Photo of Professor Amel Alghrani

Professor Amel Alghrani LLB, MA, PhD, Barrister (non-practising)

Professor in Law Law


Regulation of Families & Reproduction

A major strand of my work focuses on regulation of families and alternate family formation through the use of both current and emerging assisted reproductive technologies (such as womb/uterus transplantation and artificial wombs/ ectogeneesis ) and the impact these will have on reproductive rights of individuals and the welfare of children born through the use of such technologies.

I have completed a monograph on this topic titled 'Assisted Reproductive Technologies: New Horizons: Regulating the Future of Human Reproduction - Cambridge University Press, 2018).

I have also published the following on this research topic:

(With C. Purshouse) “Damages for Reproductive Negligence: Surrogacy on the NHS” (2019) 135 Law Quarterly Review 405-411.
A. Alghrani, “Uterus Transplantation in and beyond cisgender women: Revisiting procreative liberty in light of emerging reproductive technologies” (2018) 5(2) Journal of Law and the Biosciences 301-328.
A. Alghrani & D. Griffiths, “Surrogacy Regulation In The UK: the Case For Reform” (2017) 29 (2) Child and Family Law Quarterly 165 - 186.
D. Griffiths & A. Alghrani , ‘Revisiting the Regulation of the Reproduction Business’ in S. Devaney, A.M.Farell, A. Mullock and C. Stanton eds. Essays in Honour of Margaret Brazier (2015, Routledge, London).
A.Alghrani, D. Griffiths and M. Brazier, “Surrogacy Law: From Piecemeal Tweaks to Sustained Review and Reform” in Alison Diduck, Noam Peleg and Helen Reece, (eds) Law In Society: Reflections on Children, Family, Culture and Philosophy- Essays in Honour of Michael Freeman Law (2014, Brill Publishers) 425-453.
A .Alghrani & M. Brazier, “What is It? Whose is It? Repositioning the Fetus in the Context of Research” (2011) 70 Cambridge Law Journal 51-82.
A. Alghrani, “Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Family Formation: Womb Transplant Technology and the Allocation of Family Responsibilities” in C. Lind, H. Keating, J. Bridgeman Taking Family Responsibility or Having it Imposed: Recognising Law’s Limitations? (Ashgate, 2010).
A. Alghrani “Viability and Abortion: Lessons From Ectogenesis” (2009) 4 (6) Expert Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology 625-634.
A. Alghrani "The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008: A Missed Opportunity?" Editorial, (2009) 35 Journal of Medical Ethics 718-719.
A. Alghrani “Regulating the Reproductive Revolution: Ectogenesis – A Regulatory Minefield” in M. Freeman (Eds) (2008) 11 Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008) 303-329.
S. McGuinness & A. Alghrani , “Gender and Parenthood: The Case for Realignment?” (2008) 16(2) Medical Law Review 261-283.
A. Alghrani “The Legal and Ethical Ramifications of Ectogenesis” (2007) 2 Asian Journal of World Trade Organization & International Health Law and Policy 189 - 211.
A. Alghrani & J. Harris, “Should the Foundation of Families Be Regulated?” (2006) 18(2) Child and Family Law Quarterly 191-210.

The Increasing Use of the Criminal Law to Regulate Healthcare Ethics and Practice

I am interested in the use of the criminal to regulate healthcare ethics and practice, in particular the law surrounding gross negligence manslaughter, willful neglect and corporate manslaughter. As deference towards the medical profession continues to decline and prosecutions for medical manslaughter appear to rise/be more visible, I am keen to continue to research whether the use of the criminal law to regulate fatal inadvertent error serves any positive purpose, either by promoting patient safety or preventing the occurrence of such errors.

My research on this topic can be found in the following publications:

(with AM. Farrell and M. Kazarian "Gross Negligence Manslaughter: Time For A Restorative Justice Approach?" Medical Law Review, 2020, Forthcoming.
A. Alghrani, S. Ost and R. Bennett (Eds.) The Criminal Law and Bioethical Conflict: Walking The Tightrope (Cambridge University Press, 2012).
A.Alghrani& S. Chan), “Scientists in the Dock: Regulating Science’ in A. Alghrani, S. Ost and R. Bennett (Eds.) The Criminal Law and Bioethical Conflict: Walking The Tightrope (Cambridge University Press, 2012) pp121-140.
A. Alghrani, A.M Farrell, Neil Allen and D. Griffiths, “Healthcare Scandals in the NHS: Crime and Punishment” (2011) 37(4) Journal of Medical Ethics 230-232.
A. Alghrani & M. Brazier, "Fatal Medical Malpractice and Criminal Liability" (2009) 25 (2) Journal of Professional Negligence 51-67.

Professional Journal Papers:
A. Alghrani, D. Griffiths, and M. Brazier), “‘Medical Manslaughter’: A Cause for Concern?” Medical Defence Union Journal, December 2010.

Education Law

Policy Report (with S.Byrne, D. Tyfield) 'Children Disability and Send Provision: A Liverpool / Merseyside Perspective", January 2020.,SEND,Report,Jan,2020.pdf?fbclid=IwAR3rSCFkaZWg3BclqWSn7j1uYk7EktHxRAfunzHe84G0ZA91pU9cc_firng

Research Grants

‘The Mental Capacity Act 2005 – Ten Years On’ : Building and sharing interdisciplinary knowledge between law, ethics and practice in the context of mental health regulation


September 2015 - October 2015