Prof Robert Lee

Honorary Research Professor History

Publications

2017

From guild membership to casualisation: Dockworkers in Bremen, c. 1860-1939 (Chapter)

Lee, W. R. (2017). From guild membership to casualisation: Dockworkers in Bremen, c. 1860-1939. In Dock Workers: International Explorations in Comparative Labour History, 1790-1970 (Vol. 1, pp. 342-364).

2013

Das Ledigenheim in Hamburg im internationalen Vergleich (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2013). Das Ledigenheim in Hamburg im internationalen Vergleich. In A. Block, J. Jade, & E. V. Ros (Eds.), Blicke in das Ledigenheim in der Rehhoffstrasse (pp. 1-34). Hamburg: Hamburger Print Service.

Nineteenth-century German population history: a critical review (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2013). Nineteenth-century German population history: a critical review. In M. Busch, S. Kroll, & R. D. Scholz (Eds.), Geschichte - Kartographie - Demographie Historisch-Geographische Informationssysteme im methodischen Vergleich (Vol. 45, pp. 9-26). Muenster: LIT.

The People's Garden? A History of Crime and Policing in Birkenhead Park (Book)

Lee, R. (2013). The People's Garden? A History of Crime and Policing in Birkenhead Park (Vol. 1). Liverpool: Oriel Studios Digital Ltd.

2012

'Divided loyalties? In-migration, ethnicity and identity: The integration of German merchants in nineteenth-century Liverpool' (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2012). 'Divided loyalties? In-migration, ethnicity and identity: The integration of German merchants in nineteenth-century Liverpool'. Business History, 54(2), 117-153.

The Social Life of Port Architecture: History, Politics, Commerce and Culture (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2012). The Social Life of Port Architecture: History, Politics, Commerce and Culture. In F. P. Hesse (Ed.), Standentwicklung zur Moderne Urban Development towards Modernism (Vol. LIV, pp. 33-52). Berlin: Hendrik Baesslerverlag.

2011

'Commerce and Culture: A Critical Assessment of the Role of Cultural Factors in Commerce and Trade from c.1750 to the Early Twentieth Century' (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2011). 'Commerce and Culture: A Critical Assessment of the Role of Cultural Factors in Commerce and Trade from c.1750 to the Early Twentieth Century'. In R. Lee, & D. H. Aldcroft (Eds.), Commerce and Culture Nineteenth-Century Business Elites (pp. 1-36). Farnham: Ashgate.

Commerce and Culture Nineteenth-Century Business Elites (Book)

Lee, R. (Ed.) (2011). Commerce and Culture Nineteenth-Century Business Elites. Farnham: Ashgate.

Einwanderung, wirtschaftliche Netzwerke und Identitaet Die Integration deutscher Kaufleute in Liverpool im 19. Jahrhundert (Chapter)

Robert, L. (2011). Einwanderung, wirtschaftliche Netzwerke und Identitaet Die Integration deutscher Kaufleute in Liverpool im 19. Jahrhundert. In D. Dahlmann, & B. Schulte (Eds.), Perspektiven in der Fremde? Arbeitsmarkt und Migration von der Fruehen Neuzeit bis zur Gegenwart (pp. 145-179). Essen: Klartext.

2010

“It's My Park”: Reinterpreting the History of Birkenhead Park within the Context of an Education Outreach Project (Journal article)

Kijas, J., & Tucker, K. (2010). “It's My Park”: Reinterpreting the History of Birkenhead Park within the Context of an Education Outreach Project. The Public Historian, 32(3), 64-97. doi:10.1525/tph.2010.32.3.64

DOI: 10.1525/tph.2010.32.3.64

2009

'Birkenhead Park: the first and still the best'. (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2009). 'Birkenhead Park: the first and still the best'.. The Victorian, 30, 9-11.

'Reinterpreting the British model of industrialisation from a German perspective' (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2009). 'Reinterpreting the British model of industrialisation from a German perspective'. In F. Bosbach, J. R. Davis, & A. Fahrmeier (Eds.), Industrieentwicklung: Ein deutsch-britischer Dialog. The Promotion of Industry: An Anglo-German Dialogue (Vol. 27, pp. 35-54). Munich: K.G.Saur.

Early Death and Long Life in History: Establishing the Scale of Premature Death in Europe and its Cultural, Economic and Social Significance (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2009). Early Death and Long Life in History: Establishing the Scale of Premature Death in Europe and its Cultural, Economic and Social Significance. HISTORICAL SOCIAL RESEARCH-HISTORISCHE SOZIALFORSCHUNG, 34(4), 23-60.

From Scandinavia to Liverpool: a History of Merseyside's Nordic Community (Book)

Lee, R. (2009). From Scandinavia to Liverpool: a History of Merseyside's Nordic Community. Liverpool: A. Wood & Company.

History and Heritage: the Scandinavian Seamen's Church in Liverpool (Book)

Lee, R. (2009). History and Heritage: the Scandinavian Seamen's Church in Liverpool. Liverpool: A. Wood & Co..

Official Statistics and the Development of Population Science - A Critical Review (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2009). Official Statistics and the Development of Population Science - A Critical Review. In R. Mackensen, J. Reulecke, & J. Ehmer (Eds.), Ursprunge, Arten und Folgen des Konstrukts Bevolkerung, vor, im und nach dem 'Dritten Reich'. Zur Geschichte der deutschen Bevolkerungswissenschaft (pp. 165-192). Wiesdbaden: VS Verlag fur Sozialwissenschaften.

2008

Green Legacies (Journal article)

Layton-Jones, K., & Lee, R. (2008). Green Legacies. Landscape, 51(06.08), 30-34.

Places of Health and Amusement. Liverpool's historic parks and gardens (Book)

Layton, J. K., & Lee, R. (2008). Places of Health and Amusement. Liverpool's historic parks and gardens. Swindon: English Heritage.

Trade, Migration and Urban Networks in Port Cities, c.1640-1940 (Book)

Jarvis, A., & Lee, R. (Eds.) (2008). Trade, Migration and Urban Networks in Port Cities, c.1640-1940 (Vol. 38). St John's, Newfoundland: International Maritime Economic History Association.

Trade, Migration and Urban Networks, c.1640-1940: An Introduction (Chapter)

Jarvis, A., & Lee, R. (2008). Trade, Migration and Urban Networks, c.1640-1940: An Introduction. In A. Jarvis, & R. Lee (Eds.), Trade, Migration and Urban Networks in Port Cities, c.1640-1940 (Vol. 38, pp. 1-14). St John's Newfoundland: International Maritime Economic History Association.

2007

'Regionale Strukturen: Seehandel und die Beziehungen zwischen Hafen und Hinterland in Bremen, 1815-1914' (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2007). 'Regionale Strukturen: Seehandel und die Beziehungen zwischen Hafen und Hinterland in Bremen, 1815-1914'. Bremisches Jahrbuch, 86, 136-175.

Characteristics of Cities (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2007). Characteristics of Cities. In J. B. Hattendorf (Ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History, Vol.3 Navies, Great Powers: Portugal - Shipyards (Vol. 3, pp. 329-339). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Zur Entwicklung der Todesursachenstatistik in Preussen im 19. und fruehen 20. Jahrhundert (Chapter)

Lee, R., Schneider, M. C., & Voegele, J. (2007). Zur Entwicklung der Todesursachenstatistik in Preussen im 19. und fruehen 20. Jahrhundert. In J. Ehmer, J. Ferdinand, & U. Reulecke (Eds.), Herausforderung Bevoelkerung. Zu Entwicklungen des modernen Denkens ueber die Bevoelkerung vor, im und nach dem 'Dritten Reich'. (pp. 7-16). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag fuer Sozialwissenschaften.

2006

Defining Population by Statistics c.1850-1939: German practice within a European context. (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2006). Defining Population by Statistics c.1850-1939: German practice within a European context.. In R. Mackensen (Ed.), Bevoelkerungsforschung und Politik in Deutschland im 20.Jahrhundert (pp. 89-118). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag fuer Sozialwissenschaften.

Demography, Urbanization and Migration (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2006). Demography, Urbanization and Migration. In S. Berger (Ed.), A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Europe, 1789-1914 (pp. 56-69). Oxford: Blackwells.

Die Medizinalstatistik in Deutschland von ca.1800 bis 1874 (Chapter)

Lee, R., & Schneider, M. C. (2006). Die Medizinalstatistik in Deutschland von ca.1800 bis 1874. In J. Voegele, H. Fangerau, & T. Noack (Eds.), Geschichte der Medizin - Geschichte in der Medizin. Forschungsthemen und Perspecktiven (pp. 55-62). Hamburg: LIT Verlag.

Industrial Revolution, Commerce, and Trade (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2006). Industrial Revolution, Commerce, and Trade. In S. Berger (Ed.), A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Europe, 1789-1914 (pp. 44-55). Oxford: Blackwells.

The Development of Population History ('Historical Demography') in Great Britain from the Late Nineteenth Century to the Early 1960s (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2006). The Development of Population History ('Historical Demography') in Great Britain from the Late Nineteenth Century to the Early 1960s. Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, 31(4), 34-63.

2005

Configuring the region: maritime trade and port–hinterland relations in Bremen, 1815–1914 (Journal article)

LEE, R. (2005). Configuring the region: maritime trade and port–hinterland relations in Bremen, 1815–1914. Urban History, 32(2), 247-287. doi:10.1017/s0963926805002993

DOI: 10.1017/s0963926805002993

Configuring the City: In-Migration, Labour Supply and Port Development in Nineteenth-Century Europe (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2005). Configuring the City: In-Migration, Labour Supply and Port Development in Nineteenth-Century Europe. International Journal of Maritime History, 17(1), 91-122. doi:10.1177/084387140501700106

DOI: 10.1177/084387140501700106

Amtliche Statistik zwischen Staat und Wissenschaft, 1871-1939 (Chapter)

Lee, W. R., & Schneider, M. (2005). Amtliche Statistik zwischen Staat und Wissenschaft, 1871-1939. In R. Macksensen, & J. Reulecke (Eds.), Das Konstrukt 'Bevoelkerung' vor, im und nach dem 'Dritten Reich' (pp. 50-91). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Cause-of-death Classification in Interwar Europe and the Quality of Mortality Data (Chapter)

Lee, W. R. (2005). Cause-of-death Classification in Interwar Europe and the Quality of Mortality Data. In I. Borowy, & W. D. Gruner (Eds.), Facing Illness in Troubled Times. Health in Europe in the Interwar Years (pp. 17-44). Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Vienna: Peter Lang.

Domestic service and female domestic servants: A port-city comparison of Bremen and Liverpool, 1850–1914 (Journal article)

Lee, R. (2005). Domestic service and female domestic servants: A port-city comparison of Bremen and Liverpool, 1850–1914. The History of the Family, 10(4), 435-460. doi:10.1016/j.hisfam.2005.09.006

DOI: 10.1016/j.hisfam.2005.09.006

2004

Die Zuwanderung weiblicher Dienstboten nach Bremen im 19.Jahrhundert (Journal article)

Lee, W. R., & Marschalck, P. (2004). Die Zuwanderung weiblicher Dienstboten nach Bremen im 19.Jahrhundert. Bremisches Jahrbuch, 83, 112-126.

Kontakträume - Europäische Hafenstädte während der Industrialisierung (Chapter)

Lee, R., Voegele, J., & Fehlemann, S. (2004). Kontakträume - Europäische Hafenstädte während der Industrialisierung. In V. Borso, & R. Goerling (Eds.), Kulturelle Topographien (pp. 213-228). Stuttgart: J.B.Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Carl Ernst Poechel Verlag GmbH.

Official statistics and demography in the Third Reich (Chapter)

Lee, W. R. (2004). Official statistics and demography in the Third Reich. In R. Mackensen (Ed.), Bevoelkerungslehre und Bevoelkerungspolitik im 'Dritten Reich' (pp. 101-124). Opladen: Leske + Budrich.

The Growth of Maritime Trade and the Determinants of Port-Hinterland Relations in Nineteenth-Century Germany: the case of Bremen (Chapter)

Lee, W. R. (2004). The Growth of Maritime Trade and the Determinants of Port-Hinterland Relations in Nineteenth-Century Germany: the case of Bremen. In M. S. Beerbühl, & J. Voegele (Eds.), Spinning the Commercial Web International Trade, Merchants, and Commercial Cities, c.1640-1939 (pp. 291-306). Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Vienna: Peter Lang.

2003

Die Industrielle Revolution Grossbritanniens: Eine neue Sicht auf ein altes Thema (Book)

Lee, W. R. (2003). Die Industrielle Revolution Grossbritanniens: Eine neue Sicht auf ein altes Thema (Vol. 43). T. Peirenkemper (Ed.), Cologne: Cologne University.

Säuglingssterblichkeit in Bremen im 19.Jahrhundert (Journal article)

Lee, W. R., & Marschalck, P. (2003). Säuglingssterblichkeit in Bremen im 19.Jahrhundert. Bremisches Jahrbuch, 82, 165-186.

The politics of demographic data: federal autonomy and the standardization of mortality statistics in nineteenth-century Germany (Journal article)

Lee, W. R. (2003). The politics of demographic data: federal autonomy and the standardization of mortality statistics in nineteenth-century Germany. Sitzungsberichte der Leibniz-Sozietät, 62, 147-170.

2002

Infant mortality in Bremen in the 19th century (Journal article)

Lee, W. R., & Marschalck, P. (2002). Infant mortality in Bremen in the 19th century. The History of the Family, 7(4), 557-585.

Introduction. Infant mortality in Germany in the 18th and 19th centuries (Journal article)

Lee, W. R., & Marschalck, P. (2002). Introduction. Infant mortality in Germany in the 18th and 19th centuries. The History of the Family, 7(4), 501-504.

Official Statistics, Demography and Population Policy in Germany, 1872-1933 (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2002). Official Statistics, Demography and Population Policy in Germany, 1872-1933. In R. Mackensen (Ed.), Bevoelkerungslehre und Bevoelkerungspolitik vor 1993 (pp. 253-272). Opladen: Leske + Budrich.

Population and Society in Western European Port-Cities c.1650-1939 (Book)

Latwon, R., & Lee, R. (Eds.) (2002). Population and Society in Western European Port-Cities c.1650-1939 (Vol. 2). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Port Development and the Demographic Dynamic of European Urbanization (Chapter)

Lee, R., & Lawton, R. (2002). Port Development and the Demographic Dynamic of European Urbanization. In R. Lawton, R. Lee, & D. Siddle (Eds.), Population and Society in Western European Port-Cities c.1650-1939 (Vol. 2, pp. 1-36). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

The Port-City Legacy: Urban Demographic Change in the Hansestadt Bremen, 1815-1910 (Chapter)

Lee, W. R., & Marschalck, P. (2002). The Port-City Legacy: Urban Demographic Change in the Hansestadt Bremen, 1815-1910. In R. Lawton, & R. Lee (Eds.), Population and Society in Western European Port-Cities c.1650-1939 (pp. 252-269). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

2001

Bastardy and the Socioeconomic Structure of South Germany (Chapter)

Lee, W. R. (2001). Bastardy and the Socioeconomic Structure of South Germany. In R. I. Rotberg (Ed.), Population History and the Family: A Journal of Interdisciplinary History reader (pp. 237-260). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Relative backwardness and long-run development: economic, demographic and social changes (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2001). Relative backwardness and long-run development: economic, demographic and social changes. In J. Breuilly (Ed.), Nineteenth-Century Germany: Politics, Culture and Society 1780-1918 (pp. 40-65). London and New York: Arnold.

The Benefits of Federalism? The Development of Public Health Policy and health Care Systems in Nineteenth-Century Germany and their Impact on Mortality Reduction (Journal article)

Lee, W. R., & Voegele, J. P. (2001). The Benefits of Federalism? The Development of Public Health Policy and health Care Systems in Nineteenth-Century Germany and their Impact on Mortality Reduction. Annales de Démographie Historique, 65-96.

2000

Demographic Change and Industrialization in Germany, 1815-1914: Bremen in Comparative Perspective (Journal article)

Lee, W. R., & Marschalck, P. (2000). Demographic Change and Industrialization in Germany, 1815-1914: Bremen in Comparative Perspective. The History of the Family, 5(4), 373-390.

Die Uebersterblichkeit der männlichen Arbeiter in der Hansestadt Bremen in der zweiten Hälfte des 19.Jahrhunderts (Chapter)

Lee, R., & Marschalck, P. (2000). Die Uebersterblichkeit der männlichen Arbeiter in der Hansestadt Bremen in der zweiten Hälfte des 19.Jahrhunderts. In J. Voegele, & W. Woelk (Eds.), Stadt, Krankheit und Tod. Geschichte der städtischen Gesundheitsverhältnisse während der Epidemiologischen Transition (vom 18. bis ins frühe 20.Jahrhundert)r (pp. 141-157). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.

Historische Demographie in England: ein Ueberblick (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2000). Historische Demographie in England: ein Ueberblick. In M. Matheus, & W. G. Roedel (Eds.), Landesgeschichte und Historische Demographie (Vol. 50, pp. 109-134). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Labour market constraints and the integration of urban in-migrants in nineteenth-century Bremen (Chapter)

Lee, R. (2000). Labour market constraints and the integration of urban in-migrants in nineteenth-century Bremen. In R. Leboutte (Ed.), Migrations and Migrants in Historical Perspective. Permancies and Innovations (pp. 167-210). Brussels, Bern, Berlin, Oxford, New York and Vienna: Peter Lang.

The port-city legacy: urban demographic change in Bremen, 1815-1910 (Chapter)

Lee, R., & Marschalck, P. (2000). The port-city legacy: urban demographic change in Bremen, 1815-1910. In A. Brändstroem, & L. G. Tedebrand (Eds.), Population Dynamics during Industrialization (pp. 117=142). Umea: Umea University.