Module Details

The information contained in this module specification was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change, either during the session because of unforeseen circumstances, or following review of the module at the end of the session. Queries about the module should be directed to the member of staff with responsibility for the module.
Title ACCELERATOR PHYSICS
Code PHYS481
Coordinator Professor CP Welsch
Physics
C.P.Welsch@liverpool.ac.uk
Year CATS Level Semester CATS Value
Session 2021-22 Level 7 FHEQ First Semester 7.5

Aims

To build on modules on electricity, magnetism and waves;

To study the functional principle of different types of particle accelerators and their science and societal applications;

To study the generation of ion and electron beams;

To study the layout and the design of simple ion and electron optics;

To study basic concepts in radio frequency engineering and technology;

To understand the motion of beams of charged particles and their control


Learning Outcomes

(LO1) At the end of the module the student should have: An understanding of the description of the motion of charged particles in complex electromagnetic fields; An understanding of different types of accelerators, in which energy range and for which purposes they are utilised; An understanding of the generation and technical exploitation of synchrotron radiation; An understanding of the concept and the necessity of beam cooling.

(S1) Presentation of recent research results in accelerator R&D through a scientific poster; learning about a new area through group discussions


Syllabus

 

1 1. Introduction, History of Particle Accelerators, Experiments. (1 lecture) 2. General Concepts, Introduction to the physics of particle sources. Physics of plasma's, electron sources, ion sources. (2 lectures) 3. Motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields, transverse beam motion, Hill's equation, representation of different ion optical elements by a matrix formalism. (2 lectures) 4. Linear Accelerators: Alvarez and Wide roe structures, the radio frequency quadruple. (2 lectures) 5. Rf Cavity Design: Important parameters, field distribution in different cavity types, mode characterisation, visualisation of fields. (1 lecture) 6. Ring Accelerators: Introduction to the Beta tron, Micro tron, Cyclotron, and Synchrotron. ( 4 lectures) 7.  Medical Accelerators: General concepts, benefits, different accelerator concepts. (2 lectures) 8. Overview of accelerator facilities world-wide. (1 lecture) 9. Acceler ators for science and society – applications and current research challenges


Teaching and Learning Strategies

Teaching Method 1 - Lecture
Description: The lecture was designed for on-campus delivery, but given current COVID constraints, all material will be made available via Canvas. Current planning is for 1h/week contact time where students will have interactive workshops with coordinator; lectures will be brown down into smaller units, supported by multimedia material and papers so students can learn at their own pace.

Teaching Method 2 - Poster Session
Description: students will be asked to prepare and present an A0 poster on a recent 2019/20 conference paper from the field of accelerator science and technology. They will be given a choice of around 30 different articles to choose from. Each poster will be assessed on its layout/presentation quality/ability of student to answer questions. There will be either an on-campus poster session if social distancing can be ensured, otherwise this can also be held remotely with breakout rooms.

Teaching Method 3 - Tutorial
Description: there will be two (unmarked) tutorials; these will be based around past exam questions and prepare students for the exam. Discussion about tutorial questions will continue in weekly workshops.


Teaching Schedule

  Lectures Seminars Tutorials Lab Practicals Fieldwork Placement Other TOTAL
Study Hours 14

2

2

      18
Timetable (if known)              
Private Study 57
TOTAL HOURS 75

Assessment

EXAM Duration Timing
(Semester)
% of
final
mark
Resit/resubmission
opportunity
Penalty for late
submission
Notes
online written exam  1 1/2 hours    60       
CONTINUOUS Duration Timing
(Semester)
% of
final
mark
Resit/resubmission
opportunity
Penalty for late
submission
Notes
poster      40       

Recommended Texts

Reading lists are managed at readinglists.liverpool.ac.uk. Click here to access the reading lists for this module.