Module Specification

The information contained in this module specification was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change, either during the session because of unforeseen circumstances, or following review of the module at the end of the session. Queries about the module should be directed to the member of staff with responsibility for the module.
Code ELEC311
Coordinator Dr J Zhou
Electrical Engineering and Electronics
Year CATS Level Semester CATS Value
Session 2019-20 Level 6 FHEQ First Semester 7.5


This module aims to introduce students to the fundamental concepts of high frequency electromagnetics; to present and develop the underlying theory of transmission lines (TX), including lossy TX; to introduce the Smith Chart as an important tool in TX design and analysis; to give an appreciation of the importance of computational electromagnetics its role in industrial applications; to give a clear understanding of impedance matching and related techniques; to introduce the concept of the scattering parameters for 2-port networks and their applications and measurements; to understand radio wave propagation, attenuation and reflection; and to enable students to appreciate the basic understanding of RF filter, antenna and amplifier design.

Pre-requisites before taking this module (other modules and/or general educational/academic requirements):


Co-requisite modules:


Learning Outcomes

(LO1) The essentials of RF engineering and applied EM. The circuit and field concepts and their relevance to RF systems.

(LO2) The underlying theory and physical concepts behind transmission lines (TX) and the factors governing performance of real TEM transmission lines, and knowledge of various transmission lines in practice.

(LO3) Reflection coeffiecients, VSWR,and return loss in communication systems

(LO4) The methods of achieving matched conditions for maximum power transfer.

(LO5) S- parameters and their measurement and applications.

(LO6) An appreciation of radio propagation and antennas.

(LO7) Fundamental knowledge of RF components and devices, such as filters and amplifiers, for modern communicaiton systems.

(S1) Problem solving skills

(S2) Numeracy

(S3) Lifelong learning skills



- Introduction to RF systems and engineering. Electromagnetic spectrum, essential passive elements (such as antennas, transmission lines and filters) and active elements (including amplifiers and oscillators). Examples of wireless communication systems (such as mobile phones) and airborne RF systems (such as GPS and radar).

- Introduction to the circuit concepts and field concepts. Review of the necessary maths (dB, vectors and complex numbers), electromagnetic fields and waves. The wave equation and solution. The concepts of polarisation, intrinsic impedance and power density function. Skin depth and non-ideal behaviour of electrical components as a function of frequency.

- Transmission lines, Transmission line equation and theory; characteristic impedance; input impedance; phase velocity, group velocity and dispersion; attenuation and phase constants; loaded transmission lines and load reflection coefficients. VSWR, return loss; impedance matching: quarter wave transfo rmer and stub matching techniques. Comparison of various transmission lines. Equivalence of short sections of line to inductance or capacitance and application to high frequency filter design. The Smith Chart. Scattering matrix of simple 2-port networks; S-parameters of an RF element (such as a filter or transistor); application to S-parameter analysis. Vector network analyser and S-parameter measurements.

- Radio wave propagation and antennas; radio wave propagation in various media, path-loss and path-loss models; wave reflection and transmission; Antenna essential concepts and parameters (input impedance, directivity, gain, efficiency, polarisation and radiation pattern). Basic antennas (dipole and loop). Friis equation and applications.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Teaching Method 1 - Lecture
Description: There will be 12 taught lectures for this module
Attendance Recorded: Yes
Notes: Students are required to complete 9 hours of homework which is provided in lecture notes.
Unscheduled Directed Student Hours (time spent away from the timetabled sessions but directed by the teaching staff): 9

Teaching Method 2 - Tutorial
Description: Six tutorial hours for two problem classes and one self-diagnostic class test.
Attendance Recorded: Yes
Notes: Students will be advised to work out questions in the problem sheets before attending the problem classes. The class test is for self-diagnostic only, which will not be marked.

Teaching Schedule

  Lectures Seminars Tutorials Lab Practicals Fieldwork Placement Other TOTAL
Study Hours 12



Timetable (if known)              
Private Study 48


EXAM Duration Timing
% of
Penalty for late
Formal exam Standard UoL penalty applies for late submission. This is an anonymous assessment. Assessment Schedule (When) :Semester 1 examination period  2 hours    100       
CONTINUOUS Duration Timing
% of
Penalty for late

Reading List

Reading lists are managed at Click here to access the reading lists for this module.