Photo of Professor Bonnie Effros

Professor Bonnie Effros BA, MA, PhD, FRHistS

Chaddock Chair of Economic and Social History History

Publications

Selected Publications

  1. Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World (Book - 2020)
  2. Reviving Carthage’s Martyrs: Archaeology, Memory, and Catholic Devotion in the French Protectorate of Tunisia (Journal article - 2019)
  3. Incidental Archaeologists: French Officers and the Rediscovery of Roman North Africa (Book - 2018)
  4. Unmasking Ideology in Imperial and Colonial Archaeology: Vocabulary, Symbols, and Legacy (Book - 2018)
  5. Berber genealogy and the politics of prehistoric archaeology and craniology in French Algeria (1860s–1880s) (Journal article - 2017)
  6. Colliding Empires: French Display of Roman Antiquities Expropriated from Postconquest Algeria, 1830–1870 (Chapter - 2018)
  7. The Enduring Attraction of the Pirenne Thesis (Journal article - 2017)
  8. Uncovering the Germanic Past Merovingian Archaeology in France, 1830-1914 (Book - 2012)
  9. 'Elle pensait comme un homme et sentait comme une femme': Hortense Lacroix Cornu (1809-1875) and the Musee des Antiquites Nationales de Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Journal article - 2012)
  10. Art of the 'Dark Ages': Showing Merovingian artefacts in North American public and private collections (Journal article - 2005)

2020

Pushing the Boundaries of the Merovingian World (Chapter)

Effros, B., & Moreira, I. (2020). Pushing the Boundaries of the Merovingian World. In Unknown Book (pp. 1-31). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190234188.013.55

DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190234188.013.55

Two Centuries of Excavating Merovingian-Era Cemeteries In France (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2020). Two Centuries of Excavating Merovingian-Era Cemeteries In France. In Unknown Book (pp. 76-95). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190234188.013.5

DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190234188.013.5

Bodily Objects: Encounters with Material Culture (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2020). Bodily Objects: Encounters with Material Culture. In S. Semple, & J. Lund (Eds.), A Cultural History of Medieval Objects (pp. 171-188). London: Bloomsbury.

Germany's ancient pasts: archaeology and historical interpretation since 1700 (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2020). Germany's ancient pasts: archaeology and historical interpretation since 1700. ANNALS OF SCIENCE, 77(3), 394-397. doi:10.1080/00033790.2019.1662944

DOI: 10.1080/00033790.2019.1662944

Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World (Book)

Effros, B., & Moreira, I. (Eds.) (2020). Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://global.oup.com/

2019

Reviving Carthage’s Martyrs: Archaeology, Memory, and Catholic Devotion in the French Protectorate of Tunisia (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2019). Reviving Carthage’s Martyrs: Archaeology, Memory, and Catholic Devotion in the French Protectorate of Tunisia. Archeologia Medievale, 46, 65-73. doi:10.1400/276312

DOI: 10.1400/276312

Elizabeth de Bierbais and the Relics of Gertrude of Nivelles (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2019). Elizabeth de Bierbais and the Relics of Gertrude of Nivelles. In J. Hamburger, & E. Schlotheuber (Eds.), The Liber Ordinarius of Nivelles Houghton Library, Ms Lat 422 Liturgy As Interdisciplinary Intersection (pp. 153-163). Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck GmbH.

Le strategie dell’archeologia cristiana tra fine Ottocento e inizi Novecento (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2019). Le strategie dell’archeologia cristiana tra fine Ottocento e inizi Novecento. In A. Di Muro, & R. Hodges (Eds.), Il santuario di San Michele a Olevano sul TuscianoCulto dei santi e pellegrinaggi nell’altomedioevo (secc. VI-XI)Atti del Convegno Internazionale “La Grotta di San Michele ad Olevano sul Tusciano” Salerno, 24-25 novembre 2018. Rome: Viella.

2018

Incidental Archaeologists: French Officers and the Rediscovery of Roman North Africa (Book)

Effros, B. (2018). Incidental Archaeologists: French Officers and the Rediscovery of Roman North Africa. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Colliding Empires: French Display of Roman Antiquities Expropriated from Postconquest Algeria, 1830–1870 (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2018). Colliding Empires: French Display of Roman Antiquities Expropriated from Postconquest Algeria, 1830–1870. In Objects of War The Material Culture of Conflict and Displacement (pp. 50-77). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Unmasking Ideology in Imperial and Colonial Archaeology: Vocabulary, Symbols, and Legacy (Book)

Effros, B., & Lai, G. (Eds.) (2018). Unmasking Ideology in Imperial and Colonial Archaeology: Vocabulary, Symbols, and Legacy. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press. Retrieved from http://www.ioa.ucla.edu/press/unmasking-ideology

Indigenous Voices at the Margins: Nuancing the History of French Colonial Archaeology in Nineteenth-Century Algeria, 1830-1870 (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2018). Indigenous Voices at the Margins: Nuancing the History of French Colonial Archaeology in Nineteenth-Century Algeria, 1830-1870. In B. Effros, & G. Lai (Eds.), Unmasking Ideology in Imperial and Colonial Archaeology: Vocabulary, Symbols, and Legacy (pp. 201-225). Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press.

The Global Reach of Imperial and Colonial Archaeology, (Chapter)

Effros, B., & Lai, G. (2018). The Global Reach of Imperial and Colonial Archaeology,. In B. Effros, & G. Lai (Eds.), Unmasking Ideology in Imperial and Colonial Archaeology: Vocabulary, Symbols, and Legacy (pp. xxi-xxxi). Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press.

2017

Berber genealogy and the politics of prehistoric archaeology and craniology in French Algeria (1860s–1880s) (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2017). Berber genealogy and the politics of prehistoric archaeology and craniology in French Algeria (1860s–1880s). BRITISH JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE, 50(1), 61-81. doi:10.1017/S0007087417000024

DOI: 10.1017/S0007087417000024

The Enduring Attraction of the Pirenne Thesis (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2017). The Enduring Attraction of the Pirenne Thesis. Speculum, 92(1), 184-208. doi:10.1086/689473

DOI: 10.1086/689473

2016

Museum-building in nineteenth-century Algeria (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2016). Museum-building in nineteenth-century Algeria. Journal of the History of Collections, 28(2), 243-259. doi:10.1093/jhc/fhv035

DOI: 10.1093/jhc/fhv035

Competitive Archaeology in Jordan: Narrating Identity from the Ottomans to the Hashemites (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2016). Competitive Archaeology in Jordan: Narrating Identity from the Ottomans to the Hashemites. COMPARATIVE STUDIES IN SOCIETY AND HISTORY, 58(2), 590-592. doi:10.1017/S0010417516000219

DOI: 10.1017/S0010417516000219

Christian Sapin, Les cryptes en France. Pour une approche archéologique, IVe-XIIe siècle (Paris: Éditions A. et J. Picard, 2014) (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2016). Christian Sapin, Les cryptes en France. Pour une approche archéologique, IVe-XIIe siècle (Paris: Éditions A. et J. Picard, 2014). H-FRANCE, 16. Retrieved from http://www.h-france.net/vol16reviews/vol16no253Effros.pdf

Faire de l’archéologie chrétienne en France à la fin du XIXe siècle (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2016). Faire de l’archéologie chrétienne en France à la fin du XIXe siècle. In M. Delcourt-Vlaeminck (Ed.), Le R. P de la Croix, un Tournaisien archéologue. Exposition créée au Musée d’Archéologie de Tournai (Belgique) du 15 octobre 2016 au 17 avril 2017 (pp. 40-43). Tournai: Musée d’Archéologie de Tournai.

Peur du genre? Oublier les Amazones pour mieux connaître les femmes du haut moyen âge (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2016). Peur du genre? Oublier les Amazones pour mieux connaître les femmes du haut moyen âge. Bulletin de Liaison de l’Association française d’archéologie mérovingienne, 40, 83-89.

2015

Spong Hill IX: chronology and synthesis (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2015). Spong Hill IX: chronology and synthesis. ANTIQUITY, 89(347), 1260-1261. doi:10.15184/aqy.2015.122

DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2015.122

The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2015). The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages. AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, 120(1), 309-310. doi:10.1093/ahr/120.1.309

DOI: 10.1093/ahr/120.1.309

Allen J. Frantzen, Food, Eating and Identity in Early Medieval England, Anglo-Saxon Studies 22 (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2014), (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2015). Allen J. Frantzen, Food, Eating and Identity in Early Medieval England, Anglo-Saxon Studies 22 (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2014),. The Medieval Review, 15.05.09.. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/3631

2014

The Merovingian cemetery of Bergeijk-Fazantlaan (Book Review)

Effros, B. (2014). The Merovingian cemetery of Bergeijk-Fazantlaan. ANTIQUITY, 88(339), 330-331. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00050602

DOI: 10.1017/S0003598X00050602

Blaming it on the “Barbarians”: Alleged Uses of Nose-Cutting Among the Franks (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2014). Blaming it on the “Barbarians”: Alleged Uses of Nose-Cutting Among the Franks. Journal of Women's History, 26(1), 74-80. doi:10.1353/jowh.2014.0016

DOI: 10.1353/jowh.2014.0016

2013

La professionalisation de l’archéologie mérovingienne au XIXe siècle (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2013). La professionalisation de l’archéologie mérovingienne au XIXe siècle. In C. Lorren (Ed.), La Gaule, le monde insulaire et l’Europe du Nord au haut Moyen Âge. Actualité de l’archéologie en Normandie (Ve-Xe siècles). Actes des XXVIIe Journées internationales d’Archéologie mérovingienne, Caen, 29 septembre – 1er octobre 2006 (Vol. 28, pp. 355-363). 2013: AFAM.

2012

Uncovering the Germanic Past Merovingian Archaeology in France, 1830-1914 (Book)

Effros, B. (2012). Uncovering the Germanic Past Merovingian Archaeology in France, 1830-1914. Oxford University Press.

'Elle pensait comme un homme et sentait comme une femme': Hortense Lacroix Cornu (1809-1875) and the Musee des Antiquites Nationales de Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2012). 'Elle pensait comme un homme et sentait comme une femme': Hortense Lacroix Cornu (1809-1875) and the Musee des Antiquites Nationales de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Journal of the History of Collections, 24(1), 25-43. doi:10.1093/jhc/fhq044

DOI: 10.1093/jhc/fhq044

Casimir Barrière-Flavy and the (Re)Discovery of Visigoths in Southwestern France (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2012). Casimir Barrière-Flavy and the (Re)Discovery of Visigoths in Southwestern France. In S. Patzold, A. Rathmann-Lutz, & V. Scior (Eds.), Geschichtsvorstellungen. Bilder, Texte und Begriffe aus dem Mittelalter. Festschrift für Hans-Werner Goetz (pp. 559-576). Cologne: Böhlau.

Looking for Christians among the Barbarians: Merovingian-Era Cemeteries and the Origins of Medieval France (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2012). Looking for Christians among the Barbarians: Merovingian-Era Cemeteries and the Origins of Medieval France. Quaestiones medii aevi novae, 17, 57-68.

2011

Contested Origins: French and German Views of a Shared Archaeological Heritage in Lorraine (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2011). Contested Origins: French and German Views of a Shared Archaeological Heritage in Lorraine. In G. Klaniczay, & M. Werner (Eds.), Multiple Antiquities—Multiple Modernities: Ancient History in Nineteenth-Century European Cultures (pp. 305-333). Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.

Thoughts on the Provenance of Some Merovingian-Era Buckles at the University of Missouri (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2011). Thoughts on the Provenance of Some Merovingian-Era Buckles at the University of Missouri. MVSE: Annual of the Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri, 44-45, 59-79.

Writing History from Manuscript and Artifact: Building an Object-Based Narrative of the Early Middle Ages in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century France (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2011). Writing History from Manuscript and Artifact: Building an Object-Based Narrative of the Early Middle Ages in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century France. In Medieval Manuscripts, Their Makers and Users: A Special Issue of Viator in Honor of Richard and Mary Rouse (pp. 133-150). Turnhout: Brepols.

2010

Caring for Body and Soul Burial and the Afterlife in the Merovingian World (Book)

Effros, B. (2002). Caring for Body and Soul Burial and the Afterlife in the Merovingian World. University Park, PA: Penn State Press.

Anthropology and Ancestry in Nineteenth-Century France: Craniometric Profiles of Merovingian-Period Populations (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2010). Anthropology and Ancestry in Nineteenth-Century France: Craniometric Profiles of Merovingian-Period Populations. In W. Pohl, & M. Mehofer (Eds.), Archäologie der Identität (Vol. 17, pp. 233-244). Vienna: Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften,.

2009

Artistic, Scholarly, and Popular Depictions of the ‘première race’ in Late Nineteenth-Century France (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2009). Artistic, Scholarly, and Popular Depictions of the ‘première race’ in Late Nineteenth-Century France. In H. Reimitz, & B. Zeller (Eds.), Vergangenheit und Vergegenwärtigung: Frühes Mittelalter und europäische Erinnerungskultur (Vol. 14, pp. 71-91). Vienna: Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften.

The Germanic Invasions and the Academic Politics of National Identity in Late Nineteenth-Century France (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2009). The Germanic Invasions and the Academic Politics of National Identity in Late Nineteenth-Century France. In J. Bak, J. Jarnut, & P. Monnet (Eds.), Gebrauch und Missbrauch des Mittelalters, 19.-21.Jahrhundert/Uses and Abuses of the Middle Ages, 19th-21st Century/Usages et mésuages du Moyen Age du XIXe au XXIe siècle (Vol. 17, pp. 81-94). Munich: Wilhelm Fink Verlag.

2008

Selling archaeology and anthropology: early medieval artefacts at the Expositions universelles and the Wiener Weltausstellung, 1867-1900 (Journal article)

Effros, B. (n.d.). Selling archaeology and anthropology: early medieval artefacts at the Expositions universelles and the Wiener Weltausstellung, 1867-1900. Early Medieval Europe, 16(1), 23-48. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0254.2008.00220.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0254.2008.00220.x

Themed edition: Early medieval material culture in the nineteenth- and twentieth-century imagination (Journal article)

EFFROS, B., & WILLIAMS, H. (n.d.). Themed edition: Early medieval material culture in the nineteenth- and twentieth-century imagination. Early Medieval Europe, 16(1), 1-2. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0254.2008.00222.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0254.2008.00222.x

Auf der Suche nach Frankreichs ersten Christen: Camille de la Croix und die Schwierigkeiten eines Klerikers als Archäologe im späten 19. Jahrhundert (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2008). Auf der Suche nach Frankreichs ersten Christen: Camille de la Croix und die Schwierigkeiten eines Klerikers als Archäologe im späten 19. Jahrhundert. In S. Brather (Ed.), Zwischen Spätantike und Mittelalter: Archäeologie des 4. bis 7. Jahrhunderts im Westen (Vol. 57, pp. 119-146). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Early Medieval Europe (Edited special journal issue)

Effros, B., & Williams, H. (Eds.) (2008). Early Medieval Europe (Vol. 16). Wiley-Blackwell.

2006

Grave goods and the ritual expression of identity (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2006). Grave goods and the ritual expression of identity. In From Roman Provinces to Medieval Kingdoms (pp. 189-234).

2005

Art of the 'Dark Ages': Showing Merovingian artefacts in North American public and private collections (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2005). Art of the 'Dark Ages': Showing Merovingian artefacts in North American public and private collections. Journal of the History of Collections, 17(1), 85-113. doi:10.1093/jhc/fhi002

DOI: 10.1093/jhc/fhi002

2004

Dressing Conservatively: Women’s Brooches as Markers of Ethnic Identity? (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2004). Dressing Conservatively: Women’s Brooches as Markers of Ethnic Identity?. In L. Brubaker, & J. M. H. Smith (Eds.), Gender and the Transformation of the Roman World: Women, Men and Eunuchs in Late Antiquity and After, 300-900 CE (pp. 165-184). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2003

Merovingian Mortuary Archaeology and the Making of the Early Middle Ages (Book)

Effros, B. (2003). Merovingian Mortuary Archaeology and the Making of the Early Middle Ages. Univ of California Press.

A Century of Remembrance and Amnesia in the Excavation, Display, and Interpretation of Early Medieval Burial Artifacts (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2003). A Century of Remembrance and Amnesia in the Excavation, Display, and Interpretation of Early Medieval Burial Artifacts. In J. Jarnut (Ed.), Erinnerungskultur im Bestattungsritual. Archäologisch-Historisches Forum (pp. 75-96). Paderborn: Institut zur Interdisziplinären Erforschung des Mittelalters und seines Nachwirkens.

Memories of the Early Medieval Past: Grave Artifacts in Nineteenth-Century France and America (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2003). Memories of the Early Medieval Past: Grave Artifacts in Nineteenth-Century France and America. In H. Williams (Ed.), Archaeologies of Remembrance: Death and Memory in Past Societies (pp. 255-280). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

The Ritual Significance of Vessels in the Formation of Merovingian Christian Communities (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2003). The Ritual Significance of Vessels in the Formation of Merovingian Christian Communities. In R. Corradini, M. Diesenberger, & H. Reimitz (Eds.), The Construction of Communities in the Early Middle Ages: Texts, Resources and Artifacts (pp. 213-227). Leiden: E. J. Brill.

2002

Appearance and Ideology: Creating Distinctions between Clerics and Lay Persons in Early Medieval Gaul (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2002). Appearance and Ideology: Creating Distinctions between Clerics and Lay Persons in Early Medieval Gaul. In J. Snyder, & D. Koslin (Eds.), Encountering Medieval Dress and Textiles: Objects, Texts and Images (pp. 7-24). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Creating Community With Food and Drink in Merovingian Gaul (Book)

Effros, B. (2002). Creating Community With Food and Drink in Merovingian Gaul. Macmillan.

2001

Monuments and Memory: The Repossession of Ancient Remains in Early Medieval Gaul (Chapter)

Effros, B. (2001). Monuments and Memory: The Repossession of Ancient Remains in Early Medieval Gaul. In M. de Jong, F. Theuws, & C. van Rhijn (Eds.), Topographies of Power in the Early Medieval West (pp. 93-118). Leiden: E. J. Brill.

2000

Skeletal sex and gender in Merovingian mortuary archaeology (Journal article)

Effros, B. (2000). Skeletal sex and gender in Merovingian mortuary archaeology. Antiquity, 74(285), 632-639. doi:10.1017/s0003598x00059998

DOI: 10.1017/s0003598x00059998

1997

Beyond cemetery walls: early medieval funerary topography and Christian salvation (Journal article)

Effros, B. (1997). Beyond cemetery walls: early medieval funerary topography and Christian salvation. Early Medieval Europe, 06(1), 1-23. doi:10.1111/1468-0254.00001

DOI: 10.1111/1468-0254.00001

De partibus Saxoniae and the Regulation of Mortuary Custom: A Carolingian Campaign of Christianization or the Suppression of Saxon Identity? (Journal article)

Effros, B. (1997). De partibus Saxoniae and the Regulation of Mortuary Custom : A Carolingian Campaign of Christianization or the Suppression of Saxon Identity?. Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire, 75(2), 267-286. doi:10.3406/rbph.1997.4171

1996

Symbolic Expressions of Sanctity: Gertrude of Nivelles in the Context of Merovingian Mortuary Custom (Journal article)

Effros, B. (1996). Symbolic Expressions of Sanctity: Gertrude of Nivelles in the Context of Merovingian Mortuary Custom. Viator, 27, 1-10. doi:10.1484/j.viator.2.301119

DOI: 10.1484/j.viator.2.301119