Brett Crumley ‘A Critical Evaluation of the Charity Tribunal and Suggestions for its Reform’
The project addresses the Charity Tribunal’s need and potential for reform through three perspectives: (i) from within, by analysing the Charity Tribunal’s decisions; (ii) from outside, by evaluating the Charity Tribunal empirically; and (iii) by considering a wider context and comparing the Charity Tribunal with the Northern Ireland Charity Tribunal. These three viewpoints are intended to explain how the Charity Tribunal works today. Afterwards, the thesis will ask how the Charity Tribunal should work. The research will then consider what changes might turn the Charity Tribunal from what it is to what it should be. Those changes will be evaluated and ranked according to their feasibility and importance. This analysis will be used to formulate and suggest reforms.
Malavai Hood-Fredriksen ‘Social Housing Policy in England and Wales: Meeting the Needs of the Vulnerable?’
There have been a number of significant changes to the policy and legislation that governs many aspects of social housing over the last five years, which have potentially far-reaching consequences for access to social housing. This thesis explores the impact of these changes in terms of their benefit or detriment to the most vulnerable groups. It will focus on issues such as how the law seeks to balance the priorities of different groups, the impact; if any, of the taxonomy used to define such groups and whether relevant authorities are interpreting the legislation and policy in a manner consistent with meeting the needs of the vulnerable. Additionally, this piece will engage with underlying theoretical debates including concepts underpinning the conception of the welfare state, such as the re-emergence of the idea of the "deserving poor" and how that could be shaping both legislation and policy in this area. Finally, the way some policy has been adjusted by local authorities so that it is applied practically so that it meets the needs of their particular tenants will be discussed.
Deijan Li ‘The Reform of Charity Governance in China—Based on a Comparative Study of the UK’
The thesis focuses on exploring the approach of charity governance reform in China by discussing why an independent charitable sector (independent from the government and the for-profits) should exist in China, and if it should, how to ensure that members of the governing body of charities perform for their charitable purposes well. An economic approach and comparative study of the UK charity law will be undertaken jointly to analyse the above questions. The economic theory will be conducive to justifying the development of an independent charitable sector and promote legal reform relating to charity governance. The comparative study of the relevant laws in the UK and China should also help develop a rational legal approach.
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