DOI®, citations and ORCID® iDs


The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is used for identifying content in the digital environment.  A persistent identifier is unambiguous and permanently assigned. The use of DOIs for the citing of data sets makes their provenance trackable and citable and therefore allows interoperability with existing reference services.

DataCat, the University’s research data catalogue, mints a DOI for you when you upload your data files. You can use this DOI in data statements, articles or conference proceedings that are based on this data and in other digital communications, such as social media.

If you already have a DOI because your data is in another repository, this can be entered into a metadata only Data Catalogue record.

Cite and be cited

There is evidence publications with associated datasets are more highly cited. 

The exact format a data citation should take is currently under debate though common practice is emerging as more datasets are made available online.

If you use data from an online data repository, there may be a recommended citation format; any journal you publish with may have a dataset citation house style.

As a minimum, citations should include:

  • Creator(s)
  • Title
  • Year of publication
  • Publisher (e.g. the data repository storing the data)
  • A version identifier (if applicable)
  • An identifier (ideally a DOI, otherwise a static URL)

Need further information?

Digital Curation Centre guide to citing datasets


An ORCID iD is a unique researcher identifier which can be added to your research outputs to ensure that your work is easily distinguished from that of other researchers. ORCID is becoming an international standard with over 1.5 million iDs registered by researchers, and is now used by an increasing number of publishers, funders and universities.

You manage your ORCID profile. Your ORCID profile number can be linked to a range of information sources such as publications, grants, education and employment history

What is an ORCID?