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Energy, Air Pollution and Health Research


Evaluating Interventions

Ethanol as a Household Fuel in Madagascar: Health Benefits, Economic Assessment and Review of African Lessons for Scaling-Up

This project was carried out by Practical Action Consulting UK and Malagasy partner Tany Meva, Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, the University of Liverpool, the Eco-consulting Group, Gaia Association and the World Health Organization.

high levels of smoke pollution in a traditional home in Ambositra, Madagascar

Commissioned by the World Bank, the study was a response to a request by the Government of Madagascar for analytical support on the development of alternative sources of clean household energy and specifically in meeting the goals of the Madagascar Action Plan (promotion of alternative sources of energy to relieve the pressure on forest resources and to reduce childhood mortality rates).

a ‘Cleancook’ ethanol stove of the type used in the Madagascar study

The aim of this project was to study the viability of ethanol as a commercial household fuel in Madagascar and included three components (i) Analysis of household air pollution interventions (improved ethanol, charcoal and wood stoves) (ii) Economic assessment of the ethanol household fuel programme and (iii) Review of the African experience in scaling-up household energy interventions.


The research was carried out as part of a Practical Action Consultancy. Study team members from the University of Liverpool included Professor Nigel Bruce (research lead), Dr Daniel Pope (senior analyst).


World Bank £200,000

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