Regulation of Families & Reproduction
A major strand of my work focuses on regulation of families and alternate family formation through the use of both current and emerging assisted reproductive technologies. I am interested in how the law has sought to regulate technologies and grapple with reproductive innovations when it comes to family formation, enabling and constraining their use according to social and legal definitions of parenthood, kinship, personhood and the proper boundaries of human bodies. I have a longstanding interest in how the regulation of such technologies spans other areas of law besides medical law, such as family and criminal law and bioethics.
My current work in this area explores the legal, ethical and regulatory issues raised by new and emerging reproductive technologies (such as womb transplantation and artificial wombs) and the impact these will have on reproductive rights of individuals and the welfare of children born through the use of such technologies.
I have completed a monograph on this topic titled 'Assisted Reproductive Technologies: New Horizons: Regulating the Future of Human Reproduction - Cambridge University Press - published November 2018).
I have also recently published the following on this research topic:
A. Alghrani, “Uterus Transplantation in and beyond cisgender women: Revisiting procreative liberty in light of emerging reproductive technologies” (2018) 5(2) Journal of Law and the Biosciences 301-328.
A. Alghrani & D. Griffiths, “Surrogacy Regulation In The UK: the Case For Reform” (2017) 29 (2) Child and Family Law Quarterly 165 - 186.
D. Griffiths & A. Alghrani , ‘Revisiting the Regulation of the Reproduction Business’ in S. Devaney, A.M.Farell, A. Mullock and C. Stanton eds. Essays in Honour of Margaret Brazier (2015, Routledge, London).
A.Alghrani, D. Griffiths and M. Brazier, “Surrogacy Law: From Piecemeal Tweaks to Sustained Review and Reform” in Alison Diduck, Noam Peleg and Helen Reece, (eds) Law In Society: Reflections on Children, Family, Culture and Philosophy- Essays in Honour of Michael Freeman Law (2014, Brill Publishers) 425-453.
A .Alghrani & M. Brazier, “What is It? Whose is It? Repositioning the Fetus in the Context of Research” (2011) 70 Cambridge Law Journal 51-82.
A. Alghrani, “Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Family Formation: Womb Transplant Technology and the Allocation of Family Responsibilities” in C. Lind, H. Keating, J. Bridgeman Taking Family Responsibility or Having it Imposed: Recognising Law’s Limitations? (Ashgate, 2010).
A. Alghrani “Viability and Abortion: Lessons From Ectogenesis” (2009) 4 (6) Expert Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology 625-634.
A. Alghrani "The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008: A Missed Opportunity?" Editorial, (2009) 35 Journal of Medical Ethics 718-719.
A. Alghrani “Regulating the Reproductive Revolution: Ectogenesis – A Regulatory Minefield” in M. Freeman (Eds) (2008) 11 Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008) 303-329.
S. McGuinness & A. Alghrani , “Gender and Parenthood: The Case for Realignment?” (2008) 16(2) Medical Law Review 261-283.
A. Alghrani “The Legal and Ethical Ramifications of Ectogenesis” (2007) 2 Asian Journal of World Trade Organization & International Health Law and Policy 189 - 211.
A. Alghrani & J. Harris, “Should the Foundation of Families Be Regulated?” (2006) 18(2) Child and Family Law Quarterly 191-210.
The Increasing Use of the Criminal Law to Regulate Healthcare Ethics and Practice
I am interested in the use of the criminal to regulate healthcare ethics and practice, in particular the law surrounding gross negligence manslaughter, willful neglect and corporate manslaughter. As deference towards the medical profession continues to decline and prosecutions for medical manslaughter appear to rise/be more visible, I am keen to continue to research whether the use of the criminal law to regulate fatal inadvertent error serves any positive purpose, either by promoting patient safety or preventing the occurrence of such errors.
I have recently contributed to the following paper with AM Farrell & M. Kazarian on “The Criminalisation of Medical Negligence in England: What Can We Learn from France and New Zealand?” (2018).
I am also currently researching the regulation of the medical profession and the relationship between the General Medical Council (GMC) and Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS) following the criminal conviction of Dr Bawa Garba.
My research on this topic can be found in the following publications:
A. Alghrani, S. Ost and R. Bennett (Eds.) The Criminal Law and Bioethical Conflict: Walking The Tightrope (Cambridge University Press, 2012).
A.Alghrani& S. Chan), “Scientists in the Dock: Regulating Science’ in A. Alghrani, S. Ost and R. Bennett (Eds.) The Criminal Law and Bioethical Conflict: Walking The Tightrope (Cambridge University Press, 2012) pp121-140.
A. Alghrani, A.M Farrell, Neil Allen and D. Griffiths, “Healthcare Scandals in the NHS: Crime and Punishment” (2011) 37(4) Journal of Medical Ethics 230-232.
A. Alghrani & M. Brazier, "Fatal Medical Malpractice and Criminal Liability" (2009) 25 (2) Journal of Professional Negligence 51-67.
Professional Journal Papers:
A. Alghrani, D. Griffiths, and M. Brazier), “‘Medical Manslaughter’: A Cause for Concern?” Medical Defence Union Journal, December 2010.
- ‘The Mental Capacity Act 2005 – Ten Years On’ : Building and sharing interdisciplinary knowledge between law, ethics and practice in the context of mental health regulation