Module Details

The information contained in this module specification was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change, either during the session because of unforeseen circumstances, or following review of the module at the end of the session. Queries about the module should be directed to the member of staff with responsibility for the module.
Title CHEM152 Introductory Physical Chemistry
Code CHEM152
Coordinator Dr DL Cooper
Chemistry
Dlc@liverpool.ac.uk
Year CATS Level Semester CATS Value
Session 2021-22 Level 4 FHEQ Second Semester 15

Pre-requisites before taking this module (or general academic requirements):

 

Aims

The main aim of this module is to equip students with an understanding of basic kinetics and thermodynamics as they relate to chemical reactions.


Learning Outcomes

(LO1) By the end of the module students should be familiar with, and be able to make appropriate use of basic ideas of energy changes in chemical reactions

(LO2) By the end of the module students should be familiar with, and be able to make appropriate use of ideas relating to the rates of chemical reactions

(LO3) By the end of the module students should have developed basic laboratory skills and be able to write simple experimental reports which include data and error analysis.

(S1) By the end of the module students will have developed their problem solving skills

(S2) By the end of the module students will have developed their organisational skills

(S2) By the end of the module students will have developed their organisational skills


Teaching and Learning Strategies

The lecture material for this module will be delivered online via synchronous videos which will be supported with a number of workshop sessions. Laboratory skills will be developed through the completion of experiments in the lab, and one lab-related workshop session. There will be a 2x class tests (nominally 1 hour) part way through the course as well as a final examination.

All material is covered Elements of Physical Chemistry (P.W. Atkins and J. de Paula). Students will be expected to be able to use various equations from a formula sheet [integrated rate laws, temperature dependence of rate constants and equilibrium constants, and so on] without having been exposed to full derivations. In the laboratory sessions, a number of the thermodynamics and kinetics concepts will be illustrated by experiments carried out under close demonstrator supervision. Some experiments will be conducted in pairs, so as to further interaction skills. The students will write (individually) a re port on their experimental work, which will be assessed.

Students will have the opportunity in workshops to work through problems that relate to the principles covered in the lectures, with tutors available to help. Outline answers and additional general feedback will be available in CANVAS. The lab-related workshop session will begin with transferable skills, such as those related to data and error analysis.


Syllabus

 

Lecture Material

Thermodynamics [mostly energy changes in chemical reactions] (Dr Johnson)

• Ideal gas equation, including definitions/units of pressure, temperature, mole and standard conditions and use of pV=nRT and deviations from the ideal gas equation.
• The First Law of Thermodynamics: Types of thermodynamics functions. Internal energy and enthalpy; heat & work; Measurement of energy and enthalpy using calorimeters.
• Variation of enthalpy and energy with temperature.
• The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Equilibrium as a minimum in Gibbs Free Energy.
• Entropy and variation of entropy with temperature.
• Concept of equilibrium being minimum in the Gibbs free energy. Idea of extent of reaction. Reaction Quotient and Equilibrium constant.
• Relationship between Equilibrium Constant and Gibbs free energy.
• Equilibria in Solutions: solubility p roducts, acid-base reactions, electrochemical reactions.
• Variation of equilibrium constant with temperature.
• Nernst equation;
• Physical Equilibrium- Clausius Clapyeron Equation.

Kinetics (Dr Cooper)

• idea of rates of chemical reactions and of factors that determine them;
• orders of reactions; 0th order, 1st order and (simple) 2nd order reactions, including how data are manipulated;
• initial rates;
• half-life, using traditional 1st order examples;
• activation energy barriers and temperature dependence, including Arrhenius equation & variation of lnk with 1/T (done graphically);
• kinetic isotope effects;
• elementary step, rate-determining step & reaction mechanism;
• chain reactions and photochemical reactions
• catalysis, including industrial examples; Lineweaver-Burk plots & Michaelis-Menten model (enzymes).

Workshop Material
• The lecture course will be supported by workshop sessions designed to give students an opportunity to practise solving kinetics and thermodynamics problems

Laboratory Material
• The lab-related workshop session will be devoted mostly to transferable skills including data and error analysis. It includes a mock experimental write up which students will have to complete in their own time, with a deadline before they start any laboratory work.
In the subsequent laboratory sessions, students will carry out a mixture of kinetics and thermodynamics experiment. These experiments have been designed to allow students to finish the experimental work in one three-hour session. Most of the analysis (as well as the formal report) will then have to be completed in their own time; they will be encouraged to make appropriate use of the demonstrators to deal with any questions/problems that aris e. There are compulsory pre-lab activities associated with each practical sessions.


Recommended Texts

Reading lists are managed at readinglists.liverpool.ac.uk. Click here to access the reading lists for this module.

Teaching Schedule

  Lectures Seminars Tutorials Lab Practicals Fieldwork Placement Other TOTAL
Study Hours       25

  10

28

63
Timetable (if known)              
Private Study 87
TOTAL HOURS 150

Assessment

EXAM Duration Timing
(Semester)
% of
final
mark
Resit/resubmission
opportunity
Penalty for late
submission
Notes
Online Class Test 1 There is a resit opportunity via the august assessment. This is an anonymous assessment S2 Week5  1 hr + 1hr for uploa    10       
Online Class Test 3 (Final) There is a resit opportunity via the august assessment. This is an anonymous assessment S2 Week 14  2 hrs + 1hr for uplo    40       
Online Class Test 2 There is a resit opportunity via the august assessment. This is an anonymous assessment S2 Week 9  1 hr + 1hr for uploa    10       
CONTINUOUS Duration Timing
(Semester)
% of
final
mark
Resit/resubmission
opportunity
Penalty for late
submission
Notes
Multiple 2 hour workshops. Marks are awarded for engagement with the workshops. There is no re-submission opportunity. Summative, with some formative The work is not marked anonymously. S2  multiple 2 hour work         
Laboratory work and lab related workshop (include mock write up) Standard UoL penalty applies for late submission. This is not an anonymous assessment. S2 Week 11-14 with lab related worksh      35