Liverpool Law School: A Year in Review 2017/18


Introduction - Looking Back, Moving Forward

Our Future - University of Law Joins Liverpool Law School | The New Home for the School of Law and Social Justice

Student successes - Law Extra success | The Law Extra Team | Key Speakers | Placements | Anthony Wenton's Overview | Partners | University of Liverpool Facts | Law School Facts

International Partners - Law with a Year Abroad

Liverpool Law Clinic - Celebrating 10 Years | Children's SEND and Disability Clinic at alder Hey Children's Hospital

Research Activities - Research in Focus - The Work of the European Children's Right's Unit in Bringing children's rights to bear on the legal process | New Strands in International and Human Rights Research | Research Funding and Impact | The Human Rights Implications of Excluding Animals from Care Homes

Events - Conflict Prevention Through Social Integration: Insights into the Work of the High Commissioner on National Minorities, April 2018 | Voice Through Law: navigating and negotiating Brexit as a resident EU citizen, May 2018 | Child Sexual Exploitation: Towards a 'Child-Centred' Protection System

Alumni Association - Liverpool Law School Alumni Association Event in London | Annual Liverpool Law School Lecture in Liverpool | Liverpool Law School alumni | Supporting Future Generations | Stay Connected!

Staff Publications - Books | Book Contributions | Journal Articles | Reports | Media

Meet the Team

  • Introduction


    Looking Back, Moving Forward

    In our 2017/18 review of the academic year we reflect on new and exciting research initiatives and improved employability opportunities for our students. Over the past academic year we have been joined by several new colleagues bringing impactful research and teaching innovation, enhancing our strengths as a School. On a personal
    level, in September 2017 I took up the post of Head of Department for an initial period of five years. I am supported in my role by three Associate Heads of Department and a number of staff in other key roles, including
    Education and Research, providing the Law School with a strong and effective leadership team.

    A significant highlight for the student experience has been the successful launch and subsequent embedding of the ‘LawExtra’ programme; a series of sessions covering all aspects of employment alongside skills workshops. This has been possible thanks to the excellent support of alumni and friends in Liverpool and beyond, and provides students with a transcript of their activities through the Higher Education Achievement Record (HEAR). April 2018 saw two of our staff members being recognised in the Faculty Learning and Teaching Awards. Dr Amel Alghrani won an award for her approaches to deeper learning resulting in excellent student attainment and Dr Rob Stokes’s work in championing good practice through his leadership on the Curriculum Enhancement Project was also the subject of an award.

    We have also continued to produce cutting edge research in areas such as the legal implications of the UK Brexit vote (with our own Professor Michael Dougan’s YouTube videos going viral and attracting in excess of 6 million views) the rights of children to be appropriately involved in legal process and legal regulation of food advertising in combatting childhood obesity. The School’s research continues to engage with key stakeholders and make a real difference to the law and policy landscape. These are interesting times for us all. The country faces an uncertain future in Brexit and has been through a period of sustained economic austerity. A review of Higher Education funding in England and Wales (the Auger review) is due to report soon. The UK Education sector is also under increasing scrutiny, with the potential introduction of a subject level Teaching Excellence and Outcomes Framework being introduced in 2019-20, the same year as UK Universities submit their research quality and impact
    statements in advance of the Research Excellence Framework 2021.

    Even closer to our home discipline, we await with interest final details on the content and cost of the introduction of the new Solicitor’s Qualifying Exam, which sees the end of the Qualifying Law Degree and redefines the future training of solicitors. Similarly, September 2019 sees the last cohort of students undertake the BPTC through the existing routes to the Bar and a new framework introduced thereafter by the Bar Standards Board.

    We are well placed to meet these challenges, and the opportunities that arise from them, and will, as always, take actions subject to our ethos, which protects the interests of our students, defend our professional values and continue our commitment to social justice.


    Professor Warren Barr

    Head of Liverpool Law School

  • Our Future


    University of Law Joins Liverpool Law School

    A new arrangement with the University of Liverpool allows the University of Law to offer both the Legal Practice Course (LPC) and Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) programmes on campus in Liverpool. Currently based in the Rendall building and moving to the new SLSJ building in September 2019, there are three classes of LPC and one class of GDL students in this first year, all taking the next steps in their legal career with the University of Law.

    The University of Law’s offering of these professional courses in Liverpool presents a huge opportunity for graduates of the University of Liverpool. If you would like to know more about the University of Law and any of our
    courses please do come and see us in the Rendall building and look out for invitations to events that we will be hosting during the year.

    Carol Draycott
    University of Law

    The New Home for the School of Law and Social Justice

    As part of the University’s investment in the South Campus, the Cypress Building is undergoing major renovation and extensions, which, once complete, will be the new home for the School of Law and Social Justice.

    The renovation will feature anodised cladding to the exterior, with glazed walls to provide light, open spaces.

    A large atrium will be central to the building, bringing in natural light and housing social and breakout spaces, including a multi-purpose event space and café.

    Completion will be phased, with phase one opening in September 2019 and phase two opening in December 2019.

    The School will be joined in its move by the Liverpool Law Clinic, University of Law and MOWLL (Moving on with Life & Learning).

    The new building will be known as the School of Law and Social Justice Building.

    If you would like to see the ongoing work, you can view our live webcam.

  • Student Successes - Law Extra


    Law Extra success

    Since its launch in 2016-17, Law Extra has given students the opportunity to hear from legal experts, practising lawyers, judges and other professionals, as well as from individuals from organisations which have played a significant role in uncovering miscarriages of justice or in reforming the law. The sessions have given students a greater appreciation of their own potential as future law graduates, whilst also exposing them to compelling stories from individuals whose legal work has had a positive social, commercial or political impact.

    In 2017-18 Law Extra hosted 25 events featuring judges from the European Court of Human Rights, senior partners in multi-national law firms, managers of campaign groups, barristers, solicitors, financial experts and forensic scientists.

    The range of talks within Law Extra goes far beyond the conventional law careers event. We have welcomed speakers to discuss the impact of artificial intelligence on the work of the ‘future lawyer’, the experience of working as a lawyer on serious criminal cases, how lawyers tackle piracy on the high seas, the role of campaign groups and volunteers in shaping the law on assisted dying, the un-tapped potential role for human rights lawyers working in commercial practice, the experience of working in a global firm in an increasingly global world, working as ‘in house’ counsel, the role of local authority lawyers in child protection cases, and many more. Plans are in place to improve the offering in 2018-19, with an increased number of sessions and a focus on alternative career pathways.

    The Law Extra team

    Deborah Tyfiled

    Jeremy Marshall

    Alex Batesmith

    Rob Stokes

    Lucy Yeatman

    Law Extra Key Speakers

    Matthew Kellett

    As part of the series, Matthew Kellett (LLB Hons 1988), Head of Law for Financial Services at Ernst & Young UK, returned to campus to discuss the development of the LawTech sector, the impact of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics on the legal world and what this may mean for the future of the profession and, in turn, future careers for students.

    Matthew Kellett

    Judge Paulo Pinto de Albuquerque

    Judge Paulo delivered a talk to our students and staff on the role of human rights law as a tool for the commercial lawyer – ‘Corporations and Human Rights’.

    Judge Paulo Pinto de Albuquerque

    Davina Hehir

    Davina Hehir, a representative from Dignity in Dying, spoke to students about the current law on assisted suicide and the building momentum for change.

    The talk was delivered in anticipation of the Court of Appeal’s decision in R (on the application of Conway) -v- The Secretary of State for Justice [2018] EWCA Civ 1431.

    Nicholas Fell

    Nicholas Fell (LLB (Hons) 1984), General Counsel and Senior Vice President of BW Group, delivered a talk to students on how a law degree from the University of Liverpool offers opportunities far beyond the borders of the UK.

    Each year BW Group recruits summer law interns from the University of Liverpool to sample the life of an in-house lawyer in its Singapore and Oslo offices.


  • Student Successes - Placements, Mentoring & Partners



    There are many different placements on offer for students, all of which provide valuable preparation for employment. Initiatives have included;

    • Ten students in the second or third year of their degree being selected after a competitive interview process for minipupillages at Exchange Chambers in Liverpool.
    • Six of our final year students were selected after a competitive interview process for marshalling places with Her Honor Judge Elizabeth Nicholls at Liverpool Crown Court.
    • One of our prestigious six month placements included Dr Kanstantsin Dzehtsiarou’s European Court of Human Rights (EHRC) internship. This internship involved the student working alongside an ECHR judge, providing research assistance on ECHR case law on a range of issues relating to the European Convention on Human Rights. Law student Anthony Wenton was selected to work with the Ukrainian Judge at the EHRC in Strasbourg. In 2017/18 one of our LLM students, Olena Ashchenko, was selected and started her placement in September 2018.

    Anthony Wenton's Overview

    I am very grateful to have this opportunity to share my overview with University of Liverpool Law students about my placement at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.

    I was extremely fortunate that my lecturers, Alex Batesmith and Kanstantsin Dzehtsiarou, were able to help secure a work placement for me with the Ukrainian judge. It has been an incredible opportunity and I have met so many wonderful and accomplished people. In particular, the opportunity to meet world leaders in the field of human rights and public international law is something that has really impressed me. As a great example, on my third day, I was invited to attend a film screening about the Japanese war crimes tribunal after WWII and I got talking to a friendly man about where I was from and why I was at the Court.

    After listening to me with genuine interest and enthusiasm, he introduced himself and explained that he was very interested in the film because he was formerly the President of the Rwandan War Crimes Tribunal and is currently the Norwegian Judge at the Court! As you can imagine, I was astonished that such a leading light in human rights had engaged in a friendly chat with me and months later we still stop for a quick catch-up in the Court canteen.

    I am working as a judicial assistant at the Court and my main duty is to help the Ukrainian judge with legal research and to provide her with my opinions on cases that come before her. This really is an opportunity to have a direct impact on a case – if you have done your homework and can present the judge with a well-reasoned, well-supported argument then there is every possibility that you will help to inform the judge’s findings on that matter.

    One of my proudest moments was to have some of my contributions included in a judgment on a gender discrimination case which achieved widespread international coverage. It is hard work and I have had to put in some long hours but it is certainly the most interesting work I have done and the best work experience anyone could have. It is not all work however, and I have made many friends. The Court runs a formal trainee scheme twice per year which brings around 12 trainees to the Court for five months. Additionally, Lincoln’s Inn sends one newly-called barrister to the Court for three months and Yale University sends two of its recent graduates to the Court each year. So, there have been plenty of people to hang out with.

    I hope that more of our future students get to enjoy picturesque Strasbourg!

    Anthony Wenton

    Law Professional Mentoring Programme

    The Liverpool Law School Professional mentoring programme offers students the opportunity to connect with a solicitor or barrister, many of whom are former students, to gain career insights and support.

    Being connected with a graduate was a real turning point for me; I'm now starting my third year with confidence and a clear career plan. During my degree I am exposed to bright legal minds and this, complemented by my mentoring relationship, has given me an all-round great university experience!

    —Anmar Alghadhanfari, (LLB Law 2018)

    Anmae Alghadhanfari


    Weightmans and the Liverpool Law School have close collaborative links and are currently in the process of creating a specialist module ‘Law and Technology’ which will run in September 2019.

    Weightmans continues to support the Law School, with many of their Solicitors engaging with our Professional Mentoring Scheme and offering an ‘open evening’ for our students to visit their offices and see what life is like working for their firm. Over the last year, we have worked with many other key stakeholders, including several placement opportunities at Irvings Law, Morecrofts Solicitors, Quinn Melville Barrow and the Vauxhall and Merseyside Law Centres, to name just a few.

    As part of Access to Justice and Welfare Rights Advice Placements (an optional final year module), Law students have worked with local Citizens Advice Bureaus across Merseyside, supporting members of the public who contact the services. These placements bring substantial benefits to our students in their professional and personal development and offer opportunities for students to apply their knowledge to real-life situations.

    Law students have also been involved with a project run by the Roby Child Contact Centre in Huyton, an accredited member of the National Association of Child Contact Centres. Through this project our students offered support for children who do not live with family members, due to relationship breakdown, meeting with them in a safe, neutral and non-judgmental environment.

    This year we will be developing links with non-legal organisations to broaden awareness of different career paths for our Law students. We are also looking at working with third sector organisations, through a project led by Jennifer Sigafoos, to see how Law students can adapt their knowledge and practices to support these types of organisations.

University of Liverpool Facts


Law School Facts


  • International Partners & Law with a Year Abroad


    International Partners

    Throughout the past year we have continued to reinforce our partnerships in Malaysia, recruiting high quality students who make a valuable contribution to the School’s academic and international profile. As part of our international activities, and to strengthen our relations with our Malaysian partners, a number of staff regularly visit our partner institutions. Teaching staff deliver sessions on core and specialist modules and undertake staff development sessions. The teaching sessions are intended to give students, who transfer into years 2 or 3 of the LLB degree in Liverpool, an early opportunity to experience the ‘Liverpool’ teaching style. We continue to explore opportunities in Canada and the School has seen an increase in students from the North Americas.

    The School continues to maintain good relations with its longest-standing partner, the Truman Bodden Law School in the Cayman Islands. Since 1982 the University has validated LLB degrees in the British Overseas Territory and, in the last year, the first cohort of students have embarked on a new LLM in International Finance: Law and Regulation. Caymanian students regularly travel to Liverpool to spend their second or third year of their degree with us and there is the opportunity for Liverpool students to do the same in Grand Cayman.

    Opportunities continue to be developed for our students to travel abroad either as part of their degree provision or through the offer of internships/placements opportunities abroad. Several of our students travelled to Malaysia and Singapore during the summer of 2018. A number of these opportunities are available to year 3 students who take advantage of their opportunity after graduation. We would be delighted to hear from anyone who might be able to offer an internship/or placement.

    Please email:

    Professor Anu Arora,
    Director of External Relations

    Law with a Year Abroad

    This academic year saw the first cohort of Law with a Year Abroad students embark on their year-long exchange programme to Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany and Stockholm.

    The programme has grown in popularity since its launch; 2017/18 saw eight students travelling abroad, 20 will start their year abroad in 2018/19 and 63 embark on their year abroad in 2019/20. The number of places has grown from 17 to 51 over the course of the first year and additional partnerships are being developed with New Zealand, Spain, Netherlands, US, Italy amongst others. The School looks forward to supporting these students and to the programme’s success in future years.

    Destinations 2019/20

    National University of Singapore Asia Taylors University Malaysia
    Griffith University Australia Leiden University College Netherlands
    Monash University Australia Maastricht University Netherlands
    Western Sydney University Australia Vrije University, Amsterdam Netherlands
    University of Saskatchewan Canada Waikato New Zealand
    Aarhus University Denmark Comillas Pontifical University Spain
    Universität Mannheim Germany University Pompeu Fabra Spain
    City University Hong Kong Hong Kong Northern Arizona USA
    Università degli Studi di Bologna Italy University of Texas at San Antonio USA
  • Liverpool Law Clinic


    The Liverpool Law Clinic at the University of Liverpool is a legal practice with six lawyers that provides pro bono legal services in a variety of areas, including in child arrangements cases, community care/special educational needs and disabilities (SEND), international protection and EEA free movement. We try to reach clients who are not in scope or otherwise eligible for legal aid and who cannot pay privately for services. Students at the Liverpool Law School can take part in modules or projects that work with clients on live cases, developing their skills and gaining experience to prepare them for legal practice.

    This year a group of students from the Law Clinic supervised by Deborah Tyfield were runners-up for Best New Student Pro Bono Activity at the Attorney General’s Awards. They were nominated for helping to provide free legal advice and assistance to parents and carers of unwell or disabled children at Alder Hey Hospital in Liverpool.

    The Law Clinic Family Court Project, supervised by Lucy Yeatman, was also shortlisted. Students worked alongside solicitors to provide free advice and support to people without lawyers in child arrangements cases at the Liverpool Family Courts.

    The Clinic also has the largest body of statelessness casework in the country and is a centre of best practice in this area. This year the Clinic will complete a two-year, grant-funded statelessness litigation project. In July 2018 the Clinic hosted an international conference on statelessness law and practice and continues to be a leader in this field, providing students with the opportunity to work with the leading lawyers in this

    Jared Ficklin, Director, Lecturer & Barrister
    Liverpool Law Clinic

    Celebrating 10 Years

    On 4 July 2018, the Liverpool Law Clinic held a celebration of 10 years of providing legal services in Liverpool and giving law students with opportunities to experience legal practice at the Victoria Gallery and Museum at the University of Liverpool.

    Lord David Neuberger, former President of the Supreme Court, gave the keynote address of the evening. Lord Neuberger spoke about his experience as a senior judge, the effects of legal aid retrenchment on the legal system and his own path to qualification as a barrister. Lord Neuberger candidly answered questions about some of the awkward political and legal challenges for the senior judiciary, and also very kindly posed for selfies with many of the students present. Alice Stephens of Brodie Jackson Canter, the Liverpool Law Society Junior Lawyer of the Year 2017, gave an inspirational talk about her experience in the Clinic working on the Hillsborough project and how that led to her career as a solicitor.

    Alice told the assembled students and aspiring lawyers that despite the challenges of finding a job in legal aid practice, if it was what they wanted they should pursue it with “white hot passion”. Jared Ficklin, the current director of the Clinic, gave a short history of the Clinic’s origins in the garret of the Student Union and the progression from a small extra-curricular activity to a functioning legal practice with six lawyers and hundreds of student places per year.

    The Clinic now has partnerships with organisations and firms in the region and across the UK, provides award-winning legal services on a large scale and contributes to best practice and research in specialist areas.

    The Clinic has become a mainstream provider of legal services in Liverpool in child arrangements, international protection and community care. Jared highlighted the successes and outstanding provision of opportunities for law
    students, and that experience working on real cases can be the key for law students to succeed in getting legal jobs, training contracts or pupillage. By working on cases, students are able to see exactly how the lack of advice
    and representation leads to unfairness and injustice for vulnerable people, many of whom have a complex set of problems. The students learn about the limits of pro bono services provision and see for themselves how advice and representation is crucial to access to justice.

    The Liverpool Law Clinic looks forward to the next ten years of providing crucial legal services in our community and training legal aid lawyers who understand the importance of access to justice and a properly funded legal aid system.

    Children's SEND and Disability Clinic at Alder Hey Children's Hospital

    We launched the Children’s SEND and Disability Clinic at Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, which gives advice to parents about education and support from local authorities for disabled children. Students from the final year law clinic module assist the in-house solicitor at client appointments and then prepare a detailed letter of advice in the coming weeks.

    Not only do the students develop their skills, but in this very practical way, they must learn a new area of law very quickly. This experiential learning is at the heart of the law clinic. The children’s clinic also benefits the city; we provide legal advice to parents who are unable to get advice anywhere else. This dual function of the clinic is fundamental to its success; the students realise the importance of the advice they provide, ensuring high standards in their work and parents are able to begin to resolve their legal issues.

    Support for disabled children was also the focus of some of the law clinic’s extracurricular projects. First and
    second year students prepared a series of fact sheets and template letters about support for disabled children for the national charity MENCAP to use on their website. Other extracurricular opportunities saw students with an interest in employment law preparing factsheets relating to employment issues which might arise when caring for a disabled child, which was kindly supervised by Jon Gregson at Weightmans.

    During the summer break, three students joined the national charity Newlife for a few weeks. They helped the charity with legal research and preparations with the launch of their new legal campaign to improve the lives of disabled children. This was a great success and we hope it will become a regular summer placement.

    Over the summer we piloted an advice clinic in the offices of local MP, Dan Carden. Working with Dan and his team, we identified constituents in need of legal advice, which we provided in the MP’s office in the heart of the community. The pilot was a success and we intend to build on it in the coming semester and recruit volunteer students to assist the in-house solicitor. We also placed a volunteer student caseworker with the MP and his team and more students will join her in September.

    The Children’s SEND and Disability Clinic has had a flying start, but we hope to be able to build on its success in the coming year. We want to offer more opportunities to our students to get involved and really see the impact they can have on the lives of people in our city through the effective use of the law.

    Deborah Tyfield,

    Lecturer & In House Solicitor, Liverpool Law Clinic

  • Research Activities - Research Clusters


    Research Clusters

    Liverpool Law School currently hosts eight research clusters; the Charity Law and Policy Unit, Critical Approaches to International Criminal Law; European Children’s Rights Unit, Health Law and Regulation Unit; International Law and Human Rights Unit; Law and Non- Communicable Diseases Unit; Liverpool Economic Governance Unit and EU Law@Liverpool. A ninth cluster, the International Criminological Research Unit, is hosted by the School of Law and Social Justice, and brings together researchers from both Liverpool Law School and the Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology.

    Our research clusters are crucial in supporting the building of external partnerships, providing a platform for knowledge exchange, and coordinating timely responses to current legal and policy developments. Each Unit hosts regular conferences and events to showcase our research and impact. For more information visit our events page.

    The past year has been a busy and productive year for the school. We have hosted a range of events including Statelessness: Theory and Practice, Challenges and Opportunities, Conflict Prevention through Societal Integration:
    Insights into the Work of the High Commissioner on National Minorities, NHS at 70 and Voice through Law: Navigating and Negotiating Brexit as an EU Citizen. Below we showcase some selected highlights from a few of our research clusters.

    For more information on all of our clusters and their research activities and events, see our research section.

    Charity Law and Policy Unit - Summary of Activities 2017-2018

    The Charity Law and Policy Unit (CLPU) carries out research into the legal issues facing charities and third sector organisations, often with a strong empirical element and leading to proposals for legal and regulatory reform, which have made important contributions to policy change in this field. April 2017 this year saw the Unit design and host an international symposium titled ‘The Future of Charity Law: Teaching, Scholarship and Research’. This solutions-focused international symposium, held at the University of Liverpool’s Foresight Centre, considered how researchers with an interest in charity law could collectively raise the profile of charity law teaching and scholarship and, as a result, generate new research interest (particularly among early career researchers). It was noted during the discussions at the symposium that members of the public recognise the importance of charities and not-for-profit organisations, but that in the UK we do not currently mirror that in our law courses. The event drew from international expertise to lay the groundwork for a robust future for charity law. Participants included academics and postgraduate researchers from various jurisdictions, researchers from within the UK voluntary sector, and practising UK lawyers.

    The event was supported by Brabners LLP and by a competitive award from the School of Law and Social Justice Teaching Development Fund. Read more on the CLPU symposium page.

    The Unit has also been involved in numerous other research activities, detailed elsewhere in this Year in Review, including the House of Lords Select Committee on Charities and the Law Commission’s ‘Technical Issues in Charity Law’ work, but this year also saw considerable activity in providing considered responses to law and policy consultations.

    Law and Non-Communicable Diseases Unit - Summary of Activities 2017-2018

    The Law & Non-Communicable Diseases Unit (or Law & NCD Unit) was set up in January 2015 to conduct research into how legal instruments can be used as tools for the prevention of NCDs, and more specifically how robust evidencebased policy interventions can be designed to support effective NCD prevention strategies at local, national, regional or global levels. Research primarily focuses on unhealthy diets, alcohol and tobacco as three major NCD risk factors, and on more overarching themes such as health inequalities, addiction, and the relationship between public health, human rights and international trade and investment law. The Unit have also undertaken work on air pollution and antimicrobial resistance – though to a lesser extent. Within these broad themes, Unit members have developed expertise in a number of more specialised areas, including the protection of children against unhealthy food and alcohol marketing, food labelling, tobacco plain packaging, food taxation, and alcohol minimum unit pricing. Many of the publications of the Unit are detailed elsewhere in this Year in Review.

    Key activities this year have included, in the area of ending childhood obesity a two-day conference in January 2018 in Lausanne, Switzerland (co-organised with the University of Nantes) on ‘Nutrition information as a tool of consumer empowerment and public health protection’, as well as a one-and-a-half day conference at the Liverpool in London campus in May 2018 to discuss similar issues and explore the relationship between the NCD prevention policies and international investment law. Other activities and project details can be found on the Law & NCD Unit’s website.

  • Research in Focus - The Work of the European Children's Rights Unit


    The Work of the European Children's Rights Unit in Bringing children's rights to bear on the legal process

    Researchers in the Law School have been working on a number of research and training initiatives aimed at bringing
    children’s rights methods, principles and law to bear on the legal process.

    In recent years there has an increasing focus, at international, European and domestic level, on achieving ‘child friendly justice’. This refers to justice processes – whether it be pre-trial interviews and advice, court hearings, appeals or referrals - that are responsive to the distinct needs, rights and vulnerabilities of children who are involved in legal proceedings.

    Lawyers and judges are uniquely positioned to address many of the obstacles to children’s access to justice by ensuring, not only that they adapt proceedings according to children’s needs, but also by bringing children’s rights to bear more directly on their substantive legal arguments and judicial reasoning. That said, it remains the case that lawyers and judges alike are unfamiliar with or resistant to using the full range of children’s rights standards that are available, particularly those enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, despite the fact that it is legally binding on the UK.

    Moreover, children are not generally encouraged to participate directly in court or tribunal proceedings, whilst court judgments are routinely written in a way that is incomprehensible to children. This is perhaps not surprising given that most lawyers and judges receive little or no routine training on children’s rights or on how to work with children.

    The research of members of the European Children’s Rights Unit has sought to address this gap in legal training and awareness through a number of projects. The first project, Training Activities for Legal Experts (TALE), is a free online training tool for lawyers that was developed as a result of a two-year international project funded by the European Commission. The training draws on interviews with front-line legal practitioners who specialise in working with children across a range of legal areas, and with children who have firsthand experience of legal proceedings. It includes practical tools to assist lawyers in achieving more child sensitive procedures, including interviewing and taking instructions from children, communicating advice and information to children, preparing children to appear in formal hearings, and explaining decisions and follow-up options. It also includes tips on how to develop more persuasive children’s rights-based arguments to present to judges and other decisionmakers.

    The second project, Children’s Rights Judgments, targets judges. Supported by funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, it involved over 55 leading children’s rights academics and practitioners from across the world. They came together over a two year period to rewrite existing judgments from a range of jurisdictions and from a range of legal areas, including in the fields of medical law, family law, criminal justice, socio-economic rights, immigration and education. The purpose of the exercise has been to demonstrate how these judgments could have looked had the judges in question viewed the law, facts and procedure through a children’s rights lens. The findings of this are published in Stalford, H., Hollingsworth, K. and Gilmore, S. (eds) (2017) Rewriting Children’s Rights Judgments: From Academic Vision to New Practice (Oxford, Hart). The foreword is written by Lady Hale who hosted the launch of the book at the UK Supreme Court at the end of 2017.

    A third important project is Aoife Daly’s ground-breaking analysis of children’s right to be heard in best interests’ proceedings (particularly in a medical and family law context). Through her forensic, comparative analysis of the case law and of the multidisciplinary empirical evidence from different jurisdictions, she exposes the opaque and, in many cases indefensible deference to paternalistic decision-making and the vacuous nature of simply ‘hearing’ children. In the process, she presents a compelling case for giving more decisive weight to children’s expressed wishes and feelings. These arguments are published in A. Daly (2018) Children, Autonomy and the Courts: Beyond the Right to be Heard (Netherlands, Brill).

    The team are engaged in ongoing research and training with judges and lawyers. For further details please contact Helen Stalford:

  • Research Activities - The UK and the EU & New Strands in Human Rights Research


    The UK and the EU: Living Apart Together

    Members of the EUlaw@liverpool unit have worked together over the last year to provide sustained input to debates
    surrounding the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. Professor Michael Dougan has continued to make substantial contributions to wider public and political debates around European law and Brexit. He has provided written evidence to numerous UK Parliamentary inquiries, appeared as an expert witness before various Parliamentary committees in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, and provided external advice to a range of UK Government departments as well as Union institutions such as the European Parliament and European Commission. Professor Dougan’s public engagement activities, including videos of his lectures before and after the 2016 UK referendum, received extensive public and media attention and he continues to be a popular authority on the matter for individuals and groups all around the world - delivering regular lectures and talks to community and citizen groups all across the UK.

    The unit has undertaken a number of events offering expert content to inform the general public of the legal complexities of Brexit through question and answer events, public lectures and media appearances with major broadcasters (Sky News, LBC, BBC Radio), their own YouTube channel and Facebook page. For more information on the impact of this work:


    New Strands in International and Human Rights Research

    The longstanding strength of the School in this field is developing in exciting new directions. Michelle Farrell and Eleanor Drywood, along with Edel Hughes at Middlesex University, have recently edited a collection entitled Human Rights in the Media: Fear and Fetish.

    The book was borne of a conference held at the Foresight Centre, University of Liverpool for which Michelle Farrell
    received funding from the Modern Law Review. The resulting collection, drawing together academics from across the UK, investigates how complex debates in political, judicial, academic and public life on the role and value of human rights are represented in the media. Underpinning the contributions is the observation that views on human rights are polarised: on the one hand, human rights are presented as threatening and, therefore, utterly denigrated; on the other hand, human rights are idolised, and, therefore, uncritically celebrated. The chapters in the collection draw out the role the media plays in constructing this polarity through its representation of political and ideological viewpoints.

    Along with editing the collection, Michelle Farrell has co-authored (with Edel Hughes) a chapter on Magna Carta, whilst Eleanor Drywood wrote, with Harriet Gray (Liverpool Law School), on the demonisation of immigrants in the press. Liverpool colleagues, Stephanie Reynolds and Michael Gordon, contributed chapters on Brexit in the press, and democratic scepticism and human rights, respectively. The volume represents a new departure for human rights scholarship in the School, but forms part of a growing body of research across the School of Law and Social Justice, building upon Liverpool’s historic strength in international law. In so doing it engages with critical debates around the role and value of human rights, engaging a range of disciplinary perspectives aimed at critiquing positions and exposing misconceptions in contemporary UK political controversies. The book will be published by Routledge in 2019.

    Offering a mix of theoretical, doctrinal, empirical, and practical perspectives and bridging the gap between human rights theory and human right practice, the volume opens a new strand to Human Rights and International Law Unit in the School and facilitates its engagement with communities and practitioners in the field. Advancing new contextual, substantive, procedural and analytical theories of human rights planning from interfaces of law, sociology, social policy, political science and philosophy, this book appeals to a varied audience across the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences and provides a platform to generate a genuinely interdisciplinary collaboration in the human rights field between the School of Law and other schools across the Faculty. Dr Gaetano Pentassuglia has written a collection of essays as the outcome of a collaborative project that brings together prominent scholars and experts from the United Kingdom, continental Europe and Canada. The book discusses some of the key challenges facing the international community and individual states in responding to increasing demands for ethno-cultural diversity in human rights law and policy, and human rights thinking more broadly. Drawing from diverse scholarship in international law, legal and moral philosophy, and political science, the volume charts new territory by addressing contested dimensions of the field. The essays include reflections on the impact of collective interests on rights discourse and nation-building, international law’s responses to group demands for decision-making authority, as well as concerns for immigration, intersectionality, and peacebuilding.

    For further information on the work of the cluster, please contact Kanstantsin Dzehtsiarou:

  • Research Funding and Impact


    In line with the School’s commitment to social justice, we aim for our research to be socially relevant and have impact beyond the University. Some examples of these initiatives are the following projects which have attracted external funding.

    Citizens Assemblies to Renew Engagement (CARE) for the Future of Europe

    CARE for the Future of Europe is led by Dr James Organ and funded to the tune of €127,500 by EACEA. It has designed, run and evaluated an innovative form of decentralised EU Citizens Assembly combined with online deliberation. At eight meetings led by partners in four Member States (Hungary, Italy, Romania and Germany), representative groups of citizens were asked: How can we increase effective citizen engagement in debates about the future of Europe, and influence EU policy? In a structured, informed process, participants examined different options for a more democratic participatory EU. They recommended an EU Citizens’ Assembly as the best option to enhance EU democratic participation.

    The project concluded with an interinstitutional event at the European Parliament and a major conference in Liverpool later in 2018 titled Citizens Assemblies: Time to Renew European Democracy. CARE has contributed to the important debate on EU democracy by demonstrating that there is a real appetite for ‘doing politics differently’, and that citizens want to participate in informed, reasoned deliberation about the complex questions facing Europe.

    The project’s innovative approach also showed that the Citizens’ Assembly method, successfully used at local and national level, is an excellent way of providing the space for flexible, intersocietal engagement in a geographically and culturally diverse polity such as the EU.

    Legal Aid and Access to Justice

    In early 2018 Dr Jennifer Sigafoos and Dr James Organ led a large-scale, qualitative study, funded by the Equality and Human Rights Commission that examined the impact of legal aid cuts on routes to justice and on people’s lives. A team of researchers interviewed 115 people who had legal issues in employment, family or welfare rights law, but who could not receive legal aid because of the LASPO cuts. They interviewed 15 service providers and analysed Citizens Advice data to understand the impact of the legal aid cuts on providers of welfare rights advice. The study highlights the severity of the struggles that people face when trying to resolve their civil law legal issues without access to legal aid, and the devastating emotional, social, financial and mental health impacts on people from delayed or unresolved legal issues. Based on this evidence, Dr Jennifer Sigafoos and Dr James Organ wrote the EHRC report titled The Impact of LASPO on Routes to Justice, published in Autumn 2018, which will inform the current government review of legal aid.


  • Events - Conflict Prevention Through Societal Integration


    Conflict Prevention Through Societal Integration: Insights into the Work of the High Commissioner on National Minorities, April 2018

    Ambassador Lamberto Zannier of Italy took up the mandate of OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities on 19 July 2017, succeeding Ambassador Astrid Thors of Finland, whose three-year tenure ended on 19 August 2016. Before taking up the position as High Commissioner, Zannier was OSCE Secretary General during two consecutive three-year terms, from 1 July 2011 until 30 June 2017. From June 2008 to June 2011 he was UN Special Representative for Kosovo and Head of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).

    In his keynote speech at the School of Law and Social Justice, High Commissioner Zannier provided an overview of the evolution of the HCNM mandate as an instrument established twenty five years ago to prevent inter-ethnic conflicts, and discussed current geographic and thematic priorities and most prominent challenges.

    “Countries must continue working together despite the difficulties created by the ‘polarisation of international relations’”, said HE Zannier. The former UN special representative for Kosovo said a strength of the OSCE is its consensus approach that ensures ‘nobody can be a victim of a decision’, but he noted this is becoming more difficult due to ‘increasing polarisation’.

    Since taking on the role, in July 2017, HE Zannier has placed emphasis on raising its profile and also reaching out to other areas of the world. HE Zannier considered his talk at the School of Law and Social Justice to be part of this work, with the aim of further increasing public profile to help the Organisation for Security and Cooperation
    in Europe spread ‘best practice’.

    Supported by the School and our International Law and Human Rights Unit, and well attended by students, staff, and members of the public, the lecture was followed by an extensive and lively discussion over the High Commissioner’s current activities and past professional trajectories.

    —Dr Gaetano Pentassuglia, Reader in Law


    Ambassador Lamberto Zannier of Italy

  • Events - Critical Thinking in Teaching Law, NHS at 70 & Statelessness Conference


    Critical Thinking in Teaching Law event, May 2018

    This workshop focussed on undergraduate teaching: teaching in its current form, its ideal form, as a (potentially) creative and personal process, to try new things or intentionally preserve traditional elements. The workshop was attended by several academic colleagues, and was discussion-based, with creative exercises to stimulate discussion and thought about the choices that we can, and do, make for our teaching to be productive, engaged and interesting for students and lecturers alike.

    —Dr Anastasia Tataryn, Lecturer

    NHS at 70, June 2018

    The ‘NHS at 70’ event involved a series of leading academic lawyers, historians and politicians coming together to deliver timely and engaging presentations about the NHS 70 years after it was instituted in 1948. The event was one of many that took place across the country. It was well attended and gave attendees an opportunity to reflect on the history of the NHS, its underlying rationale on inception, its current challenges and its future.

    The NHS has recently been on the receivingend of sensationalist opprobrium from a variety of right-wing newspapers and think-tanks, but the ‘NHS at 70’ event showed how things should be done.

    It involved a masterclass of rigour and expertise, provided by leading academic figures, on this vital domain of public life. At the same time, it helped reinforce existing academic connections between University of Liverpool scholars and scholars from other institutions.

    The ‘NHS at 70’ proved to be a very successful event and special thanks go to all those who made it happen.

    —Dr David Horton, Lecturer

    Statelessness Conference: Theory and Practice, Challenges and Opportunities, Liverpool in London Campus, July 2018

    The Law Clinic has recognised national expertise in the procedure to recognise whether a person is stateless, that is, ‘considered as a national by any State under the operation of its law’ (as defined in the 1954 UN Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons). With a partner organisation, Asylum Aid, we were in an excellent position to bring together activists, academics and legal practitioners for a two day conference July 2018. Tendayi Bloom of the OU led an imaginative and lively session where academics discussed their ideas with those in practice. An ‘Ask Anything’ session allowed activists to get an opinion direct from a legal expert.

    The Director of the Helsinki Foundation in Budapest provided a workshop on representing stateless children in a hostile legal system. A ‘Speedy Networking’ session brought people with a diverse range of skills together. Jo Bezzano of the Law Clinic presented a report of the work she has been doing for stateless people, and the difficulties caused by a lack of legal aid and poor decision making in the Home Office. Julija Sardelic of the University of Liverpool presented her work on stateless Roma children. An important guest was David Baluarte of Washington and Lee University Law Clinic – he brought a legal action in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which determined that children of Haitian descent should be documented as citizens in Dominica, and he critically reviewed the real impact of that case, following the judgement in 2005.

    The conference received excellent feedback from participants and has a dedicated website, which is gradually being filled with material produced by the conference participants.

    —Dr Lucy Yeatman, Senior Lecturer and In House Solicitor.

  • Events - Towards a 'Child-Centred' Protection System & Public Lectures


    Child Sexual Exploitation: Towards a 'Child Centred' Protection System

    This Funded Project aimed to assist in developing a child-centred response to Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE).
    Despite a proliferation of government and charity led campaigns that have attempted to develop existing knowledge and increase public awareness of CSE, it remains the case, that frontline child protection officials are under increasing pressure to protect children from this developing and complex phenomenon. Government recommendations to improve social and legal responses to CSE suggested that professionals should adopt a more ‘child-centred approach,’ but as yet, have failed to define what this term means or how this can be adopted in practice. This project adopted a unique, children’s rights reflexive participatory methodology which placed the views, voices and concerns of young people at the forefront of the research.

    This project was developed following a collaborative campaign with a UK children’s and young people’s charity, Fixers, during which young people reported on their experiences of CSE and expressed concerns about the way in which professionals responded to them. This then led to two workshops at the University of Liverpool which brought together a range of social professionals (workshop 1) and legal professionals (workshop 2) with the aim to develop a better understanding of the different perspectives between professionals and young people, in order to develop practical suggestions/ strategies of how professionals could adopt effective, child-centred child protection.

    As a result, a number of participating child services and CSE policing teams have since implemented some of the
    recommendations stemming from this project.

    —Dr Jamie-Lee Mooney, Lecturer

    Public lectures

    'The Last in Line: Occupiers and Third Parties. Too Many Steps, Too Far?'

    In conjunction with the Chancery & Commercial Practice Group, Atlantic Chambers, we hosted our Property Law public lecture by Martin Dixon, Professor of the Law of Real Property, University of Cambridge. The lecture considered whether the way in which courts currently interpret and apply legislation in priority disputes between proprietary occupiers and third parties misrepresents the policy balance intended by that legislation.

    'Civil Justice Reform After Jackson'

    The Master of the Rolls, The Right Honourable Sir Terence Etherton delivered the 11th Conkerton memorial lecture. He argued that what ought to be apparent is that the current reform programme in the UK will not result in a ‘one-size fits all’ approach to the delivery of civil justice. The idea at the heart of the Woolf reforms that process should match the dispute will continue to guide the courts’ approach.

    For some disputes this will mean an entirely online process. For others, it will mean a more traditional court-based process, albeit one with all the advantages that the digital revolution provides such as paperless hearings with virtual bundles on flash drives. As justice after Jackson increasingly becomes digital justice, it will be a form of justice that can be more tailored to the needs of the dispute and the parties. As such it should be an increasingly accessible, efficient and cost effective form of justice.

    'Repeal the 8th' - public discussion on the Irish Abortion Referendum

    In the run-up to the Irish abortion referendum, the department hosted a public discussion of the referendum in the Eleanor Rathbone Building. It examined the current law and practice and the proposed legislative changes should the
    referendum pass. The referendum was of particular importance to us in Liverpool given our profound links to Ireland, not least, in this context, Liverpool Women’s Hospital’s continued delivery of abortion services to women who travel from Ireland.

    Featured speakers included Professor Louise Kenny, Executive Pro Vice Chancellor who, before joining University of Liverpool was Professor of Obstetrics and Consultant Obstetrician at Cork University Maternity Hospital. As well as
    contributions from our own Aoife Daly, Marie Fox and Anne Neylon. Dr Deirdre Duffy, Senior Lecturer in Childhood and Youth Studies, Manchester Metropolitan University, also discussed her project on the Liverpool-Ireland Abortion Corridor.

    'The world is changing, civil society is changing: is charity law fit for purpose?'

    Every year, the Charity Law and Policy Unit hosts a lecture by a leading person from the sector. It links into an ongoing exchange between the Unit’s academic expertise and the deep policy knowledge in the wider city. Julia Unwin - the Chair of Civil Society Futures - presented the Charity Law and Policy Unit’s annual lecture.

    Julia focussed on the key questions emerging as a part of a national enquiry into the sector across England and Wales. The sector has undergone a period of rapid transformation in the last two decades. Fundamental policy questions are once more back on the agenda. The Civil Society Futures enquiry is addressing such core issues as the definition and purpose of charity, the attitudes of young people, the voice of charity members, questions surrounding the payment of trustees and the funding of organisations.

  • Alumni Association


    Since its launch in 2015, the Liverpool Law School Alumni Association has brought together alumni, staff and students from all over the world to network, develop and inspire each other.

    Liverpool Law School Alumni Association Event in London

    In October 2017 the Liverpool Law School Alumni Association held its annual alumni event in London with special guest, the Right Honourable Sir Brian Leveson (Hon LLD 2007).

    Sir Brian offered a unique insight into his life and career in the Law, sharing his career highlights and offering tips for graduates starting their legal careers. Following the talk alumni had the opportunity to network and build contacts with their fellow graduates.

    Annual Liverpool Law School Lecture in Liverpool

    Liverpool alumna and US District Judge, Wendy Beetlestone (BA Hons Philosophy 1984), delivered this year’s Annual Law School and Alumni Association Lecture, offering a unique and insightful talk entitled The United States Federal Judiciary: TheWeakest Branch of Government? Or What?

    Judge Wendy Beetlestone (nominated to the role of District Court Judge for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania by Barack Obama in 2014) was back in Liverpool for the first time since her graduation, to deliver this lecture.
    Through a contextual and historical analysis of Supreme Court precedent and an examination of how President Trump’s executive orders regarding immigration have fared when challenged in the courts, Judge Beetlestone examined how the founders’ assumptions and expectations have stood the test of time.

    Judge Wendy Beetlestone

    Supporting Future Generations

    Alumni are an integral part of the student experience in the Liverpool Law School.

    As well as returning to campus to offer inspiring talks through our Law Extra speaker series, alumni also act as career mentors, and many also offer placements, internships and jobs, to the next generation of Liverpool Law School graduates.

    Supporting Work Experience and Graduate Opportunities

    Liverpool Law School alumni offer opportunities within the workplace to access graduate talent and support students in their career journey. Nick Fell (LLB Hons 1984), Senior Vice President, Corporate Services and General Counsel at BW Group Ltd maintains a close connection to the University and each year he recruits law students to sample the life of an in-house lawyer through offering internships based in Singapore and Oslo.

    Undertaking placements with Liverpool alumni made me realise the importance of a law degree from our University. We have some incredible alumni, active in the legal profession right around the world and I would encourage students to build on these contacts as much as possible.

    —Alex Eaton LLB (Hons) 2018

    Stay Connected!

    If you are a Liverpool Law School graduate you can update your details to ensure you receive future event and association updates, or to offer your support for employability initiatives, by emailing

  • Staff Publications - Books & Book Contributions


    Our academic staff and research clusters are active in their research, engaging directly with a broad range of audiences. Below is a selection of 2017/18 publications by staff and research clusters:


    Barr, W & Pearce, R Pearce & Stevens’
    Trusts and Equitable Obligations (7th
    ed) (Oxford University Press, September

    Chalabi, A. (2018). National Human
    Rights Action Planning. Oxford
    University Press.

    Chalabi, A. (2017). Corruption and
    The Legitimacy of Law: A Socio-Legal
    Perspective. Tehran: Nashreney

    Daly, A. (2018). Children, Autonomy And
    The Courts: Beyond The Right To Be
    Heard. Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff.

    Dougan, M. (2017). The UK After Brexit:
    Legal And Policy Challenges. Intersentia
    Drywood, E. (Eds.) (2018). Human Rights
    in The Media: Fear And Fetish. London:

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2018). Great Debates
    on The European Convention on Human
    Rights. Palgrave.

    Fanning, J. B. (2018). New Medicalism
    and The Mental Health Act. Hart.

    Farrell, M. (Eds.) (2018). Human Rights
    In The Media: Fear and Fetish. London:

    Gideon, A. (2017). Higher Education
    Institutions In The EU: Between
    Competition And Public Service. T.M.C.
    Asser Press.

    Gordon, M. (2017). Cases and Materials
    on Constitutional and Administrative
    Law (12th Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University

    Horsley, T. (2018). The Court of Justice of
    The European Union as an Institutional
    Actor Judicial Lawmaking and Its Limits.
    Cambridge University Press.

    McAuliffe, P. (2017). Transformative
    Justice and The Malleability of Post-
    Conflict States. London: Edward Elgar.

    Pentassuglia, G. (Ed.) (N.D.). Ethno-
    Cultural Diversity and Human Rights:
    Challenges and Critiques. International
    Studies In Human Rights: Martinus
    Nijhoff Publishers.

    Sattorova, M. (2018). The Impact of
    Investment Treaty Law on Host States:
    Enabling Good Governance? (1st Ed.).
    Oxford: Hart Publishing.

    Stalford, H. (Eds.) (2017). Rewriting
    Children’s Rights Judgments: From
    Academic Vision to New Practice.
    Oxford: Hart.

    Stokes, R. A. (2017). Commercial Law
    (9th Ed.). London: Sweet and Maxwell.

    Thompson, W. (2017). Cases And
    Materials On Constitutional And
    Administrative Law (12th Ed.). Oxford:
    Oxford University Press.

    Vogiatzis, N. (2017). The European
    Ombudsman and Good Administration
    in The European Union. Palgrave

    Book Contributions

    Alghrani, A. (2017). ‘Re A (Conjoined
    Twins) [2000] EWCA Civ 254 ‘ in H.
    Stalford, S. Gilmore, & K. Hollingsworth
    (Eds.), Rewriting Children’s Rights
    Judgments From Academic Vision to
    New Practice (pp. 264-272). Bloomsbury:

    Barker, N. J. (n.d.). Rights, Democracy
    and Decolonisation: An Argument for
    “Bermudianizing” the Constitution,
    in The Bermuda Constitution 1968:
    Reflections on its Past and Future.
    Hamilton, Bermuda: Centre for Justice

    Barr, W ‘Property division on the
    breakdown of non-marital relationships’
    in R Lamont (Ed) Family Law (Oxford
    University Press, 2018)

    Barr, W, ‘Repudiatory Breach of
    Leases – Hard Lessons for the
    “Contractualisation” of Leasehold
    Law’ in H Conway and R Hickey
    (Eds), Modern Studies in Property Law
    Volume 9 (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2017)

    Behn, D. (2018). Backlash and State
    Strategies in International Investment
    Law, in The Changing Practices of
    International Law (pp. 70-102).

    Behn, D. (2018). The Revolving Door in
    International Investment Arbitration., in
    The Judicialization of International Law:
    A Mixed Blessing? (Pp. 128-158).

    Byrne, S. D. (2018). Human Rights,
    Children’s Rights, and The Family, in L.
    Ruth (Ed.), Family Law. Oxford University

    Byrne, S. (2017). Commentary on S
    v Special Educational Needs and
    Disability Tribunal and Oxfordshire
    County Council, in H. Stalford, K.
    Hollingsworth, & S. Gilmore (Eds.),
    Rewriting Children’s Rights Judgments:
    From Academic Vision to New Practice
    (pp. 363-369). Oxford: Hart.

    Case, P. (2017). Regulation of the Health
    Care Professions in J. Laing and J.
    McHale (Eds.), Principles of Medical Law.
    Oxford University Press.

    Currie, S. J. (2017). Unjoined-up
    Policymaking and Patchy Promotion of
    Gender Equality: Free Movement and
    Reconciliation of Work and Family Life in
    the EU, in A. Torres Perez, & M. Gonzalez
    Pascual (Eds.), The Right to Family Life
    in the European Union. Routledge.

    Dougan, P. M. (2017). The ‘Brexit’ Threat
    to the Northern Irish Border: Clarifying
    the Constitutional Framework. In The UK
    After Brexit Legal and Policy Challenges
    (pp. 53-72). Cambridge: Intersentia.

    Dougan, P. M. (2017). The UK’s
    Institutional Balance of Power after
    Leaving the EU, in Constitution in Crisis:
    The New Putney Debates (pp. 119-124).
    London: I B Tauris.

    Drywood, E. (N.D.). Demonising
    Immigrants: How A Human Rights
    Narrative Has Contributed To Negative
    Portrayals Of Immigrants In The UK
    Media, in M. Farrell, E. Drywood, & E.
    Hughes (Eds.), Human Rights and The
    Media: Fear And Fetish. Abingdon:

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2017). Dialogue or
    Diktat? The Nature Of The Interaction
    Between National Courts And The
    European Court Of Human Rights
    And How It Influences Criticism Of
    The Human Rights Act. In Critically
    Examining The Case Against The 1998
    Human Rights Act (pp. 88-102).

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2017). Prisoner Voting
    Saga: Reasons for Challenges. In
    Electoral Rights In Europe: Advances
    And Challenges (pp. 92-110).
    Fanning, J. B. (2017). “Risk Society” And
    The Duty Of Care In English Law. In J. B.
    Fanning, & U. De Vries (Eds.), Law In The
    Risk Society pp. 115-141). The Hague,
    The Netherlands: Eleven International

    Farrell, M. (2018). Magna Carta and the
    Invention of ‘British Rights’. In M. Farrell,
    E. Drywood, & E. Hughes (Eds.), Human
    Rights in the Media: Fear and Fetish.
    London: Routledge.

    Farrell, M. (2017). Distribution, in
    Research Handbook on International
    Courts and Tribunals (pp. 337-377).
    Edward Elgar Publishing.

    Farrell, M. (2017). Hegemony and
    Counter-Hegemony: The Politics
    of Establishing United Nations
    Commissions of Inquiry., in Commissions
    of Inquiry Problems and Perspectives
    (pp. 35-64). Hart Publishing Limited.

    Ficklin, J. D. (2017). Chapter 10 -
    Immigration and Asylum Issues. In Female
    Genital Mutilation Law and Practice (pp.
    145-169). Jordan Publishing (GB).

    Gibson, M. & Reed, A. (2018). Reforming
    English Homicide Law: Fair Labelling
    Questions and Comparative Answers?.
    In A. Reed, & M. Bohlander (Eds.),
    Homicide in Criminal Law (pp. 37-
    62). Routledge

    Gideon, A. (2018). Application of
    Competition Law to Public Services:
    The EU Experience, The ASEAN
    Approach And Implications For
    Regional Integration In ASEAN. In The
    Regionalisation of Competition Law
    and Policy Within The ASEAN Economic
    Community (pp. 304-336)

    Gordon, M. J. (2017). Brexit: The
    Relationship Between the UK Parliament
    and the UK Government, in The UK
    After Brexit: Legal and Policy Challenges
    (pp. 15-33). Intersentia.

    Gordon, M. J. (n.d.). How Democratic is
    the Basic Constitutional Law of the UK?
    in P. Dunleavy, & R. Taylor (Eds.), The
    2017 Audit of UK Democracy (pp. 139-
    146). Democratic Audit.

    Gray, H. (n.d.). Demonising Immigrants:
    How A Human Rights Narrative Has
    Contributed To Negative Portrayals
    Of Immigrants In The UK Media., in
    M. Farrell, E. Drywood, & E. Hughes (Eds.),
    Human Rights and The Media: Fear And
    Fetish. Abingdon: Routledge.

    Horsley, T. (2017). Brexit and UK Courts:
    Awaiting Fresh Instruction. in The UK
    After Brexit Legal and Policy Challenges.

    Horsley, T. (2017). Institutional Dynamics
    Reloaded: The Court of Justice and
    the Development of the EU Internal
    Market, in P. Koutrakos, & J. Snell (Eds.),
    Research Handbook on the Law of
    the EU’s Internal Market (Edited by P.
    Koutrakos and J. Snell) (pp. 401-426).

    McAuliffe, P. G. (2018). ‘Surrogacy
    and Resistance: Evolving Patterns
    in Unofficial Truth Commissions and
    Truth Projects’. In J. Sarkin (Ed.), The
    Global Legacy of Truth Commissions
    (FORTHCOMING) (pp. 1-25). Cambridge:

    McAuliffe, P. G. (2018). Adapting to
    Survive: The Peculiar Fate of Liberal
    Governance Models in East Timor. In
    K. von Strokirch (Ed.), Governance and
    Political Adaptation in Fragile States.
    London: Palgrave McMillan.

    McAuliffe, P. G. (2018). The Problem
    of Elites., in M. Evans (ed) Transitional
    and Transformative Justice: Critical and
    International Perspectives. Abingdon:

    McAuliffe, P. G. (2017). ‘Peace
    Agreements and Power-Sharing as
    Barriers to Minority Rights, in Ethno-
    Cultural Diversity and Human Rights (pp.
    337-369). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

    Messenger, G. (2017). Membership of the
    World Trade Organization. In M. Dougan
    (Ed.), The UK after Brexit: Legal and
    Policy Challenges.

    Murphy, B. (2017). Hegemony and
    Counter-Hegemony: The Politics
    of Establishing United Nations
    Commissions of Inquiry, in Commissions
    of Inquiry Problems and Perspectives
    (pp. 35-64). Hart Publishing Limited.

    Organ, J. (2017). What if there is
    nowhere to get advice? in A. Flynn, & J.
    Hodgson (Eds.), Legal Aid and Access
    to Justice: Comparative Perspectives of
    Unmet Legal Need. UK: Hart Publishing.

    Pentassuglia, G. (n.d.). Do Human Rights
    Have Anything to Say about Group
    Autonomy?. In G. P. Pentassuglia (Ed.),
    Ethno-Cultural Diversity and Human
    Rights: Challenges and Critiques.
    International Studies in Human Rights.
    Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

    Pentassuglia, G. (n.d.). Human Rights,
    Autonomy, and the Nation-State: An
    International Law Perspective. Martinus
    Nijhoff Publishers.

    Pentassuglia, G. (n.d.). Introduction: The
    Unpacking of Ethno-Cultural Diversity, in
    G. P. Pentassuglia (Ed.), Ethno-Cultural
    Diversity and Human Rights: Challenges
    and Critiques. International Studies
    in Human Rights. Martinus Nijhoff

    Picton, J. (n.d.). Donor Intention and
    Dialectic Legal Policy Frames.

    Picton, J. (2017). Egoism and the Return
    of Charitable Gifts, in R. Hickey, &
    H. Conway (Eds.), Modern Studies
    in Property Law (Vol. 9, pp. 175-194).
    Oxford: Hart.

    Picton, J, ‘Egoism and the Return of
    Charitable Gifts’ in H Conway and R
    Hickey (Eds), Modern Studies in Property
    Law Volume 9 (Hart Publishing, Oxford,

    Reynolds, S. (2018). (De) constructing the
    Road to Brexit: Paving the Way to Further
    Limitations on Free Movement and Equal
    Treatment? in D. Thym (Ed.), Questioning
    EU Citizenship: Judges and the Limits of
    Free Movement and Solidarity in the EU
    (pp. 57-87). London: Hart.

    Reynolds, S. (n.d.). It’s Not Me, It’s You:
    Examining the Print Media’s Approach to
    ‘Europe’ in Brexit Britain, in E. Drywood, M.
    Farrell, & E. Hughes (Eds.), Human Rights
    in the Media: Fear and Fetish. Routledge.

    Reynolds, S. (2017). May We Stay?
    Assessing the Security of Residence
    for EU Citizens Living in the UK, in M.
    Dougan (Ed.), The UK After Brexit: Legal
    and Policy Challenges. Intersentia.

    Sardelic, J. (2018). Reading Too Much
    and Too Little into the Matter? Latent
    Limits and Potentials of EU Freedom of
    Movement. In R. Baubock (Ed.), Debating
    European Citizenship. Springer.

    Sardelic, J. (2018). The Refugee
    Crisis and the Re-imagined Politics of
    Belonging: Political Discourses on the
    Western Balkan Route. In T. Agarin, &
    N. Nancheva (Eds.), A European Crisis:
    Perspectives on Refugees, Solidarity,
    and Europe (pp. 127-149). Ibidem Press.

    Sardelic, J. (2017). Managing the Balkan
    route: the 2015/16 refugee crisis. In Z.
    Nechev, S. Kajnc Lange, & F. Trauner
    (Eds.), Resilience in the Western Balkans
    (pp. 99-106). Paris: European Union
    Institute for Security Studies.

    Sattorova, M. (2017). UK Foreign
    Investment Protection Policy Post Brexit.
    In M. Dougan (Ed.), The UK After Brexit
    Legal and Policy Challenges (pp. 267-
    286). Intersentia.

    Sigafoos, J. A., & Organ, J. (2017). What
    if there is nowhere to get advice?. In A.
    Flynn, & J. Hodgson (Eds.), Legal Aid
    and Access to Justice: Comparative
    Perspectives of Unmet Legal Need (pp.
    Unknown). UK: Hart Publishing.

    Stalford, H. E. (2018). Article 32 Charter
    of Fundamental Rights in the EU. In
    A. Edoardo, M. Bell, O. Deinert, & S.
    Robin-Olivier (Eds.), International and
    European Labour Law: A Commentary
    (pp. 3-9). Oxford: Hart

    Stalford, H. (2018). Human Rights,
    Children’s Rights, and The Family. In L.
    Ruth (Ed.), Family Law. Oxford University

    Stalford, H. (2018). Judging Parental
    Child Abduction: What Does It Mean
    To Adopt A Children’s Rights-Based
    Approach? in G. Douglas, & V. Stephens
    (Eds.), Essays In Honour Of Nigel Lowe
    (Pp. 1-15). Netherlands: Brill.

    Stalford, H. E. (2017). Case C-34/09
    Zambrano v Offi ce national de
    l’emploi (ONEm) [2011] ECR I-01177 8
    March 2011 – Rewrite, in H. Stalford,
    K. Hollingsworth, & S. Gilmore (Eds.),
    Rewriting Children’s Rights Judgments:
    From Academic Vision to New Practice
    (pp. 535-544). Oxford: Hart.

    Stalford, H. E., Hollingsworth, K., &
    Gilmore, S. (2017). Introducing Children’s
    Rights Judgments. In H. Stalford, K.
    Hollingsworth, & S. Gilmore (Eds.),
    Rewriting Children’s Rights Judgments:
    From Academic Vision to New Practice
    (pp. 3-16). Oxford: Hart.

    Stalford, H. E., & Hollingsworth, K. (2017).
    Judging Children’s Rights: Tendencies,
    Tensions, Constraints and Opportunities.
    In H. Stalford, K. Hollingsworth, & S.
    Gilmore (Eds.), Rewriting Children’s
    Rights Judgments: From Academic
    Vision to New Practice (pp. 17-51).
    Oxford: Hart.

    Stalford, H. E. (2017). The Broader
    Relevance of Features of Children’s
    Rights Law The ‘Best Interests Of
    The Child’ Principle. In E. Brems,
    W. Vandenhole, & E. Desmet (Eds.),
    Children’s Rights In The Global Human
    Rights Landscape: Isolation, Inspiration,
    Integration?. Routledge.

    Stalford, H. (2017). Towards Children’s
    Rights Judgments. In H. Stalford, K.
    Hollingsworth, & S. Gilmore (Eds.),
    Rewriting Children’s Rights Judgments:
    From Academic Vision to New Practice
    (pp. 53-85). Oxford: Hart

    Tataryn, A. (2017). Homo Objectus, Homo
    Subjectus and Brexit. In S. Barduzky, &
    E. Fahey (Eds.), Framing the Subjects
    and Objects of EU Law (pp. 275-287).
    Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

    Thompson, B. (2017). Opportunities and
    Constraints: Reflections on Reforming
    Administrative Justice Within and Across
    the UK, in S. Nason (Ed.), Administrative
    Justice in Wales and Comparative
    Perspectives (pp. 147-183). Cardiff:
    University of Wales.

    Tucker, A. J. (2018). Parliamentary
    Scrutiny of Delegated Legislation, in A.
    Horne, & G. Drewry (Eds.), Parliament
    and the Law. Hart.

    Tucker, A. J. (2017). Taking Sovereignty
    Seriously. In F. Cowell (Ed.), Critically
    Examining the Case Against the
    1998 Human Rights Act (pp. 103-118).

    Tzevelekos, V. P. (2018). Reparation
    of the rights to property and home of
    displaced persons arising from armed
    conflict under the European convention
    of human rights: Falling short of the
    exigencies of international law and
    the humanistic purpose of human
    rights? in Armed Conflict and Forcible
    Displacement: Individual Rights under
    International Law (pp. 84-114).

    Tzevelekos, V. (2017). Human Security
    and Shared Responsibility to Fight
    Transnational Crimes: Resolution 2240
    (2015) of the UN Security Council on
    Smuggling of Migrants and Human
    Trafficking off the Coast of Libya, in S.
    Salomon, L. Heschl, G. Oberleitner, &
    W. Benedek (Eds.), Blurring Boundaries:
    Human Security and Forced Migration
    (pp. 99-121). BRILL.

    Tzevelekos, V. (2017). The Strained,
    Elusive and Wide-Ranging Relationship
    between International Cultural Heritage
    Law and the Law of State Responsibility:
    From Collective Enforcement to
    Concurrent Responsibility, in A. Chechi,
    & M. -A. Renold (Eds.), Cultural Heritage
    Law and Ethics: Mapping Recent
    Developments. Etudes en droit de
    l’art / Studies in art law / Studien zum
    Kunstrecht 26 (pp. 7-43). -: Schulthess
    Éditions Romandes.

  • Staff Publications - Journal Articles, Reports & Media


    Journal Articles

    Alghrani, A. (2018). Uterus
    transplantation in and beyond cisgender
    women: revisiting procreative liberty
    in light of emerging reproductive
    technologies. Journal of Law and the
    Biosciences, 5(2), 301-328

    Alghrani, A. (2017). Surrogacy Regulation
    in The UK: the Case for Reform. Child
    and Family Law Quarterly.

    Barr, W ‘Shell Charities and Terrorist
    Financing: A Sledgehammer to Crack a
    Shell?’ Trusts Law International [2018]

    Behn, D. (2018). Managing Backlash:
    The Evolving Investment Treaty
    INTERNATIONAL LAW, 29(2), 551-580.

    Behn, D. (2018). Poor States or Poor
    Governance? Explaining Outcomes
    in Investment Treaty Arbitration.
    Northwestern Journal of International
    Law & Business, 38(3), 333-389.

    Behn, D. (2017). The Revolving Door in
    International Investment Arbitration.
    Journal of International Economic Law,
    20(2), 301-331.

    Behn, D. (2017). Promoting renewable
    energy in the EU: Shifting trends in
    Member state policy space. European
    Business Law Review, 28(2), 217-243.

    Byrne, S. (2018). Children’s Rights to
    Education – Where is the Weight for
    Children’s Views? The International
    Journal of Children’s Rights, 26(1), 38-60.

    Byrne, S. (2017). For a Children’s Rights
    Approach to Obesity Prevention: The
    Key Role of an Effective Implementation
    of the WHO Recommendations.
    European Journal of Risk Regulation,
    8(02), 327-341.

    Cengiz, F. (2018). Bringing the citizen
    back into EU democracy: against the
    input-output model and why deliberative
    democracy might be the answer.
    European Politics and Society, 1-18.

    Columb, S. (2017). Disqualified Bodies: A
    Sociolegal Analysis of the Organ Trade
    in Cairo, Egypt. Law & Society Review,
    51(2), 282-312.

    Columb, S. (2017). Excavating The Organ
    Trade: An Empirical Study of Organ
    Trading Networks In Cairo, Egypt. British
    Journal of Criminology, 57(6), 1301-1321.

    Crumley, B & Picton, J, ‘Still
    Standing? Cy-près and Charitable
    Service Users in the First-tier Tribunal
    (Charity)’ (2018) 82 Conv 262 – 279.

    Curtis, J. (2017). The US Economic Polity,
    Social Identity, and International Human
    Rights. Sociological Forum, 32(1), 207-

    Daly, A. (2018). No Weight for ‘Due
    Weight’? A Children’s Autonomy
    Principle in Best Interest Proceedings.
    International Journal of Children’s

    Daly, A. (2017). Special Issue: Weighing
    Children’s Views in Matters Affecting
    them (forthcoming). International Journal
    of Children’s Rights.

    Daly, A. (2017). The Judicial Interview:
    The Right of a Child?. Magistrates’
    Association Magazine.

    Dougan, P. M. (2018). An Airbag for
    the Crash Test Dummies? EU-UK
    Negotiations for a Post-Withdrawal
    “Status Quo” Transitional Regime Under
    Article 50 TEU. Common Market Law

    Dougan, P. M. (2017). Addressing
    Issues of Protective Scope within
    the Francovich Right to Reparation.
    European Constitutional Law Review.

    Dougan, P. M. (n.d.). Faux Research
    in the Service of Ideological Deceit
    during the 2016 EU Referendum
    Campaign: The Legal Surreality of
    Leave’s “Sovereignty” Statistics. Radical

    Drywood, E. (2018). Challenging popular
    representations of child trafficking
    in football. Journal of Criminological
    Research, Policy and Practice, 4(1), 60-72.

    Drywood, E. (2018). Children’s rights and
    the regulations on the transfer of young
    players in football. International Review
    for the Sociology of Sport.

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2018). Unprincipled
    Disobedienceto International Decisions:
    A Primer from the Russian Constitutional
    Court. European Yearbook of Human Rights.

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2018). What Is Law for
    the European Court of Human Rights?.
    Georgetown Journal of International

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2017). Mission
    Impossible? Addressing Non-Execution
    Through Infringement Proceedings in
    the European Court of Human Rights.
    International & Comparative Law
    Quarterly, 66(2), 467-490.

    Dzehtsiarou, K. (2017). Relation of
    Constitutional Courts / Supreme
    Courts to the ECtHR. Max Planck
    Encyclopaedia of Comparative
    Constitutional Law.

    Fanning, J. (2017). Mental Capacity as
    a Concept in Negligence: Against an
    Insanity Defence. Psychiatry, Psychology
    and Law, 1-21.

    Fox, M. (2018). Reconciling Autonomy
    and Beneficence in Treatment Decision-
    Making for Companion Animal Patients.
    Liverpool Law Review, 39(1-2), 47-69.

    Fox, M. (2017). Bodily Integrity,
    Embodiment, and the Regulation of
    Parental Choice. Journal of Law and
    Society, 44(4), 501-531.

    Garde, A. (2017). For a Children’s Rights
    Approach to Obesity Prevention: The
    Key Role of an Effective Implementation
    of the WHO Recommendations.
    European Journal of Risk Regulation,
    8(02), 327-341.

    Garde, A. (2017). Implementing the
    WHO Recommendations whilst Avoiding
    Real, Perceived or Potential Conflicts
    of Interest. European Journal of Risk
    Regulation, 8(02), 237-250.

    Garde, A., (2017). Regulating Food
    Marketing: France as a Disappointing
    Example. European Journal of Risk
    Regulation, 8(02), 311-326.

    Garde, A. (Ed.) (n.d.). Special Issue on
    the Implementation in Europe of the
    WHO Recommendations on Food
    Marketing to Children (Vol. 8).

    Garde, A. (2017). The EU’s Failure
    to Support Member States in
    their Implementation of the WHO
    Recommendations: How to Ignore
    the Elephant in the Room? European
    Journal of Risk Regulation, 8(02), 251-

    Garde, A. (2017). The Implementation
    in Europe of the World Health
    Organization Recommendations on
    Food Marketing to Children: Introduction
    to the Special Issue. European Journal
    of Risk Regulation, 8(02), 209-210.

    Garde, A. (2017). The UK Rules on
    Unhealthy Food Marketing to Children.
    European Journal of Risk Regulation,
    8(02), 270-282.

    Garde, A. (2017). The WHO
    Recommendations on the Marketing
    of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages
    to Children. European Journal of Risk
    Regulation, 8(02), 211-223.

    Garde, A. (2017). The “Obesity Risk”:
    For an Effective Use of Law to Prevent
    Non-Communicable Diseases. European
    Journal of Risk Regulation, 8(01), 77-82.

    Gibson, M. (2017). Diminished
    Responsibility in Golds and Beyond:
    Insights and Implications. Criminal Law
    Review, (7), 543-553.

    Gibson, M. (2017). Pragmatism
    Preserved? The Challenges of
    Accommodating Mercy Killers in the
    Reformed Diminished Responsibility
    Plea. Journal of Criminal Law, 81(3),

    Gideon, A. (2018). Outsmarting the gigeconomy
    through collective bargaining
    – EU competition law as a barrier to
    smart cities?. International Review of
    Law, Computers & Technology, 32(2-3),

    Gordon, M. (2017). Democratic tensions
    in decentralised planning - Rhetoric,
    legislation and reality in England.
    C-POLITICS AND SPACE, 35(7), 1324-

    Horsley, T. (2018). The Internal Market
    as a Legal Concept. EUROPEAN LAW
    REVIEW, 43(3), 466-470.

    Horsley, T. (2016). Eurozone Crisis
    Management, Citizenship Rights and
    the Global Reach of EU Data Protection
    Law: EU Legal Developments in 2015.
    STUDIES, 54, 117-133.

    McAuliffe, P. (n.d.). Disciplinary
    Matchmaking: Critics of International
    Criminal Law Meet Critics of Liberal
    Peacebuilding (FORTHCOMING).
    Journal of International Criminal Justice.

    McAuliffe, P. G. (2017). Comprehending
    Ireland’s Post-Catholic Redress Practice.
    Oxford Journal of Law and Religion, 6(3),

    McAuliffe, P. (2017). Dividing the
    Spoils: The Impact of Power Sharing
    on Possibilities for Socioeconomic
    Transformation in Postconflict States.
    International Journal of Transitional
    Justice, 11(2), 197-217.

    McAuliffe, P. (2017). Localised Justice
    and Structural Transformation: How New
    Approaches to Transitional Justice Pull
    in Different Directions. Human Rights in
    International Legal Discourse (Special
    Edition on Critical Issues in Transitional
    Justice), 96-110.

    McAuliffe, P. (2017). Reflections of
    the nexus between justice and
    peacebuilding. Journal of Intervention
    and Statebuilding, 11(2), 245-260.

    Messenger, G. (2018). Sustainable
    Development and the Commodities
    Challenge: The Eventual ‘Greening’ of
    the World Trade Organization?. Trade,
    Law and Development.

    Messenger, G. (2017). El Rol de Derecho
    Internacional dentro del Desarrollo
    Sostenible y la Agenda 2030. Revista
    Española de Derecho Internacional,

    Messenger, G. (2017). The publicprivate
    distinction at the World Trade
    Organization: Fundamental challenges
    to determining the meaning of “public
    body”. Icon-International Journal of
    Constitutional Law, 15(1), 60-83.

    Morris, D. (2017). Strengthening charity
    regulation in England and Wales?
    The Charities (Protection and Social
    Investment) Act 2016 and the impact of
    academic witnesses. Voluntary Sector
    Review, 8(1), 89-106

    Murphy, B. (2017). For a Children’s Rights
    Approach to Obesity Prevention: The
    Key Role of an Effective Implementation
    of the WHO Recommendations.
    European Journal of Risk Regulation,
    8(02), 327-341.

    Organ, J. (2017). Eu Citizen Participation,
    Openness and The European Citizens
    Initiative: The TTIP Legacy. Common
    Market Law Review, 54(6), 1713-1747.

    Organ, J. (2017). EU Citizen Participation
    and the ECI: The TTIP Legacy.

    Pentassuglia, G. (n.d.). Group Identities
    and Human Rights: How Do We Square
    the Circle in International Law?. Europa

    Pentassuglia, G. (2017). Self-
    Determination, Human Rights, and the
    Nation-State. International Community
    Law Review, 19(4-5), 443-484.

    Picton, A. J. (2018). Still Standing? Cyprès
    and Charitable Service Users in the
    First-tier Tribunal (Charity). Conveyancer
    and Property Lawyer, 82(3), 262-279.

    Reynolds, S. (n.d.). Aim and Duty; Sword
    and Shield: Analysing the Cause and
    Effects of the Malleability of ‘Social
    Integration’ in EU Law. European Papers.

    Sardelić, J. (2017). From Temporary
    Protection to Transit Migration:
    Responses to Refugee Crises Along the
    Western Balkan Route.

    Sardelić, J. (2018). In and out from the
    European margins: reshuffling mobilities
    and legal statuses of Romani minorities
    between the Post-Yugoslav space and
    the European Union. Social Identities,
    24(4), 489-504.

    Sardelić, J. (2017). No child left behind
    in the European Union?: the position
    of Romani children. Journal of Social
    Welfare and Family Law, 39(1), 140-147.

    Sattorova, M. (2017). UK Foreign
    Investment Policy Post Brexit.

    Savirimuthu, J. (2018). Notes from the
    Frontier of the Sensor City. International
    Review of Law, Computers &
    Technology, 32(2-3), 207-209.

    Savirimuthu, J. (2017). Do algorithms
    dream of ‘data’ without bodies?.
    International Review of Law, Computers
    & Technology, 31(2), 243-262.

    Sigafoos, J & Organ, J, et al Routes to
    Justice? The impact of LASPO on access
    to justice in England and Wales (Equality
    and Human Rights Commission, June

    Singh, S. F. (2017). ‘Criminalizing
    Vulnerability: Protecting ‘Vulnerable’
    Children and Punishing Their ‘Wicked’
    Mothers’, Social and Legal Studies: an
    international journal.

    Sowery, K. (2018). Sentient Beings
    And Tradable Products: The Curious
    Constitutional Status of Animals Under
    Union Law. Common Market Law
    Review, 55(1), 55-99.

    Sowery, K. (2018). The Nature and Scope
    of the Primary Law-making Powers
    of the European Union: The Member
    States as the “Masters of the Treaties?”.
    EUROPEAN LAW REVIEW, 43(2), 205-223.

    Sowery, K. (2017). Reconciling
    Primacy and Environmental
    Protection: Association France Nature
    Environnement. Common Market Law
    Review, 54(4), 1157-1177.

    Stalford, H. E. (2018). Benefits, Babies
    and the Insignificance of Being British:
    R (on the application of HC) (Appellant)
    v Secretary of State for Work and
    Pensions and others (Respondents)
    [2017] UKSC 73. Journal of Social
    Welfare and Family Law.

    Stalford, H. (2018). Benefits, babies
    and the insignificance of being British.
    Journal of Social Welfare and Family
    Law, 40(3), 370-375.

    Stalford, H. (2017). Achieving Child
    Friendly Justice through Child Friendly
    Methods: Let’s Start with the Right to
    Information. Social Inclusion, 5(3), 207.

    Stalford, H. E. (2017). Children’s Rights
    Judgments: A New Method of Bringing
    Children’s Rights to Bear on Judicial
    Decision-Making. INTERNATIONAL

    Tribe, J. P. (2018). The Imprisonment
    for Debt Jurisdiction. Insolvency
    Intelligence, (31(3)), 92-100.

    Tzevelekos, V. (Eds.) (2018). Europe and
    the World: A law review (Vol. 2). UCL

    Tzevelekos, V. (2018). Extraterritoriality
    of EU Law and Human Rights after
    Lisbon: The Case of Trade and Public
    Procurement. Europe and the World: A
    law review, 2.

    Tzevelekos, V. P. (2017). Introductory
    Note: Beyond the Identification
    of International Customary Rules.
    International Community Law Review,
    19(1), 1-8.

    Tzevelekos, V. P., & Katselli Proukaki, E.
    (2017). Migrants at Sea: A Duty of Plural
    States to Protect (Extraterritorially)?
    Nordic Journal of International Law,
    86(4), 427-469.

    Tzevelekos, V. (2017). The Al-Dulimi
    Case before the Grand Chamber of
    the European Court of Human Rights:
    Business as Usual? Test of Equivalent
    Protection, (Constitutional) Hierarchy
    and Systemic Integration. Questions of
    International Law, (38), 5-34.

    Vogiatzis, N. (2018). The EU’s Liability
    Owing to the Conduct of the European
    Ombudsman Revisited: European
    Ombudsman v. Staelen. Common
    Market Law Review, 55(4), 1251-1273.

    Vogiatzis, N. (2017). Between Discretion
    and Control: Reflections on the
    Institutional Position of the Commission
    Within the European citizens’ Initiative
    23(3-4), 250-271.

    Waxman, S. (2018). The Pre-conception
    Welfare Principle: a Critical Analysis.
    Law, Innovation and Technology, 10(1),

    Waxman, S. R. (2017). Applying the
    Preconception Welfare Principle and the
    Harm Threshold: Doing More Harm than
    Good? Medical Law International, 17(3),

    Woodhouse, A. (2017). With Great
    Power, Comes No Responsibility? The
    “Political Exception” to Duties of Sincere
    Cooperation for National Parliaments.
    Common Market Law Review, 54(2),


    Barker, N. J. (2018). The Bermuda
    Constitution 1968: Reflections on its Past
    and Future: The Bermuda Constitution
    1968: Reflections on its Past and Future.

    Barker, N. J. (n.d.). Written evidence
    submitted to the House of Commons
    Select Committee on Foreign Affairs:
    Inquiry on the Future of the UK
    Overseas Territories.

    Barker, N. J. (n.d.). The Evolution of
    Marriage and Relationship Recognition
    in Western Jurisdictions.

    Byrne, S. (2018). A Child Rights-Based
    Approach to Food Marketing: A Guide
    for Policy Makers.

    Garde, A. (2017) Regional Office of the
    World Health Organization. (2017). Key
    considerations for the use of law to
    prevent non-communicable diseases in
    the WHO European Region

    Gordon, M. J., & Dougan, P. (2017). The
    European Union (Withdrawal) Bill -
    Briefing Paper.

    Murphy, B. (2018). A Child Rights-Based
    Approach to Food Marketing: A Guide
    for Policy Makers

    Organ, J. Proposal for a Regulation
    of the European Parliament and of
    the Council on the European citizens’
    initiative [COM(2017) 0482 final –
    2017/0220 (COD)]

    Picton, A. J. (n.d.). The Applicability of
    English Charitable Trusts Concepts in
    the Chinese Context: The Applicability
    of English Charitable Trusts Concepts in
    the Chinese Context.

    Sigafoos, J. and Organ, J. (2017) The
    Impact of LASPO on Routes to Justice.
    Stalford, H. (2017). Making Brexit Work
    for Children.


    Dougan, M. (2017) ‘Brexit and the Future
    of UK Climate/Environmental Policy’, by
    the ESRC Centre for Climate Change
    Economics and Policy, Holy Trinity
    Church Leeds (expert panel member).

    Gordon, M. J. (2018). Brexit: The End of
    the Beginning. University of Liverpool.

    Gordon, M. J. (2018). Parliamentary
    Sovereignty and the Implementation of
    the EU Withdrawal Agreement (Part I).
    UK Constitutional Law Association Blog.

    Gordon, M. J. (2018). Parliamentary
    Sovereignty and the Implementation of
    the EU Withdrawal Agreement (Part II).
    UK Constitutional Law Association Blog.

    Gordon, M. J. (2018). What Happens if
    Parliament Rejects a Brexit Deal?. The
    Conversation UK.

    Gordon, M. J., & Tucker, A. (2017). Twenty
    Years On: Assessing the State and
    Legacy of New Labour’s Constitution.
    UK Constitutional Law Association Blog.

    Horsley, T. (2017). In (Domestic)
    Courts We Trust: The European Union
    (Withdrawal) Bill and The Interpretation
    of Retained EU Law.

    Horsley, T. (2017). UK Courts and the
    Great Repeal Bill – Awaiting Fresh

    Messenger, G. (2017). Protecting
    the Environment at the World Trade
    Organization: the Eventual ‘Greening’ of

    Morris, D & Barr, W, ‘Will the Lords
    report on charities be helpful?’ [2017] 13
    April Third Sector Online

    Murphy, B. L. (2017). UK is out of the
    International Court of Justice – and
    it’s hard to not see Brexit at play. The

    Pentassuglia, G. (2017). I divieti di
    Trump stressano il diritto internazionale.
    Reset-DirittiUmani (in collaboration with
    Il Corriere della Sera, RaiNews 24, and
    Radio Popolare).

    Picton, J, ‘Social Activism and the
    Economics of Mental Health’ Open
    Democracy (2018)

    Picton, J, ‘Making a Profit from Rough
    Sleepers: The Perils of Social Impact
    Bonds’ The Guardian (2018)

    Picton, J, ‘Why charities should be
    allowed to campaign freely at election
    time’ [2017] 31 May The Conversation

    Picton, J, ‘Supreme Court legacy ruling:
    leaving a gift to charity can be egoistic
    as well as altruistic’, [2017] 15 March The

    Reynolds, S. (2017). Explainer: UK’s Offer
    to EU Citizens Living in the UK. The
    Liverpool View.

    Reynolds, S. (2017). The UK can no
    longer remove EU citizens for sleeping
    rough - why this matters for Brexit. The

    Sardelic, J. (2018). How do borders
    ‘cross’ Roma? (Oxford Law School
    Border Criminologies Blog).

    Sardelic, J. (2018). How to square a
    circle: contemplating shades of minority
    statelessness (European Network of
    Statelessness Blog).

    Sardelic, J. (2018). What does the
    osition of Roma in Europe indicate
    about minority statelessness? (Part of
    the symposium on statelessness in the
    APSA Newsletter on Citizenship and
    Migration). American Political Science

    Sardelic, J., & McGarry, A. (2017).
    How the refugee crisis is dealing
    another blow to Europe’s Roma. The

    Sardelic, J. (2017). The vulnerability of
    Roma minorities to statelessness in
    Europe. Minority Rights International.

    Tucker, A. (2017). Twenty Years On:
    Assessing the State and Legacy of New
    Labour’s Constitution. UK Constitutional
    Law Association Blog.

  • Meet the Team - Academic Law Staff


    Morris, Prof Debra — Professor, Dean: School of Law and Social Justice

    Barr, Prof Warren — Professor, Head of Department - Law

    Alghrani, Dr Amel — Reader

    Arora, Prof Anu — Professor, Director of International Recruitment

    Barker, Prof Nicola — Professor

    Batesmith, Mr Alexander — Lecturer

    Behn, Dr Daniel — Lecturer

    Bezzano, Ms Johanna — In-house Solicitor/Lecturer, Law Clinic

    Byrne, Mr Seamus — Lecturer

    Carter, Ms Judith — Lecturer

    Case, Dr Paula — Senior Lecturer

    Cengiz, Dr Firat — Senior Lecturer

    Chalabi, Dr Azadeh — Lecturer

    Columb, Dr Sean — Lecturer

    Currie, Dr Samantha — Senior Lecturer

    Curtis, Dr Joshua — Lecturer

    Daly, Dr Aoife — Senior Lecturer

    Dougan, Prof Michael — Professor

    Drywood, Dr Eleanor — Senior Lecturer

    Dzehtsiarou, Dr Kanstantsin — Senior Lecturer

    Fanning, Dr John — Senior Lecturer

    Farrell, Dr Michelle — Senior Lecturer

    Ficklin, Mr Jared — Director, Law Clinic

    Fox, Prof Marie — Professor

    Garde, Prof Amandine — Professor

    Gibson, Dr Matt — Senior Lecturer

    Gideon, Dr Andrea — Lecturer

    Gordon, Prof Michael — Professor

    Gray, Dr Harriet — Lecturer

    Horsley, Dr Thomas — Senior Lecturer

    Horton, Dr David — Lecturer

    Knox, Dr Robert — Lecturer

    McAuliffe, Prof Padraig — Professor

    Marshall, Mr Jeremy — Lecturer

    Messenger, Dr Gregory — Senior Lecturer

    Mooney, Dr Jamie-Lee — Lecturer

    Murphy, Dr Ben — Lecturer

    Neylon, Dr Anne — Lecturer

    Organ, Dr James — Lecturer

    Pentassuglia, Dr Gaetano — Reader in Law

    Picton, Dr John — Lecturer

    Reynolds, Dr Stephanie — Senior Lecturer

    Ridi, Mr Niccolò — Lecturer

    Sattorova, Dr Mavluda — Reader

    Savirimuthu, Mr Joseph — Senior Lecturer

    Shillito, Dr Matthew — Lecturer

    Sigafoos, Dr Jennifer — Leverhulme Lecturer

    Singh, Ms Sarah — Lecturer

    Soubise, Dr Laurene — Lecturer

    Sowery, Dr Katy — Lecturer

    Stalford, Prof Helen — Professor

    Stokes, Prof Rob — Professor

    Subramanian, Dr Sujitha — Senior Lecturer

    Tataryn, Dr Anastasia — Lecturer

    Thompson, Mr Brian — Senior Lecturer

    Tribe, Dr John — Senior Lecturer

    Tucker, Dr Adam — Senior Lecturer

    Tyfield, Mrs Deborah — Lecturer, Law Clinic

    Tzevelekos, Dr Vassilis — Senior Lecturer

    Vogiatzis, Dr Nikos — Lecturer

    Waxman, Dr Sacha — Lecturer

    Willems, Dr Auke — Lecturer

    Woodhouse, Dr Andrew — Lecturer

    Woodhouse, Dr Sarah — Senior Lecturer, Law

    Yeatman, Ms Lucy — Senior Lecturer, Law Clinic

    Zrilic, Dr Jure — Lecturer

Voice Through Law: navigating and negotiating Bexit as a resident EU citizen, May 2018


This multi-stakeholder conference, held in May 2018 and funded by the School of Law and Social Justice’s research development fund, focused on the residence security of EU citizens living in the UK following the Brexit vote. In particular, it questioned whether comparing current proposals on residence rights to the existing EU citizenship framework could ensure protection when, in practice, many EU citizens already slip through Union citizenship’s supposed safety net.

The conference employed the concept of ‘societal voice’ as an alternative analytical framework to assess whether an adequate range of citizens’ voices are being heard as new legal mechanisms concerning residence rights are being developed.

Specifically, the morning session ‘Navigating Brexit’ welcomed speakers from academia, the charity sector, and legal practice to discuss the particular impact of Brexit on children, homeless EU citizens, and EU workers in precarious employment and to examine the extent to which the emerging legal mechanisms around Brexit recognised and catered for these specific consequences.

The afternoon session, ‘Negotiating Brexit’, also welcomed speakers from academia, the media and campaigning to explore the various ‘routes to voice’ that might be employed to ensure better representation in the design of Brexit related law and policy.

- Dr Stephanie Reynolds, Senior Lecturer