Law, Medicine and Healthcare LLM/PGDip/PGCert

  • Programme duration: Full-time: 12 months   Part-time: 24 months
  • Programme start: Autumn 2021
  • Entry requirements: You should normally hold a minimum of a 2:1 Honours Degree in Law (BA or LLB) or in a relevant field of study.
Law, Medicine and Healthcare llm

Module details

In addition to the mandatory Legal Research Training, LLM students at Liverpool must  select at least 3 taught specialist modules to the value of 60 credits from the list of module specialisms (see below). These modules may vary slightly from year to year, and are chosen because of their particular contemporary relevance to the specialism of Law, Medicine and Health Care.

The remaining 60 credits may be taken from any Masters programmes offered by the school.

Please note that the list of modules below is indicative, modules are available based on staff availability for that particular academic year.

Optional modules

Reproductive Justice (LAW507)
LevelM
Credit level20
SemesterSecond Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

The course will be grounded in a socio-legal approach; this allows students to: Gain knowledge and critical understanding of the relationship between law and reproduction in the United Kingdom. Think critically and analytically about the historical, cultural, and ethical underpinnings of how reproduction is regulated. Understand and examine arguments concerning reproductive liberty, reproductive justice and bodily integrity in relation to the regulation of sexual and reproductive health.  Think critically about the interplay between public and private choices and specifically the place of law in regulating intimate activities. Critically assess the concepts of privacy, liberty, integrity and justice as applied in the sphere of reproduction.

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) Demonstrate a critical knowledge and understanding of the relationship between law and reproduction

(LO2) Demonstrate a critical knowledge and understanding of how UK law regulates reproductive decision-making

(LO3) Demonstrate a critical knowledge and understanding of the relevant legislation, cases and governing bodies which operate in the field,

(LO4) Demonstrate a critical knowledge and understanding of how human rights norms and EU law impact on domestic decision-making.

(LO5) Demonstrate an ability to  critically appraise key underpinning ethical or theoretical  principles such as reproductive autonomy, reproductive justice and protection of bodily integrity 

(S1) Independent learning

(S2) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

(S3) Communication Skills

(S4) Critical Analysis

(S5) Ethical Awareness

Ethics in Health Care Decision-making (LAW536)
LevelM
Credit level20
SemesterFirst Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

-To investigate and elucidate the ethical principles and approaches which underpin health care decision making.

-To examine, appraise and analyse the meaning and role of key concepts in health care including ‘autonomy’, ‘capacity’, ‘best interests’, 'bodily integrity’, ‘reproductive liberty’, ‘justice’, ‘beneficence’ etc.

To examine, appraise and analyse the conflict between medical/judicial paternalism and patient autonomy.

To examine, appraise and analyse decision-making in different contexts including the beginnings and end of life.

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) Show an understanding of the relevant ethical, social, economic, political, historical, philosophical, scientific and cultural contexts within which health case decision making operates

(LO2) Demonstrate a capacity to analyse, evaluate and apply the principal ethical approaches Health Care Decision Making, including deontological and utilitarian approaches, feminist and care ethics, reproductive ethics, public health ethics etc as appropriate

(LO3) Be able to apply legal ethical principles to ethico-legal scenarios and draw reasoned conclusions supported by appropriate legal authority

(LO4) Be able to synthesise information from a variety of sources of professional guidance issued by bodies such as the GMC, BMA, Royal Colleges, WHO etc to achieve detailed knowledge and understanding of the process of Health Care Decision Making and how such approaches intersect with the Law

(LO5) Demonstrate a capacity to appraise and evaluate the contribution of professional guidance in judicial decision making in the courts and an ability to criticise how legal judgments draw on ethical sources in health decision-making, especially the courts, in safeguarding autonomy and promoting communication.

(S1) Information literacy online, finding, interpreting, evaluating, managing and sharing information

(S2) Problem solving/ critical thinking/ creativity analysing facts and situations and applying creative thinking to develop appropriate solutions.

(S3) Literacy application of literacy, ability to produce clear, structured written work and oral literacy - including listening and questioning

(S4) Information literacy online, finding, interpreting, evaluating, managing and sharing information

(S5) Research management developing a research strategy, project planning and delivery, risk management, formulating questions, selecting literature, using primary/secondary/diverse sources, collecting & using data, applying research methods, applying ethics

Mental Health Law and Policy (LAW560)
LevelM
Credit level20
SemesterSecond Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

To provide students with a basic overview of mental health law and policy in England and Wales;

To provide students with an insight into the legal powers governing mental health care and treatment;

To offer students the opportunity to evaluate and critique the principal policy drivers which shape mental health laws;

To enable students to apply theoretical models in their analysis of mental health law and policy;

To promote a wider agenda for research into mental health law and policy.

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) Demonstrate principles and techniques of advanced research in the field of mental health law and policy.

(LO2) Show an understanding of the relevant social, economic, political, historical, philosophical, ethical, scientific and cultural contexts within which mental health law and policy operate.

(LO3) Select and retrieve relevant legal and policy sources in both paper and electronic formats.

(LO4) Apply, analyse and appraise the legal sources of mental health law and policy from statutes, law reports, treaties, directives and other sources as appropriate.

(LO5) Apply legal knowledge to a practical situation and draw reasoned conclusions supported by legal authority.

(LO6) Synthesise information from primary legal sources to achieve detailed knowledge and understanding of mental health law and policy.

(LO7) Understand, analyse and apply English, European and international legal terminology, both orally and in writing, to explain and convey technical legal information at an advanced level.

(LO8) Demonstrate the advanced legal skills (e.g. critical analysis) necessary to enable them to reach a superior understanding of mental health law and policy, even where law has not previously been studied at undergraduate level.

(LO9) Understand and assess the social and economic context in which the provision of mental health care takes place.

(LO10) Evaluate and assess the rationale for mental health law and policy from a socio-legal perspective.

(LO11) Critically appraise the effectiveness of existing models of mental health law and policy.

(S1) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Academic writing (inc. referencing skills)

(S2) Critical thinking and problem solving - Critical analysis

(S3) Critical thinking and problem solving - Evaluation

(S4) Critical thinking and problem solving - Problem identification

(S5) Information skills - Critical reading

Medico-legal Problems (LAW541)
LevelM
Credit level20
SemesterFirst Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

The aims of the module are:

- To investigate and elucidate the law which applies in the context of health care decision making and its relationship to bioethics;

- To enable students to understand the impact of the law on patients, practitioners and society;

- To examine, appraise and analyse the regulation of reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies;

- To examine, appraise and analyse the conflict between medical paternalism and patient autonomy in the context of end of life decision making;

- To examine, appraise and analyse new innovations in the bioethical arena such as uterus transplantation.

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) To demonstrate a detailed understanding of key medical law themes and concepts which provide a foundation of knowledge in law, medicine and health care;

(LO2) To demonstrate an ability to adopt a critical perspective to existing medical law and to identify areas that might be reformed;

(LO3) To develop a broad awareness of current controversies in medical law;

(LO4) To demonstrate a critical awareness of the competing interests at the heart of medical law disputes.

(LO5) To be able to research cases and analytically read judgments in order to critically comment on cases.

(S1) Teamwork

(S2) Problem solving skills

(S3) Ethical awareness

(S4) Communication skills

Regulating Medicine, Health and Social Care (LAW597)
LevelM
Credit level20
SemesterFirst Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

To investigate and elucidate the regulatory frameworks which apply in the context of health and social care regulation and their relationship to regulatory theory;

To enable students to understand the impact of regulation on patients, service-users, practitioners and society;

To examine, appraise and analyse the meaning and role of ‘competition’, as it applies to health and social care regulation and to compare this with the values of health and wellbeing on the other;

To examine, appraise and analyse the relationship between regulation on the one hand and expertise and trust on the other;

To examine, appraise and analyse regulatory arrangements for the provision of health care services.

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) Show an understanding of the relevant social, political, philosophical, and cultural contexts within which regulating health care, social care and drug companies operates;

(LO2) Analyse, evaluate and interpret the principal source materials of health care, social care and drug regulation, including national statutes, national, European and international law reports, treaties, directives and other relevant materials as appropriate;

(LO3) Apply legal and regulatory knowledge to a practical situation and draw reasoned conclusions supported by legal authority;

(LO4) Understand and employ English, European and international legal terminology, in writing, to explain and convey technical legal information at an advanced level;

(LO5) Demonstrate advanced legal skills (e.g. critical analysis) necessary to enable them to reach a superior understanding of regulatory activity in health care, adult social care and drug manufacturing, even if not previously studied at undergraduate level;

(LO6) Utilise problem-solving skills in complex theoretical and practical contexts;

(S1) Teamwork

(S2) Problem-Solving Skills

(S3) Ethical awareness

(S4) Communication skills

Children, Medicine and the Law (LAW543)
LevelM
Credit level20
SemesterSecond Semester
Exam:Coursework weighting0:100
Aims

Examine how the law responds to difficult ethical and practical questions about how society treats children, what rights (if any) children enjoy, and what rights and responsibilities we assume as parents;

To enable students to understand the impact of the law on child patients, their parents, practitioners and society;

To examine, appraise and analyse the meaning and role of ‘competence’ as it applies to children;

To examine, appraise and analyse the conflict between ‘medical paternalism and patient autonomy;

To examine, appraise and analyse decision-making in different contexts including medical treatment and medical research.

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) Demonstrate a detailed understanding of the law relating to decision making in medical law by, in relation to and on behalf of children/minors.

(LO2) Explain and critically discuss the relative autonomy of children/minors at various stages of minority in the contexts of treatment and involvement in medical research.

(LO3) Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the law relating to the treatment of the foetus and fetal tissue.

(LO4) Demonstrate an ability to adopt a critical perspective to existing medical law and to identify areas that may be reformed.

(LO5) Demonstrate the ability to research case law and examine judgments so as to be able to critically comment on case law.

(S1) Problem solving skills

(S2) Ethical awareness

(S3) Communication skills

(S4) Analytical skills