Outcomes

      ​To critically discuss modern molecular methods for examining parasitic diseases

       

      ​To evaluate the modern research literature in the area of parasitology with critical insight

      To critically discuss how topical problems in parasitology are currently being addressed, and future developments in this area 

      To synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills ​

    • Surviving the Marine Environment: Adaptation, Behaviour and Conservation (ENVS310)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      ​This module aims to foster a broad understanding of contemporary theory in behavioural ecology, evolutionary biology and ecophysiology, with special reference to the marine environment. We will consider processes that operate at scales from individuals to populations and consider implications of these processes for the conservation of marine species and ecosystems.

      Learning OutcomesAppreciate the diversity of behavioural, life-history, genetic and phenotypic adaptations that are adopted by a variety of marine organisms;

      Understand the costs and benefits of these behavioural and life-history strategies of different marine species;

      Understand the various processes that drive evolution in the marine environment;

      Have experience of the relevance of evolutionary processes to contemporary marine science and biological conservation.​

    • Marine Ecology: Theory and Applications (ENVS383)
      Level3
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting75:25
      Aims

      To develop the connections between ecological theory and the management of marine communities and ecosystems. The theory covered will mostly be concerned with the dynamics and diversity of communities and ecosystems.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​evaluate the major ecological theories underlying the dynamics and diversity of marine communities and ecosystems.

      ​relate problems in marine conservation and resource exploitation to these ecological concepts.

      ​use appropriate methods to assess the consequences of environmental change and management for marine communities and ecosystems.

      ​recognize the importance of ecological theory in underpinning scientific advice to management.

    • Advanced Ecology (ENVS412)
      LevelM
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      The aim of this module is to provide students with:

      • A clear and critical appreciation of ecological theory.
      • Information on statistical methods appropriate to community ecology.
      • The ability to apply scientific rigour when critically assessing the options available for conservation action in any given case.
      • The ability to present balanced, critical written accounts on scientific issues.
      Learning Outcomes

      On successful compeltion of this module students should have a knowledge and critical understanding of community ecology, specifically below:    

      Have understanding of aspects of macro-ecology.

      ​Discuss current scientific approaches and their uses

      ​Access, understand and summarise scientific information

      ​Have a knowledge of communtiy analysis using multivariate tools

    • Advanced Conservation Biology (ENVS423)
      LevelM
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims

      The aim of this module is to provide students with an appreciation of thevariety of approaches used in conservation and the value of a long-termperspective.

      Specifically the module aims to provide students with:

      • An understanding of changes in paradigms underlying ecology andconservation
      • An understanding of the strategies used in conservation management, insitu, ex situ, and from global to local
      • An insight into the science of restoration ecology
      ​and 
      • Enable students to develop specific skills includingessay writing, presentations, critical evaluation
      • Help students to gain both team-building skills but the abilityto plan and execute work independently.​

      Learning Outcomes

      On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

      Summarize how ecological andconservation paradigms have changed

      ​Demonstrate knowledge of strategies and approaches used in conservation management

      Critique and analyse published materials and synthesize into an appropriate case study​

      ​Order, design and orally communicate findings of critique and management plan.​

    Programme Year Four

    Students can transfer into the C900 (MBiolSci) programme to complete a four-year integrated master's. This offers industrial placements in the UK or abroad (subject to performance).

    Selected optional modules:

    You will take modules from your pathway of choice.

    The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


    Teaching and Learning

    You will experience a range of learning environments during your studies at Liverpool. These will include student-centred activities as well as lectures, tutorials, laboratory practicals, dissection classes, fieldwork, data handling sessions and computer workshops. Some of these activities will be performed individually, such as personal research projects, and others in small tutorial or project groups, in addition to formal lectures and workshops. You will have research staff as well as your own academic adviser for individual tuition on our acclaimed tutorial programme.


    Assessment

    As well as factual knowledge and understanding, biologists need practical and organisational skills, and an ability to work both alone and with other people. We record development of these abilities through continuous assessment during the semester and by final examination. You will also prepare posters, complete tests, analyse data, give short talks, research the scientific literature and write essays and reports. The style of examination progresses from short answers towards the essay format in the later years of each degree programme, as your understanding deepens.