four SSPC report covers with a green tint and white text overlaid that reads 'Reports'


Our academics are collaboratively engaged with national research councils and local institutions.

Who is the victim? - Identifying victims and perpetrators in cases of coercive control

A dark purple background with white text that reads 'Who is the victim?'

August 2023

Research report by Charlotte Barlow, Sandra Walklate, and Emma Finnegan



High Harm, High Frequency - Police Strategies for Managing Serious Domestic Abuse Perpetrators

A purple background with text overlay that reads 'High Harm, High Frequency - Police Strategies for Managing Serious Domestic Abuse Perpetrators'.

May 2023

Research report by (University of Liverpool) Professor Barry Godfrey, Professor Sandra Walklate, and Dr Jane Richardson. 



Evaluation of the Use of Video Conference Interviews for Victims of Domestic Abuse

Report graphic of girl being interviewed on Video Call

November 2022

Research report by (University of Liverpool) Professor Barry Godfrey & Dr Jane Richardson.

Sussex Police and University of Liverpool

April 2022

Research report by (University of Liverpool), Professor Barry Godfrey, Professor Sandra Walklate, Dr Jane Richardson & Lucy Williams.

Sussex Police and University of Liverpool



The Impact of Covid-19 and Associated Public Health Restrictions (Lockdowns) on Trends in Police-Recorded Violence in Merseyside

The Impact of Covid-19 on Police-Recorded Violence report cover featuring 'POLICE' painted road markings

October 2022

Dr Carly Lightowlers (University of Liverpool), Professor Zara Quigg (Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre fro Violence Prevention) & Olivia Horsefield (University of Liverpool)

Merseyside Violence Reduction Partnership (MVRP), University of Liverpool and Liverpool John Moores University



The Role of Deprivation and Alcohol Availability in Shaping Trends in Violent Crime

The Role of Deprivation report cover featuring empty beer bottles and a broken window

Research Report by Dr Carly Lightowlers (University of Liverpool), Dr Jose Pina-Sánchez and Fiona McLaughlin (University of Leeds)

It is well established that alcohol availability impacts violent crime. However, less is known about whether that impact is experienced uniformly across different areas. Here we make use of longitudinal police data to examine inequalities in violent crime across small level geography (LSOAs) for the whole of England, and the impact of deprivation and alcohol availability on the observed trends in recorded violent crime. 



Contextual culpability: How drinking and social context impact upon sentencing of violence

Contextual culpability report cover featuring empty glasses

Research Report by Dr Carly Lightowlers (University of Liverpool), Dr Jose Pina-Sánchez (University of Leeds) and Dr Emma Watkins (University of Roehampton)

The role intoxication plays in offending behaviour is the subject of complex and contentious debates concerning blame and culpability in the eyes of the law (see Ashworth, 2015; Dingwall, 2006; Sinclair-House, 2018). Sentencing guidelines identify intoxication as an aggravating factor (Sentencing Council, 2011), However, there is little clarity on how this ought to be applied and in which settings, as such sentencers are left to determine the ‘appropriate mix’ of sentencing considerations. However, this potentially introduces unwarranted disparities and bias in sentencing outcomes.



Making Youth Justice: Local penal cultures and differential outcomes – lessons and prospects for policy and practice

2 Howard League for Penal Reform-Making Youth Justice reports featuring maps

Research Report by Professor Barry Goldson, Professor Emeritus at the University of Liverpool, and Dr Damon Briggs, Head of Curriculum at Frontline.

The report is underpinned by detailed quantitative and qualitative research showing that youth justice is ‘made’ not only by national legislative and policy frameworks but also by practices that are operationalised at Youth Offending Service/Local Authority Area-level. In this sense, the otherwise discrete jurisdiction of England and Wales is, in effect, stratified and segmented via local penal cultures that give rise to differential outcomes (particularly when measured in terms of rates of custodial detention). The report illustrates such differential outcomes and provides incisive insights into how they come about. It provides vital lessons and prospects for policy and practice.



The Shadow Pandemic

Shadow Pandemic papers Stay Home reports featuring 'STAY HOME' written in scrabble tiles

Working Papers by Prof Barry Godfrey, Prof Sandra Walklate and Dr Jane Richardson

The UN named the gendered consequences of COVID-19 isolation restrictions as ‘The Shadow Pandemic… “a perfect storm for controlling, violent behaviour behind closed doors.”.

Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology academics have been researching into the effects of national lockdowns and social distancing restrictions. You can read about their work in the School of Law and Social Justice's special focus on Coronavirus Research. Here, Barry, Sandra and Jane have also gathered together a series of related working papers from partners and colleagues around the world including reports from Queensland and Victoria, Australia.



Back to: Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology