Module Details

The information contained in this module specification was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change, either during the session because of unforeseen circumstances, or following review of the module at the end of the session. Queries about the module should be directed to the member of staff with responsibility for the module.
Code ARCH261
Coordinator Mr EFD Ruffell
Year CATS Level Semester CATS Value
Session 2022-23 Level 5 FHEQ Second Semester 15


This module will illustrate how Structural and associated technologies can be effectively and productively integrated into the architectural design process. Certain case studies will be taken as illustrations of how this integration of technological issues can be accomplished effectively. A range of designers will figure in these case studies, but the work of certain architects and engineers such as Peter Rice, Anthony Hunt, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Frei Otto will receive particular attention. Cases that exemplify good architect engineer relationships will be covered in more detail. This module aims to build upon the 1st year module ARCH161. Students entering directly to Year 2 should have covered a similar module prior to entering the degree

Learning Outcomes

(LO1) The intended learning outcomes are:

The students will be shown the value of a well-integrated building design solution in which technological issues are managed alongside all of the other architectural issues to deliver an optimal, well balanced and effective overall design solution.

(LO2) The students will appreciate that different structural strategies, construction technologies and materials are appropriate for different design problems.

(S1) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Presentation skills - written.

(S2) Communication (oral, written and visual) - Presentation skills - visual.

(S3) Critical thinking and problem solving - Critical analysis.

(S4) Improving own learning/performance - Record-keeping.

(S5) increased awareness of different professional roles in the construction industry.



Overview Technology and Architecture:

Case studies on integration of technology into the design process: Kunsthaus Graz vs Opera House Sydney.

Case Study of well integrated Design: Formby Pool, Fielden Clegg Bradley.

Simple structures and frames - single story: Case studies including: Piano’s own office, Reliance Controls, Dyson Factory Malmesbury.

The Truss - Case Studies including: Sainsbury Centre, de Menil Gallery, BRIT School.

Multi-story steel structures - Conventional and the exceptional. Case Studies including: Pompidou Centre.

Concrete Frame – Material properties and Case Studies including: Lloyds of London, Jewish Museum Berlin.

Long span steel structures – Techniques and strategies including Case Studies on: Osaka International Airport, Terminal 3F Paris, TGV Paris Form Active Structures, General Principles.

Examples in tension including Lords Cricket ground and Les Nuages, Paris Form Active in Compressi on.

Masonry and concrete innovations: Dieste and Isler, Timber Mannheim Garden Festival and Savile Building.

Tension Structures -  intents and nets: Munich Olympics, Lords, Don Valley Stadium, Les Nuages.

Structural Glass - Evolution with key case studies: Willis Faber Dumas, La Villette, Andre Citroen, Louvre Tall structures.

Techniques and evolution - Case Studies including: Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, Commerzbank.

Innovative use of materials, Contemporary Stone – Case Studies including: Lille Cathedral, Padre Pio, Seville Expo Review.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Teaching Method 1 - Lecture
Teaching Method 2 - Laboratory Work

Teaching Schedule

  Lectures Seminars Tutorials Lab Practicals Fieldwork Placement Other TOTAL
Study Hours 25


Timetable (if known)              
Private Study 123


EXAM Duration Timing
% of
Penalty for late
Assessment 2 - Digital Exam. There is a resit opportunity. Standard UoL penalty applies for late submission.    70       
CONTINUOUS Duration Timing
% of
Penalty for late
Assessment 1 There is a resit opportunity. Standard UoL penalty applies for late submission.    30       

Recommended Texts

Reading lists are managed at Click here to access the reading lists for this module.