Strategy, International Business and Entrepreneurship

The newly-formed Strategy, International Business and Entrepreneurship Group (SIBE) has 32 faculty members who are involved in the delivery of specialist undergraduate and postgraduate programmes including a BA (Hons) International Business and an MSc International Business, and also contribute a wide range of modules to the School’s general management programmes. With interest spanning from Strategy to International Business and Entrepreneurship members of the group address key issues in these fields, relevant to both academics and practitioners. Others focus on the interfaces of these three core areas of research and contribute to emerging topics. Members of the group regularly publish in the top Journals in each of these three fields (such as Strategic Management Journal, Journal of World Business, Journal of Business Venturing), but also in more general management Journals, such as Academy of Management Journal and Organization Studies. Group members are responsible for two knowledge platforms: Entrepreneurship & small business management (Dr Sara Nadin) and International Business (Dr Nick Papageorgiadis) which encourage participation from other Groups and University departments as well as promoting links with practitioners and business organizations. Within the Group there are currently 5 Professors and 2 Readers and over 20 PhD students under supervision. Staff members from the group have senior editorial positions on the following journals: International Small Business Journal (Dr Dilani Jayawarna, consulting editor). 


The processes of strategy development, strategic change and renewal within large mature corporations as a basis for retaining and regaining competitive advantage is the focus of research by the School Dean Professor Julia Balogun. One of the key theme’s in the research of Professor Tom Elfring is strategic entrepreneurship, covering work on strategic renewal, entrepreneurial initiatives by middle managers, and strategies to overcome the behavioural traps in organizations trying to become top innovators. His work has been published in the Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Business Venturing and Organization StudiesProfessor Terry McNulty has an international reputation for his portfolio of research on corporate governance, board effectiveness, strategic leadership and change in corporations and healthcare organisations. Professor McNulty has a background in organisational and management studies and uses research methods that bring him directly into contact with senior managers and institutions associated with governance. Dr Vasiliki Bamiatzi combines theoretical aspects of strategic management, international business, corporate finance and social psychology to explore the role of several less-explored factors such as organisational slack and regional personality variations, on post-takeover performance. MNEs’ strategic choices (investment decision, location choice) and their performance implications under macroeconomic uncertainty and country heterogeneity are examined by Dr Shubin Wu and his work has been published in the Strategic Management Journal as well as other leading academic journals.

International Business

Concerned most broadly with the ways in which business operates across international borders, international business is a dynamic sub-discipline. It incorporates quantitative, qualitative and mixed research methods to advance theorizing on key questions such as the impact of multinational firms, relationships between firm headquarters and their subsidiaries, shifts in the global trade flows and the role of processes of innovation in driving international business.  Dr Vasiliko Bamiatzi examines the impact of the external environment on strategy, investment decisions and firm performance. Dr. Jennifer Johns researches the spatial dimensions of MNE operations using the global value chain approach to understand industrial agglomeration and the geographies of innovation. Dr Nikolaos Papergeorgiadis focuses on intellectual property, measuring the effect of the strength of IP systems and strategy on MNE/SME strategies, innovation and firm performance. Dr. Andrew Smith’s research focus in this area is on the evolution of business and financial institutions over time as well as conducting research international knowledge flows.

Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Research related to entrepreneurship and innovation is a key focus of the SIBE Group. Dr Dilani Jayawarna is developing an influential stream of research related to the life-course and the household as key units of analysis in the study of entrepreneurship. The themes of organisational learning and dynamic capabilities in smaller firms have been examined in a number of publications by Dr Allan Macpherson and Professor Ossie Jones. These three researchers have also focused on the importance of entrepreneurs engaging in bootstrapping activities to obtain the necessary resources for new and growing businesses. Related to that research is the work by Professor Tom Elfring on networking by entrepreneurs and the role of social capital in explaining their performance. Dr Sara Nadin’s research interests include employment relations, HRM and the psychological in SMEs as well as the gender, the informal economy and informal entrepreneurship. There is also a strong regional dimension to the group’s research – Dr Benito Giordano examines the role of European Regional Development funding in the promotion of growth in isolated areas. Dr Alan Southern investigates the role of entrepreneurship and enterprise in society in general, and in low income communities in particular. A number of researchers within the Group have a strong interest in innovation – Dr Paul Ellwood focuses on the commercialisation of university scientific knowledge and Dr Julia Brennecke investigates the antecedents and consequences of knowledge transfers within and between complex organisations, for instance within the biotech industry.

Knowledge Exchange

The Centre for Enterprise and Entrepreneurial Leadership (CEEL) provides leadership training for owner-managers of growing small firms based in Greater Merseyside. The Growth Catalyst Programme has been delivered to almost 200 local small firms, which have benefitted from substantial increases in turnover. This programme provided the basis for one of the School’s six Impact Case Studies submitted to the last REF exercise (see list of current impact cases at the end of this section).

Commitment to knowledge exchange is also demonstrated by the success of group members in obtaining ESRC CASE awards for projects based in Liverpool Vision, Unilever, Alder Hey Children’s Hospital and the Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP). There are also close links with the Heseltine Institute for Public Policy through the work of Dr Alan Southern.  Research shows the economic value of the social economy to the Liverpool city region generates revenue of around £3 billion per annum with an employment base of around 45,000 people.  Working with the Social Enterprise Network, Alan has established a practitioner group for the social economy in the city region: the Liverpool City Region Social Economy Panel consists of representatives from social enterprises, housing associations, cooperatives and charities and seeks to influence social and economic policies in the city region.  The work of the Panel was presented to the Global Social Economy Forum in Montreal in 2016. Through the Heseltine Institute, Alan has been involved in setting up events on: policy for the social economy, social value and social innovation.

Members of the SIBE Group work closely with business, the public sector and the third sector in impactful research and knowledge exchange. Such activities are funded by a range of national and international funding agencies. Professor Terry McNulty obtained a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council to investigate business judgements and the Courts. Dr Benito Giordano and Dr Jennifer Johns have recently obtained an ESRC CASE studentship from the North West Social Science Doctoral Training Partnership (NWSSDTP). Working with the Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP), this interdisciplinary research project is entitled ‘Commercialising innovation, knowledge assets and research excellence to enhance local economic development in the Liverpool city-region (LCR).’ This follows Benito’s previous successful CASE awards with Unilever and Alder Hey Children’s Hospital and Jennifer’s CASE award with Liverpool Vision.

Supporting Postgraduate Research

Dr Dilani Jayawarna is a Reader in Entrepreneurship and is Director of Postgraduate Research the University of Liverpool Management School (ULMS). Approximately 100 students are registered on the Doctoral programme at any one time. Research topics are aligned with the School’s three subject groups: Organisation & Management, Economics, Finance and Accounting, Marketing & Operations. Many students engage in research that is linked into wider social science domains (e.g. music and sociology) as well as the natural sciences (e.g. healthcare and medicine as well as engineering). In addition to thematic diversity, there is substantial breadth of research methods and methodological stances, ranging from econometric modelling to organisational ethnography, encompassing conceptual and empirical work in combination with quantitative as well as qualitative methods. This wide array of work is supported by ULMS’s community of over 130 research active staff offering a broad range of research expertise.

  • Seminars


    Seminar Series in Operations and Supply Chain

    2018 - 2019

    Prof Hari Tsoukas (Warwick Business School)
    Strategy and virtue: Revisiting strategic management through virtue ethics

    17 Oct, 2019


    Prof Sam Aryee (University of Surrey)
    Servant Leadership and Frontline Employees' Customer Service Performance: A Cross-Level Test of Competing Perspectives

    07 Nov, 2019


    Prof Jane Lê (WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management)
    The Origins of 'Organizational' Wrongdoing: Complicity-in-Practice

    12 Dec, 2019


    Prof Roy Suddaby (ULMS & University of Victoria, Canada)
    History and the Micro-foundations of Dynamic Capabilities

    22 Feb, 2019


    Prof Jacqueline Coyle-Shapiro (LSE)
    Expanding our understanding of the employee-organization relationship

    20 Mar, 2019


    Prof Jonatan Pinkse (University of Manchester)
    Business model innovation in the energy industry - TBC

    03 Apr, 2019


    Dr Gokhan Ertug (Singapore Management University)

    01 May, 2019


    Prof Christiana Weber (Leibniz Universität Hannover)

    22 May, 2019

  • Selected recent publications:


    Al-Dajani, H., Akbar, H., Carter, S., & Shaw, E. (2019). Defying contextual embeddedness: evidence from displaced women entrepreneurs in Jordan. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 31(3-4), 198-212.

    Tzokas N, Young AK, Akbar H and Al-Dajani H (2015). Absorptive capacity and performance: The role of customer relationship and technological capabilities. 47: 134-142.

    Akbar, H., Baruch, Y. and Tzokas, N., 2018. Feedback Loops as Dynamic Processes of Organizational Knowledge Creation in the Context of the Innovations’ Front‐end. British Journal of Management, 29(3), pp.445-463

    Al-Dajani, H., Akbar, H., Carter, S. and Shaw, E. Defying contextual embeddedness: Evidence from displaced women entrepreneurs in Jordan. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development. Dec 2018

    Saridakis, C. and Angelidou, S., 2018. A case-based generalizable theory of consumer collecting. European Journal of Marketing, 52(5/6), pp.946-972.

    Jarzabkowski, P., Lê, J. K., & Balogun, J. (2018). The social practice of co-evolving strategy and structure to realize mandated radical change. Academy of Management Journal, (ja).

    Balogun, J., Fahy, K., & Vaara, E. (2019). The interplay between HQ legitimation and subsidiary legitimacy judgments in HQ relocation: A social psychological approach. Journal of International Business Studies, 50(2), 223-249.

    Balogun, Julia , Jacobs, Claus , Jarzabkowski, Paula , Mantere, Saku and Vaara, Eero (2014). Placing Strategy Discourse in Context: Sociomateriality, Sensemaking, and Power. Journal of Management Studies, 51 (2), 175-201

    Balogun, Julia , Bartunek, Jean and Do, Boram . Senior Managers’ Sensemaking and Responses to Strategic Change. (2015) Organization Science, 26 (4). pp. 960-979. ISSN 1526-5455 (Online); 1047-7039.

    Balogun, Julia , Best, Katie and Le, Jane . Selling the Object of Strategy: How Frontline Workers Realize Strategy through their Daily Work. (2015) Organization Studies, 36 (10). pp. 1285-1313.

    Bamiatzi V, Bozos K, Lambertides N (2016). Mapping the trading behavior of the middle class in emerging markets: Evidence from the Istanbul Stock Exchange. International Business Review, 25(3), 679-690. doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.02.004

    Bamiatzi V, Efthyvoulou G, Jabbour L (2017)  Foreign vs Domestic Ownership on Debt Reduction: An investigation of acquisition targets in Italy and Spain. International Business Review 26(5), 801-815.

    Abdioglu, N., Bamiatzi, V., Cavusgil, S. T., Khurshed, A., & Stathopoulos, K. (2015). Information asymmetry, disclosure and foreign institutional investment: An empirical investigation of the impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. International Business Review, 24(5), 902-915. doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.04.001

    Bamiatzi V, Jones S, Mitchelmore S, Nikolopoulos K (2015). The Role of Competencies in Shaping the Leadership Style of Female Entrepreneurs: The Case of North West of England, Yorkshire, and North Wales. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(3), 627-644. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12173

    Bamiatzi, V., Bozos, K., Cavusgil, S. T., & Hult, G. T. M. (2016). Revisiting the firm, industry, and country effects on profitability under recessionary and expansion periods: A multilevel analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 37(7), 1448-1471. doi:10.1002/smj.2422

    Bagheri, M., Mitchelmore, S., Bamiatzi, V., & Nikolopoulos, K. (2019). Internationalization Orientation in SMEs: The Mediating Role of Technological Innovation. Journal of International Management, 25(1), 121-139.

    Brennecke J, Stoemmer N (2017). The network-performance relationship in knowledge-intensive contexts – A meta-analysis and cross-level comparison. Human Resource Management 57(1), 11-36.

    Schierjott, I., Brennecke, J., & Rank, O. N. (2018). Entrepreneurial Attitudes as Drivers of Managers’ Boundary‐Spanning Knowledge Ties in the Context of High‐Tech Clusters. Journal of Small Business Management, 56, 108-131.

    Basov, N., & Brennecke, J. (2017). Duality beyond Dyads: Multiplex patterning of social ties and cultural meanings. In P. Groenewegen, J. Ferguson, C. Moser, J. Mohr, & S. Borgatti (Eds.), Research in the Sociology of Organizations, Volume 53 “Structure, Content and Meaning of Organizational Networks” (pp. 87-112). Bingley: Emerald. doi:10.1108/S0733-558X20170000053005.

    Brennecke J, Rank ON (2017)  The firm’s knowledge network and the transfer of advice among corporate inventors – A multilevel network study.  Research Policy 46(4), 768-783.

    de Mol E, Khapova SN, Elfring T (2015)  Entrepreneurial team cognition: A review. International Journal of Management Reviews 17, 232-255.

    Engel, Y., Kaandorp, M., Elfring, T (2017)  Toward a dynamic process model of entrepreneurial networking under uncertainty.  Journal of Business Venturing 32, 35-51.

    Stam, W., Arzlanian, S., Elfring, T (2014).  Social capital of entrepreneurs and small firm performance: A meta-analysis of contextual and methodological moderators.  Journal of Business Venturing 32, 35-51.

    Glaser L., Fourné SPL, Elfring T (2015)  Achieving strategic renewal: the multi-level influences of top and middle managers’ boundary-spanning.  Small Business Economics 45, 305-327.

    Scholten, V., Omta, O., Kemp, R., Elfring, T (2015)  Bridging ties and the role of research and start-up experience on the early growth of Dutch academic spin-offs. Technovation 45-46, 40-51

    Anderson L, Ellwood P, Coleman C (2017). The Impactful Academic: Relational Management Education as an Intervention for Impact British Journal of Management 28(1):14-28

    Ellwood, P., Grimshaw, P., & Pandza, K. (2017). Accelerating the innovation process: a systematic review and realist synthesis of the research literature. International Journal of Management Reviews, 19(4), 510-530.

    Hsieh, W.L., Ganotakis, P., Kafouros, M. and Wang, C., 2018. Foreign and domestic collaboration, product innovation novelty, and firm growth. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 35(4), pp.652-672.

    Armstrong H, Giordano B, Macleod C (2015)  The durability of European Regional Development Fund partnership and governance structures: a case study of the Scottish Highlands and Islands.  Environment and Planning C, 2015, vol. 33, issue 6, pages 1566-1584

    Benito Giordano & Alexandre Dubois (2018) Combining territory and competitiveness in EU Regional Policy? Analyzing ERDF investment profiles in regions with specific geographical features, Regional Studies,DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2018.1495323

    Spilanis, I., Kizos, T., & Giordano, B. (2016). The effectiveness of European Regional Development Fund projects in Greece: Views from planners, management staff and beneficiaries. European Urban and Regional Studies, 23(2), 182-197.

    Giordano, B. (2016). Exploring the role of the ERDF in regions with specific geographical features: islands, mountainous and sparsely populated areas. Regional Studies, 1-11. doi:10.1080/00343404.2016.1197387

    Trehan, K., Higgins, D. and Jones, O., 2018. Engaged scholarship: Questioning relevance and impact in contemporary entrepreneurship/small and medium-sized enterprise research. International Small Business Journal, 36(4), pp.363-367.

    Jayawarna, D., Jones, O. and Macpherson, A. (2018) ‘Resourcing Social Enterprises: The Role of Socially Oriented Bootstrapping Practices’, British Journal of Management.

    Lee, R., Tuselmann, H., Jayawarna, D. and Rouse, J., 2018. Effects of structural, relational and cognitive social capital on resource acquisition: a study of entrepreneurs residing in multiply deprived areas. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, pp.1-21.

    Jayawarna D, Jones O, Macpherson A. Entrepreneurial potential: The role of human and cultural capitals. International Small Business Journal 32(8):918-943

    Dilani Jayawarna, Julia Rouse & Allan Macpherson (2014) Life course pathways to business start-up, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 26:3-4, 282-312, DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2014.901420

    Jones O, Li H. Effectual entrepreneuring: sensemaking in a family-based start-up Entrepreneurship & Regional Development 29(5-6):467-499 27 May 2017

    Beugelsdijk, S., Kostova, T., Kunst, V. E., Spadafora, E., & van Essen, M. (2018). Cultural distance and firm internationalization: A meta-analytical review and theoretical implications. Journal of Management, 44(1), 89-130.

    Muller-Seitz, G. and Macpherson, A. (2014) Learning during crisis as a ‘War for Meaning’: The Case of the German E. coli Outbreak in 2011. Management Learning, Vol. 45(5), pp. 593-608.

    Macpherson, A. Herbane, B. and Jones, O. (2015) Developing dynamic capabilities through resource accretion: expanding the entrepreneurial solution space. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2015.1038598

    McNulty, T., & Nordberg, D. (2016). Ownership, activism and engagement: Institutional investors as active owners. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 24(3), 346-358.

    McNulty T, Stewart A (2015)  Developing the Governance Space: A Study of the Role and Potential of the Company Secretary In and Around The Board of Directors, Organization Studies, 36 (4), pp. 513-535

    Beugelsdijk, S., Kostova, T., Kunst, V.E., Spadafora, E. and van Essen, M., (2018). Cultural distance and firm internationalization: A meta-analytical review and theoretical implications. Journal of Management, 44(1), pp.89-130.

    Muñoz, P. Cacciotti, G. Cohen, B. 2018. The double-edged sword of purpose-driven behavior in sustainable venturing. Journal of Business Venturing, 33(2), 149–178.

    Kimmitt, J., & Muñoz, P. (2018). Sensemaking the ‘social’in social entrepreneurship. International Small Business Journal, 36(8), 859-886.

    Muñoz, P., & Cohen, B. (2018). A Compass for Navigating Sharing Economy Business Models. California Management Review, 61(1), 114-147.

    Muñoz, P. Kimmitt, J. Farny, S. Kibler, E. (2018). Living on the slopes: Entrepreneurial preparedness in a context under continuous threat. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. Forthcoming

    Muñoz, P. Cohen, B. 2018. Sustainable entrepreneurship research: taking stock and looking ahead. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27(3), 300-322.

    Muñoz, P. Cohen, B., 2018. Entrepreneurial narratives in sustainable venturing: Beyond people, profit, and planet. Journal of Small Business Management, 56(S1), 154–176.

    Kimmitt, J. Muñoz, P. 2017. Entrepreneurship and financial inclusion through the lens of instrumental freedoms. International Small Business Journal, 35(7), 803-828.

    Munoz P, Cohen B (2017)  Mapping out the sharing economy: A configurational approach to sharing business modeling.  Technological Forecasting and Social Change 125: 21-37.

    Kimmitt J, Muñoz P. Entrepreneurship and financial inclusion through the lens of instrumental freedoms. International Small Business Journal 35(7):803-828

    Cohen B, Muñoz P. Entering Conscious Consumer Markets: Toward a New Generation of Sustainability Strategies. California Management Review 59(4):23-48

    Muñoz P, Kibler E. Institutional complexity and social entrepreneurship: A fuzzy-set approach. Journal of Business Research 69(4):1314-1318

    Muñoz P, Cohen B. The Making of the Urban Entrepreneur. California Management Review 59(1):71-91

    Munoz P, Dimov D. The call of the whole in understanding the development of sustainable ventures. Journal of Business Venturing 30(4):632-654

    Muñoz, P., & Kimmitt, J. (2018). Social mission as competitive advantage: A configurational analysis of the strategic conditions of social entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research.

    Van Gelderen, M., Kibler, E., Kautonen, T., Munoz, P., & Wincent, J. (2018). Mindfulness and Taking Action to Start a New Business. Journal of Small Business Management.

    Papageorgiadis, N., & McDonald, F. (2019). Defining and Measuring the Institutional Context of National Intellectual Property Systems in a post-TRIPS world. Journal of International Management, 25(1), 3-18.

    Ahammad, M. F., Konwar, Z., Papageorgiadis, N., Wang, C., & Inbar, J. (2018). R&D capabilities, intellectual property strength and choice of equity ownership in cross-border acquisitions: evidence from BRICS acquirers in Europe. R & D Management, 48(2),pp. 177-194

    Papageorgiadis, N. & Sharma, A. (2016). Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: A Panel Analysis. Economics Letters 141: 70-72  DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2016.01.003

    Konwar, Z., Papageorgiadis, N., Ahammad, M., Tian, Y., McDonald, F. E., & Wang, C. (n.d.). Dynamic marketing capabilities, foreign ownership modes, sub-national locations and the performance of foreign affiliates in developing economies. International Marketing Review. doi:10.1108/IMR-01-2016-0004

    Papageorgiadis, N and Cross, A and Alexiou, C  (2014) International Patent Systems Strength 1998-2011.  Journal of World Business, 49 (4).  pp. 586-597.     

    Smith, A. & Kaminishi, M. (2019) Western Debates About Chinese Entrepreneurship in the Treaty Port Period

    Abdelrehim, N., Ramnath, A., Smith, A., & Popp, A. (2018). Ambiguous decolonisation: a postcolonial reading of the IHRM strategy of the Burmah Oil Company. Business History, 1-29.

    Smith, A., & Umemura, M. (2018). Prospects for a transparency revolution in the field of business history. Business History, 1-22.

    Smith, A. (2016). The winds of change and the end of the Comprador System in the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Business History, 58(2), 179-206.

    Smith AD, Mussio LB (2016)  Canadian Entrepreneurs and the Preservation of the Capitalist Peace in the North Atlantic Triangle in the Civil War Era, 1861-1871.

    Smith, A. D. A. (2014). A successful British MNE in the backyard of American big business: Explaining the performance of the American and Canadian subsidiaries of Lever Brothers 1888–1914. Business History, 56(2), 135-160.

    Grimpe, Christoph, Ulrich Kaiser, and Wolfgang Sofka. (2019) "Signaling valuable human capital: Advocacy group work experience and its effect on employee pay in innovative firms." Strategic Management Journal 40(4), 685-710.

    Sofka, Wolfgang, Edlira Shehu and Pedro de Faria (2018), Protecting Knowledge: How Legal Requirements to Reveal Information Affect the Importance of Secrecy, Research Policy 47(3), 558-572.

    Olsen AO, Sofka W, Grimpe C (2016). Coordinated exploration for grand challenges: The role of advocacy groups in search consortia. Academy of Management Journal, 59(6), 2232-2255. doi:10.5465/amj.2015.0730

    Sofka W, Preto MT, de Faria P. MNC subsidiary closures: What is the value of employees' human capital in new jobs? Journal of International Business Studies 45(6):723-750 Aug 2014 (Journal article)

    Grimpe, C., Sofka, W., Bhargava, M., & Chatterjee, R. (2017). R&D, Marketing Innovation, and New Product Performance: A Mixed Methods Study. Journal of Production Innovation Management, 34(3), 360-383. doi:10.1111/jpim.12366

    Olsen, A. Ø., Sofka, W., & Grimpe, C. (2016). Solving Environmental Problems: Knowledge and Coordination in Collaborative Search. Long Range Planning. doi:10.1016/j.lrp.2016.05.003

    Ketata, I., Sofka, W., & Grimpe, C. (2015). The role of internal capabilities and firms' environment for sustainable innovation: evidence for Germany. R & D Management, 45(1), 60-75. doi:10.1111/radm.12052

    Grimpe, C., & Sofka, W. (2016). Complementarities in the search for innovation—Managing markets and relationships. Research Policy, 45(10), 2036-2053.

    Sofka, W., Shehu, E., & de Faria, P. (2014). Multinational subsidiary knowledge protection—Do mandates and clusters matter?. Research Policy, 43(8), 1320-1333.

    Parkinson C , Howorth C, Southern A (2016)  The crafting of an (un)enterprising community: Context and the social practice of talk.  International Small Business Journal 54(4), 385-404.

    Belderbos, R., Tong, T. W. and Wu, S. (2014), Multinationality and downside risk: The roles of option portfolio and organization. Strategic Management Journal, 35: 88–106. doi: 10.1002/smj.2087

    Belderbos, R., Tong, T. W., & Wu, S. (2019). Multinational investment and the value of growth options: Alignment of incremental strategy to environmental uncertainty. Strategic Management Journal, 40(1), 127-152.

    Wolf, Carola (2019) "Not lost in translation: Managerial career narratives and the construction of protean identities." Human Relations 72(3), 505-533.

    Xia, T., & Dimov, D. (2017). Alliances and Survival of New Biopharmaceutical Ventures in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis. Journal of Small Business Management. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12331

    Han, X., Liu, X., Xia, T., & Gao, L. (2018). Home-country government support, interstate relations and the subsidiary performance of emerging market multinational enterprises. Journal of Business Research. 93:160-172.

    Xia, T., & Liu, X. (2017). Foreign competition, domestic competition and innovation in Chinese private high-tech new ventures. Journal of International Business Studies, 48(6), 716-739. doi:10.1057/s41267-017-0083-y

    Xia, T., & Roper, S. (2016). Unpacking Open Innovation: Absorptive Capacity, Exploratory and Exploitative Openness, and the Growth of Entrepreneurial Biopharmaceutical Firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(3), 931-952. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12220

    Mitchell, R., Boyle, B., Nicholas, S., Maitland, E., & Zhao, S. (2016). Boundary conditions of a curvilinear relationship between decision comprehensiveness and performance: The role of functional and national diversity. Journal of Business Research, 69(8), 2801-2811.

    Maitland, E., & Sammartino, A. (2015). Decision making and uncertainty: The role of heuristics and experience in assessing a politically hazardous environment. Strategic Management Journal, 36(10), 1554-1578.

    Maitland, Elizabeth, and André Sammartino (2015). "Managerial cognition and internationalization." Journal of International Business Studies 46(7), 733-760.

  • Research Impact: