Planning, Environmental Assessment and Management

Planning, Environmental Assessment and Management

Supporting Implementation of Maritime Spatial Planning in the Atlantic (SIMAtlantic)
SIMAtlantic aims to support the establishment and implementation of maritime spatial planning (MSP) in five European Atlantic countries: France, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and the UK. Partners from MSP authorities, scientific public bodies and academic institutions are working together to produce methodologies, practical guidance documents, communication tools and a catalogue of relevant information to assist the work of MSP authorities and ultimately build long-lasting cooperation.
European Commission (DG Mare) (€1.17M; University of Liverpool €240,000), 2019–21
PI: Dr Stephen Jay
Partners: University College Cork, Ireland (lead partner); Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage, Ireland; Service hydrographique et océanographique de la Marine, France; Office français de la biodiversité, France; Centre d’études et d’expertise sur les risques, l’environnement, la mobilité et l’aménagement, France; Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal; Direção-Geral de Recursos Naturais, Segurança e Serviços Marítimos, Portugal; Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Spain; Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Northern Ireland, UK; Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs, Northern Ireland, UK

Supporting Implementation of Maritime Spatial Planning in the Celtic Seas (SIMCelt)
SIMCelt aims to support the implementation of recent EU legislation on maritime spatial planning, which all coastal member states will need to carry out for their offshore waters. The project focuses on the Celtic Sea area shared by Ireland, UK and France, and draws together government agencies with responsibility for marine planning and research institutions in the three nations.
European Commission (DG Mare) (€2M; University of Liverpool €280,000), 2016–2017
PI: Dr Stephen Jay, Co-I: Sue Kidd
Partners: University College Cork, Ireland (lead partner), Marine Institute, Ireland, Scottish Government, UK, Department of Environment Northern Ireland, UK, Agence des Aires Marines Protégées, France, Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine, France

European Maritime Spatial Planning Platform
The European Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Platform is a service for EU Member States to promote the transfer of MSP knowledge and experience. It shares resources and practical information to enable MSP implementation throughout the EU linked to the EU Directive on MSP.  The University of Liverpool is acting as the expert focal point for Atlantic region Member States and countries.
European Commission (DG Mare), 2016
PL: Dr Stephen Jay
Partners: s.Pro, Germany (lead partner), Ecorys, Spain, Seascape, UK, THETIS, Italy, NIMRD, Bulgaria

Future Saudi Cities Project: Support to urban planning reforms in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
UN-Habitat (£250,000 with University of Cairo) 2016
PI: Prof David Shaw; Co-Is Liverpool: Kenneth Brodie, Dr Ian Mell, Dr Olivier Sykes, Dr John Sturzaker
As the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia undergoes a significant transformational processes, this project, funded by UN-Habitat, helps to support this agenda in terms of critiquing and evaluating the system in its totality and the local plan making system in particular, with a focus on how planning can help to deliver smarter, more compact and more liveable cities. The project explores both what is happening in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and draws on international experience to offer alternative reform agendas. 

Adaptation and Resilience of Coastal Energy (ARCoES)

The ARCoES project aims to identify how UK coastal nuclear power stations, substations and their associated energy distribution grid can be adapted to future climate change impacts and thus become more resilient.
EPSRC (£1,598,000; University of Liverpool £946,000), 2011 – 2017
PL: Prof Andy Pater. Co-I Liverpool: Sue Kidd, Prof Thomas Fischer
Partners: University of Liverpool, UK (Lead partner); Loughborough University, UK; Plymouth University, UK; University of Southampton, UK; edf energy; Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA); National Oceanography Centre (NOC), UK; University of Stirling, UK; University of St Andrews, UK; University of Salford, UK; National Nuclear Laboratory, UK; National Grid, UK; Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA), Australia; Royal Haskoning DHV, Netherlands

This project aims to identify the challenges facing the future security of the UK nuclear energy sector and coastal energy supply in the Northwest region as a result of a changing climate. ARCoES is focusing on developing a decision-support tool that will enable sustainable coastal energy. We aim to identify how coastal power stations, substations and distribution grid can be adapted to future climate change impacts and thus become more resilient. This cross-disciplinary working and research involves partners and stakeholders from academia, the energy and engineering sectors, planners and coastal managers, interest groups, the third sector and community networks. 

Simulations for Innovative Mechanisms for the Self-organizing City

JPI Urban Europe (ESRC) (£1.2M University of Liverpool £264,000), 2014 – 2017
PI: Dr Alex Lord
Partners: Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands (Lead partner); University of Liverpool, UK; Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway; University of Liège, Belgium

This ESRC funded project is part of the wider European JPI Urban Transformations programme and includes partners in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. The research uses methods from experimental economics and game theory to investigate national differences in the fundamental terms under which planning decisions are taken and their effect on the character of the development that follows. 

Reuniting planning and health: tackling the implementation gaps in evidence, governance and knowledge

ESRC seminar series (£30,000, University of Liverpool £3,700), 2015 – 2017

PL: Dr Laurence Carmichael (UWE); PI Liverpool: Prof Thomas Fischer

This is an ESRC funded interdisciplinary seminar series with an overall aim of considering how public health can contribute to urban planning and the delivery of healthy sustainable communities. This series offers a forum for academics and practitioners to discuss the obstacles to reuniting planning and health and identify workable and economically viable solutions that help deliver health outcomes, wellbeing and equity in cities and neighbourhoods. The series is organised by the Centre for Sustainable Planning and Environment at UWE in collaboration with Public Health England (PHE) and partners from the School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Cardiff University, Newcastle University, Bristol University.

Celtic Seas Partnership

The Celtic Seas Partnership is an international project that aims to draw people together from across the Celtic Seas to set up collaborative and innovative approaches to managing their marine environment and support the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
European Union LIFE+ (€3,5m; University of Liverpool £230,000), 2012 – 2016
PL: Jenny Oates (WWF-UK); PI Liverpool: Sue Kidd; Co-I Liverpool: Dr Lynne McGowan
Partners: WWF-UK, UK (Lead partner); Dublin Regional Authority/Coastal and Marine Research Centre, Ireland; British Oceanographic Data Centre, UK; SeaWeb Europe, France; University of Liverpool, UK

Many of the threats facing Europe’s seas require a coordinated approach between countries to tackle them effectively. The Marine Strategy Framework Directive was introduced in 2008 by the European Union to address this and ensure the conservation and sustainable use of Europe’s seas. For our seas to be healthy and activities to be sustainable, they need to be managed in a coordinated way that makes sense for the environment.

The main goal of the MSFD is to achieve or maintain ‘Good Environmental Status’ in Europe’s waters by 2020. ‘Good Environmental Status’ will be achieved by protecting the marine environment, preventing its deterioration and restoring it where practical, while using marine resources sustainably.

European countries are now working towards this common goal but at the moment there are very few platforms for countries and different marine industries to come together for discussion or exchanging information at a regional sea scale. The Celtic Seas Partnership aims to address this gap by:

  • developing innovative and collaborative ways of working to feed into the Marine Strategy Framework Directive consultation process in France, Ireland and the United Kingdom
  • building understanding of the ecosystem approach to marine management.

The project is collaboration between WWF- UK, the University of Liverpool, the Natural Environment Research Council, East and Midland Regional Assembly Ireland and Seaweb.

Putting a price on planning? Exploring the behavioural economics of planning practice

Royal Town Planning Institute, SPiRE scheme (£10,000), 2015 – 2016
PI: Dr Alex Lord

Does planning prevent a barrier to development or can it play an important role in catalysing development? What economic expectations should we make of our planning system?  How do other nations seek to use planning to stimulate the development of the physical environment? These, and related, questions form the basis for this project which seeks to look at the behavioural economics of how planning systems in continental Europe are enacted.

Pioneers in Urban-Rural Entrepeneurship Hub

Interreg IVB (EU) (£4,000,000, University of Liverpool £293,000), 2012 – 2015

PL: Boerenbond, Belgium; PI Liverpool:Prof Thomas Fischer

PURE HUBS (Supporting Pioneers in Urban-Rural entrepreneurship to create vital new hubs) was an Interreg IV B project that aimed at enhancing the social and economic relationships between urban communities and adjacent rural areas. For that, it developed a PURE (=Pioneers in Urban-Rural Entrepreneurship) Hubs’ strategy for the North West European region. A PURE Hub is an active connection point (based on infrastructure and organisational elements) in a given urban-rural network that links urban needs for food and services with local rural supply chains. The project had 18 partners, the University of Liverpool being one of them.

Transboundary Planning in the European Atlantic

European-funded project exploring cooperation between Atlantic region nations in marine spatial planning
European Commission (£804,000; University of Liverpool £210,000), 2012 – 2014
PI: Dr Stephen Jay, Co-I: Sue Kidd
Partners: University of Liverpool, UK (Lead partner); Direção-Geral de Política do Mar, Portugal; Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, Spain; Department of the Environment, UK; Coastal and Marine Research Centre, Ireland; Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal; Centro de Ciências do Mar, Portugal; Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Spain; Centro de Estudios y Experimentación de Obras Públicas, Spain; Universidad de Sevilla, Spain

The Transboundary Planning in the European Atlantic (TPEA) Project was part-funded by DG MARE with the objective of investigating the delivery of a commonly-agreed approach to cross-border maritime spatial planning (MSP) in the European Atlantic region. TPEA was a pilot initiative which brought together Government bodies, research centres and data agencies from the UK, Portugal, Spain, and Ireland. The work of the TPEA partnership focused on three key aspects of MSP: stakeholder engagement; governance and legal frameworks, and data management; two pilot sites were used to trial the approaches and methodologies implemented by the TPEA partnership. Key outputs include a Good Practice Guide which presents the key lessons and principles (illustrated with examples) to emerge from the TPEA project. The guide is intended to assist authorities with responsibility for MSP, agencies and other institutions supporting the implementation of MSP, coastal and marine stakeholders and other parties with an interest in the outcomes of MSP, and the scientific MSP community. To request a hard copy of the Guide please contact Dr Stephen Jay.

North Sea Star

The North Sea Region faces the same energy challenges as the rest of Europe and transnational cooperation is being used to share knowledge and develop regional responses with the ultimate aim of developing regional energy self-sufficiency. This research sought to help support the North Sea transnational programme secretariat as they developed their operational programme for the 2014–2020 European Structural Funds programming period.
ESPON (€339,923), 2012 – 2014
PI: Prof Dave Shaw; Co-Is: Sue Kidd, Dr Stephen Jay, Dr Lynne McGowan
Partners: University of Liverpool, UK (Lead partner); Delft University of Technology, Netherlands; Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional research, Norway; Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Germany; University of Oldenburg, Germany; University Of Málaga, Spain

European Seas and Territorial Development, Opportunities and Risks (ESaTDOR)

As Europe’s seas become more important in terms of policy making on both European and national level, this project sought to replace what was recognised as an increasingly fragmented approaches to sea management with a more collaborative integrative approach at the European scale. The exploitation of sea and coastal areas for economic purposes is becoming increasingly important but there are also growing concerns on environmental issues.
ESPON (€799,716), 2010 – 2013
PI: Prof Dave Shaw; Co-I: Sue Kidd

Environmental Assessment and Disaster Events

ESRC (£14,520), 2012 – 2013

PI: Prof Thomas Fischer

The cyclical relationship between environmental degradation and disaster events, in which environmental degradation is often both a cause and an effect of disasters, has meant that the role of environmental management in reducing the risk of disasters has increasingly been recognised. One tool that has come to prominence in thinking in the disaster management field in the last few years is environmental assessment (EA), which could contribute to meeting associated objectives both, before and following disaster events. However, to date, the use of EA to reduce disaster risk has not been widely researched, or indeed, been widely implemented in practice. This seminar brought together environmental assessment and disaster researchers and practitioners from the UK and Japan, to raise awareness of the topic, and to provide a platform on which experiences can be shared, dialogue can be built and new insights can be gained. The international dimension was an essential component of this in order to draw on wide ranging experiences of EA and in dealing with disaster issues, the UK and Japan both having significant and unique experiences in these areas and both are countries that could benefit directly from developments in this area.

Development of a Territorial Impact Assessment Framework

ESPON (EU) (£193,000, University of Liverpool £123,000), 2010 – 2012

PI: Prof Thomas Fischer

European sector policies and directives – often together with their translation and implementation into national and regional policies – can have a severe impact on the territorial development and spatial development policies of countries and regions in Europe. EU Member States and the European Commission therefore demonstrate interest in Territorial Impact Assessment (TIA). They both have been involved in research and experimental initiatives in order to better understand TIA. EU Member States underline the need for TIA in the Territorial Agenda and are now looking for a tool that is easy to use in practice. This project therefore tested the practical use of existing methods and tools for TIA. Through both analytical work and an interactive learning track the project is expected to define possibilities for implementing TIA at national and sub-national level in EU Member States. The policymaking contexts of Portugal, Slovenia and the United Kingdom functioned as test areas.