Biological and Medical Sciences BSc (Hons) Add to your prospectus

  • Offers study abroad opportunities Offers study abroad opportunities
  • Opportunity to study for a year in China Offers a Year in China

Key information


  • Course length: 3 years
  • UCAS code: C130
  • Year of entry: 2018
  • Typical offer: A-level : ABB / IB : 33 / BTEC : DDD in relevant diploma
life-sciences-4

Module details

Year One Compulsory Modules

  • Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences (LIFE102)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1. Describe the major dietary components for humans and other organisms, and the processes that result in their digestion and absorption;
    2. Explain the mechanisms and processes that regulate carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism;
    3. Define how imbalances in nutrition can lead to lifestyle diseases and how genetic or infectious diseases can result in impaired ability to generate energy;
    4. Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of this module, the students should be able to:

    1. Describe the important groups of diseases affecting humans and other organisms;
    2. Explain the processes involved in the control and regulation of metabolism and how their dysfunction results in lifestyle diseases;
    3. Identify the genetic mechanisms that underlie inherited diseases affecting oxygen transport and storage;
    4. Define the processes involved in bacterial and viral infectious disease and the mechanisms that protect organisms from infection.
  • Biochemical Methods (LIFE122)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
    Aims

      This module aims to:

    1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and analytical techniques that are applicable to many fields of modern biology;
    2. Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory in accord with Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;
    3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;
    4. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;
    5. Develop knowledge and understanding in biochemistry, biotechnology and biomedicine, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    Record, evaluate and interpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures and protocols;

    Plan and execute a series of experiments;​

    ​Use laboratory equipment correctly and safely to generate data;​

    ​Identify, formulate and test hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design;​

    ​Demonstrate good laboratory practice in relation to Health and Safety in the laboratory and good working practices.​

  • Biological Chemistry (LIFE104)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterSecond Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims
  • This module aims to develop in students: Knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions that underpin biological processes
  • ​Awareness of the chemical processes that are required to understand pharmacological principles

  • ​The ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems, in biochemistry, pharmacology and biomedicine.

  • Learning OutcomesApply basic thermodynamic principles to biological systems and energetics

    ​Identify the principles of electronic structure and organic and bioinorganic chemical reactions, and their analysis

    ​Describe the anomalous properties of water and their importance in biological systems

    ​Use the principles of chemical reaction rates to quantify enzymatic reactions and pharmacokinetics

    Explain the application of basic spectroscopic techniques

    ​Describe how these chemical and thermodynamic principles explain key biological mechanisms

  • Essential Skills for the Life Sciences I (LIFE109)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Develop in students the essential skills that they will require to be competent life scientists;
    2. Enhance the employability prospects of students.
    Learning Outcomes

    Use a range of mathematical and numerical tools to address biological problems

    Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing

    ​Manage time, work to deadlines and prioritise workloads 

    ​Actively participate in groups but be capable of independent work

    ​Find relevant information and use IT effectively

    ​Address the relevance and ideas of others 

    ​Evaluate own performance and working standards 

  • Experimental Skills in Current Biology (LIFE107)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterWhole Session
    Exam:Coursework weighting30:70
    Aims

    This module aims to:

    1. Introduce students to a range of practical skills and techniques that are of general use in subjects across the Life Sciences;
    2. Explain to students the importance of working safely in the laboratory and to adhere to Health and Safety protocols and good working practices;
    3. Train students how to observe and record experiments, and how to present and analyse data;
    4. Demonstrate the relevance of experimental skills across all biological disciplines and the essential relationship between quantitative skills and key skills;
    Learning OutcomesRecord, evaluate andinterpret qualitative and quantitative data, and record procedures andprotocols​

    Plan and execute a seriesof experiments​

    Use laboratory equipmentcorrectly and safely to generate data​

    Identify, formulate andtest hypotheses in relation to laboratory based experimental design​

    Apply appropriatestatistical tests for data evaluation​

    Demonstrate good laboratorypractice in relation to Health and Safety in the laboratory and good workingpractices​

    ​Demonstrate specific skills in pipetting, microscopy, weighing, serial dilution, spectrophotometer, centrifugation, aseptic technique, standard curve, biological drawing and quantitative analysis (descriptive statistics).

  • Grand Challenges in Biology (LIFE105)
    Level1
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting60:40
    Aims
    1. To encourage students to become aware of the themes that are driving biological research in Liverpool and globally;
    2. To engage students with their programme of study;
    3. To excite student interest in their subject and the way it relates to the challenges that face us all;
    4. To foster the development of study skills that will equip students to investigate research topics and communicate their findings and views on them.
    Learning Outcomes

    To identify the grand challenges that face biological scientists

    ​To put into context the advances that science makes possible and the ethical issues associated with meeting the Grand Challenges

    ​To evaluate different approaches to the resolution of scientific questions

    ​To conduct an independent piece of research and report their findings to their peers

  • Molecules and Cells (LIFE101)
    Level1
    Credit level15
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
    Aims

    After successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1. Recognise the basic of structure, composition and function of cells;
    2. Explain core concepts relating to the organisation and specialisation of eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses;
    3. Define the cellular components involved in the regulation of key functions such as the generation of energy, movement, cell growth and division and differentiation;
    4. Describe the latest techniques that are used in cell biology to determine cell structure and function;
    5. Develop in students the knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
    Learning Outcomes

    On successful completion of the module students will be able to:

    1. Describe how cells arose and their structural features;
    2. Compare and contrast eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells;
    3. Identify the different ways cells manipulate energy;
    4. Define the molecular basis of the processes by which cells grow, replicate, communicate, interact with their environment, move and die;
    5. Describe the functional importance of cell specialisation and cooperation in tissues.

Year Two Compulsory Modules

  • E-biology: Informatics for Life Sciences (LIFE225)
    Level2
    Credit level7.5
    SemesterFirst Semester
    Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
    Aims
    • Provide students with a practical appreciation of the nature and significance of digital data.
    • Expose students to bioinformatics tools used in the analysis of data from areas such as genome sequencing, gene expression and protein structure studies
    • ​Enable students to utilize digital data for understanding higher order phenomena within cells such as metabolism, gene regulation and protein-protein interaction
    • Develop students’ knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology. ​​

      Learning Outcomes

      ​·         Apply informatics tools in the discovery, evaluation and acquisition of biological data.

      ​​

      ·         Analyse and evaluate datasets of broad biological relevance, using tasks and workflows that will prepare them for third-year projects.​


      ·         Use local and web-based tools for data analysis, management and collaborative working.​ ​ ​

      ​·         ​Design research methods in bioinformatics to solve biological problems.​​
    1. E-biology: Informatics for Life Sciences (s2) (LIFE242)
      Level2
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
      1. Provide students with a practical appreciation of the nature and significance of digital data.
      2. Expose students to bioinformatics tools used in the analysis of data from areas such as genome sequencing, gene expression and protein structure studies
      3. ​Enable students to utilize digital data for understanding higher order phenomena within cells such as metabolism, gene regulation and protein-protein interaction
      4. Develop students’ knowledge and understanding of the subject and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in biotechnology, biomedicine and molecular cell biology.​
      Learning Outcomes

      ​·         Apply informatics tools in the discovery, evaluation and acquisition of biological data.

      ​​​

      ​·         Analyse and evaluate datasets of broad biological relevance, using tasks and workflows that will prepare them for third-year projects.​


      ·         Use local and web-based tools for data analysis, management and collaborative working.​ ​ ​

      ​​

      ​ ·          ​Design research methods in bioinformatics to solve biological problems.​​​
    2. Essential Skills for the Life Sciences 2 (LIFE223)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterWhole Session
      Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
      Aims
      1. To further develop the essential life science skills that students will require to succeed in their studies and future careers;

      2. To enhance the career awareness and employability prospects of students;

      3. To enable students to analyse and interpret scientific data and communicate results to a range of audiences.

      Learning Outcomes

      ​Structure and communicate ideas effectively, both orally and in writing;

      Find information through literature searches and use IT effectively to analyse and report findings;​Competently utilise a range of mathematical and numerical skills relevant to all biologists;​Summarise and interpret advanced data using graphs and tables;​Develop and test hypotheses;​Within the context of experimental design and within a range of biological fields, select appropriate quantitative methods to answer questions;​Apply appropriate statistical and other analysis packages to analyse data;​Interpret and evaluate quantitative terms and approaches used in the scientific literature;​

      ​Effectively communicate a biological subject to a lay audience

      Recognise the moral and ethical issues of scientific investigations and discuss ethical standards and professional codes of conduct. ​​

      ​​

    3. Molecular Science (LIFE237)
      Level2
      Credit level7.5
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
    4. ​This module aims to:

      Provide students with practical experience in a number of techniques used in molecular biology;

       
    5. ​Equip student to perform analysis of DNA fragments by agarose gel electrophoresis and restriction mapping;

    6. ​Introduce students to PCR based-assays for gene cloning and demonstrate methods used for cloning, and analysing genes

    7. ​Develop in students knowledge and understanding in biomedicine, biotechnology and molecular cell biology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve biomolecular problems.

       
    8. Learning Outcomes

      ​Present, evaluate critically and interpret qualitative and quantitative molecular biological data, and record procedures and protocols accurately;

      ​Plan and execute a series of molecular biology experiments to demonstrate practical skills in molecular biology, use laboratory equipment correctly and safely to generate data and manage their time effectively;

       

      ​Analyse and interpret the validity of experimental data

       

    Year Two Optional Modules

    • Principles of Pharmacology (LIFE207)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
    • This module aims to: Develop an understanding of the quantitative aspects of drug action on cellular receptors;

    • Demonstrate the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;

    • Introduce the basic principles of pharmacokinetics, outline the relationship between drug concentration and response, and include an introduction to the principles of toxicity of drugs and their metabolites;

    • Provide knowledge of the molecular biology of receptors;

    • Develop knowledge and understanding in pharmacology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve pharmacological problems.

    • Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of this module, the students should be able to: Describe quantitative aspects of drug action;​Define the relationship between drug efficacy and chemical structure;​State key pharmacokinetic concepts such as clearance, volume of distribution, half life and steady state and to solve problems involving these parameters;​Demonstrate the role of drug concentrations in determining response to treatment;​Describe early biochemical events after drug administration that are of toxicological and biochemical significance;​Describe the principles of selective toxicity and their application to both self and non-self targets;​Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of pharmacology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.​
    • The Immune System in Health and Disease (LIFE221)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      AimsThis module aims to:
      1. ​Develop students’ knowledge of the immune system and its role in protection against disease
      2. Develop in students an appreciation of the importance of different immune mechanisms in different circumstances, and how these can be evaded.
      3. Enable students to evaluate and appreciate the consequences of immune system dysfunctions in disease.​
      Learning Outcomes

      ​Identify the main components of the mammalian immune system

      ​Assess the contribution of innate and adaptive immune mechanisms to host defences

      Assess the mechanisms that permit recognition of an infinitely diverse microflora Discuss the impact of malfunction of immune processes on human health, and explain the bases of autoimmunity and allergy together with the mechanisms by which these can be minimised 

      ​Discuss how dysfunction of immune system constituents can cause disease

    • Virology (LIFE209)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterFirst Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
      Aims
    • This module aims to develop in students:  The ability to explain the fundamental features and properties of viruses and viral infections;​
    • Knowledge and understanding of the use and development of molecular biology technologies in virology;
    • The capacity to describe problems associated with viruses and their control, and identify positive applications of viruses;​
    • Knowledge and understanding in virology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems in virology.​
    • Learning OutcomesExplain basic terms and terminologies used in virology and describe virus particle structure;​
      Identify different virus infection life cycles in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, describing the role of key viral proteins in viral life cycles;

      Describe impact of viruses on public health, explain how viruses may spread between different species and the concept of species-barrier;

      Describe the use of diagnostic tools to detect, quantify, and monitor viruses;​Explain the role of immune system in combating viral infections in plants, invertebrates and mammals;​

      Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the principles of virology, and how this knowledge has been applied to solve problems.​

    • Drug Action (LIFE206)
      Level2
      Credit level15
      SemesterSecond Semester
      Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
      Aims
      1. Enable students to develop their understanding of the cardiovascular, endocrine and central nervous systems and the mechanisms by which drugs interact with physiological processes operating within each of these systems;​​
      2. Provide an insight into the mechanisms of immune function and dysfunction, and the actions of drugs that target the immune system;
      3. Give students a grounding in the fundamental principles of signal transduction from metabotropic receptors, and their significance for drug action;​
      4. Provide and overview of the overall drug development process, with a focus on the safety and efficacy tests applied during clinical trials, and the value-for-money tests applied during NICE approval;
      5. Develop knowledge and understanding in pharmacology, and ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve problems.
        Learning Outcomes

        ​Identify the effects of drugs on the CNS and demonstrate an understanding of how drugs may be used to treat neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders;

        ​Describe the action of drugs in the cardiovascular system and their role in the treatment of cardiovascular disease;

        Compare the effects of drugs on the kidney, the endocrine system and the gastrointestinal tract;Describe the principles underlying the effects of drugs on the immune system and the treatment of autoimmune disease;​Apply knowledge how the signal transduction pathways can be modulated to enhance cancer therapy;​

        Apply the knowledge of the regulatory framework underlying the testing and approval of drugs;

      1. Practical Human Physiology (LIFE229)
        Level2
        Credit level7.5
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting20:80
        Aims
      2. ​To provide students with a practical training in the study of physiology and how to measure physiological variables;

      3. ​To equip students with the ability to apply appropriate statistical tools to define the normal range of physiological variables;

      4. To develop in students knowledge and understanding in physiology, and the ability to apply, evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve physiological problems.

      5. Learning OutcomesOn completion of this module student will be able to: Elucidate the principles of practical physiology;

        ​Measure and interpret the cardiovascular and respiratory variables most commonly dealt with in human physiology;

        Correctly measure volumes to the internationally recognised standard temperature and pressure values.

        Demonstrate the most effective ways of presenting data, including the presentation of a poster.

        Apply statistical concepts of mean, median, mode, standard deviation and standard error, and know the circumstances in which it is appropriate to use a Student''s t-test.

        Design studies, using the techniques acquired, to investigate a physiological principle.​

      6. Practical Pharmacology (LIFE234)
        Level2
        Credit level7.5
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting50:50
        Aims​This module aims are:
        1. To give students practical experience in many of the techniques specifically used in the study of Pharmacology​​.
        2. To provide students with a better understanding of relevant pharmacological principles.
        3. To develop in students the ability to evaluate and analyse experimental data.
        Learning Outcomes​To present and interpret qualitative and quantitative pharmacological data and record procedures and protocols accurately.

        ​To explain pharmacological mechanisms underpinning pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and drug toxicity.

        To plan and execute a series of experiments to explore drug distribution, drug metabolism, drug toxicity, drug receptor interactions and the effects of drugs on behaviour.

        ​To analyse data, interpret validity and apply statistical analyses.

      Programme Year Three

       

      Year Three Compulsory Modules

      • Advanced Skills in Biological and Medical Sciences (LIFE365)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterWhole Session
        Exam:Coursework weighting35:65
        Aims
        1. ​To enable students to evaluate the scientific literature and to apply these skills to presentations in various formats in groups and individually​
        2. ​To enhance the problem-solving skills of students, by data analysis exercises in relation to experimental methods in biological and medical sciences, including epidemiology

        3. ​To provide advice and guidance for career development and employability

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To analyse, summarise, present and critically review evidence from scientific publications

        ​To access and query bioinformatics databases and to analyse, integrate and interpret biomedical experimental data 


        To work in groups to produce and present a scientific poster ​

        ​​To use the web and social media to access and communicate scientific information to both expert and lay audiences

        ​​

      Year Three Optional Modules

      • Bacterial Disease Mechanisms (LIFE318)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims

        ​To explain to students the common themes and diversity of mechanisms used by bacteria to cause disease.

         To develop in students an understanding of virulence strategies used to achieve infection, including subversion of host immunity, expression of bacterial toxins motility and intracellular survival To develop in students an understanding of mechanisms of genetic control, its temporal nature and the contribution of specific virulence determinants to the infection process 
        Learning Outcomes

         To assess the current knowledge of the innate immune barriers to bacterial infection

         

        To contrast the bacterial pathogenesis strategies of diverse bacterial pathogens

        To appraise the ethical aspects of animal experimentation and the scientific considerations for the design of in vivo models of infection

        To summarise the molecular mode of action of key virulence determinants within a pathogen’s armoury​

        To evaluate the environmental, metabolic and temporal regulation of virulence genes and regulons and the mobilisation of virulence loci
      • Biochemical Messengers and Signal Transduction (LIFE304)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims

         To enable students to evaluate and describe the latest knowledge and ideas on how cells respond to external signals and how signalling information is transferred within and between cells To develop in students an understanding of the range of different strategies used by cells for generating and interpreting signalling information, including their outcomes To introduce students to current knowledge of the molecular and biochemical events that lead from receptor occupancy to changes in gene expression and phenotype, with links to human diseases explained  
        Learning Outcomes

        ​To compare, in both written and graphical formats, the multiple molecular processes underlying transduction of information, the key extracellular and intracellular players 

        ​To assess the consequences of expression changes or mutations in signalling proteins in the context of different diseases 

        ​To appraise the features of the major components and modules of signalling pathways

        ​To evaluate the usefulness of signalling proteins as targets for rational drug design

         ​
      • Cancer Pharmacology (LIFE314)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims

        ​To provide an explanation of current understanding of cancer development and progression and how this is exploited in the rational design of drugs to target cancer.

        To explain to students the latest knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of anti-cancer drugs and the potential for side-effects, drug toxicity and drug-resistance.
         To develop in students a critical understanding of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of modern cancer drugs.
        Learning Outcomes

        ​To evaluate the pathophysiological process of cancerdevelopment and progression​

        To critically evaluate the rationale for the design and mechanism ofaction of anti-cancer agents​

        ​To assess  the potential fortoxicity and side-effects and drug resistance in anti-cancer drugs​

        ​To evaluate current ideas on the mechanisms of drug-resistance incancer therapy

         

        ​To critically evaluate scientific literature and clinical dataregarding the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of anti-cancer therapy inpatients


      • Cardiovascular and Respiratory Pharmacology (LIFE313)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims
        1. ​To provide students with the opportunity to develop advanced knowledge and understanding of cardiovascular and respiratory pharmacology​

        2. ​To develop in students an awareness of how dysfunction in these systems can be treated with current drugs, and how improved understanding can lead to improved drugs

        3. ​​​To raise awareness of the specific problems associated with drug side-effects in the cardiovascular system, and the approaches taken to test for these in drug development

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To critically discuss the pathophysiology of major cardiovascular andrespiratory diseases

        ​To appraise current knowledge of the mechanisms of action and side-effects of current drugsat the molecular, cellular, organ and systemic levels in health and disease

        ​​​​To discussthe latest understanding of principles underlying the development of new drugsfor the treatment of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases

      • Genes and Cancer (LIFE302)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims

        ​1. To develop students’ understanding of how cancer occurs and the role of oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes in the development of human cancer

         2. To develop students'' understanding of what are the hallmarks of cancer and what are the therapeutical strategies and limitations  3. To develop students’ ability to apply their knowledge and understanding, to critically evaluate and interpret the published literature in the field of cancer biology
        Learning Outcomes

        ​To explain the molecular and cellular basis of cancer formation

        ​To appraise the biological capabilities acquired during the multistep development of human tumours 

        ​To explain the current therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment

        ​To critically evaluate how technologies such as transcriptomics and bio-informatics have shaped our knowledge of the mechanism of cancer progression

        ​To synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills in the area of genes and cancer

      • Human and Clinical Genetics (LIFE321)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
        Aims
        1. ​​To develop in students an advanced understanding of modern medical genetics by expanding on fundamental principles introduced at level 5
        2. ​To explain a variety of genetic phenomena that affect human health and introduce a critical awareness of ethical considerations raised by advances in clinical genetics

        3. ​​To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in genetics, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To discuss in detail the molecular and genetic causes of chromosomal mutation and geneticinstability and the candidate genes linked with the formation of abnormalphenotypes

        ​​To examine variedapproaches to the identification of loci associated with clinical manifestations and abnormal humanphenotypes

        ​​To appraise the growing importance of modern molecular genetics in the understanding and treatment of heritable forms of human disease

        ​​To evaluate the prospects for, andimplications of, high throughput genotyping and sequencing for moleculardiagnostics in the post-genomic era

        ​​​To critically discuss the consequences and ethical issues associated with genetic screening and testing at both an individual and population level

      • Molecular Medicine (LIFE306)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims

        ​To describe to students the molecularpathogenesis of disease and how knowing the molecular pathogenesis guides thedevelopment of both diagnostic and therapeutic tools.

        To use selected topics, such asselected inherited or autoimmune disorders, to describe specific diseaseprocesses.

         

        Todevelop in students knowledge and deep understanding of biochemistryand biomedicine, and the ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpretthis knowledge to solve complex biological and biomedical problems.​

        Learning Outcomes

        ​The student will critically evaluate the molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis, with a special focus on selected inherited, autoimmune and multifactorial disorders

        ​The student will use identification of the molecular pathogenesis of disease to inform the development of diagnostic and therapeutic tools. 

        ​The student will appraise principles and methods of disease diagnosis 


        The student will critically evaluate the usefulness of phenotypic and genotypic approaches to screening in a post-genomic context

        ​The student will appraise the latest developments in post-genomic science and computational biology for the development of therapeutic approaches

         ​​

        ​The student will discern the usefulness of "biological" drugs as opposed to small molecule drugs


        The student will analyse our current understanding of stem cell therapeutics​

      • Molecular Toxicology (LIFE316)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims

        ​1. To familiarize students with current concepts of mechanisms by which cells are killed by toxic chemicals with particular emphasis on drugs

         2. To develop in students an understanding of the main defence mechanisms that cells possess to protect them against chemical toxicity 3. To develop in students knowledge and deep understanding in pharmacology , and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems
        Learning Outcomes

        ​To evaluate the principal ways in which cells are killed by drugs

        ​To appraise current knowledge of the major defence mechanisms that cells possess

        ​To critically evaluate current understanding of irreversible toxicity

        ​To assess current approaches to the pre-clinical investigation of various types of toxicity 

      • Parasitology (LIFE361)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting70:30
        Aims
        1. ​To provide students with knowledge of the major features of the structure and life histories of a range of protozoan and helminth parasites of humans

        2. ​To develop in students current understanding of the causes of major clinical symptoms and pathology attributable to these parasites and of the major approaches to their prevention and control

        3. ​To provide students with knowledge and deep understanding in parasitology, and ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To critically discuss modern molecular methods for examining parasitic diseases

         

        ​To evaluate the modern research literature in the area of parasitology with critical insight

        To critically discuss how topical problems in parasitology are currently being addressed, and future developments in this area 

        To synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills ​

      • Topics in Global Health (LIFE340)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims

        ​1. To enhance students'' awareness of the global distribution of disease and the associated implications and inequalities.

        2. To enhance students'' awareness of the global impact of poverty and the negative and positive impacts of human activity in the spread of disease.

        3. To develop students'' knowledge and deep understanding in the tropical disease biology and their ability to apply, critically evaluate and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To critically review the distribution of disease and discuss major implications for global health

        ​To evaluate major reasons for the spread of disease and discuss approaches to control

        ​To evaluate the roles of national, international and multinational agencies in the health arena

      • Understanding Disease: An Integrated Approach (LIFE375)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterFirst Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting100:0
        Aims

        ​To provide students with knowledge of the mechanistic basis of selected diseases, including relevant biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, cell signalling and pathophysiology.

        To develop in students an understanding of the basis for current therapies for selected diseases, and to allow students to review and critique novel treatments.  

        Learning Outcomes

        ​To analyse in detail the mechanistic basis for the development of selected diseases

        ​To critically evaluate theories and evidence for proposed disease mechanisms

        ​To examine the rationale behind current treatment regimes

        ​To evaluate recent research findings relating to disease and apply these to development of new therapies

      • Viral Disease Mechanisms (LIFE320)
        Level3
        Credit level15
        SemesterSecond Semester
        Exam:Coursework weighting80:20
        Aims

        This module aims to:

        1. Evaluate the latest research on the role of viruses as important pathogens of humans and animals;
        2. Explain in detail, viral virulence mechanisms, immune evasion and vaccine development;
        3. Develop knowledge and deep understanding in microbiology and the ability to apply, evaluate critically  and interpret this knowledge to solve complex problems.
        Learning Outcomes

        On successful completion of this module, the students will be able to:

        Explain the mechanisms of replication and pathogenesis of different virus families and evaluate modern approaches to investigating virus pathogenesis and their control by immune processes, preventative measure sand treatments

        ​Critically discuss current hypotheses on the evolution of viral virulence, the contribution of virus infection to diseases in both humans and animals and current theories on the importance of globalization and climate change in the emergence and re-emergence of virus disease

        ​Synthesise information, critically review evidence to support conclusions, and define complex problems by applying appropriate knowledge and skills.

      The programme detail and modules listed are illustrative only and subject to change.


      Teaching and Learning

      You will experience a range of learning environments during your studies at Liverpool. These will include student-centred activities as well as lectures, tutorials, laboratory practicals, dissection classes, fieldwork, data handling sessions and computer workshops. Some of these activities will be performed individually, such as personal research projects, and others in small tutorial or project groups, in addition to formal lectures and workshops. You will have research staff as well as your own academic adviser for individual tuition on our acclaimed tutorial programme.


      Assessment

      As well as factual knowledge and understanding, biologists need practical and organisational skills, and an ability to work both alone and with other people. We record development of these abilities through continuous assessment during the semester and by final examination. You will also prepare posters, complete tests, analyse data, give short talks, research the scientific literature and write essays and reports. The style of examination progresses from short answers towards the essay format in the later years of each degree programme, as your understanding deepens.